Skip to main content

Full text of "Criminal chronology of York castle; with a register of criminals capitally convicted and executed at the County assizes, commencing March 1st, 1379, to the present time .."

See other formats


Google 



This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 

to make the world's books discoverable online. 

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 

to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 

are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Marks, notations and other maiginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 

publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing tliis resource, we liave taken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. 
We also ask that you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
personal, non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain fivm automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attributionTht GoogXt "watermark" you see on each file is essential for in forming people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liabili^ can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web 

at |http: //books .google .com/I 




EX LIBRIS. 



iV- 



FRANCIS WYNDHAM WARD, 
Silver ton, 

Devon. 



1^ 

^^B Stanford 




f 



ufjdl^ 



, 



CRIMINAL CHRONOLOGY OP 



YOEK CASTLE. 



f 



Tbe work is an original one— no such record haying previonaly been given to 
tilt public. The reader maj relj on the facts stated, the datee given, and the 
yeompanying circomstances ; for nothing is recorded but what is authentic ; and no 
purtiealars with respect to history of character, detail of trial, or any other infor- 
mation, interesting though they may be, are given unless they can be authenticated. 



FCKIMmAL CHRONOLOGY 
TOEK CASTLE; 



I BEGISTEH OF THE CEIMfflALS. CAPITALLY CONVICTED 
AND EXECDTED AT THE CODHTI ASSIZES, 

IIQIBKCIHG MaBCH IST, 137B, 10 THB PBBSBHT ThE : 

mtnlereiling Jlecord to t/ioie tcha trace the Progrea qf Crim through lie 

C^nge of JUaiiiura, the Inataie qf PajmlalioK, attd lAe Saiitd 

Compkxuai qfihe Ptnal Code. 

a'ULLY COMPILED FROM PRISON DOCUMENTS, AMCIENT 
PAPERS, AND OTHER AUTHENTIC SOURCES, 



:, ANTIQOAHUN, OF OLEMEA'THOEPK, YOBK. 



Cntstri ill Slntionna' Sail. 



YOEK 1 
PUBLISHED BY C. L. BUHDEKIN, 

Ko. i, PAEIIAMENT 8TEEET ; 

LONDON : BIMPKIK, MARSHALL, fc CO. 

tSST. 



i 




rp HE universal consent of every stage of societj has proved 
the necesaity of laws to restrain, by punisliinent, the 
licentious and cruel dispositions of bad men ; indeed, but for 
these regulations, however severe and partial they may have 
BometimeB been, society would have missed its first great 
object, namely, the better security of men's persons and 
property, 

The several systems of criminal jurisprudence which have, 
at various periods, been adopted by different nations, though 
dissimilar in their specific regulations, all agree in one fun- 
damental principle,^ — that the proper end of h/wman punish- 
mint is the prevention of crime. 

This grand principle ia the basis of the English criminal 
code, and fully justifies it from the character of cnielty with 
which it is in the present day too commonly branded. This 
odious charge is best answered by observing that the criminal 
laws wfire never intended to be carried into indiiiCTimiiiate 



I 



execution ; that the Legislatare, when it establishes ite last 
and severest penalties, tiiistB to the benignity of the Crown 
to relax their severity, as often as circmnstances appear to 
palliate the offence, or OTen as often as those circumstauceB 
of aggravation are wanting which render this vigorouB 
inteqjoaition necessary. 

It ia true, that by the great number of statutes creating 
capital offenceB, it sweeps into the net every crime which, 
under any possible circumstanceg, may merit the punish' 
ment of death ; but when the execution of the sentence 
comes to be deliberated upon, a small proportion of offenders 
ate singled out, whose general bad character, or the peculiar 
aggravation of whose ci'lmes, renders them fit examples of 
public justice. By this expedient few actually snSbr death, 
whilst the dread and danger of it hang over the orimes of 
many. Thus the weakness of the law cannot be taken 
advantage of— the life of the subject is spared as far as the 
necessity of making public examples will permit, yeb no one 
will venture upon the commission of any enormous crime, 
from a knowledge that the laws have not provided for its 
punishment. 

The criminal jurisprudence of England may further be 

defended from the imputation of cruelty, by considering 

that though it be strict in its enactments, and visits many 

r ofiences with sevei'e punishment, yet in its administra' 




tion, jealousy of tlie criminatmg, and compassion fur the 
offender, temper its GrmneES, and soften the rigour of ita 
deciHioDS. It requires no one to criminate himself and in 
dubious cases leans invariably to the side of mercy. It ia 
ever ready to allow the previous good character of the 
criminal to lighten hb puuishineiit, and never wantonly 
aggravates, by protracted sufferinga, the awfal penalty it 
assigns to the most onoriuoas crimes j it ever extends its 
compassion beyond the present life, and by the consolations 
of religion which it provides, often calms and alleviates the 
last moments of its unhappy victims. In this respect, all 
denominations of religion can be Supplied with their own 
minister, pastor, or priest. 

The numerous and melancholy examples which our pages 
record of persona hurrying on from one crime to another, 
till the awful hand of justice has required their lives, will, 
we trust, alarm and deter the young and inexperienced from 
an indulgence in those pursuits or company which tend to 
weaken tlieir ideas of justice and morality, the sttre and 
certain prognostic of future ruin. 

At once to perpetrate the more atrocious crimes is nn- 
nisnal ; but the commission of one vice leads to another ; 
frequent repetitions stifle the voice of conscience ; tha 
distance to the next degree of criminality is lessened, till at 
length the unhappy victim of self-delusion is awakened from 



iii'i ?«vt;r;!tt& ^uau"ie«s vusta L lie :nn- giLiy je ■liic 

joint's V.' '«: ;t:i:OttTn.tii »;-»-,Ti. » -iilUi- ■■--'■■ ^',** I. ^ t ji 
kC^'*:'.\:\Ui U ■'. *:XiHi .r'-.-^tss •fi:t..si> litili ^^ ■ v--i.n 

;.a.v7uiEa&^ ^t — zuk "iie jt ut? -uo-i.'. > -tru.--... u^ .lu 
Tiii Ti^artm* .uiuxi ~iie •xiinuLu^iiL^u a 4^:^ :.-. ■.!::. m: 

"Hie jrimuLU ;iimprmieuce ii iJaiu^ubiiu -al^ 

-hit -lion^i ix ■» itrics: in its ^naAicxneuts kuu .>i . 
jiiuor .j&nceawidi «v«« mniiiiineiic- j*et .ix as» ....u 



a2 



• ^ 



"r>*Sf. 



-"^ al . 






— iL :-*- 



?»1- 



u_ 



*.»#» 



k'-i* «- 




VIU PiETJLJE. 

his percnrbed dream to the zi^re avril scenery of real guilt 
and retribation. 

To avoid, and as macb as posible lo lessen tbe great and 
increasing number of olTences against tbe salntarr restrictions 
of justice, is tbe duty of every well-insber to society and 
civilization. This purpose will be best effected by supporting 
and countenancing those institutions which have for their 
object the instruction of youth, by endeavours to excite 
habits of content and industry, and above all, by the constant 
practice and inculcation of the principles of that religion 
which enjoins us to " love our neighbour as oursel£" 



ECOED OF EXECUTIONS IN YOEK. 



t'S'vesday, March \st, A.D, 1379, — A special meeting of 
ilitla of tbe city of York and county of tbe said city, 
with tile miigLstriit«»t iuid gentlemen of the late Grand Jury, 
ftssembled for the purpose of coDsidering the propriety of 
appointing a place to erect a gallows, was beld in the Castle 
of York, on Tuesday, the let day of March, 1379. The 
Mayor of York occupied the chair, and addressed the meet- 
ing, when several gentlemen »poke and explained the cit'ciim- 
stances relating to the insuborilinatioii and rising of the 
monks at tlie late execution which took place at the gallows 
of the Abbot of St. Mary's. It was then proposed and 
seconded by two of the city bailiffri, that a gallows be 
erected npon the ground where Ihe gibbet-post now stands, 
and that it be taken down and a gallows re-bnilt and erected 
there upon Kuaveamire, on the south side, opposite the York 
Moor, about, one mile from the Castle, and tbat Master 
Joseph Penny, joiner, of Blake-street, in the city of York, 
do build the said gallows forthwith, at the cost of £10. 1-59. 
This resolution was unanimously adopted, and the meeting, 
after coin [dime ntiug the chairman, sepafAted. Ou Wednes- 
dsy, the Tth day of the said month, the new gallows was 
Atected for the public execution of the criminals capitally 
eonvicted in the city of York, and county of tbo said city, 
to be called the York Tyburn. 

Edward Hewison. 

At the Spring Assizes of 1379, Edward Hewiaon, aged 20, 
% aative of Stockton, near York, and a private soldier in Vaia 



2 RECOED OF 

Earl of Northumberland's Liglit Horse, was tried and 
i^pitally convicttid for coinDiittiui; a rape upon Louisa 
Bentiey, 22 yearaof age, of SberilfHiUtoD, a servant belong' 
iug to that Castle, as iihe was conuug to Toi'k, in a field 
tvhere she was walking, about tbr^e miles fram Sheriff 
Hiitton. When Hewiaon saw her alone in the field on the. 
foot-path, he got off hia horse and tied it to a tree. Ha> 
tteii went into the field, threw tiie young woman down, audi 
ravished her. Having violated her person againut her con- 
sent, on Monday, the 38th day of February, at two o'clock 
in the afternoon, next day Hewison was taken at his qaar- 
tern in the Pavement, and committed to the Castle. Oa- 
Tuesday, March Slst, 1379, he was executed at the new' 
gallows, without Micklegate Bar. Hewiaon being the first 
man that Buffered at the new Tyburn, caused a great number 
of people from the neighbouHng towns and villages, to 
usseDible to witness his untimely end. After the exeontioD 
his body was hanged upon a gibbet in the field where ha* 
had committed the crime, in SlierifT Hutton Road. This 
hnjipeued in the eecond year of tlie reign of Ring Richanl' 
the ISvcoud. 

John Chambers akd Otuers. ' 

Monday, November 21tH, A.D, li83.— J"ohn Chambeni' 
and several others, who were concerned in an insarrectiou in 
tlie North, and murdered the Earl of Northuuiberland and , 
some of his servants, at Maiden Bowor, Topclifie, the seat of' 
the Eiirl, were executed at the Tybum without Mickl^ate , 
Bar. During this year a tax of a tenth penny waa laid aa> 
men's goods and lands to aid the Duke of Bretagne against; ■ 
the French King, which cansed an insurrection amongst thft' 
people of the North. 

Sib Robert Aske. 

Wednesday, August 13(A, A.D. 1337. — In the reign i 
Henry YIIL, Sir Robert Aske, aged 58, of Aughtonj in thisk 
county, was beheaded in the Pavement, and next dayhangeA^ 
iu ubaiuB upon Heworth Moor, near York, for.L>eiug the leadsK 
of the uusuooessful insurrection called " Pilgrimage < ' 



EXECUTTOSa I3T TOHK.. 8 

Grace." He was drawn upon a sledge from the OasUe of 
Ytitk, at eight o'clock in the morning, guarded by the sheriff 
officers, and a troop of Light Horse, where a Bcaffold waa 
erected in the Pavement 25 feel by 12 ffet, and 13 feet high, 
at the eaKt end of All-Hallowa Church. This unfortunate man 
mounted the scaSbld with a firm step, and with a, emile upon 
his counteoancB kneeied down to pray, which he did 
fervently and aloud for the space of fifteen minutes, warning 
all that were within the hearing of his voice to attend.to 
their rights and privileges as trtie-born Engliahmen, atiij not 
to miod his death, as he considered he had done no more 
Ulan his duty. After the execution his body wraa taken to 
Master Robert Pyements, the aign of the Eagle and Child, 
in the Pavement, and there the chains were fixed upon his 
lifelesB remains. Next morning, at five o'clock, the Sheriff 
and his officers, with a troop of Light Horse, and a large 
number of citizens took the body to Heworth Moor, east of 
the ^ViDd-railJa, then standing, where a gibhet'post had 
been erected 35 feet high. The body having been hnng at 
the top of the gibbet, and all things cleared away, the Sheriff 
read his proclamation, atatitig that any person or persons 
found taking down the body or damaging the post woald 
be imprisoned for twenty years. lu about ten minutes the 
Sheriff and hia officers left the moor amidst a large concoui'se 
of spectators who were going to and oomiog from the city. 

Lord Hl'ssev. 

Wednesday, Avgual .27lh, A.D, 1337. — ^In the reign of 
Henry VIII.. Lord Huasey, aged 62, of Duffield, in this 
county, was hanged and quartered at the Tyhurn, without 
Micklegate Bar, fur being concerned in the late insurrection 
called tbe " Pilgrimage of Grace." He was drawn upon a 
sledge from the Castle of York to the place of execution, ?.', 
half-past eleven o'clock in the forenoon, and arrived at the 
scaffold a few minutes past twelve. After a short time epuiit 
in prayer, he addressed the spectators for a length of time, 
and hoped that the period was not ikr distant when eveiy 
Englishman would have the rights and privileges which they 
now reqnirnd and were contending ibr, as he had only done 
his duty, oadTCtts about to ^eal his teatimooy vith hU blwid. 



.BECOHD OF EXECUTIOSa IK TORK. 

Afler so sayiDg, lie gave himself up to hia execationer, aod- 
ill a few luoments had ceaned to exiat. After hanginj;'- 
tweiitj minutes, he was cub down, stripped, and laid apoD^^. 
stage built for tlmt purpose, close to the gallows, where hi* 
head was cuu off, hin body quartered, and his mutilated^ 
remain!! ptit into a coffin and given to his friends for intev* 
mont, in the presence of a large number of Hpectatora. 
N.B. — Duffield Castle was the seat of Iiord Hussey. 

"W ir.T.T *M WoDE, Pbior of Bridlington. 

Saturday, September 21s(. A.D. 1537.— Will iam 'WodB, 
Prior of Bridlington, aged (17, was executed for high treason, 
at the Tjbum gallowa on Knavesmire, without Micklegatfl 
Bar, near the city of York. He was drawn from tits 
Castle upon a hurdle, to the place of execution, and there 
beheaded and quartered, npou the charge of baing concerned in 
a rebellion o! the same natiire as that denominated tho 
" Pilgrimage of Grace." After the execution his mutilated 
remains were given to his friends for interment. 

Sib John Nevill and Others. 

Tuesday, March 3Ul, A,D. 1541.— Sir John Nevill and 
ten of hia iiasociates, for creating a disturbance and insnrreor 
tion in the North, were executed at the Tyburn without 
Micklegate Bar. The Lord Mayor, Eohert Hall, was 
present, and was most deeply affected at Sir John's untimely 
end. 

William Ombler, Thomas Dale, and 
John Stephenson. 

September 2Ul, A.D. 1549.- WUliain Ombler, ThomaS 
Dale, and John Stephenson, were executed at the Tyburn 
without Micklegate Bar, for raising a rebellion in the Nortn. 
George Gayle was Lord Jlayor that year, and James Har- 
rington and Edward Greenberry were Sheriffs, 

Si-Mos DioBY AND Othehf. 

Good Friday. March 27lA, A.D. 1570.— Simon DJgby, 




KECOBII OP EXECnnOlTS IN TOHK. 5 

aged 42, of Asknew ; John Fulthorpe, aged 39, of laellieck, 
in lliia county, Eaqrs. ; Robert Penciyuiati, agui] 37, of 
Stokesly; Tliomiis Bishop, the younger, aged 29, of Pock- 
lingtoD, gentlemen, were drawn from the Uaatle of York to 
the place of execution on KnaveHmire, and there hanged, 
hcBded, and quartered. Their Ibui: heads were aet on tha 
four principal gates of the city, with four of their quarters, 
The otlier quarters were liet up in divers pluces in the county, 
as a warninz to rebels to avoid a similar fate. 

^^k Thomas Wilsos', aliaa Moostain. 

^LKfvl;/ 30lh, A.T). 1570.— At Peter's Prison, York, in the 
Hall of Pl<:tt», Thomas Wilson, aiiag Mountain, was tried 
on an indictment, wherein he was churged with having been 
guilty of the wilful uiui-der of George de Walton, Abbot 
of St. Miirj's, on the 13th day of July, 1570, in the Cathe- 
dral Chnicii of St. Peter's, York ; also charged for that ha 
on (lie said 13th day of July, did feloniously stab the Iiigh( 
Reverend Father in God, Edmund Giiudall, Lord Arch- 
bishop of York, with intent to do him eome grieTons bodily 
harm, in the Buid Cathedral Church of St. Peter, York. 
He was found guilty after a trial which lasted four days, 
ftnd ordered to be executed on the ISth of August following. 
On Mouday mornitig, being the day fixed for the execution 
of the said Thomas Wilson, alias Mountain, he was taken 
from the dungeon of Peter's Piison, at eight o'clock in 
the morning, to the gallows of the Abbey of St. Mary, 
Clifton. Since his contiuemeat, he had several times 
attempted to break the prison, and, after his condemnation, 
he made a tiole through a brick-aud'a-half partition, largo 
enough for him to pass into the chapel gallery, from which 
fas BBtouiEhiugly ttsoended into another ten feet above, with 
fiittera weighing nearly Hfty pounds, and su forued as not 
>.(o jiermit one foot to step six inched before the other. 
Here he broke thi'ough a plaster partition, and thus got 
over the brick ceiling of all the cells, and immediately tinder 
the roof of all the building, whei'e lie was overheard and 
noon secured. On searching hiui, a hooked nail and a bit 
of tin plate were found. The bit of plate lie had whetted 
to a very keen edge, as a knife, to cut up the stout canvtua 



f! 



RECOBD OP EXECTTIOltS tS YOBK. 



cover of Jiis lied into long stripa. These he Lad twisted and | 
strongly tied together, so as to form a very atont rope, 
nearly forty feet loug, whereby he intended to make his 
descent from the roof into the surronnding yard. Ho 
waa afterwards confined in a dungeon on the grtmnd floor, 
and eo cliained thtit he could not reach any of the walla, 
and a guard was constantly kept with Lim. l:^iDi!e thea his 
conduct had been a mixttire of rage and disappaintmeDt« 



very unbocor 

time in addr 
out, " God B 
launched iiit 
Lnng in chai 



lie was brought under the 
le o'clock in the morning, where he spent some 
using the crowd, after which he twice called 
vs the Queen," threw aside his book, and waa 
eternity. After the executiou his body waa 
8 on Cliiton Ings, 

Barshard Siegpbed. 



Tueada}/, March 30(A, A.D. 1-571.— Barnard Siegfred, 
aged 49, a native of Dover, was executed at tlie gallows ol 
6t. Leonard's, Green Dykes, witliotit Walmgate Bar, for 
highway robbery and attempt to murder one Slaster John 
Dolland, in Stockton Forest, inDecember, lo70. He exj>iated 
his crime on the gallows, and was nest day hung iu chains 
upon Stockton Forest. 

The Earl of Nohthdmreblano. 

Wednesdity, August 22nd. A.D. 1573. — The unfortunate 
Earl of Korthumberlaiid was executed at York for high 
treason. He was drawn from the Castle upon a sledge to 
the Pavement, the place appointed for his execution, 
where a pcalTold waa erected at the east end of All-Hallows 
Church, 25 feet long by 15 feet broad, and 12 feet iu height. 
The noble £^arl mounted the scaflold witli a. firm atep, 
looked about him for a short time, then spoke to the Sheriff 
and Chaplain of the Caatle, and to the spectators for the 
space of fifteen minutes. After addressing the people, he 
kneeled down and prayed for a abort time, then rose and 
shook hands with those that were on the scafibld, but did 
not apeak to them. After this he went to the fatal spot, 
knelt down with hia face to the east, laid his head upon the 



BSCORD OP EXEOUTtOire IH YORK, 7 

block, and gat'e tlie signal to tlie executionep, who struct off 
hia \iea,il at one blow. Aflei' liia bxeciitiuu, his head wag 
set up OB a very high pole at the top of Micklegate Bav, and 
his body was buried iu the Church of St. Crux, iu fchia city, 
by two of his servaiits and three women. 



George EoTsy, Esq., and Others. 



m 

^^^fftedneida^ April 3rd, A.D. 1573. — Geovge Kutby, Eaq., 
^^5^ ^^> * native of Scarborough ; Robert de Scheele, Knight, 
aged 56, a Dative of Hull ; Edward de Lavoiffier, aged 58, a 
native of Hull ; Tboiuas de Berthollet, aged 49, a. native of 
Driffield ; William Die que mare,' aged 63, a native of Knarea- 
borough ; Robert de Eoaier, aged 57, a native of KtiareB- 
boroiigh ; Eobert de Alcock, Esq., aged 50, a native of Hiiil ; 
William de Alembert, aged 59, a native of Pocklington ; 
Robert Charles de Aleyiu, aged 54, a native of Wakefield ; 
and George Richard de Aliestry, aged 59, a native of 
Wetberby, were executed at the Tybum without Mickle- 
gate Bar, far high treason. They were drawn to the place 
of execution upon sleJges, and there hanged and quartered. 
Three of their heads were Eet upoa Micklegate Bar. two 
upon Eootham Bar, two upon Monk Bar, two iipou Walm 
gate Bar, and one over the Castle gates, with their quarters. 

Robert de Fleurt and Others. 

JahtrdaT/, June 27i/i, A.D. 1574. — Robert da Fleiiry, 
"of Wakefield ; George de Abbot, t 



; and William de Abbot, age 
re executed at the Tyburn without 
fvounding Baron de Cavullo, in the 
: the village of Shipton, with intent 
was returning from Penrith, on the 
night of the 2Qth day of May, 1574. After the execution, 
their bodies were given to the sur/^eona of the city to be 
diseaoted and anatomized. 



B native of K.irkhar 
native of Leyburn, we 
Micklegate Bar, for ■ 
Forest of Galtres, neai 
to murder 



Frederick GoiTrRiED and Thomas Conrat. 



ly, Mitrch 27ih, A.D. 1675.— Frederick Gottfried 
S7, a native of Hull ; and Thomas Coniat, aged 27, a 




8 BECORD OP EXECUTIONS IN YORK. 

Dative of Keswick, in the couoty of Cumberland, were 
executed at the gallows of St. Leonard's, Green Dykes, with- 
out Walnigate Bar, for coining guineas in Thursday market, 
in the city of York. After the execution their bodies were 
buried in St. Giles's Churchyard, Gillygate, York. 

Edward de Satre and Sarah Houslay. 

Satiiruay, August Sth, A.D. 1576. — Edward de Satre, 
aged 3G, a native of Selby, and Sarah Houslay, aged 27, 
a native of Shi[)ton, in this county, were executed at the 
Tyl)urn without Micklegate Bar, for uttering forged pro- 
missary notes of the value of fifty guineas, at Leeds, belong- 
ing to Mr. John Learoyd, innkeeper. After the execution, 
tlieir bodies were buried behind the Castle walls, near the 
river Foss. 

llOBERT SCIIEVEREL, JOHN DE TrADESCANT, AND HeNRY 

George Masson. 

Tuesday J Ma/rch SOth, A.D. 1577. — Rpbert Scheverel, aged 
43, a native of Goldsbro' ; John de Tradescant, aged 38, a 
native of Cottingham ; and Henry George Masson, aged 42, 
a native of Badsworth, were executed at the gallows of 
St. Leonard's, Green Dykes, without Walmgate Bar, for 
breaking into the dwelling-house, with intent to rob and 
murder Mr. John Pascal and his family, on the night or 
morning of the 20th of January, 1577. After the execu- 
tion their bodies were given to the surgeons of the city to 
be dissected and anatomized. 

WiiLiAM Henry de Boyle. 

Monday, Ap'il2nd, A.D. 1578. — William Henry de Boyle, 
aged 57, a native of Bentham, was executed at the Tyburn 
without Micklegate Bar, for the wilful murder of his servant 
maid, Sarah Bobson, of Wakefield, by stra^pfgling her with 
his whiplash in his bed-room, on the morning of the 5th of 
February of the said year. The cruel tragedy was per- 
formed in the presence of his wife and two daughters. After 



T RXXCUnOKS IN TOBK. 

waa conveyed to Wakefield Commoo 

. obains. 

CRARLE9 DE PaSCAL AND OTHERS. | 

Wednesday, July SOt/i. A,D. 1579.— Charles de Pascal, , 

aged 38, a imtive of SlieSield ; Thomas de Warltire, aged 39, a > 

native of South Kirbyj George Edward de Priestley, aged 40, 
a iiativB of Kildwick. uloog with Charlotto Morrett, aged 27, 
a native of Hambletoo, and Haiioah Fourcroy, aged 25, a 
native of Yeftdingham, were executed at the gallows of St. 
lieonard'a, Green Dykes, without Waloigate Bar, tor breaking 
into the warehouse of Mr. Robert Kirwan, ia Stonegate, 
Tork, and stealing a quantity of silks and drapery goods of 
tile value of one hundred guineas. After the executions, 
the bodies of Pascal and Warltire were bnried in St. George's 
Churchyard, Bean Hill, without Fiahergate Postero, iu thia 
city J and the bodies of Mori-ett, Fourcniy, and Priestley 
were interred in St. Wilfi-ed's Churchyard, in Blake-street, 
York. 

» J AMES ElCHAEDSON. 

StiMvrday, .Tuhj 30(A, A.D. 1581.— James Richardson, 
Hged 27, was executed at the gallows of St. Leonard's, Green 
Dykes, without Walmgate Bar, for tlie wUfnl murder of 
' Thomas Miller, Esq., at Kna res bora ugh, on the 5th day of 
April, \i)^\. Alter the murder he took from his victim 
the sum of twenty puuuUs iu silver cuins of this realm. 

George Foster. 

Monday, Ap7-il Slh, A.D. 1582,— George Foster, aged 25, of 
Tadcaster, wbm executed at the Tyburn without Micklegate 
Bar, fi>r coining. Thei-e were supposed to ha about tea thou- 
aaud people present to witness hid untimely end. 

•- Petek Claric 

Tuescl-ty, March Slat, A.D. 15S3.— Peter Clark, aged 28, 
was executed at the gallows of St. Leonard's, Creeu Dykes, 



!■ IKBODTIOKS l!( YORK. 

without "Walmgate Ear, for the wilful laurdor of Hunnah 
Thotn])aoii, at Pockliagton. 

lilNIOS FOSTEK. 

Tu^day, March 31si, A.D. 1583. — Einioa Foster, aged 33, 
' a native of York, was executed ut the gnllowa of St. Leonard'^ 
Green Dykes, without Walmgate Ear, for horse-stealing and 
conimitting a rape upon Mary Thonipson, servaut to Mr. 
Williani Johnson, at Dunnington, near York. 

Henry William Gbsyembre. 

Salurduy, Av^/iuit Btk, A.D. I5Si. — Henry William Geu- 
yembre, aged 60, a native of Kuaresborougl), waa executed 
at the gttllowa of St. Leonard'^, Green Dykes, without 
Walmgate Bar, for robhery on the king's liii;liway, and 
horse-stealing at Btokesley, in. the county of York. After 
the executioa hia body was buried at St. Helen's Cburch, in 
Fiahergate. 

George de Kirwaw akd Thomas te Alasco. 

Wednesday, Auguat ^rd, A.D. 1585. — George de £irwaD, 
aged 3-t, a oative of Ripon, aud Thomas de AlaKio, aged 39, 
a native of Penistone, were executed at the Tyburn without 
Micklegate Bar, for coining guineas, at the house of Simoa 
Pontius, in Jiihbergate, ailveramith, of York. They were 
drawn on a sledge to the place of execution, when they both 
seemed firm but resigned to tjieir f<tte. They both died 
penitent, and were buried at the Church of St, Helen, 
Fibhergate, in thia city. 

Frederick de Alcvonius, Riohard de Aldrich, and 
Wjlliah de Malcolm. 

Saturday, J/arcA 28(/i., A.D. 138".— Frederick de Alcy- 
oniua, aged 47, a native of Pontefract ; Kioiiard de Aldrich, 
aged 37, a native of Botlierbam \ and William de Malcolm 
aged 38, a native of Richmond, were executed at the gallowi 
of St Leonard's, Green Dykes, without Walmgate Bar. These 



BEOOKD OP. EXECTTTIOKS IN YOBK. 11 

three anfortnnate culprits were drawn from the Castle of 
York u[jon a aledge to the fiitnl ajxit, where they Buffered the 
severe penalty of the law. Since their condemuatiou theip 
behaviour had beeu such as became their uuhappy eituation, 
and they acknowledged the Justice of their sentence. After 
their execution they were belieaded actl quartered ; their 
heads were set up on Micklegate Bar, with their quarters. 
This execution took place at three o'clock in the afternoon, 
in the presence of not less than eight thousand spectators, 

PASDHEW TUBN'ES, 
Monday, August lOlh, A.U. 10S8.— Andrew Turner -was 
executed at the galluwa of St. Leonard's, Greou Djkes, 
without Walmgate Bar, for coining, 

Henhy Ashe. 

Monday, August lOlk, A.T). 1586. — Henry Ashe waa exe- 
cuted at the gallows of St. Leonard's, Greeu Dykea, without 
Walmgate Bitr, for a rape committed on Jane Furuiah, on 
the highway road leading from York to HulL 

Geokoe "WrNCH ASD Peter de RAsira. 

Monday, April 23rrf, A.D. 1590.— George Wynch, aged 
24, a native of Stamford Bridge, aud Peter de Eanuis, aged 34, 
a native of Slaidburn, were exeouted at tlie gallows of Sc 
Leonard's, Green Dykes, without Walingate Bar, for high- 
way robbery on the Hull road, near Kexhy, on the night of 
the first of February, 1690. Their bodies were buried at 
St. George's Church, Bean-hill, without Fiahergata Postern, 
ia this city. 

Joseph db Hahel, Bichabd de Bodbboulou, and 
Ahthony Hodsok, 

Monday, July 28iJi, A.D. 1503. — Joseph de Hamel, aged 
43, anativeof Maoche.iter; Richard de Bourbouloni, aged 53, 
& native of Blackburn ; and Anthony Hodson, aged 37, a 
nalive of Burnley, in the county of Lancashire, w^jre exe- 



RECORD OP EXECUTIOSS IN YORK. 

cuted at the Tyburn witiioat Micklegate Bar, for house- 
breaking and liigKway roblwrj on the night of the 5th of 
May, 1592. Their bodies were buried at Holy Triuity Oiiria 
Regis, iu. this city. 

Richard Cbaw. 

Monday, March 30(/(, A. D. 1594.— Richard Craw, aged 28, 
Wft3 exfcuted at tlie Tyb\irn without Miciklegate Bar, and 
the next day hung in chaina in Knaresborongh Forest, far 
the wilful murder ol Jlr. Jumea Giles, of Kuaresborough. 

WujiiAM DH Allestrt, Eobeht db Hasimonh, and 
Thou AS de Allix. 

Saturday, Marelt 2itA, A.D. 1595, William de Alleatry, 
aged 37, a native of York ; Robert de Hammond, aged 34, 
a native of York ; and Thomaa de Allix, aged 38, a native 
of York, all of Waliugate, were executed at the Tyburn 
without Mieklegate Bar, for coiniug and paying bad money. 
After the exeuution they were all buried in St. George's 
Churchyard, Beau iiill, without Fishergile Postern. 

Henbt de Alms. 

Saturday/, July 7i/(, A.D. 1596. — Henry do Alma, aged 
f>8, a native of Durliogtuu, in the cimnty of Durham, was 
executed nt the Tybnru without Micklegate Bar, l<ir paying 
bad giiiiieaa iu the York Fair, and at Hull. After the 
execution he was buried io St, Andrew's Churchyard, m 
St. Andrew-gate, iu thu city. 

John Thomas de Nelme. 

Satnrday, Marth 27th, A.D. 1597.— John ThouiaH de 
Neline, ageil 3C, a native of North Driffield, was executed 
at the gallowa of St. Leonard's, Green Dykea, without- 
Walnigate Bar, for robbing Eugene Fetit with intent to 
murder him, on Hewortb Moor, near York, on the Sth 
day of January, 1597. After hia execution his body was 
conveyed to Heworth Moor, and there hung in chains. 



eecord op esecuti0n3 is tokk. 13 

Thomas Henrt de Alting and Robert 
Thomas Swedier. 

Monday, J^dy 27lli, A.D. 1508.— Thomas Henry de 
Alting, aged 45, a. native of Beverley, and Robert TLomaa 
Swedier, aged 33, a native of ShefBeid, were executed at the 
Tyburn withoat Micklegate Bur, for honsebreaking and 
taking twenty-four guineas from Mr. William de Boucham, 
with intent to murder him and his wife at Knaresborough. 
After the execution their bodies were conveyed to Knares- 
borough Forest, and there hung in chains. 

John Taylor. 

Saturday, August lOi/*, A.D. 1599.— John Taylor, of. 
Doncaster, was executed at the Tyburn without Jlicklegate 
Bar, for horae-atealiug. After the execution his body was 
buried in the Church of St. Maiy, Caatlegate, York, 

John MuausK. 

Saturday, August lOth, A.D. 1599. — John Milburn was 
esecated at the Tyburn without Micklegate Bar, for coining. 
Hia remains were interred io the churchyard of St. Mary's, 
Oastlegate, in this city. 

George Wolstenholmk, Esq., Thomas Wilsos, Esq., 
ASD Others. 

Monday, April 2nd, A.D. 1600. — George Wolatenholme, 
Esq., aged 69 ; Tliomas Wilson, Esq., aged 4S ; Richard 
Thomas, aged 60 ; James NorriBon, aged 39 ; Robert Noke, 
aged 43 ; Francb Mitchel, aged 46 ; 'and Henry IIutobiD- 
BOD, aged 39, all natives of Hull, were executed at the 
gallows of St. Jjeonard's, Green Dykea, without Walnigate 
Bar, for smuggling and the wilful .murder of Captain Thomas 
Fletcher, of the sliip Nancy, of Hull ; Guy Foster, mate 
of the same sbip, Nancy; Wjlliani Forest and George 
Fowler, seamen of the said ship. The murderers perpetrated 
their bloody work while the ship was lying in the port of 
Hull, oa the 6th day of January, iCOO, about lour o'clock in 



14 KECoaD OP EXEcnTiosa in toak. 

the morning. The uext dajr tliey were apprehended, and 
committed to the Castle of York, and on the 20th of March 
ill the said jear tlier were tried and convicted of the above 
murdera, and sentenced to be executed oq Monday, the 2nd 
day of Aiiril following. When the culprits appeared at the 
place of execution, they seemed firm but I'esigned to their 
late, and, after a short time spent in devotional exercisea, 
they gave themselves iiji into the haiida of the executioner^ 
and in a few ssconds had ceased to exiat. It waa computed 
that not Ifss than six thousand spectators were present to 
witnesB their dying struggles. After the executions their 
Twdies were given to the surgaona of York and Hull to be 
di8secte<l and anatomized. • 

Charles Eeaumond, Thomas Bejwinqton, Mahy Blakeyi 
AKD Emma Brows. 

Thursday, July 2Hh, A.D. 1603.— Charles Beauinond, 
aged 35, a native of ShefBeid ; Thomas Bennington, aged 
37, a native of Doucaater ; Mary Blakey, aged 33, 
and Emma Brown, aged 2d, I oth nativ s of Bradford, 
in this county, were executed tl « U wa of St, 

Leonard's, Green Dykes, without W Im t B for counter- 
feiting the gold coin of this re 1 11 d guineas. They 
were drawn from the Castle of Y k t th pi e of execu- 
tion upoD sledges. Since the d lu t they all 
evinced striking marka of penite an I th onduot was 
such SA became their unhajipy situation. After theip 
execution, the bodies of Beaumont and Betiuington were 
buried in the churchyard of St, Helen's, Fishergate, in this 
city ; and the bodies of Elakey and Brown were buried in the 
churchyard of St. John's, Hiiiigaie, York, at ten o'clock at' 
sight, in the presence of the constables of eaxjh parish. 

William Pekalton. , 

Saturday, March SOlh, A.D, 1603. — William Teniilton.' 
aged 34, a native of Bnrnby, iu this county, was executed at 
eight o'clock in the morning at the Tyburn without Miokle- . 
gate Bar, for the wilful murder of John Young at Pockling- 



r EXECUTIONS I 



1 the niglit of tLe Ttli of December, 1602. After his 
iou, the body waa couvejiid tu Barnby Moor, and 



John de "VIher akd HAniiia Hosekberq. 

Saturday, Man-ch 30i/i, A.D, 1C03.— Harris Eosenberg, 
aged 5G, a native of Florence ; and John de Viner, aged 32, 
servant to the above, a native of Paris, were executed 
at the Tjhum, without Micklegate Ear, for the atrocious 
murder of Mr. Milliugton, an innkeeper at Leeds, on the 
night of the 8th day of November last. These anfortunate 
men suffered death in the presence of a large concourse of 
spectators. Their bodies ou being taken down from the 
scaffold were given to the aurgeona for dissection, in accord' 
ance with the sentence paissitd upon them. 

BlCHARD CULUNQWOBTH, ELIZABETH BnADWITU, HaNNAH 
BULMER, AND JaNE EutJtLE. 

Tv£sdoy, AprU &ih, A.D. 1G04.— Richard CuUingworth, 
aged 43, a native of York ; Elizabeth Bradwith, aged 30, 
Hannah Bulmer, aged 28, and Jane Buckle, aged 34, 
all of Walingate in this city, were executed at the 
Tybnm without Micklegate Bar, for coining and paying 
money, well knowing it to be counterfeit and bad. The 
execution of the anlbrtunate transgresiioi's was witnessed by 
a large concourse of spectators. 

EuzABETH Cook. 

Monday, March SOf/i, A.D. 1C05. — Elizabeth Cook, aged 
48, a native of Kesby, waa hanged and burnt at tha 
gallows of St. Leonard's, Green Dykes, without Walmf;ate 
Bar, for the cruel and wilful murder of her owu mother, 
aged &'2, by burning her to death, at Kew^rth, near 
York. The heartless murdei'ess was executed amidst the 
hisses, groans, and execrations of the crowd of epectators. 

Stepuen Dorson, Esq. 

Friday, April 'ird, A.D. IGOT. — Stephen Dobaon, Edq,, 




16 RECOfiD OF EXECUTIONS IH TOEK. 

aged 50, & native of Loodon, wag executed at the Tybnm 
without Micklegate Bar, for tiie wilful and deliberate 
murder of his servant, Michael Penrose, a native of BartoD, 
in the county of Lanraithire, at hi^lod^ing»in Coney Street, 
in this city, on the 18th day of Jaaiiary, 1607. After the 
exeoution, his body was given to the surgeons of the city to 
be anatomiEed. 

Frederick WfiiaHTSoir. 

Wednesday/, July 29(A, A.D. 1608.— Frederick Wright- 
BOD, aged 37, a native of Keewick, in the county of Cuib- 
berland, labourer, was executed at York, for the wilfiil 
murder of Mary Ann Coupland, at Wakefield, in the county 
of York, on the 4th day of May, 1608. This culprit had 
been transjjorted for seven years, and had only just returned 
when he committed this horrid murder. After the execotion 
his body was conveyed to Wakefield Common, and there 
hung in chains. 

Robert Black let. 

Monday, July 28(7i, A.D, 1610.— Robert Blaokley, aged 
45, was executed at the Tybnm without Micklegate Bar, 
for high treason. He was drawn upon a hui-dle from the 
Castle of York to the place of execution, and after hanging 
fifteen minutes, be wiis cut down, beaded, and quartered, and 
bis bead along with his quarters were placed on the top of 
Micklegate Bar. 

Richard Caeson and Thomas ARMSTKOsa. 

Wednesday, Septrnnher ScJi, AD. 1612. — Richard Carson, 
1^^ 26, and Thomas Armstroni;, aged 2i, both uativeg oC 
Leeds, were executed at the Tyburn without Mieklegato i 
Bar, for coining and paying bad money, in order to deeeive 
and rob the public. Both were buried at the Church of St. 
George, Bean Hili, in this city. 

William Grame. 
Mmday, Uardi 27th, A.D. 1C13.— "WUliam Grame, aged 



) OF ESECnTlOTfS IN TOBK. 



17 



22, a native of York, waa exec\ite(l at the Tyburn witboat 
MicklegatB Bar, for robbery, and the murder of Mr. 
Robert Gott, flax-dreaaer, of High OuaBgate, in thia city, 
as he waa retorning from Knareaborough, on the 4tli day of 
February of the Bame year. Ailer the execution, his body 



flgl-V 



iford 



Makk Eahnabd, Maby Robihson, Thomas Basker, 
Philip Dajiling, Thouas Easikc.wold, Rose Dutton, 
EuuA Fountain, and Maeia Fowler. 



C(^ A.D. IGU,— Mark Barnnrd, 
aged 34, a native of Pocklingtoa ; Mary Robinson, aged 20 
Tbomaa B^irker, aged 29, a native of Mirfield, in this county 
Fhilifi Darling, aged 42 j and Thomas Easiagwold, aged 48 
with Rose Dutton, aged 23 , and Emma Fountain, a^d 23 
also Maria Fowler, aged 22, all natives of York, were 
executed at the Tyburn without Micklegate Bar, for 
coining and paying bad money at Maltoi). After the 
several executions, the body of Barnard waa buried in the 
churchyard of St. George's, Bean Hill, in thia city ; the body 
of Riibinson was taken to be buried at Pockliugton by her 
relations ; that of Easingwold was buried in St, Samj>son's 
Churchyard, in thia city ; and the bodies of Dutton, Foun- 
tain, and Fowler, were buried in the churchyard of St. 
John's, in Hungate, of the above city. 

Mark Tritmble and Robert Martinson. 

Saturday/, March 2dth, A.D. 1C15.— Mark Trumble, 
aged 25, a native of Ripou ; and Robert Martinson, aged 
26, a native of Haxby, near York, wore executed at the 
Tyburn without Micklegate Bar, for highway robbery near 
Bhipton, in the Forest of Galtrea. Alter the executiona, 
their bodies were buried in the churchyard of St. Olave's, in 
Mary Gate, city of York. 

THOMAa PiNDUAM. 

Monday, March 2Snl, A.D. 1616.— Thomas Piiidham 
waa executed at the Tyburn without Micklegate Bar, foe 



18 KECOttD OP EXECfTlOSa IN TORE. 

rape, and the murder of Miss K D. Johnson at MarstoiL 
After execution, liia bod}?' was given to the sorgeona of the 
city for diasectioa. 

HiantY MusQRAVE asd George Ridley. 

Tliurgday, September 23rd, A.D. 1616. — HeDry Mub- 
grave, for coining bad money, and George Ridley, for 
burglary at Naburn, near York, were both executed at the 
gallowa of St, Leonard's, Greea Dykes, without Walnigata 

Simon Eoutledge. 

Saturday, Jul J/ 27 th, A..X>. 1617. — Simon Eoutledge was 
executed at the Tyburo without Mickiegate Bur, for 
Btealing ft mare from Mr. John Potts, of Uuntiiigtoo, near 
York, in the month of May, 1615. After the execution, 
his body was buried in the churcliyatd of St. John's, Hun- 
gate, in this city. 

Mark Addison. 

Monday, Mwrch 251/1, A.D. 1618.— Marlt Addison was 
executed at the gallows of St. Leonard's, Green Dyke^ 
without Walmgate Ear, for the wilful murder of Elizabeth 
Robinson, at Kexby. After the execution, his body was 
given to the surgeons of this city for dissection, 

EoBERT Hall. 

Saturday/, AprUiOlh, A.D. 1620.— Robert Hall was exe- 
cuted at the Tyburn without Mickiegate Bar, for coining 
and paying bad money at Eaaingwold. After the execution, 
his hody was buried in the churchyard of St. George's, 
Bean Hill, witnimt Fishergate Postern. 

George Bell, Esq. 

Tueiday, March 31«(. A.D. 1623.— George Bell, Esq., 
Aged 32, attorney -at -law, of Leeds, was executed at the 



RECOBD OF EXECUnO^-g IN YOHK. 19 

Tybiim witliont Micklegate Bar, for forging a will belonginjj 
to E..ili.li DaltoD, Esq., of Halifax. Afier the exectition, his 
frieudi took his body to be buried at Leeds the next clay. 

Ealph Raynakd, Makk Dunn, and ilna. Fletcher. 

Saturdaj/, Jidy 28(A, A.D, 1623.— Ralph Eaynard, of the 
White Honw, near Easingwold ; Mark Dunn, of Huby; 



and Mra. Fletcher, of Raakelfe, 
Tyburn without Micklegate Bar, 
wards hung ia ciiaina near the plact 
been oommitted. 



Ther 



murder, a 



letliii 



executed 
nd their bodies after- 
where the murder had 

1 connection with this 



ing very c 
LB manner in which it was discovered. A 
yeoman of good eatato of the name of Fletcher, who 
redded at Raakelfe, formerly called Haacal, married a young 
loety woman from Thornton Bridge, who bad been for- 
merly too kind with, one Ralph Raynard, who kept an inn 
betwixt Raskelfe and Easingwold, hia sister living with 
him. This Raynard continued an unlawful lost with the 
said Fletcher's wife, who, not content therewith, conspired 
the death of Fletcher, one Mark Dunn, of Hoby, being 
made privy thereto, and hired to assist in the mnrder, 
Trhich they, with the asaistanee of hia own wife, accom- 
pliehed on May-day of the said year, by drowning Fletcher 
» together from a town called Huby, where 
The murder was committed at 
ce a road at that time left tlie 
■ the Bhires, led over the Lund to 
Saskelfe. Fletcher's wife waa laid in ambush at the place 
■where the murder had previously been arranged to take 
place, and had brought a sack wherein to convey the dead 
body of her huahaud, which they did, and buried it in 
Eaynard's garden or croft, where an old oak root had been 
Btnbbed up, and they sowed mustard-aeed upo 
thereby to hide it. So they continued their w 
of lust and drunkenness, and the neighhoure 
wonder at Fletcher's absence ; bat his wife, in 
that he waa but gone aside for fear of some 
served upon him. 

It appears, however, that Fletcher had soi 



Mark Dunn resided. 
Daw nay Bridge, 



:ked cour" 



puBpioion that the two confederates, along with his wife, 
had contemplated his death in Bume way or other, from the 
following doggerel rliyme addreaaed to his sister a short time 
before the erent ; — 

" If 1 should ba in miaEing or BudJenly in wanting be, 

Murk Ralph KajDard, Mark Dusn, nnd inj owu wife for ma." 
Thus matters went on till abuut the 7th day o£ Jiily» 
when Raynard going to Topclifie Fair, and setting up hiB 
horde in the stable, the spirit of Fletcher, in his usual shape 
and habit, did a|>pear unto him, and said, " Oh, Ilalph, 
repent, repent, for my TCngeance is at hand ;" and ever 
after, till he was ])ut into the gaol, it seemed to stand before 
him, whereby he became sad and restless. And hia own 
sister o verb raring his oonfession and relation of it to 
another person, did, through fear of her own life, imme- 
diately reveal it to Sir "William Sheffield, a justice of the 
peace, who resided at Raskelfe Park. Whereupon they 
were all three apprehended and sent to the gaol at York, 
■where they were all condemned ace! executed accordingly. 
After the executions, the guilty jiarties were hung up in 
irons on the roadside not far from the place where the 
murder had been committed, and only a sijort distance from 
the "White House" where Rayuard lived, and where the 
body of the murdered man had been buried, and where it 
was found. After hanging upon the gibbet for a consider- 
able time, their shattered fragments were taken down's 
buried under the gallows. The place has gone by the na 
of Gibbet Hill ever since. About fifty years ago, a quantity 
of huntan hones were found oq the spot, auppo-ed to have 
been the bones of the three murderers who committed this 
terrible tragedy. 

Joseph Hethebinqton. 

Monday, August 2nd, A.D. 11)23. — Joseph Hetheringtoo, 
aged 3.5, wuH executed at the Tyburn without Micklegato 
Bar, lor stealing four horses in Tadcaster, at the " Hand and 
Whip" public-house, onthenight of the 4th of March, 1623. 
Afler the execution, his body was buried in the churchyard 
of St. Geoi^e's, Bean Hill, without Fishergate Postern, ift 
this city. 




BECOBD OF EXEOUTIONS IN YORK. 

KiCHABD Bell. 

'Monday, April -ISrd. A.D. 162+.— Eichard Bell, aged 52, 
a native of York, was fxecuted at tlje Tyburn withoiu 
Mictlegate Bar, for ooining bad money in Thursday niBrket, 
in this city, and paying it at Kexby, Pockliuglon, Market 
Weighton, and at Hull, After the execution, his body was 
buried in St. Dyonis'e Churchyard, in ttiis city. 

BicHAKD Ridley and Akos AmrarEONQ, 

Saturday, Augiist 25i/i, A.D. 1625j— Richard Ridley, aged 

24, and Anioa Aimstroiig, agpd 28, were executed at the 
gallows of St. Leonard's, Greeu Dykes, without Walm- 
gale Bar, for hnrae-stealing from Mr. William Rooks, of 
Deighton, near York, on tho 2nU of February, 1625. After 
the execution the two cul|ii'itH were buried at St. Dyonia'a 
Churchyard, in this city. 

William Cawan and William Hall. 

MoTuIuij, March 30(/*, A.D. 1627.— William Cawan, Rged 

25, a native of Stockton, near York, and William Hall. 
aged 26, a native of Dunniugton, near York, were exe- 
cuted at the Tybarn without Micklegate Bar, for houBC- 
brcaking, and attempt to murder one John Williamson, his 
wife Eilen, and two children, at Halifax, on the night of the 
10th of December, 1G2G. Their bodies wei-e afterwards 
buried in the churchyanl of St. Oeorge'a, Bean Hill, without. 
Fishergate Postern, in this city. 

Robert Stokie. 

Tuesday, April 2)id, A.D. 1628.— Robert Sforie, aged 28 
a native of Clifton, near York, was executed at the Tyburn 
without Micklegate Bar, for setting fire to Mr. R, Wilson's 
dweUing-bouae and outbuildings at Malton, which were oon- 
mned to the ground in the month of January of the above 
year. The culprit died very hardly, in the presence of be- 
tween eight and nine thousand people. His body was buried 
in the churchyard of St. Mary's, Caatlegate, in this city. 



RECORD or EXECUTION'S 1^ YORK. 

CUAKLES HoCHESTER, GeORQE RoclIFFE, CmtlSTOPHEE 
SlSGLETOS, AXD HeSRY SmELT. 

Saturday, March 31st, A.D. 1G30.— Charles Kooteater, 
aged 28. a Dative of Leeds; George BiOulifTe, aged 33, a 
uative of Doncaster ; Cliriatoplier Singledon, aged 37 ; and 
Henry Smelt, aged 25. both oativea of Hiilifiut, in this 
county, were executed at the Tyliuru without Micfcle- 
gate Bar, for coiniug base money in Walmgate, in this city. 
Their bodiea were afterwarils buried iii St. Sampson's Church- 
yard, in thia city. 

Robert Nixon akd John Newton. 

ySaturdiiy, May 2nd, A.D. 1632.— Robert Nixon, aged 42, 
a native of Hull, and John Newton, aged 35, a native 
of Hunslet, near York, were executed at the Tybum 
without Micklegate Bar, for coining and circulating bad 
money at Leeds, in January, 1632. Their bodies wci-e buned 
in St. Helen's ChuTchyard, in this city. 

ExEccTiON OP Ten Culprits for Riotlko. 

Thursday, February 4th, A.D. 1634. — Thomas Wardle, 
aged 48, a native of Bradford ; William Hornby, aged SO, 
a native of Huddersfield ; Benjamin Homsey, aged 39, a 
native of Dewabury ; Charles Hopkinsnn, aged 27, a native 
of Aldburgh ; Thomas Jefferson, aged 28, a native of Brad- 
field ; Peter Kibblewhite, aged 32, a native of Helma- 
]ey; George Henry Kilvington, aged 41), a native of 
Keighley ; William Kitcbiug, aged 39, a native of Littia 
Driffield j Thoman Lazenby, aged 35, a native of Poutefraot ; 
and Thoiuaa Laiigdale, aged 37, a native of Scarborough, 
The above ten unfortunate culprits were executed at th« 
gallows of St. Leonard's, Green Dykes, without "Walmgate 
Bar, for rioting about covn at Hull, and demolishing the 
dwelling-house of Edward Cooper, Esq., and taking there- 
from and stealing a quantity of wearing ap]iarel. After 
hanging the usual time upon the gallows, their bodies vera 
taken and given to their several friends for interment. 



BEOORD 07 SZECUnOKS IS YORK. 



JOBH BaeTENDALE. 

In the reign of King Cliarlea I,, and on the 27th day of 
March, 1634, John Barteodale was eseciited on the York 
gallowB, without Micklegate Bar, for felony. When he had 
hung three-quarters of an hour, he was cut down and buried 
near the pl&ue of execution. A short time after, a gentle- 
man of the ancient family of the Vavasoura, of Ilesselwood, 
while riding by, thought he saw the earth uiove, upon which, 
ordering his man to alight, and dismounting from his own 
lion*, both of them charitably apaiated to throw off the 
would, and to help (he buried con'vict from his grave. He 
wBs then conveyed again to York Castle, and through the 
intercession of Ids deliverer, at the next Assizes, he obtained 
& reprieve. When the case was brought a second time before 
the judge, who seemed amazed at so signal a Providence, the 
resurreotioniHt obtained a free and full pardon. Barteudale 
was a piper, or strolling musician, and is noticed by Drunken 
Bamaby in his Book of Travels into the northern parta. 

Itoaphrased from the Latin, it runs thus : — 
^fte 
6«tler 



" Here R piper apprehended. 
Whs found guilty and suspended; 
Beiug led Lo futiil galIow«, 
Bo^B did cry, 'Wbere ia thy bellowe 
Ever must thou cease thy tuning.' 
Answered he, 'For all juur ounninj 
Yon may tail in your prediction.' 
Which did happen without tiutioa, 
For, cut down and quick interred. 
Earth rejected what was buried ; 
Halt alire or dead ha rises. 
Got a pardon next asuizex, 
And in York coiitinued blowing, 
Vetasenae of goodnees showing." 



After this wonderful deliverance the poor follow tm'ned 
Adatler, and lived honestly afterwards. On being aaked to 
describe his feelings and sensations while undergoing the 
process of hanging and entering the trap-door of death, he 
replied, that when he was turned off, flaiiheB uf fire seemed 
to dart into bis eyes, from which he fell into a state of dark- 
ness and inaeosibtlity. 



Owes TeoHPaoN and EuzABExn Maky Harrihos, 

Monday, March 29(A, A.D. 1636.— Owen ThompHOn, aged 
32, a Dfitive of Snaitli, waa couvicted and condemned to 
suffer death for horse-atealing ; and Elizabeth Mary Harri- 
son, aged 25, was found guilty and condemned to sulTer 
death for poisoning Jacob Jackson, at Stockton, near York, 
on the 5tli day of January, 1636. They were both ezecotsd 
at the gallows of St. Leonard's, Green Dykes, withnnt 
Walmgate Bar, and their bodies were buried in St. Sanip- 
Bon's Churchyard, in this city, 

HEIfRY ASKE. 

Monday, May SOt, A.D, 1638.— Henry Aake, aged 23, a 
native of Middleham, whh executed at the Tyburn without 
Micklegate Ear, for stabbing with intent to mui-der one 
George Wilson, of Wakefield. The prisoner waa tried at the 
March Assizes, hut received a respite until the above dat^ 
when the sentence of the la* waa iutlicted upon him. After 
the execution, his body was bmied in tlie churchyard of 
8t. Helen's, in Fishergate, York. 

EOBERT Sk ELTON. 

Saturday, August \st. 1639.— Robert Skelton, aged 32, 
a native of Hull, was executed at the gallows of St, 
Leonard's, Green Dykes, without Walaigate Bar, for forging 
a will belonging to Thomas Bell, Esq., of Hull. After the 
ejtfcution, his body was buried in St. George's Churchyard, 
Bean Hill, without Fishergate Postern. 

John Tatloe. 

Monday, April ^Zrd, A.D. 1641. — John Taylor, aged 
21, a native of York, was executed at the gallows of St 
Leonard's. Green Dykes, without Walwgate Bar, for Betting 
fire to Mr. William Hodgson's farm-house, between Stam- 
ford Bridge and York, on the night of the 13th day of 
JaniiftTj, 1S41. His body was buried in the churchyard 
of St. Orux, in this city. 



bboobd ot ezbootions in yoks. 25 

Amos Lawsok. 

^'Wednesday, July 30tk, A.D. 1644.— Auioa Lawsoti, aged 
34, a native of Hudderafielil, was executed at I^l^"™ 
■without Miuklegate Ear, for higliway robbery. Lawaoa 
was a noted dariag high way man, who had cai'ried oa his 
dangerous exploits for Bome length of time, but was at laut 
taken in the forest of Galtrea, on the night of the 3rd of 
April, 1644, by William Taylor, Esq., who was then sheriff 
of the city of Tork, and whom he intended to rob. 
Thousands attended to witoess his dying struggles, ahd 
Rjiaveiimire resembled more a fiiir for business and pleasure 
than a place of execution. Hia body was buried at St. 
George's Churchyaid, Beau Hill, without Fiahergata Postern, 

Thomas Empson, Joun Dove, Joseph Dussisq, Thomas 
KoBiNsos, AND John Eobikbon, 
Tuesday, March 3l3(, A.D. 104(5. — Thomas Empson, aged 
27, a native of Sheffield ; Johu Dove, aged 23, a uatise of 
Halifax; Joaejih Dunning, aged 31, a native of Leeds; 
Thomas Robinson, age<l '22, a native of Bradford ; and 
John Robinson, aged 30, a native of Bradford, were exe- 
cuted at the Tyburn without Micklegate Bar, for highway 
robbery, near Huddersfield, on the night of the 10th of 
Febmary, 1646. After the execution, their bodies were 
received for interment by their friends. 

Elizabeth Drysdaie and Helen Drtsdalk 
Saiurdaf/, April lOth, A.D. 1647.— Elizabeth Drysdaie, 
aged 2G, and Helen Drysdaie, aged 24, sisters, and natives of 
Tadcaster, were executed at the gallows of Si. Leonard's, 
Green Dykes, without Walmgate Bar, for the wilful and 
deliberate murder of Robert Boss, of Heslingtou, near York, 
joiner, and Robert Blanchai-d, of Walmgate, in this city, 
woolcomber, by poisoning them at the house of Dame Robin- 
Bon, the sign of the " Maypole" at Gift n a tl ITth d y 
of Fehruaiy, 1647. It appear d th tn 1 th th setw 
young men were paying their a Id es t th p rs, d 

bad been doing so for some tin th t th y n 

Bcious of receiving any poiso f m th h I t th 
prisoners at the period when it wa adm u t d It was 



I 



BECOBD OF EXECUTIONB UT TOBK. 

prosed that the prisoners had bought aome oxalic acid on 
the morning of that day, at the shop of llr. Williaai Brooks, 
chemist, in Stonegate, iu this city. The two young men only 
lived abuul an hour and a half after taking ihe poison, 
although every means were adopted by the Burgeona which 
their skill and judgment could think of. but all to no oae. 
Before these young men expired, they said that they freely 
forgave the young women for what they had done, and lere 
the rest in the hands of Gk)d- After sentence of death was 
passed npoD these two unfortunate young women, they both. 
behaved with becoming resignation, and met their fate with 
more than womanly fortitude. They left behind them a 
father and mother, four brothers, and two sisters. After the 
execution their bodies were given to the surgeons of llie city 
to be dissected and anatomized. 

Ebenezer Moor. 

Saturday, August 13(A, A,D, 1648. — Ebenezer Moor, aged 
39, a native of Boroughb ridge, one of the most notorious 
highwaymen that ever existed for his intrepid courage ia 
robberies, was executed at the gallows of St. Leonard's, 
Green Dykes, without Walmgate Bar, for shooting one 
Thomas Kent, farmer, upon Barnby Moor, His body was 
buried in the churchyard of All Hallows, in Fiahergat^ 
York. 

Geobob Fbkdebick Meekingtojj and Maria Mekiiikgtok. 

Tuesday, AprU Uth, A.D. 1G49. — George Frederick 
Merrington, and Maria Merrington, his wife, were exe- 
cuted at the gallows of St. Leonard's, Green Dykes, with- 
out "Walmgate Bar, for the murder of William Eex, Eaq., of 
Dunniugton, near York, This dreadful murder was com- 
mitted in their own house, at Fiilford, in the evening, just 
before dinner, on the 9th day of March, 1G49. Mr. Rex's 
body was found by a piece of cord that led to his grave in the 
kitchen, where they had buried his body, near the fire-place, 
on the 13th of March, by Thomas Badge, constable of that 
village. 

These two unfortunate malefactors were taken in a cart 
fi-oBi the Castle of York, guarded by the sheriff officers and a 



KECOBD OF E 

troop of dragoons, nt half-paat seven o'clock in tlie morning. 
It was with great difficulty that they could pass down Caatle- 
gate by reason of the great nmltitude of people with whom 
that Btreet was crowded from top to bottom, so that nothicg 
could be seea but a foreat of hats, and iu the Fakement the 
pi?ople had to form a passage for tlie cai-t to paaa through, the 
crowd pulling off their hats as the solemn cavalcade passed 
by. In turcing to Fossgate, the ati-eet was one mass of 
human beings. One woaiau had her leg broken in the 
crowd, and a young man had his thigh broken : both were 
removed to a doctor. On entering Walmgate, the same 
ecene presented itself, but no accident occurred. The two 
culprits here fainted, and stopped before the house of Mr. 
James Addinale, the sign of the " Golden BaiTel," when the 
good sheriff ordered Dame Addiuale to give them some 
mint-water, and, after their recovery, each had a glass of 
■wine, and then jjroceedeii to the place of cKeciition, where 
they arrived at twenty minutes past iiiae o'clock, in the 
preBeuce of thousands of spectators. Their bodies, after the 
execution, were given to the surgeons for dissection. 

t-ExEOUnOIf OF FOCBTEEN MeN AND SeVES WoMEN. 
Satwrdmj, ApvU 30(A, A.D. 1649.— At the Lent March 
aiaes, fourteen men and seven wonien were condemned 
and received sentence of death, in a very solemn manner by 
Judge Thorpe, who informed tliem that tliey would be 
executed on this day. The following are the names of the 
ciilprits, with their crimes and the places of their nativity : — 
John Hollins, aged 35, a natr 
William Askwith, aged 45, 
..bellioQ. 

.lines, aged 30, a iiat 
^ Thomas Barher, aged 54, a ni: 
i' £dward Calvert, aged 43, a m 
, Thomas Darley, aged 47, 




e of Ripon, for rebellion, 
ve of York, for rebellion, 
ive of York, for rebellion, 
e of York, for r. 



f Henry Cave, aged 39, a native of Hull, for rebeUion. 

* 'William Crapper, aged 40, a native of Hull, for rebellion. 

I James Dallin, aged 57, a native of Otiey, for rebellion. 

iJohu Danby, aged 58, a native of Eipon, for rebellion. 

fjamea Eastwood, aged 44, a native ai York, fur rebellion. 



RECORD or KXKCDnOSB IS TOKK. 

"William Ellison, fisred 43, & native of Leedc, for rebellion. 

Thomas Exiev, aged 3i', a natire of Bedale, for (ebelUon. 

George Fruiikisli, a^ed 59, a uative of Bedale, for re- 
bellion. 

Alao at the aanie time and place of execution, tbe foUowing 
oevea poor uiifurtuuale females, with their ctitiieB and place* 
of their nativity, vii. : — 

£^lizabeth Thomliusou, a^d 27, a native of Selbj, fur the 
wilful murder of her bastard child, at Blackburton. She was 
bau^ed, and bnmed c'o^ to the gallows. She died penitent. 

Grace Bland, aged 29, for setting fire to the house of her 
mistress, known by the sign of the "Maypole," in Clin,on,DeaE 
York, which was burnt to the ground on the Sth day of 
November, IC48. She was a native of Easingwold, and wept 
bitterly at the place of execution. She died very penitent. 

£mma Kobinsou, aged 25, a fine-looking young woman, 
lietter known by the name of "Fair Emma," a native of 
Mashara, in this county, for poisoning her fellow-aervant^ 
Mary Wood, through jealousy. She was hanged, and burnt 
close to the gallows, according to her eentence. 

Jane Lickisa, aged 43, for tbe wilful mui-der of her servant 
maid, Mary Lumley, by strangling her while in her bed, at 
Wetherby, on the oth day of December last. This un- 
fortunate woman was a native of Sliipton, near York. She 
was hanged and burnt close to the gallows, but appeared firm 
and resigned to her fate. 

Hannah Meynell, aged 53, for wounding George Myers, at 
Marston, with intent to murder him. Slie was a very stout 
woman, weighing sixteen stonea. After her execution her 
body was given to the surgeons of this city, to be dissected 
and anatomized, according to her sentence. She was a native 
of York, and belonged to highly respectable parents ia 
the Pavement. 

Ellen Nicholson, aged 28, for wilfiil!y setting fire to her 
master's house and destroying the whole of the furniture 
belonging to the said house, also the outbuildings thereto 
belonging, with four valuable horses, three cows, and two 
calves, three stacks of wheat, two of barley, four of hay, and 
two of straw, which were all consumed by tlie said fire. 
This unfortunate woman was a native of Selby, and at the 
time of her esecution made a full confession of her guilt to 



the she riff. She died very penitent, and was buried ii 
Andrew's Churchyard, in St. Andrew-gate, in thia city, 

Isabella Eilliugton, aged 33, for crucifying her mother at 
Pocklington, on the 5th day of January, 1649, and offering a 
call' and a cock for a btirut aiicriSoi^ ; ami her hudbaod was 
hanged for being a iiarticipator in the crime. 

The above ciiljirita were di-awn from the Castle of York, 
upon aledgea, to the place of execution on Knaveamire, and 
there hanged and quartered, according to their seutenoes. 
They left the CaHtle at a quarter past nine o'clock in the 
momiBgia the following order ; — 

Til two sledgea, with Beven men on each, guarded by the 
sheriff officers and twenty-four dragoons. The unfortunate 
women were conveyed in two carts, four in the first and 
three in the second, guarded by thirty dragoons, fifteen on 
each aide of the carts. On entering Caatiegate, that street 
appeared one mass of human beings, and the solemn proces- 
aion waa acopped for some time before it could proceed, the 
people were so closely jammed together. The whole of the 
twenty-one culprits joined as one voice in singing psalma 
from this t-trcet to the gallows. They were stopped several 
times in Micklegate by reason of the great number of spec- 
tators that thronged the road to the Tyburn, but this did not 
take the attention of the culprits from their devotions in 
singing. They arrived at the place of execution at ten 
miuntes past ten o'elock. Since their condemnation they all 
evinced striking marks of penitence, and their conduct had 
been becoming their awful situation. All seemed firm bat 
rewgned to their f^te, and after being engaged for a short 
time in devotional exercises, they all gave themselves up to 
the hands of the executioner, and in about tive minutes, 
twenty-one lifeleas corpses were hanging suspended between 
earth and heaven. It wiia a most awful scene — a terrible 
day, and thousands witnessed the dreadful catastrophe. 

CoLosKL John Morrice add Cornet Blackburn. 

Saturday, Aiupiat 2'2iid, A.D. 1 049. — Colonel John 
Morrice, aged 63, and Cornet Blackburn, aged 52, were 
ejcecnted at the Tyburn without Micklegate Bar, for the 
wilful murder of Colonel Robert Hainaborougb. 



The former waa Governor of Pontefi-aot Castle, which he 
had takeu with great difficulty, and maintaiaed in the midst 
of extreme hardHhips. The Jatter -waa one of that gallant 
party sent out of the Caatie in that, memorable expedition 
to Doneaster, and the very man that killed Eainsborough. 
After the rendition of the Castle they were both taken 
prisoners as they were atteiii]>ting to escape and go abroad, 
and were brought prisoners to York-. They had once an op- 
portunity to make tbeir escape, and one of them had slid 
down the Castle walla by a rope, which hia partner endeavour- 
ing to do after hira, either by haate or inadvertency, fell and 
broke his leg. This misfortune cost them both their Uvea, 
for tile Colonel would not leave his unhappy companion, bat, 
outof a noble spirit of generosity, stayed by him till they were 
both i"etaken. After twenty-two weeks' imprisonment they 
were sentenced to death by the Judges Thorpe and PulestoD, 
who were purposely sent down to try them, and both testi6ed 
at their death that steady loyalty which had made their lives 
so remarkable. After execution, their bodies were buried in 
8l John's Churchyard, Haagate, in this city. 

BicHABD TtiouAS, Geokoe HABRiaoN, AND Makt Popb, 

H'edve^day, April 22na!, AD. 1650.— Richard Thomaa. 
aged 23 ; George Harrison, aped 27 ; and Mary Pope, 
aged 25, were executed at the Tyburn without Micklegikte 
Bar, for paying bad mouey. They all died penitent, and their 
bodies were buried ia the churchyard of i:>t. Dyonis, in this 
city. 

Geougb Johnson, Luke HiwDEnaos, Elizabeth Asderson, 
AND Mary Ellison. 

Salurdaif, April 2nd. A.D. 16.J3, — George Johnson, 
aged 5Q, a native of Thirek ; Luke Hinderson, aged id, a 
native of Stamford Bridge; Elizabeth Anderson, aged 26 ; 
and Mary Ellison, aged 30, natives of this city, were executed 
at the gallows of St. Leonard's, Green Dykea, witliotit 
Walmgate Bar, for robbing Peter Ellison, butcher of York, 
upon Bamhy Moor, and kaving him for dead. After the 
execution their bodies were buried in St. Wilfred's Church- 
yard, in this city. 





recokd op kkkcotiona in 1 

Mabmaduke Holmes. 
Thwraday, Jvly ^Tth, A.D. 1654. — Jlarmaduke Holmea, 
aged 40, was executed at the Tjbum without Micklegate 
Bar, for stealing fifteen sheep, fiMoi John Wright, farmer, at 
Aldborough. He had sold part of them in the York market. 
His bodj was buried id St. Djonis'a Churchyard, in this 
city. 

Jonathan Eramsiall. 

Monday, April 21rt, A.D. IGoS. — Jonathan Eraniall, 
sged 29, was executed at the Tyburn without Micklegate 
Bar, for uttering and paying ooimterfeit ooin, at Donoaater, 
on the 5th day of February, 1C36. He was buried in St. 
John's Churchyard, Hungate, in this city. 

Charles Spoon er. 



Saturday, March 2dth, A.D., 1659,— Cbarlea 
&ged 23, a native of Bradford, was executed at the gallon 
St, Leonard's, Green Dykee, ■without Waliugate Bar, ibr the 
robbery and wilful murder of Francia Groves, on Bamby 
Moor, on the night of the 15lh of December, 1G59. On the 
day after the execution his body was hung in chaiua on 
Bamby Moor. 

Michael Eetnabd, K. Likdop, 0. Williams, and 
T. P. Eeynolds, 

Monday, April 2nd, A.D. 1660.— Michael Eeyuard, R. 
Lindop, O. ^'illiams, and T. P. Reynolds, were executed at 
thegallowBof St. Leonard's, Greea Dykes, without Walmgato 
Bar, for highway robbery, near Whitby, in the month of 
November, 1659. Their bodies were buried in the chnrch- 
yard of St. George's, Bean HiU, in this city. 

»Peteb Hall and E. Gardener. 
S^MTgday, March 30(A, A.D. 1661.— Peter Hall and K. 
Gardener were executed at the Tyburn without Micklegate 
Ear, for coining. The body of Hall was buried in. St. 



RECORD OF EXHCOnONa IN YOUK. 

George's Cliiirtiiy^n!, Bean Hill, and that nf R. Gardener waa 
buried in the chiii cliyard of St. Michael- le-Belfrey, close to- 
the Jlinster, where some of his relatives are laid. 

jEREMfAH Ealdbrson asd Eiobard Souly. 

Saturday, August ISiA, A.D. 1661.— Jeremiah Ealdereon, 
tiged 33, and Diehard Souly, aged 25, two uotorions highwaj' 
men, were executed at the Tyburn without Micklegate Bik', 
for robbing one George Melrose, and cuitiiig off hia nose, on 
the niyht of the 3rd of Febi-uary, 1661, in the Forest of 
Oakres. Their bodiea were buried in the churchyard of Holy 
Trinity, Curia liegia, in this city. 

Ahthosy Beedaji. 

Monday, March 25t/i, A.D. IfiCS.— Anthony Beedam, 
aged 20, waa executed at the Tyburn without Mickle- 
gate Eur, for the wilful murder of Elizabeth Beedain, his 
Witt), eged '2i, at Ei]mn, in this county, on the 2dth day o£ 
December, 16C1. Hia body waa given to the surgeons fiw 
diaaecticm. 

ElSECUTION OF ElQHTEEX REBELS. 

n'ednesday, January 25th, A.D. 1663, was the day fixed 
for the execution of the eighteea unfortunate men who were 
tried on the 4th and 5fch of this month, and were convicted, 
when sentence of death was parsed upon them. The following 
is a list of their names, ages, and places of abode : — 

Jlohert Arohbell, aged 4!, a native of Eipon. 

William Amber, aged 4!, a native of Ripon. 

Matthew Champiiey, aged 43, a native of Thorparch. 

George Campiou, aged 48, a native of Tadcaster. 

Thomas Carbutt, aged 47, a native of Poppleton, near 
York. 

Christopher Simpson, aged 29, a native of Poppleton, near 
Vork. 

George Slater, aged 34, a native of RuSbrth. 

George Mouacer, aged 49, a native of Rufforth. 

Joaejih Morley, aged 51, a native of Rufforth. 

Timothy Mosley, aged 45, a. native of Otiey. 



RECORD or EXECUTIOSa IN YORK. 



83 



fc John Hutchinson, a§Rd 48, a native of Otiey. 

David Jtickson, aged 49, it native of Otlcj. 

Henry Kichardaon, aged 45, a native of Ripley. 

Cornelius Thonipaoa, aged 44, a native of OUey. 

Thonias Fox, aged 45, a native of Leeds. 

BenjamiD Hornby, aged 29, a native of Leeds. 

Fraucis Holmes, sen., aged 66, a native of Leeds. 

William Holmes, jnn., aged 25, a native of Leeds. 

They were all executed at tbe Tyburn without Miekle- 
gate Bar, for an insurrection in Yorkshire. These men were 
all of them conventional preachers, and the old Faiiiamen- 
tarian soldiers. Their pretence for this rebellion waa to 
redeem themselves from tbe excise and all aubgidies, to 
establish a Gospel magistracy and miaiatry, to restore the 
Iiong Parliament, and to reform all orders aud degrees of 
men, especially the lawyers and clergy. In order to thia, 
they printed a declaration, calling upon the people to rise np, 
come forward, join the noble band of staunch patriots, and 
defend their rights against injustice and oppreaaion. The 
declaration commenced thus : — " If there be any city, town, 
or country, in the three nations that will begin this righteous 
and glorious atrift)," ic, — words evidently of a treasonable 
character. Accordingly, a great nuniber of them appeared 
in arms at Farnley Wood, near Otley, in this county. But 
tbe time and place of rendezvous being known, a body of 
regular troops, with some of the county militia, waa sent 
against them, who seized upon several and prevented the 
execution of their design. A cominiasion was sent down to 
York in the depth of winter to try the principal leaders of 
the gang, and the above eighteen culptita Buffered death on 
tbe day mentioned above. 

Two of them were quartered, and their heads and quarters 
Bet up on the several gates of the city ; four of their heads 
were placed over Mickiegate Bar, three at Bootham Bar, 
one at Walmgate Bar, one at Monk Bar, and three over the 
Castle gates. Thus ended the executiona of this day. 

Ruben Bkveeage. 

Tuesday, July 30iA, A.D. 1664. — Ruben Eevei-age. aged 
38, was executed at the gallovra of St. Leonard's, Green Dy^es, 



d 




without "Walmgate Bar, for robbery and cutting and mi 
ing one Eobert Kyle, iu Stockton Forest, on tbe night of 
the 8th of March laat. Hia body was buried in the church- 
yard of Holy Trinity, Curia Eegia, in this city. 

Geohgk Dagsbll and Robert Snowdon. 

Saturday/, April 24(/(, A.D. 1665. — George Dagnell, aged 
31, and Robert Snowdon, nged 28, were executed at the 
gnUows of St. IJeonard's, Green Dykes, without Walmgate 
Bar, for horse-stealing, at Bradford, in the month of March, 
1 6G3. After the execution, their bodies were buried in the 
churchyard of St. Sampson's, in this city. 

George Habbishaw and Behjamin Ambrose. 

Friday/, May \Zth, A.D. 166S.— George Habbishaw, aged 
37, and Benjamin Ambrose, aged 20, were executed at tbe 
Tyburn without Micklegate Ear, for the wilful murder of 
George Lumley, Esq., at Knaresboro»gh, on tbe 10th day 
of January, 1066. The body of Habbishaw was bung in 
chains eatiy next morning in Knaresborough Forest, and the 
body of Ambrose was given to the surgeons of this city for 
dissection. 

Edward Rocliffe, Peter B. Sharp, A3n> Bichabd 

WADRINa. 

Wedi-^sday, Mmeh 29(A, A.D. 1670.— Edward Eocliffe, 
aged 2i ; Peter B. Sharp, aged 27 ; and Kichard Wadtina, 
Hged 29, were executed at the gallows of St. Leonard's, 
Green Dykes, without Walmgate Bar, for robbing Mr. John 
Leng, butcher, of York, on Streuaal Moor, on the 20th of 
December, 1669. Their bodies were all interred in the 
churchyard of St. Andrew's, in St. Andrew-gate, in thi» 
city. 

William Vasey. 

ugvM \Mh, A.D. 1670.— William Vasey was executed 
at the Tyburn without Micklegate Bar, for the wilful and 



BHOOBD OF SXECDTIOHB IN YOBK. 3S 

deliberate mnrder of Mariao, the houBekeeper of Mr. Earle, 
of Beuiiigbruiigli Hall, and for the attempted murder of 
Uartia Giles, Mr. Earle'a head gamekeeper. 

Beningbrough Hull, at the time alluded to (1G70), was 
occupied by a gentleman of the name of Earle, who left 
a large number of servants in the house, and among the rest 
was his steward, named Philip Laurie, and a housekeeper, 
named Marian. He also had a gamekeeper, named Martin 
Giles. Beningbrough Hall at the time alluded to was an 
ancient structure of the Elizabethan style of arohitectnre, 
which alnee then has been taken down, and the new and 
elegant mansion as it now exists was erected on the site 
thereof. It happened that while the family were from home 
in London, two gentlemen who were atraogera to the steward 
made their appearance at the Hall, and summoned all the 
servants together, and gave orders for the removal of the 
plate, pictures, and all other valuables. There was a great 
deal of mystery in this affair, but the hoitaekeeper told the 
steward that the two gentlemen were duly authorized by 
Mr. Ekrle so to do. The steward set watch to see where 
the property was removed to, and discovered that it was 
taken to the house of Martin Giles, the g;amekeeper, where 
it was considered for the time to be in a place of safety. It 
appeared that Mr. !E^rle was in embarraased circumstances, 
and Laurie, the steward, was jealous of Marian, the house- 
keeper, whom he blamed for losing the favour and confidence 
of his master, Mr. Earl^ and also in not being made 
acquainted with the particulars of this mysterious affiiir. 
Besides he owed her an old grudge, and sought for an oppor- 
tunity to wreak his vengeance on the innocent cause of the 
disgrace which his vile conduct had brought upon himself. 
Chance had recently thrown in hia way aperson of the name 
of William Vasey, who at that time resided at a convenient 
diatance from Beningbrongh Hall, who was a reputed thief 
and a very base and notorious character. With this miscreant 
Laurie, the steward, now hoped to accomplish the murder of 
fais intended victim, Marian, and plotted and arranged the 
perpetration of the foul deed accordingly. Vaaey laid wait 
for Marian, near to the Hali, and one evening he saw her 
going along the pathway, when he brutally seized her by the 
throat, and, stifling her cries, dragged her to the brink of the 




36 EECOKD OF EXECUTIONS IN YORK. 

river Ouse, close by, anJ with a shriek and a straggle shs 
Bank lifeless in its waves. Laurie, with his accomplioo 
Va.BBj, then agreed to poasesa themselves of the valuableathat 
were concealed in the house of the gamekeeper. The country 
people blamed Martin GJlee for ihe murder of the houso- 
keeper, and it was thought hy the two villains, Laurie and 
Vaaey, that the present time offered a good o]jportunity fitf. 
committing the b'urglary, as the tide of popular prejudiot. 
ran very strong agaiust Giles. Yasey waa accordingly to 
enter the gamekeeper's house, and Laurie waa to watch ont- 
side and be ready to as ' t il'Ma tin he gamekeeper, should 
be awake ; for it was th d g t ccumpliah the bloody 
deed in the midnight In f d k s. The chamber in. 
which he slept waa in th ba k j: t of the house. Poor 
Martin Giles, instead of b g a 1 p as Yaxey imagined, waa 
labouring under severe a g I f m nd for the loaa of his* 
Marian, and on heariu h d f he latch of his room 

door, he immediately jumped upon the floor, but fell instantly 
from the efiects of a severe blow, by the midnight aBsassin. 
The gamekeeper on raising himself up wax agnin knocked 
down, but, becoming a little more conscious, jiuuped up 
again, and, being a daring, powerful, and persevering man, 
seized Vasey by the throat, threw him down, toot his 
bludgeon from him and entangled him in the meshes of a 
sheep net. The gumekeeper theu had his assassin secor^ 
and opening hia window, fired off a double-barrelled gnn, 
purposely to alarm the inmatca of the Hall, which had the 
desired effect, for the aervanta aoon made their appearance, 
Vasey was taken into custody, and the following day was 
removed to York Castle, to which place he was committed 
for bur;;lary with the intent to commit murder. He waa 
tried and executed for the latter charge. Previous to hia 
execution, he made a confession of many depredations he had 
been guilty of^and among the rest was the murder of poor 
Marian. If Martin Giles had known when he seized Yas^ 
hy the throat, that he (Yasey) waa the murderer of her who 
was his only earthly hope, there is little doubt but the villain, 
with all his euergies, would have become a fatal prey in the 
hands of the gamekeeper. Soon after Mrs, Earle, on hearing 
of Laurie's had character, determined on parting with him. 
Laurie tried all ways and means to retain bis situation, but 



EEOOBD OF EXECOTIOUa IN YORK. 



3T 



fimling hia entreaties of no avail, lie swore ho would be re- 
venged, aod immediately pointed and pulled the trigger of st 
pist«l with intent to shuut her, but b^ some means, she 
parried the pistol oS^ and the shot missed her. Laurie 
directly made his exit to hia lodgings, and on the beadles of 
the pariah going to apprehend bim, he whs discovered a 
lifeless corpse, having shot himself. The body of poor 
Marian had been discovered floating in the I'iver Ouse, aud 
being taken out it was conveyed to the Hall, after which it 
waa interred in the churchyard of Newton-upon-Ouse, which 
ia almost contiguous to Beningbroiigh Hall. She was to 
have been inarrie<l to the gamelieeper, Martin Giles. Some 
parties imagined that she had committed suicide, as, previous 
to the death of Vasey, there was no clue to the mysterious 
affair j others thought that the inuoceut and much diatressed 
gamekeeper had been guilty of the foul deeii, but Vasey's 
coofeaaion removed all doubts and supposition. It waa 
always considered that one of the two gentlemen before 
mentioned was the owner of Baningbi'ough Hall, Mr. Earie, 
bat he was in diHguiae, and none of bis servants were aware 
of it except the unfortunate Marian; for the affair waa 
guarded with the utmost secrecy. It has been already stated 
that Mr. Earle was in embarrassed circumstances. How he 
had acted or what he had done is involved in mystery, but 
he was accused of being a traitor to his country, and was 
going to be tried by the Government for sedition ; and Mr. 
Earle, being of opinion that hia property would be seized, gave 
orders for its secret removal, he himself having purposed to 
flee hia country. 



KoBERT Dkifpibld and Maek Edmund. 

Wednesday, August 2nd, A.D. 1672. — Robert Driffield, 
aged 24, and Mark Edmund, aged 23, were executed at the 
Tyburji without Micklegate Bar, for setting fire to six corn 
stacks belonging to Mr. George Robson, at Skelton, near 
York, on the Ist day of May, 1672. A. very large concourse 
of people assembled to witness the execution, after which 
their bodies were interred in the churchyard of St. Mary, 
Bishophilt, Senior, in thia city. 




38 JtECOBD OF EXECUTTOHa IN TOBK. 

Miles Beckett, Jane Thompson, and Thomas 
Thomunson. 

Monday, Juti, 23rd, A.D. 1673.— Miles Beckett, aged 2T, 
a. native of HcBlington, near York ; Jaoe Thompson, aged 
23, B. native of Fiilford, near York ; and Thomas Thomlio- 
soii, aged 2S, a native of Clifton, near York, nere executed 
at the Tybum without Micklegate Bar, for coining guineas 
at Sheffield. The body of Jane Thompson was buried in St 
George's cliurchyard. Bean Hill, without Fishergate Postern, 
and the bodies of Beckett and ThomlioKon were interred 
behind the Castle- waUa near the liver Foas. 

Amos Cropper. 

Friday, April 3rd, A.D. 1674. — Amos Cropper, aged 25, a 
native of Hull, was executed at the Tyburn without Micklegate 
Bar, for the wilful murder of Mr. Joseph Beck, of Dewabury, 
on the king's highway, near Huddersfield. He was taken 
by John Hall, an old man 84 years of age, on the said toad, 
ou the 16th day of February of the said year. After the 
execution, his body was given to the Burgeons of York to be 
dissected. 

Leonard Gabkill and Ptmit Rook. 

Saiwrday, May let, A.D. 1676. — Leonard Gaskill, aged 
27, and Peter Rook, aged 25, both natives of Beverley, in, 
this county, were executed at the gallows of St. LeooardX 
Green Dykes, without Walingate Bar, for stealing thirteen 
aheep from Mr. John Brown, of Driffield, on the 10th day of 
March last. Their bodies were buried in the churchyard of 
St. John'a, Huugate, ia this city. , 

Mark Dotenoh. 

Thursday, March 20ih, A.D. 1678.— Mark Dovenor, aged 
40, a native of Mirfield, in this county, wonl-comber, was 
executed at the Tybum without Micklegate Bar, for setting 
fire to his employer's workshops in Dewsbury, belonging to 
Mr. John Tate, on the night of the 6th of January last. 



BECOBD OF EXECtFTIOHS IN YOBK. 39 

His body was taken by his shopmateB to Mirfield to be interred 
^^ their onu expense. 

^H ASSREW TuCSEB. 

^^Saturdai/, JuJy 2Sth, A.D. 1C80.— Andrew Tucker, aged 
29, a, native of Halifax, a most notorious highwayman, 
and B dreed to the surronnding country, was execoted at 
the Tyburn ■without Micklegate Bar, for stopping snd 
robbing the London mail poat, as it waa passing through 
Koaresborough, on the night of the 28th of March. H^ 
waa taken at Simon Enowles's, the Bull inn, in Barnslej, 
on the lat day of April, 1680. After the execution, his 
body was buried in the churchyard of Holy Trinity, Curia 
Begia, in thiH city. 

Eli Hydes. 

Saturday. March 31g(, A.D. 1682.— Eli Hydes, aged 31,a 
native of Fartown, in the parish of Huddersfield, waa exe- 
cuted at the Tybarn without Micklegate Ear, for com- 
mitting a rape upon Misa Mary Elizabeth Brown, aged 20, in 
a field one mile from H uddeifilield, a^ she waa returning from 
that market, on the eveiiiug of the 12th of May, 1681. After 
the execution, the body waa buried in the churchyard of St. 
Wilfred, Blake-street, iu this city. 

WiLUAM Ketison. 

May ith, A.D. 1684, in the reign of King James II., 
William Nevison, aged 43, waa executed at the Tyburn 
gallows without Micklegate Bar, for robbery. He was a 
notorious highwayman, and the story of Turpin's ride fi-oin 
London to York (so beautifully and graphically deacribed by 
Mr. Harrison Ainsworth iu his " Eookwood "), on his mare 
" Black Bess," ia all fabulous, no such account appearing in 
his liie, but is taken from the circumstance of Nevison's 
escape from the gallows on one occasion, a fact authenticated 
in the " History of York," in which there ia the following 
account ; — 

" In thia year was tried William Nevison, a notorious 



I 



I 



highwayman, who bad committed a robbery in Liondon, , 
about Bunriee, and, finding he waa known, fled to York, 
which place he reached by sunset the same eveniag, oa one 
mare (Charles II. called him ' Switt Nick ' ), On his trial 
he proved himself to have been at the Eowling-green at 
York the same evening the robbei'y was committed. A 
number of witnesaea swore positively to him, but neither 
judge nor juiy would believe them, and he consequently waa 
acquitted. 

" He was afterwards arrested near Wakefield (probably at 
an old road-side inn at Sanda! Magna, which he used to 
frequent, called the 'Sandal Three Houses,' on the road 
&om Bamsley to Wakefield), for a series of crimes, and 
hung as above. The scenes of this most estraordinarr 
man's robberies and e:cploits were principally in the midland 
conuties, betwixt London and York, at which chief maj-ket- 
towns be waa well known. It was said that he often robbed 
the rich and gave tu the poor, was a man of large stature, 
of gentlemanly manners, and unparalleled courage. If he 
robbed (or borrowed, as he called it) at any time from - the 
poor in his exigency, he would return it tbem again when 
better supplied by the rich ; and so terrible a man was he 
to the carriers and drovers in these northern parts, that 
they paid him a quarterly contribution, which then engaged 
him so far, not only to spare them himself, but to be their 
protector from other highwaymen. There ia but one account 
of his shedding blood, which was in the case of a butcher 
who attempted to arrest bim ; and finding some half-dozen 
persotas bent on his capture, Nevison fired at the butcher 
with a pistol, a number of which weapons he waa always 
well provided with. The others deemed it most prudent to 
beat a retreat, and ever afterwards allowed him to pursue 
his onn course unmolested. He used to frequent a bouse at 
Gleadlesa, occtipied by the late Mr. Joseph Barker. There 
is a room wliich still bears the name of ' Nevison's Room.' 
On one occasion, at a small village public-house, where be 
was staying, hearing the conversation about a small farmer 
with a large family being sold up, and finding the bailiff to 
be one of the company, with the cash (the proceeds of the 
sale) upon him, he resolved to rob bim of it. He called for 
a candle, it being evening, and being shown to bed by the 



EEOOKD OP EXBOUnOKB DT TOKK. 41 

landlord, soon arranged his plan. He got out of tbe window, 
and Lad not loog to wait before the object of bis night's 
exploit ajjpeared. At a very short distance he presented 
his pistol, and demanded the man's money in a tone 
and manner which the poor bailiS'well uiiderEtood. He 
begged for his life, and very submiasively gave up every 
fartbing of tbe money. Keturaing to hia lodgings by the 
same way as be came, Nevison passed a good night, con- 
gratulating himself on the pleasure he should have in 
restoring back to the poor farmer and hia fiimily the money 
for which their little all had been sold, which he did the 
next day, not stopping a single penny. Nevison frequently 
visited the farmer afterwards on his journeys, and ultimately 
acquainted him with the whole affair." 

At last, being taken, he was ordered for transportation, 
but getting his liberty, he fell to his old employment till he 
was taken by Captain Hardcastle, who, on riding to Wake- 
field, perceived Nevison at a town called Milford. He was 
then sent to York Castle, and soon after executed. 

Nathaniel Pickett. 

Wedimdat/, July 30th, A,D, 1684. — Nathaniel Piokett, 
aged 28, a native of Hull, was executed at tbe Tybam 
without Micklegate Ear, for scuttling a brig lying in the 
Humber, called the AraHnah, on the 6th day of May last. 
Hia body was buried in St, Helen's Churchyard, Stonegato, 
ja this city. 

^ft JOHIT MORTIUEB. 

^^Salwday, April lOifi, A.D, 1685. — John Mortimer, aged 
27, a native of Thirsk, was executed at the Tyburn without 
Micklegate Bar, for breaking into tbe house of Mr. William 
Snowies, at Flaxton, aud stealing therefrom ISO guineas, 
on the 10th of January, 1685. After the esecutioo, bis body- 
was buried in the churchyard of St. Olave's, Mai-ygate, York. 

Mary Cotnam. 

ly, A'ag^lst 2nd, A.D. 1686.— Mary Cotnam, aged 29, 
executed at the Tyburn without Micklegate Bar, for 




I 



BBCOBD OF EXECDTI0N3 IN TOEK. 

the wilful murder of her own daughter at Bentham, oa 
the 3rd of Ja\y List. She died penitent, and her body was 
given to the surgeons of the city for dissection. 

QuiNTON HUSWOHTH, WiLLIAM pASttLET, AND EOBEBT 

Myers. 

Thursday, Mmch 2Sth, A.D. 1688— Qninton Hnrworth, 
aged 34; William Pashley, aged 28; and Eobert Myers, 
aged 25, were executed at the Tyburn without Micklegate 
Bar, for the wilful murder of George Marsland, Esq., at 
Kirk Burton, on the 28th of December, IGST. After the 
execution, their bodies were given to the surgeons of the 
oity for dissection. 

Henry Kilvington. 

Saturday, March 3ls(, A.D. 1G90.— Henry KilviDgton, 
aged 25, a native of Dunnington, near York, waa executed 
at the Tj'burn without Micklegate Bar, for cutting and 
robbing one Thomas Kyle, as he waa returning from the York 
market, on the night of the 16th of January, 1689. His 
body was buried in St, Andrew's Chui-oliyard, in St. Andrew- 
gate, in this city. 

William Borwick and Edwabd Makuali. 

William Borwick, aged 45, waa tried and convicted before 
the Honourable Sir John Fuwel, Knight, at the Summer 
Asaizea, held at York, on the 18th of September, 1690, 
for the wilful murder of hia wife, being at the time with 
child. The njurder was perpetrated near Cawood, on the 
14th of April, 1690, and the apjiarinon or apiritual appear- 
ance of the poor woman who had been murdered revealed 
the fact, and led to the discovery and ajjpreliension of the 
murderer. When Berwick ascended the gallows to be hung, 
he told the hangman that he hoped the rope was strong 
enough, as, if it should break with the stretch put upon is, 
and be should unfortunately fall to the ground, he mrght bo 
HO seriously injured as to become a cripple for life, Hiv 



hkookd of EXEcunoHS m tokk. 



43 



ioaa quieted, irheii tbe 
ight venture upon it with 



»pprelieusioiiB, however, were 
hangiDBn assured him that he m 
perfect safety. 

Edward Mangall, aged 39, suffered at the same time the 
severe penalty ol tiie law, for the wilful murder of Elizabeth. 
Rose and her child, on the 4th of September, 1690, who 
xaid that he was tempted by the devil to accomplish this 
diabohcal act, which no doubt was true, for it was the devil 
ia human shape that perpetrated the foul deed. 

They were both executed at the White Cross Hill, 
Haxby-laue end, on Monday, September 19th, 1C90, and 
next day hung in chains near to the place where the crimes 
committed. 






Maek Grayston asd Thomas Darnbrough. 



Thwsday, August 5th, A.D. ] 
2i, a native of Bishopthorpe, i 
the Tyburn without Micklegate Bar, fur highway robbery, 
between Ripley and Leeds ; and Thomas Darnbrough, aged 
26, a native of Pontefraot, for attempted murder of one Eli 
Brown, at Pateley Bridge, was also executed at the 
same time and place. The body of Giuyston was buried ia 
the churchyard of 9c. Ji.ndrew's, in St. Andrew-gate, in this 
city ; and the body of Dambrougb was given to the surgeons 
for disaectiiin. 



^K Charles Dimuey and Hannah Wilkinson. 

^r^onday, July'S.Uh, A.D. 1692.— diaries Dimmey, aged 
^xt, a native of Huddersfield, was executed for the forgery 
of a will belonging to William Robinson, Eaq., of Halifax, 
in this county ; and Hannah Wilkinson, ^ed 34, a native 
of Richmond, suffered a similar penalty for the wilfnl 
nrnrder of her own daughter, a haatard child, at Rotlierham, 
in thia oouiity, on the 30th of April, 1G92. They both 
■were executed at the Tyburn withunt Micklegate Bar. 
The body of Dimmey was buried iu the churchyard of St. 
Olave's, Marygate, Yoi'k ; and the body of Hannah Wilkin- 
8011 was given to the surgeons of the oity for didsection. 



ii HECORD OP EXECnriONS HT YORK. 

John Colless, 

Satwday, March 30th, A.D. 1S94.— John CollenB, aged ' 
17, B native of York, waa executed at tlie Tyburn without 
Mioklegate Bar, for stealing lead and a qaaiitity^ of copjjer 
from Scarborough Church, on the 23rd of Decaiber, 1683. 
After the execution. Lis body was interred in the cljprchyajd 
of All Hallows, Ouaegate, in tLia city. 

Nelsos Campion. 

Wednesday, August 5th., A.D. 1695.— Nelso 
aged 39, a native of Northallerton, waa exec 
Tyburn without Micklegate Ear, for highway 
Mr. William Jones, cooper, in Jubbergate, 
Heworth Moor, on the night of the 4th c)f 
After the execution, his body waa buried in the ch 
of St. George's, Bean Hill, without Fi-shergate Posteri 
this city. 

Arthur Mahoey. 

Saturday, March 30th, A.D. 1696.— Arthur Mangeyj 
aged 68, goldsmith, of Leeda, waa executed ab the Tyburn 
without Micklegate Bar, for counterfeiting the curreut coin 
of the realm, fie was drawn on a hurdle to the place of 
execution in the presence of a large coucourse of epectators. 
After the execution, his body was giveu to his friends to be 
interred at Leeds, 

Maetik Builrell. 

Saturday, March 2Dth, A.D. 1697. — Martin Burrell, aged 
22, a native of Bichmond, iu this county, waa executed at 
the Tyburn without Micklegate Bar, for stealing a mare 
from Mr. Thomas Bichardson, of Darlington, on the 19tih 
of December, 1696, Alter the execution, his body was 
buried iu the churoLyard of Sl Giles, in Gillygate, York. 

JoniT Blackburit. 

Thursday, Augml 10th, A.D. J698.— John Blackburn, 




Iff 



a native of Dunningtoii, near York, was executed 
at the Tjbum without Mlcklegtite Ear, for coioiag and 
iesuiug base money. After tiie eicecuttun, his body waa 
l)uried in the churchyard of St. Giles, Gillygate, in this 
city. 

PtXEB Arundel. 

Saturday, Jtdp 30(A, A.D. 1699.— Peter Arundel, agfid 
35, a native of Heslington, near York, butcher, was executed 
at the Tyburn without Micklegate Bar, for cutting and 
uiaimiiig one Anthony Wilson, at ToUerton, io the month 
of May last. His body was buried in the churchyard of St. 
jAjpdrew'ii, in St. Andrew-gate, in this city. 



_ -fune 3rd, A.D. 1700. — This year waa reoiarkahlo for the 
removal of the old pallowa of St. Leonard's, Green Dykes, 
without Wftlaigate Bar, the grand jury having petitioned 
the judges at the Lent March Assizea for its removal. The 
judge told tbeiu that he would mention it in ita proper 
quarter, and on the Ist of June the sheriff of the county 
received an order from the Secretary of State for the Home 
Department, to remove the said gallows of St. Leonard's. It 
was accordingly taken down and demolished on the 3rd day 
of Jnne, 1700, to the great joy of the citizens of York. 
Leonard Guskill and Peter Piook, who were executed for 
aheep- stealing, were the two last victims that suffered the 
extreme penalty of the law on the gallows of SL Leonard's, 
in the year 107(3. 

William Ertakt and Robert Wheat. 

Saturday, April 1th, A.D. 1729.— William Bryant and 
Robert Wheat were executed at the Tyburn without 
/Micklegate Bar, for horse-stealing. 



p 

■ a do 

^ of tliig . 



RECORD OF EXECUTIONS IN YORK. 



Brouton, in Cleveland, in the North Biding 
of tliia county. He was lient from York to the nbove-named 
jilace, and was executed on Friday, August loth, 1729, and 
afterwards hung in chains. 

Joes CH.4PELL0 AND Abraham Powell. 

Saturday, July 3.5iA, A.D. 1730. — John Chapello wan 
executed at the Tyhum without Micklegate Ear, for horge- 
atealing ; and Abraham Powell was sentenced to suffer the 
severe penalty of the law for cutting cloth off the tentera 
at Leeds. He was conveyed there, and executed on Wed- 
nesday, July 29th, 1730. 

J AUKS Lambert. 

Saturday, August Sis/, A.D. 1730. — JameK Lnmhert was 
executed at the Tyburn without Micklegate Ear, for stealing 
cattle. 

Joseph Abkwith, Richard Fkeeman, and John 
Freeman. 

Saturday, December 19iA, A.D. 1T30. — Joseph Askwitb, 
alias Slierling. Eichard Freeinaji and John Freeman, brpthen^ 
■were executed at the Tyburn without Micklegate Bar, for 
the robbery of Matthew Wilka, With their last breath 
every one of them denied being guilty of the crime for 
which they suffered, and declared that they never either 
robbed Matthew Wilka or offered him the least violence. 
They all died very petiitent. 

Besjamin Ar.m[tt, John Ward, and James Wood. 

Monday, March 29(A, A.D. 1731. — Benjamin Armitt, a 
miller, fioni Cliff; John Ward; and James Wood, were 
executed at the Tyburn without Jlicklegate Bar, for wilful 
murder. They all died very penitent. John Ward and 
James Wood confessed their being guilty of the crime fo^ 
which they suffered ; bnt Benjamin Armitt denied to the 
last his being guilty of the murder of bis boy, but that tha 



RECORD OF EXKCUnOHB IS TOBK. 47 

he gave liiin ■was only in a friendly way, and 
llthout any intention to murder or hurt him. 

John Stead. 

Saiurday, April llh, A.D. irSS.—John Stead, aged 38, 
va» executed at the Tyburn without Micklegate Bar, for horse- 
atealiog. He waa a native of Pontefract, in Yorkshire, and 
died very penitent. 

^f KlGHAKD TORPIN. 

V April \lth, K.Ti. 1739.— Richard Turpi n, highwayman, 
horse- stealer, and murderer. This notorious character was, 
for a long time, the dread of travellers ou the Essex road, 
on account of s the daring robberies which he daily 
mitted ; he waa also a noted houeebreaker, and was for a 
fiiderable time remarkably successful in his desperate cc 
but was at length brought to an igaominious end, in 
sequence of circiun stances which, in themselves, may appear 
trifling. He was apprehended in cousequence of shooting a 
fowl, and hia brother, refusing to pay sixjience for the postage 
of his letter, occasioned his couviction. 

He was the son of a farmer at Thackstead, in Essex, and, 
having received a common school education, waa apprenticed 
to a butcher in Whitecliapel, but waa distinguished from his 
early youth for the impropriety of hia behaviour and the 
brutality of bia niannei-s. On the expiration of hia appren- 
ticeship he married a young woman of Ekst Ham, in Eases, 
named Palmer ; but he had not been long married when he 
took to the practice of stealing his neighbour's cattle, which 
he used to kill and cut up for sale. 

Having stolen two oxen belonging to Mr. Giles, of Plaistow, 
he drove them to his own houae ; but two of Giles's servants, 
aospectiug who waa the robber, went to Turpin's, where they 
saw two beasts of such size as had been lost, but as the 
bides were stripped from them it was impossible to say that 
they were the same ; bub learning that Turpin used to 
dispose of his hidea at Waltham Abbey, they went thither, 
and saw the hides of the individual beasts that had been 
stolen. 




f «hi warn &e robber, a warrant 
naC Turpin ; but, learniiig 
that the peace ofions ver« in »n*rgh of ium, he made his 
escape fitxn the hmfi wisdw of his hooae at the verj 
nHMueDt tiiat the oUhts were entning at the door. 

Having retmtcil to a plaoe of seccritj, be found means 
to inlunB his wife where he wa* coocealed ; on which she 
fanushed him with maoej, with which he travelled into the 
fanndreds of Essex, where he joined a gang of smugglers, 
with whom he was for aome time successful, till a aet of the 
Costom-hoase officers, by one aaccessful stroke, deprived bloi 
of all his ill-arqaired gains. 

Thrown ont of this kind of bnainees he connected himself 
with a gang of deer-stealets, the principal part of whose 
depredations were committed on Eppiiig Forest and the 
parka in its neighbourhood ; bnt this business not Eucceeding 
to the expectation of the robber?, they determined to com- 
mence honse-breaking. 

Their plan was to fix on houses that they presumed con- 
tainedany valuable jiroperty, aud while one of tiieoi knocked 
at the door, the others were to rush in aud seize whatever 
they might deem worthy of their notice. 

The first attack of this kind was at the house of Mr. 
Stripe, an old man who kept a chandler's shop at Watford, 
whom they robbed of all the money in his possession, but 
did not offer him any (■ersonal abuse. 

Turpin now acquainted his associates that there was an 
old woman at Lougliton who was in possession of aeveu or 
eight huudred pounds ; whereupon they agreed to rob her,, 
and when they came to the door one of them knocked, and-: 
the rest forcing their way into the house, tied handkerchieft 
over the eyes of the old woman and her maid. 

This being done, Turpi u demanded what money was in 
the house, and the owner hesitating to tell him, he threatened 
to set her on the fire if she did not make an immediate 
discovery. Still, however, she declined to give the desired 
information, on which the villains actually placed her on the 
fire, where she sat till the tormenting pains compelled her 
to discover her hidden treasure, so that the robbers possessed 
i of above four hundred pounds, and decamped 
with the booty. 




REOOED OP EXECOnOKS IK TCRK, 



^ REOl 

^^Ipome little time after tliis tliej agreed to rob the honae of 
^^Bhrmer near Burking, and knotiking at the door, the people 
declined to open it ; on wliich they broke it open, and 
having bound the farmer, his wife, hia aon-in-law, and the 
Bervaut'Qiaid, they robbed the Louse of above sevea hundred 
pouuds, which delighted Turpin bo much that he exclaimed, 
" Ay, this will do if it would always be ao !" and the robbers 
retired with their prize, which amounted to above eighty 
pounds for each of them. 

Thia desperate gang, now flushed with success, determined" 
to attack the house of Mr. Mason, the keeper of Eppiug 
Forest, and the time was fixed when the plas was to be 
carried into execution ; but Turpin, having gone to London 
to spend his share of the former booty, intoxicated himself 
to such a degree that he totally forgot the appointment. 

NeverthelesH, the rest of the gang resolved that the 
absence of their companion should not frustrate the pro- 
posed design, and having taken a solemu oath to break 
every article of furniture in Mason's house, they set out 
on their expedition. 

Having gained admission, they beat and kicked the un- 
happy man with great severity. Finding an old man sitting 
by the fireside, they permitted him to remain uninjured, and 
Mr. Mason's daughter escaped their fury by running out of 
the house and taking shelter in a h ty 

After ransacking the lower pa f tl e h and d ing 
much mischief, they went upsta s, whe e th y b li ry- 

thing that fell in their way, aud m ng the eta China 
punchbowl, from which dropped on 1 und d and tw nty 
guineas, which they made prey f and eff t i tl e c pe. 
They now went to London in sea oh f T p n w h whom 
tbey shared the booty, though he had n t taken any [ a t in 
the execution of the villany. 

On the 1 1th of January, 1 35 Turp n and fi e f his 
companions went to the house cfM S und a h lamer 
at Charlton, in Kent, between seven and eight in the evening, 
and having knocked at the door, asked if Mr. Saunders was 
at home. Being answered in the aiSfmative, they rushed 
into the house, and found Mr. Saunders, with his wife and 
friends, playing at cards in the parlour. Tbey told the 
company that they should remain uninjured if they made 




KEcocD OP execrmno a tool 

DO dittwbence. Having made prize of ■ silver snaff-boX 
wbieh ]a.j «d the table, a pan of the gaog etood guard avef 
the rest of the companj, while tite others attended Mr. 
Banaden through the bcHue, &nd breaking open hia esoro' 
toircs and cloeeta, nole above one bimdred ponnd% exclusive 
of plate. 

Dmiag bbese transactions the eervant-niaid ran tip-sUdra, 
barring (he door of her room, and called oat — "Thieves !" 
with a view of alarming the neighbonrhood ; but the robben 
broke open the door of her room, secured her, and thea 
robbed the house of all the valuable property they had not 
before taken. Fioding some minced pies and some bottloB' 
of wine, they Mkt duwn to regale themaelves. aod meetingf 
with a bottle of brandy, they compelled each of the company 
to driak a glans of it. 

Mrs. Sanndera fainting through terror, they adminiBtered 
Bome drops in water to her, and recovered her to the use of 
ber senses. Having stayed in the house a eonaidetablff 
time, they packed up their booty and departed, having first' 
declared that if any of the family gave the least alarU 
within two hours, or advertised the marks of the stolea 
plate, they would return and murder them at a future ti 

The divJHiou of the plunder having tuken place, they, OB, 
the 18th of the eaue month, went to the house of Mib-. 
Sheldon, near Crojdun, in Surrey, where they arrived abonf . 
aeven in the evening. Having got into the yard, they peiv 
ceived a light in the stable, and going into it, found tfa» 
coachroan attending his horses. Having immediately boon) 
him, they quitted the etabje, and meeting Mr. Sheldon ii 
the yard, they seized him, and compelling him to condue 
them into the house, they stole eleven guinea.i, with th» 
jewels, plate, and other things of value, to a large amount,' 
Having committed this robbery, they returned Mr. Sheldotf 
two guineas, and apologized for their uonduet. 

This being done, they hastened to the " Black Horse, 
in the Bi\)adway, Westminster, where they concerted th* 
nihbery of JMv. Lawrenoe, of Edgware, near Stanmore, ia 
Middlesex, for which place they set out on the 4th of. 
I-'ehruary, and arrived at a puhlic-hoiiKe in that villag?- 
ablaut five o'clock in the evening. From this plaoe tb^ 
went to Mr. Lawrence's house, where they arrived aboi "^ 




RECORD or ESEODTTOira IN YORK. 51 

Kven o'clock, just as lie had discharged suine people who 
bad worked for bim. 

Having quitted their horses at the oater gate, one of the 
robbers, goijig forwards, found a boy who had just returned 
from folding his sheep ; tlic rest of the gang following, a 
pistol WHS presented, and instant death threatened if he 
made any noise. They then took off his garters and tied 
his handd, and told him to direct them to the door, aud 
when they knocked to answei" and bid the aervanta open it, 
in which ca»e tliey would not hurt him ; but wlien the boy 
came to the door he was bo terriHed that be could not apeak, 
on which one of the gang knocked, and a man'SevvanC, 
im^niug it was one of the ueighboiti's, opened the door, 
whereupon they all rushed in, armed with pistols. 

Having seized Mr. Lawrence and his servant, they threw 
a cloth over theii- feces, and taking the bo^ into another 
room, demanded what hrearms were within the house ; to 
which he replied, only an old giin, which they broke in 
pieces. They then bound Mr. Lawrence and his man, and 
made them sit by the boy, and Turpin, searching the old 
gentleman, took from him a guinea, a Portugal piece, and 
some silver ; but not being Batiafjed with this booty, they 
forced him to conduct them upstairs, where they broke opea 
a closet, and stole some money and plate. This not being 
enffioieut to satisfy them, they threatened to murder Mr. 
Lawrence, each of them destining him to a different death, 
as the savageuess of hia own nature prompted hira. At 
length one of them took a kettle of water from the tire, and 
threw it over him, but it jtrovideutially happened not to be 
hot enough to scald him. 

In the interim, the maid-servant, who was churning butter 
in the dairy, hearing a noise in the house, apprehended some 
miachief, ou which she blew ont her candle to screen her- 
self J but being found in the course of their search, one of 
the miscreants oompelted her to go upstairs, where he 
gratified hia brutal passion by force. They then i-obbed the 
Souse of ail the valuable effects they could find, locked the 
fiunily in the parlour, threw the key into the garden, and 
took their ill-gotten plunder to London. 

The particulars of this atrocious robbery being represented 
to the King, a proclamation was issued for the appcehea^iii'ii. 



I 



I 



52 KEcoKD OP Eseaonoss m tobk. 

of the offenderB, promising a pardon to any one of them 
who would itupeai^ his accomplioes, and a reward of £50 
was offered, to be paid on conviction. This, however, had , 
uo effect. The robbers continued their depredationa as 
before, and flushed with the suircesB they had met with, 
seemed to bid defiance to the laws. 

On the 7tb of February, eix of them assembled at tha 
" White Bear " inn, in Dniry Lane, where they agreed to rob 
the house of Mr. Francis, a farmer near Mary-le-bone, 
Arriving at the place, they f'onnd a servant in the cow- 
house, whom they bound fast, and threatened to murder him, 
if he waa not perfectly silent. This being done, they led ■ 
him into the stuble. where finding another of the servants, 
they bound liim in the same manner. 

In the interim Mr. Francis happening to come home, 
they preaenled their pistols to his breast and threatened to 
murder him immediately, if he made the least noise or 
opposition. 

Having bound the master in the stable with hia servants, 
tbey rushed into the house, tied llrs. Francis, her daughter, 
and the maiU-servant, and heat them in a most cruel maanor. 
One of the thieves stood as a sentry, while the rest rifled tha 
house, in which they found a, silver tankard, a medal of 
Charles the First, a gold watch, several gold rings, a con- 
siderable sum of money, and a variety of valuable linen and 
other effects, which they conveyed to London, 

Hereupon a reward of £100 was offered for the appre- 
hension of the offenders ; in consequence of which two of 
them wei'e taken into custody, tried, convicted on tha 
evidence of an accomplice, and hanged in chains ; and the 
whole gani; being dis|iei'8ed, Turpiu went into the country 
to renew his depredations on the public 

On a journey towards Cambridge, he met a man genteeDy 
dressed aud well mounted, and, expecting a good booty, he 
jiresented a pistol to the supposed gentleman and demanded 
his money. The party thus stopped happened to be one 
King, a famous highwayman, who knew Turpin ; and when 
the latter threatened destruction if he did not deliver hia 
money, King burst into a fit of laughter, and said, " What ! 
Dog eat dog 9 — Come, come, brother Turjiin ; if you don% 
know me, I know yon, and shall be glad of your company." 



KXCORD OF EXSOUTIOFS IN TOIUC. 



S3 



Hieee brethren in inquity soon struck tbe bargain, and 
feaiediately entering oa business, comaiitted a, number of 
robberies, till at length they were so well known that no 
public house would receive them a.s guests. Thus situated, 
they fixed on a spot between the King's Oak and the 
Loughton road, on Epping Forest, where they made a cuve, 
which was large enough to receive them and their horses. 

Thia cave was inclosed within a sort of thicket of hashea 
and brambles, tbrongh which they could look and see pasa- 
euBera ou the road, while themselves remained unobserved. 

From this station they used to issue, and robbed such a 
number of pereons, th»t at length the very pedlars who 
travelled the road carried firearms for their defence ; and 
while they were iu this retreat, Turpin'a wife used to supply 
them with necessaries, and frequently remained in the cave 
during the night. 

" ■ ■ ■ ■ s far as Bungay, in Suffolk, they 

iKien receive fourteen pounds for 

solved to rob them of the money. 

was a pity to rob sucli pretty girls ; 

itinate, aud obtained the booty. 

the following day, they 



H*ving taki 
observed two young 
corn, on which Turpit 
King objected, sayiog 
but Turpi n was obsti 

Upon thi ■ 



Htopjied a Mr. Eradell, of London, who i 
chariot with his children. The gentleman seeing only one 
robber, was preparing to make resistance, when King called 
to Turpiu to hold the horses. They took from the geutle- 
Djan bis watcb, money, and an oJd mourning ring; but 
returned the latter, as he declared that its intrinsic Talue 
■waa trifling, yet be was very unwilling to jiart with it. 

Finding that they readily parted with the ring, be asked 
tbem what he must give fur the watch : on which King said 
to Tnrjdn, " What say ye, Jack ! Here Beems to be h 
good honest fellow ; sIihU we let him have the watch )" — 
*' Do aa you pleaae," On which King said to the gentleman, 
" You must pay six guineas for it ; we never sell fur move, 
though the watcb should be worth six-and-thirty." The 
gentleman promised that tbe money should be left at the 
*' Dial," in Birchin-lane. 

On tbe 4tb of May, 1737, Turpin was guilty of murder, 
which arose fi-om the following circumstance. A reward of 
XIOO having been offered for apprehending him, one Thomas 



fil BECOBS OF ESECOnOSS IK TOBK. 

MorriB, & aervflut of Mr. TLompaon, one of tLe keepers of 
lipping Forest, accompauieil lij a higgler, set out iu order to 
apprehend them. Turpin seeing them approach near his 
dwelling, Mr. Thompson's man having a gun, he mistook 
them for poachers, cm whicli he said, there were no hares 
near the thicket : " No," Eaid Morris, " but I have i'onnd a 
Turpin;" anil presenting his gun, required him to bup- 
render. 

Hereupon Turpin apoke to him as in a friendly manseiv 
and gradually retreated at the Rarae time, till, having seized 
hia own giin, he shot him dead on the spot, and the higgler 
ran off with the utmost precipitation. 

This murder heing represented to the Secretary of State, 
the following proclamation wasiraued bj GovernmenC, which 
we give 4 place to, from its describing the person of this 
notorious depredator. 

" It having been represented to the King that Richard 
Turpin did, on Wednesday, the 4th of May last, barbaroualy 
murder Thomas Morris, servant to Heury Thompson, one ot 
the keepers of Epping Forect, and commit other notoriouft 
felonies and robberies near London, hia Majesty is pleased 
to promise hia most gracimts pardon to any of hia acoom- 
plicBS, and a reward of £200 to any person or persona tbatk 
shall discover him, so that^ he may he apprehended and coo- 
vioted, Turpin was born at Thackstead, in Essex, da abonfc 
thirty, by trade a butcher, about five feet nine inches high, 
very much marked with the small-pox, his cheek-boaea 
brcMid, his face thinner towards the bottom, liis visage shorti. 
pretty upright, and broad about the shoulders." 

Turpin, to avoid the proclamation, went further into tha 
country in search of his old companion I^ing ; and in ths 
mean time sent a letter to liis wife to nieet bim at a publia 
house at Hertford. The woman attended according to hia 
direction; and her husband coming into the house aoonr 
after she arrived, a butcher, to whom he owed five poundst. 
happened to see him, on which he said. "Come, Dick, I 
know you have money now, and if you will pay me, it will 
be of great service." 

Turpin told him that hia wife was in the next room, that 
she had the money, and that he should he paid immediately y 
but while the butch^ was hinting to some of his acqntunV 



XEDORD or EXB0UTION9 IN TOBX. SS 

ance that the person jiresent was Tur|im, and that tliey 
might take him ioto custody after be had received hia debt, 
the bighwayraaa made bis escape through a window, and 
rode off with great expedition. 

Turpia having foontt King, and a man named Potter, who 
liad lately coonected himself with them, they set off towards 
Londou in the dusk of the evening ; but when they came 
near the " Green Man," on Epping Forest, they overtook a 
Mr. Major, who ridiug on a very fine horse, and Tiirpin'« 
beast being jaded, he obliged the rider to dismount and 
ejtchange horses. 

The robbers now pursued their journey towards London, 
and Jlr. Major going to the "Green Man," gave an account of 
the affair ; on which it was conjectured that Turpin had 
been the robber, and that the horse which he exchanged 
most have been stolen. 

It was on a Saturday evening that thia robbery was com- 
milted, but Mr. Major being advised to priut hand-bills 
immediately, notice was given to the landlord of the " Green 
' Man," that such a horse as &Ir. Major had lost had been left 
at the " Ked Lion," in Whitechapel, The landlord going 
tliither, detei-miued to wait till some persons came for it, 
and at about eleven o'clock at night, King's brother came 
to i>ay for the horse and take it away, on which he was 
immediately seized and conducted into the house. 

Being asked what right he had to the horse, he saiil he 
had bought it ; but the landlord examining a whip wliich 
he had in hiu band, found a button at the end of the handle 
half broken off, and the name of Mujor on the remaining 
half. Hereupon he was given into the custody of a coa- 
Btable ; but as it was supposed that he was not the actual 
robber, he was told that he should have his liberty if he 
■would discover his employer. 

HoreufKin he said, that a stoat man in a white duffel 
coat was waiting for the horse in Red-Li on-atreet, on which 
the com[«ny going thither saw King, who drew a ]iistol and 
attempted to £re it, but it flashed in the pan. He then 
endeavoured to draw out another pistol, but he conld not, 
as it got entangled in bis poaket. 

At this time Turpin was watching at a small distance, and 
riding towardi the spot. King oiied out, " Shoot him, or we 




KECOED OF EXECUTIONS IS YORK. 

in a close near Brouton, in Cleveland, in the North Eiding 
of this county. He was sent from York to the itbove-named 
place, and was execitted on Friday, August 15th, 1729, and 
afterwards hung in chains. 

John Cuapello and Abbaeau Powell. 

Saturday, July -ISlh, A.D. 17.10. — John Chapello was 
executed at the Tyburn wilhrmb Micklegate Bar, for horae- 
" ig ; and Abraham Powell was sentenced to siifFer the 
) peualty of the law for cutting cloth off the tenters 
at Leeds. He was conveyed there, and executed on Wed- 
nesday, July 29th, 1730. 

jAMra Lambert. 

Saturday, Attgust 2]at, A.D. 1730. — James Lambert was 
executed at the Tyburn without Micklegate £ar, for stealiag 
cattle. 

Joseph Abkwith, Eichakd Fkeemak, and John 
Fbebman. 

Saturday, Hecemher 19th, A.D. 1730. — Josepli Askwith, 
aliaa Sherling, Richard Fieemaji and John Freeman, brothers, 
were executed at the Tyburn without Micklegate Bar, for 
the robbery of Matthew Wilks, With their last breath 
every one of them denied being guilty of the crime for 
which they suffered, and declared that they never either 
robbed Jlatthew Wilks or offered him the least violence. 
They all died very penitent. 

Benjamin Armitt, John Ward, and James Wood. 



_r, Maa-ch 29th, A.D. 1731.— Benjamin Armitt, a 
miller, from Cliff; John Ward ; and James Wood, were 
executed at the Tyburn without Micklegate Ear, for wilful 
murder. They all died very penitent. John Ward and 
James Wood confessed their being guilty of the crime foe 
which they suffered ; but Benjamin Armitt denied to the 
last hia being guilty of the murder of bis boy, but that ths 



HECOKD OF EXEOtmONS IS TOEK. 47 

coixection lie gave him was only in a frienJJy way, and 
without any intention to murder or hurt him. 

John Stead. 

Saturday, April 7th, A.D. 1739.-^John Stead, aged 38, 
■waa exeoated at the Tyburn without Micklegate Bar, for horne- 
Btealing. He waa a native of PoDtetVaot, in Yorkshire, and 

idled very penitent. 
► Richard Tubpis. 

April UlJi, A.D. 1739. — Kichard Turpiu, highwayman, 
hoFBe-Btealer, and mnrderef. Thia notorious eharncter was, 
for a long time, the dread of travellere on the Ksses road, 
on account oE^the daring robberies which he daily com- 
mitted ; he was also a noted housebreaker, and was for a con- 
siderable time remarkably snccesafnl in hia desperate course, 
but was at length brought to an ignomicioas end, in con- 
sequence of circ lira stances wliicb, in themselves, may appear 
trifling. He was apprehended in consequence of shooting a 
fowl, and his brother, refusing to pay sixpence for the postage 
of his letter, occasioned his conviction. 

He was the sou of a iarmer at Thackstead, in Essex, and, 
having received a, common school education, waa apprenticed 
to a butcher in Whitechapel, but was distinguished from his 
early youth for the impropriety of his behaviour and the 
brutality of his manners. On the expiration of his appren- 
ticeship he married a young woman of East Ham, in I^ses, 
named Palmer ; but he had not been long married when he 
took to the practice of stealing hia neighbour's cattle, which 
he nsed to kill and cut up for sale. 

Baring stolen two oxen belonging to Mr. Giles, of Plaistow, 
he drove them to his own house ; but two of Giles's servants, 
suspecting who was the robber, went to Turpin's, where they 
saw two beasts of such size as had been lost, but aa the 
hides were stripped from them it was impossible to say that 
they were the same ; but learning that Tuqiia used to 
. dispose of his hides at Waltham Abbey, they went thither, 
and saw the hides of the individual beasts that had been 
stolen. 



36 BECORD OP EXECUTIONS IN YORK. 

river Ouse, close by, and with a shriek and a struggle she 
sank lifeless in its waves. Laurie, with his accomplice 
Vasey, then agreed to possess themselves of the valuables that 
were concealed in the house of the gamekeeper. The country 
people blamed Martin Giles for the murder of the house- 
keeper, and it was thought by the two villains, Laurie and 
Vasey, that the present time oflfered a good oj)portunity for 
committing the burglary, as the tide of popular prejudice 
ran very strong against Giles. Vasey was accordingly to 
enter the gamekeeper's house, and Laurie was to watch out- 
side and be ready to assist if Martin, the gamekeeper, should 
be awake ; for it was their design to accomplish the bloody 
deed in the midnight hour of darkness. The chamber in 
which he slept was in the back part of the house. Poor 
Martin Giles, instead of being asleep as Vasey imagined, was 
labouring under severe anguish of mind for the loss of his 
Marian, and on hearing the sound of the latch of his room 
door, he immediately jumped upon the floor, but fell instantly 
from the effects of a severe blow, by the midnight assassin. 
The gamekeeper on raising himself up was again knocked 
down, but, becoming a little more conscious, jumped up 
again, and, being a daring, powerful, and persevering man, 
seized Vasey by the throat, threw him down, took his 
bludgeon from him and entangled him in the meshes of a 
sheep net. The gamekeeper then had his assassin secure, 
and opening his window, fired off a double-barrelled gun, 
purposely to alarm the inmates of the Hall, which had the 
desired effect, for the servants soon made their appearance. 
Vasey was taken into custody, and the following day was 
removed to York Castle, to which place he was committed 
for burglary with the intent to commit murder. He was 
tried and executed for the latter charge. Previous to his 
execution, he made a confession of many depredations he had 
been guilty of,'and among the rest was the murder of poor 
Marian. If Martin Giles had known when he seized Vasey 
by the throat, that he (Vasey) was the murderer of her who 
was his only earthly hope, there is little doubt but the villain, 
with all his energies, would have become a fatal prey in the 
hands of the gamekeeper. Soon after Mrs. Earle, on hearing 
of Laurie's bad character, determined on parting with him. 
Laurie tried all ways and means to retain his situation^ but 



HECOBD OF EXEC UTl 0.1 S CT 1 

cniTection he gave him was only in a frtendlj waj, and 
without any iutention to niTinler or hart him. 

JoHK Stead. 

Saiurday. April 7th, A.D. 1739.— John Stead, aged 3^ 
was executed at the Tybarowithoat Micklegate Bar,for hone- 
BlealiDg. He was a native of Pontefract, in Yorkdure, aod 

died vary penitent. 

KlCHARD TlIRFIS. 

April 17(/i, A.D. 1739. — Kchard Turpin, higbwaymaD. 
horse-stealer, and murderer. This Dotoiioos character vao, 
for a loDg time, the dread of traTellers on the Essex mad, 
on account D£:ithe daring robberies which he dailj eotn- 
mitted ; he waa also a noted honsebreaker, and vaa for a con- 
Bidenible time remarkably successful in hia deaperate courae, 
but was at length brought to an ignomioiom end, in oon- 
sequence of ciroujuBtancea which, in themselves, may api^ear 
trifling. He was apprehended in cooaequence of ahooting a 
fowl, and hia brother, refusing to pay sixpence for the poiitage 
of bis letter, occasioned his conviction. 

He was the son of a farmer at Thackstead, in Emez, and, 
baving received a common school education, waa apprenticed 
to a butcher in "Whitechapel, but waa distingniahed from hia 
early youth for the impropriety of his behaviour and the 
trutality of bis mannei^. On the expiration of his appren- 
ticeehJii he married a yoang woman of East Ham, in Essex, 
named Palmer ; but he had not been long married when he 
took to the practice of stealing hia neighbour's cattle, which 
he used to kill and cut up for sate. 

Having stolen two oxen belonging to Mr. Giles, of Plaistow, 
he drove them to his own house ; but two of Giles's servanta, 
|ieotiii<r who was the robber, went to Turpin's, where they 
■t.-i of such size as had been lost, but as the 
ri,;,! from them it was imposaible to say that 
uime ; but learning that Turpin used to 
rle» at Waitham Abbey, they went thither, 
\s of the individual beasts that bad been 



a close Dear Eroutoti, in Cleveland, in t!ie North Hiding 
of this cminty. He was sent froio York to the iibove-named 
place, and was executed on Friday, August 15th, 1729, aud 
afterwards hung in ch^ns, 

John Chapello and Abraham Powell. 

Saturday, July 25th, A,D. 1730.— John Chapello was 
executed at; the Tylmm without Mieklegate Bar, for horse- 
atealing ; and Abraham Powell was sentenced to suffer the 
BBvere penalty of the law for cutting cloth off the tentera 
at Leeds. He wafl conveyed there, aud execated on Wed- 
nesday, Jdy 29th, 1730. 

James Lambert. 

Saturday, Avgtist 2]s(, A.D. 1730. — James Lambert was 
executed at the Tyhurn without Mieklegate Ear, for stealing 
cattle. 

Joseph Askwith, Eichard Freeman, ahd Johs 
Freeman. 

Saturday, Decemher ISlh, A.D, 1730. — Joseph Aakwitfa, 
a^iasSherling, TlichardFieernap and John Freeman, brothen^ 
were executed at the Tyburn without Mieklegate Bar, for 
the robbery of Matthew Wilks. With their last brwth 
every one of them denied being guilty of the crime for 
which they suffered, and declared that they never either 
robbed Matthew Wilks or offered him the least violence. 
They all died very penitent, 

Benjamin Armitt, John Ward, and James Wood. 

Monday, Ma^ch 2Qth, A.D. 1731.— Benjamiu Armitt, a 
miller, fioin Cliff ; John Ward ; and James Wood, wers 
executed at the Tyhuru without Mieklegate Bar. for wilful 
murder. They all died very penitent, John Ward and 
James Wood confessed their being guilty of the crime ftn 
which they suffered; but Benjamin Armitt denied to the 
last his being guilty of the murder of his boy, but that the 



RECORD or zxEcnxioira ni tork. 4i 

correction lie gnve biin was only in a friendly way, and 
witliout any iiitentian to murder or hurt him. 

John Stead. 

Saiurday, April 1th, A.D. 1739.— John Stead, aged 38, 
was executed at the Tyburn without Micktegate Bar, for horee- 
Btealiug. He was a native of Pootefract, in Yorkshire, and 
' T«ry penitent. 



c 



Richard Tdepin. 



April 17i/i, A,D. 1736. — Eichard Turpin, highwayman, 
horse- stealer, and murderer. This notorious character was, 
for a long time, the dread of travellers on the Essex road, 
on account o:^the daring robberies which he daily com- 
mitted ; he was also a noted housebreaker, and was for a con- 
eiderable time remarkably successful in hia desperate course, 
but was at lengtti brought to an ignominions end, in con- 
sequence of circumstances which, iu themselves, may appear 
trifling. He was apprehended in cousequeiice of tthooting a 
fowl, and hia brother, refusing to pay sixpence for the postage 
of his tetter, occasioned hia couvictiou. 

He was the son of a farmer at TIiackBtead, iu Essex, and, 
hSTing received a common school education, was a]iprenticed 
to a butcher in Whitechapel, but was distinguished from his 
early youth for the impropriety of Lis behaviour and the 
brutality of bis manners. On the expiration of his appren- 
ticeship he married a young woman of East Ham, in Essex, 
named Falmer ; but he had not been long married when he 
took to the practice of stealing hia neighbour's cattle, which 
he used to kill and cut up for sale. 

Having stolen two oxen belonging to Mr. Giles, of Plaistow, 
he drove ihera to his own house; but two of Giles's servants, 
suspecting who was the robber, went to Turpin's, where they 
saw two beasts of such size as had been lost, but as the- 
hides were stripped from them it was impossible to aay that 
they were the same ; but learning that Turpin used to 
dispose of his hides at Waltham Abbey, they went thither, 
and saw the hides of the individual beasts that had been 
stolen. 



RECORD or EZECCnOMS IB TORE. 

No doubt ni^w reroainiug who was tLe robber, a w&rrant 
was procured lui- <he apprebeosioa of Turpin ; but, learning 
that the peace otiicera were in search of him, be made bii 
escape from the bsok window of his house at the very 
monieDt that the otLTj were eDtering at the door. 

Having relreHted 1,0 a {iloce of security, he fouud means 
to iuforDi his wife where he was concealed ; on which ahs 
furnished him with money, with which he travelled into the 
hundreds of Essex, where he joined a gang of amugglers, 
with whom he was for some time saccessful, till a set of the 
Custom-house officers, by one successful stroke, deprived hini 
of all hia ill-acquired gains. 

Thrown out of this kind of business he connected himself 
with a gang of deer-steal ers, the principal part of whose 
depredations were committed on Epping Forest and the 
parks in its neighbourhood ; but this business not succeeding 
to the expectation of the robbers, they determined to com- 
mence house-breaking. 

Their plan was to &s on houses that they presumed con- 
tained any voJnable property, and while one of them knocked 
at the door, the othera were to rush in. and seize whatever 
they might deem worthy of their notice. 

The first attack of tliia kind was at the house of Mr, 
Stripe, an old man who kept a chandler's shop at Watford, 
whom tliey robbed of all the money in bis possession, but 
did not ofier hiia any peraonal abuse. 

Turpin now acquainted his associates that there was an 
old woman at Lougbton who was in possession of seveu or 
eight hundred pounds ; whereupon they agreed to rob her, 
and when they came to the door one of them knocked, and', 
the rest forcing their way into the house, tied handkercbiefil 
over the eyes of the old woman and her maid. 

This being done, Turpin demanded what money was in 
the house, and the owner hesitating to tell him, he threatened 
to set her on the fire if she did not make an immediate 
discovery. Still, however, she declined to give the desired 
information, on which the villains actually placeil her on the 
tire, where she sat till the tormenting pains compelled her 
to discover her hidden treasure, so that the robbers poasessed 
themselves of above four hundred pounds, and decamped 
with the booty. 



SKOOKD OP EXKCCnONB IN TCRE. 49 

e little time after tliia they agreed to rob the house of 
er near Barking, aadkaocking at the door, the people 
declined to open it ; on which they broke it open, and 
having bound the farmer, his wife, biu son-in-law, and the 
Bcrvant-moid, they robhed the house of above seven hundred 
pouudti, which delighted Turpin so much that he exclaiuied, 
" Ay, this will do if it would always be so !" and the robbers 
retired with their prize, which amounted to above eighty 
pounda for each of them. 

This desperate gang, row fluahed with success, determined ~ 
to attack the bouee of Mr. Maaon, the keeper of Epping 
Forest, and the time was fixed when the plan was to be 
carried into execution ; but Turpin, having gone to London 
to spend his share of the former booty, intoxicated himself 
to such a degree that he totally forgot the appointment. 

Nevertheless, the rest of the gang resolved that the 
absence of their companion aiioviid not frustrate the pro- 
posed design, and having taken a solemn oath to break 
every article of furniture in Mason's house, they set oat 
oo their expedition. 

Having gained admission, they beat and kicked the un- 
happy man with great severity. Finding an old man sitting 
by tbe fireside, they permitted him to remain uninjured, and 
Mr, Mason's daughter escaped their fury by running out of 
the bouse and taking shelter in a hogsty. 

After ransacking the lower part of the honse and doing 
much mischief, they went upstairs, where they broke every- 
thing that fell in their way, and among tbe rest a China 
punchbowl, from which dropped one hundred and twenty 
guineas, which they made prey of, and effected their eecape. 
Tbey now went to London in search of Turpin, with whom 
tbey shared the booty, thoagb he had not ts^en any part in 
the execution of the viilany. 

On the llth of January, 1735, Turpin and five of his 
companions went to the house of Mr. Saunders, a rich farmer 
at Charlton, in Kent, between seven and eight in the evening, 
and liaving knocked at the door, asked if Mr. Saunders was 
at home. Being answered in the affirmative, tbey rushed 
into the house, and found Mr. Saunders, with his wife and 
friends, playing at cards in the parlour. Tbey told the 
company that they should remain uninjured if they made 



I 



I 



50 HEOORD Of ESKCOnONS m YORK. 

no dJstuvbaticp. Having made prize of a silver snnff-box 
whicli lay on the table, a part of the gang stood guard vwov 
the rest of the company, while the others attended Mr. 



id breaking open hia 

e hundred pouitde, esclu^ve 



Saunders through tlie 

toires and closets, stole above o 

of plate. 

During these transactiona tl: 
barring the door of her room, 
with a Tiew of alarming the neighbourhood ; bnt the robbere 
broke open the door of her room, secured her, and then 
robbed the honse of alJ the valuable property they had not 
before taken. Finding eome minced piee and some bottlea 
of nine, they sat down to regale tjiemselves, aod meeting ' 
with a bottle of brandy, they compelled each of the company 
to drink a glass of it 

Mrs. Sanndera fainting through terror, they administered 
some dropa in water to her, and recovered Ler to the use of 
ber senses. Having stayed in the house a coiuiderable ' 
time, they packed up their booty and departed, having first 
declared that if any of the family gave the least alarm 
within two hours, or advertised tlie marks of the stolen 
plate, they would return and murder them at a future time. 

The division of the i>lunder having taken place, they, o 
the ISlrh of the same month, went to the house of M' 
Slieldon, near Crojdi^n, in Surrey, where they arrived about 
the evening. Having got into the yard, they peiv 
ceived a light in the stable, and going into it, found thff 
coachman attending hia horses. Having immediately bound, 
him, they quitted the stable, and meeting Mr. Sheldon ili 
the yard, they seized him, and compelling him to condaot^ 
them into the house, they stole eleven guineas, with the 
jewels, plate, and other things of value, to a large amount. 
Having committed this robbery, they returned Mr. Sheldon 
two guineas, and apologized for their conduct. 

Thia being done, they hastened to the " Black Horse," 
in the Broadway, Wealminster, whei^e they concerted thw 
robbery of iMr. Lawrence, of Edgware, near Staninore, in 
Middleaex, for which place they set out on the 4th of 
t'ebruary, and arrived at a public-houae in that Tillage 
about five o'clock in the evening. From thia place they 
Went to Mr. Lawrence's house, where they arrived about 




ebcoud of EXEconoira in tork. 51 

seven o'clock, just as he had discharged some peojile who 
had worked tor him. 

Having quitted tlieir horses at the outer gate, one of the 
robbers, goiug forwards, foiiud a hoy who had juot returued 
from folding his sheep ; the rest of the gaog following, a 
pistol wiia presented, and in-itaut death threatened if he 
made any noise. Tlley then took olF his garters and tied 
his handd, and told hira to direct them to the door, and 
when they knocked to answer and bid the servants open it, 
in which ca^e they would not hurt him ; but when the boy 
came to the door he was eo terrified that he could not. upeak, 
on which one of the gang knocked, and a man-servant, 
imagining it was one of tbe neighhuiirs, opened the door, 
whereupoD they all rushed in, armed with pistols. 

Having seized Mr. Lawrence and his servant, they threw 
a cloth over their faces, and taking the boy into another 
room, demanded what tircarms were within the house ; to 
which he replied, only an old gun, which they broke in 
pieces. They then bound Mr. Lawrence and his man, and 
made them sit by the boy, and Turpin, searching the old 
gentleman, took from him a guinea, a Portugal piece, and 
eome silver ; hut nob being satiatied with this booty, they 
forced him to conduct them upstairs, where they broke open 
a closet, and stole some money and plate. This nut being 
Bnfficienb to satisfy them, tfaey threatened to murder Mr. 
Lawrence, each of them destining him to a diSbrent death, 
08 the savagenesa of his own nature prompted hira. At 
length one of them took a kettle of water from the fire, and 
threw it over him, but it providentially happened not to be 
hot enough to scald him. 

In the interim, the maid-servant, who was churning bntter- 
in the dairy, hearing a noise in the house, apprehended some 
misahief, on which she blew out her candle to screen her- 
self ; but being found in the course of their search, one of 
the miscreants compelled her to go npstairs, where he 
gratified his brutal passion by force. They then rohhed the 
house of all the valuable effects they could find, locked the 
family in the parlour, threw the key into the garilett, and 
took their ill-gotten plunder to Loudon. 

The particulars of this atrocious robbery being represented 

to the King, a proclamation was issued for the appreheusiou. 

e2 



i 



I 



52 HECOSD OP Erecnrioss ly tohk. 

of the offenders, promiaiog a pardon to any one of them 
who would iinpcacji his accomplices, and a reward of £oO 
waa offered, to be paid on conviction. Thia, however, had 
no e£rect. The robbers continued their depredations aa 
before, and flushed witk tlie success they had met with, 
seemed to bid defiance to the laws. 

On the 7th of February, six of them assembled at tha 
" White Bear " inn, in Dniry Lane, where they agreed to rob 
tlie house of Mr, Francis, a farmer near Mary-le-bone. 
Arriving at the place, they found a servant in the cow- 
liouee, whom they bound fast, and threatened to murder him, 
if he was nob perfectly silent. This being done, they^ led « 
him into the stable, where finding unother of the servants, 
they bound him in the same manner. 

In the inteiini Mr. Francis happening to i 
they presented their pistols to his breast and threatened to 
murder him imniediately, if he made the least noise i 
opposition. 

Having bouud the master in t}ie stable with his servanta, 
they rushed into the house, tied Mrs, Francis, her daughter, 
and the maid -servant, and beat them in a most cruei n 
One of the thieves stood as a sentry, while the rest rilled the 
house, in which they found a silver tankard, a. medal of 
Charles the First, a gold watch, several (^ 
siderable sum of money, and a variety of valuable linen and 
other effects, which they conveyed to Londor 

Hereupon a reward of ,£100 was offered for the appre- 
hension of the offenders ; in consequence of which two of 
them were taken into custody, tried, convicted i 
evidence of an accomplice, and hanged in chains ; and the 
whole gani; being dispersed, Turpin went into the country 
to renew his depredatioas on the public 

Oa a journey towards Cambridge, he met a man genteelly 
dressed and well mounted, and, exjiecting a good booty, he 
presented a pistol to the supposed gentleman and demanded 
his money. The party thus stopped happened to be one 
King, a famous highwayman, who knew Turpin ; and when 
the latter threatened destruction if he did not deliver his 
money, King burst into a fit of laughter, and said, ■' What I 
Dog eat dogi — Come, come, brother Turjrin; if you don'l 
ae, I knoiv yon, and shall be glad of your company." 



BKCORD OF SXECOnOKS IF TOKS. 09 

■,e bretiireD lu iDquitj soon striicl: t!ie bargain, snd 
pamediatetj ei)tering on biiaiuess, committed a nnmber of 
robberies, till at length, tliey wei'e bo well known that no 
public house would receive them as guests. Thus aitnated, 
they fixed on a spot between the King's Oak aud the 
Lougbton road, on Epping Forest, where they made a cave, 
whicb was large enongh to receive them aod their horspa. 

This cave was inclosed within a sort of thicket of bushes 
and brambles, through which they could look and see pass- 
eugers on the road, while themselves remained unobserved. 

From this station they used to issue, and robbed such a 
number of persous, that at length the very pedlars who 
travelled the road carried firearms for their defence ; and 
while they were in this retreat, Turpin'a wife used to sup]ily 
them with necessaries, and freijuently remained in the cave 
during the night. 

Having taken a ride as fur as Bungay, in Suffolk, they 
observed two young women receive fourteen pounds for 
corn, on which Tiirpiu resolved to rob them of the money. 
King objected, saying it was a pity to rob such pretty girls ; 
but Turpin was obstinate, aud obtained the booty. 

Upon their return home on the following day, they 
fitop]>ed a Mr. Eradell, of London, who was ridiug in his 
chariot with his children. The gentleman seeing only one 
robber, was preparing to make resistance, when King called 
to Turpiu to hold the horses. They took from the gentle- 
man bis watch, money, and an old mourning ring ; but 
retarned the latter, as he declared that its intrinsic value 
waa trifling, yet he was very unwilling to jiart with it. 

Finding that they readily parted with the ring, he a^keil 
thsm what he must give for the watch : on which King said 
to Turpin, " What say ye, Jack ! Here seems to be ii 
good honest fellow ; shall we let him have the watch ?" — 
" Do as you please." On which King said to the gentleman, 
" You must pay six guineas fur it ; we never sell fur more, 
though, the watch should be worth six- and -thirty." The 
gentleman promised that the money should lie left, at the 
" Dial," in Birchin-lane. 

On the 4th of May, 1737, Turpin was guilty of murder, 
which arose from the following circumstance. A reward of 
XlOO having been offered for apprehending him, one Thomas 



as in a friendly 
e time, till, having ! 
] tbe a]jut, and the bi 

J the Secretary of State, 



Morris, a Bervant of Mr. ThompBon, one of the keepers of 
Epping Forest, accompanied by a higgler, set out in order to 
apprehend them. Tuvpin seeing them approach near hia 
dwelling, Mr. ThornpgoTi'a man having a gun, be mistook 
them for poiichera, iin which he eaid, tiiere were no hares 
near the thicket : " No," said Morris, " but I Lave fonnd a 
Turjiiu ; " and presenting his gun, rei^uired him to aur- 

Hereupon Tnr[iin spoke to hi 
and graduully retreated at the s 
his own gun, he shot him dead < 
ran off with the utmost precipitati 

This murder being represented 
the following proclamation was isaneil by Government, which 
we give i place to, from its descnbing the person of thia 
notorious depredutor. 

" It having been represented to the King that Richard 
Turpin did, on Wednesday, the 4lb of May last, barbarously 
murder Thomas MorriB, servant to Henry Thompson, one of 
the keepers of Epping Forect, and commit other notorions 
felonies and robberies near London, his Majesty iu pleased 
to promise his most gracious pardon to any of his accom- 
pliceB, and a reward of £200 to any person or persons that 
shall discover him, so that he may be ajiprehended and con- 
victed. Turpin was born at Thackatead, in Essex, ia aboob 
thirty, by trade a butcher, about five feet nine inchea high, 
very ntuch marked with the small- pox, his cheek-bonea 
briMd, hie face thinner towards the bottou), his visage short, 
pretty upright, and broad about the shoulders." 

Turpin, to avoid the proclamation, went further into tbe 
country in search of his old companion King ; and in tha 
mean tinie sent a letter to his wife to meet him at a piiblio 
house at Hertford. The woman attended according to htB 
direction ; and faer husband coming into the bouse soon 
after she arriveil, a butcher, to whom he owed £ve pounds, 
happened to see him, on which he said, " Come, Dick, T 
know yon have money now, and if you will pay ine, it will 
bo of great service." 

Turpin told him that his wife was in the next room, that 
she had the money, and that be should be paid immediately ; . 
but while the butcher was hinting to some of his ac^uunb* 



ItECORD or EXECUTIONS IK YORK. 

Mice that the peraon present was Tiirjim, and that tliey 
might take him into custody after he had received hie debt, 
the highwayman made Iiia escape through a window, and 
rode off with great expedition. 

Turpin having found King, and a man named Potter, who 
Lad lately counected himself with tliem, they set off towards 
Londou in the dusk of the evening ; but when they came 
near the " Green Man," on Epping Foreat, they overtook a 
Mr. Major, who riding on a very fiue horse, and Tiirpin's 
beast being jaded, he oVjliged the rider to dismount and 
exchange hordes. 

The robbers now pursued their journey towards London, 
and Sir. Major going to the "Green Han," gave an acooutit of 
the uffair; o(i which it was conjectured that Turpin had 
been the robber, and that the horae which he exchanged 
must have been stolen. 

It was on a Saturday evening that this robbery was com- 
mitted, but Mr. Major being advised to print hand-billa 
immediately, notice waa given to the landlord of the " Green 
' Man," that such a horse as Mr. Major had lost had been lefc 
at the " Kcd Lion," in Whitechai)el. The landlord going 
thither, determined to wait till some persons came for ib, 
and at about eleven o'clock at night, King's brother came 
to pay for the horse and take it away, on which he was 
immediately seized and conducted into the house. 

Being a»ked what right he had tn the horse, be said he 
had bought it ; but the landlord eiLamining a whip which 
he had in his hand, found a button at the end of the bundle 
half broken o^ and the name of Major on the remaining 
half- Hereupon he was given into the custody of a con- 
stable J but as it was supposed that ha was not the actnal 
robber, he was told that he should have his liberty if he 
would discover his employer. 

Hereupon he said, that a stout nian in a white duffel 
coat was waiting for the horse in Red -Lion-street, on which 
the company going thither saw Kicjg, who drew a pistol and 
attempted to fire it, but it flashed in the pan. He then 
endeavoured to draw out another pistol, but he could not, 
_aa it got entangled in his pocket. 

I At this time Turpin was watching at a small distance, and 
ding towards the spot, King cried out, " Shoot biiu, or we 




I 



-16 BECOBD OF BXECUnONS IN YOKH, 

are takeu ; " on which Turpin fired, and shot hia companion, 
who called out, " Dick, you have killed me," which the 
other hearing, rode oSTat full speed. 

King lived a week after this affair, and gave information 
that Toqiin might he found at a house near Hackney marsh ; 
and on inquiry it was dincovered that Turpio lisd been there 
on the night that he rode off, lamenting that he had killed 
King, who was his most faithful associate. 

JFor a considerable time did Turpin skulk about the forest, 
having heen deprived of hia retrent in the cave since he shot 
the servant of Air. Thompson. On the examination of thia 
cave, there were found two shirts, two paira of stockings, a 
piece of ham, and part of a bottle of wine. 

Some vain attempts were made to take this notorious 
offender into custody, and among the rest the Luiitsnian of 
a gentleman in tjie neighbourhood went in search of him 
with blood-hounds. Turpin perceiving them, and recollect- 
ing that King Charles II. evaded his ]iursuers under covert 
of the friendly branches of the oak. mounted one of those 
trees, under which iho hounds passed, to his iueKpresaible 
terror, so that he determined to make a retreat into Xork- 

Goiog first to Long Sutton, in Lincolnshire, he stole some 
horses, for which he was taken into custody ; but he escaped 
from the constable as he was conducting him before a 
magistrate, and hastened to Welton, in iTorkshire, where 1)0 
went hy the name of John Palmer, and assumed the uba- , 
racter of a gentleman. 

He DOW frequently went into Lincolnshire, where he 
stole horses, which he brought into Yorkshire, and eitheF 
sold or exchanged them. 

He often accompanied the neighbouring gentlemen OQ 
their parties of hunting and shooting ; and one evening, on 
ft return of an expedition of the latter kind, he wantonly 
ahot a. cock belonging to bis landlord. On thi^ Mr. Half, a 
neighbour, said, " You have done wrong in shooting your - 
landlord's cook;" to which Turpin replied, that if ho would 
stay till he loaded his gun he would shoot him also. 

Irritated by this insult, Mr. Hall informed the land- 
lord of what bad paitsed, and application being made to some 
knagistrates, a warrant was granted for the apprehenc' 



HBCOKD OF EXEOnnONS M TOKK. 



37 



iistocly, and carried 
mbled at the Quarter 
security for liis good 
7 unwilling to give, he 

ade frequent jonmeys 
a always abounded in 
I of Hercral hurees, so 
a horse-atealer and highway- 

5 day, 



) offender, who being taken into ( 
1 btnch of Justices tlien aBseni 
Sessions at Beverley, they demanded i 
behaviour, which he being unable oi 
■was committed to Bridewell. 

On inquiry, it waa found iliat he m 
into Lincolnshire, and on hia relniri 
money, and was likewise in TiossesKioi 
that it waa conjectured he v 

On this the magiatratea went to him on the follow 
and demanded who he waa, where he lived, and w 
hia empluynient ! He replied in substance, "that about 
two years ago he had lived at Long Sutton, in Linccilnshire, 
and waa by trade a butcher, but that having contracted 
several debta for aheep that proved rotten,' he was obliged 
to abacond, and come to live in Yorkahire." 

Tbe niagiatrates not being satisfied with this tale, commis- 
moncd the Clerk of the Peace to write into Lincolnshire, to 
make the necessary inquiries respecting the supjiosed John 
Palmer. The letter was carried by a special meaaenger, 
who brought aa answer from a magistrate in the aeighbour- 
liood, importing that John Palmer was well known, though 
he had never carried on trade there ; that he being accused 
of sheep-stealing, for which he had been in custody, had 
made his escape from the ]>eace officers; and that there 
were several informatioos lodged against him for horse- 
Hereupon the magistrates thought it prudent to remove 
him to York Castle, where he had not been more than a 
month, when two persons from Lincolnshire came and 
claimed a mare and foal, and likewise a horse, which he had 
stolen in that county. 

After he had been about four months in prison, he wrote 
the following letter to his brother in Eaaex : — 

Tart, Ftb. 6, 1739. 

icqunint jou that I am now id Yi>rk Caatle 
puM priJCuiB an evidence from Loudon to 
would go a great wity towarilB my being 
I long in this count; before my being Rppre- 




BECOBD OF EXEOCnONS IN YOBE. 



JOHS Pauckb. 

Thia letter being relnmed unopened to the Post Office in 
Eieex, because the bruthor would not pay the postage of it, 
was acciiJeij tally seen bj Mr. Smith, a schoolmaster, who 
having taught Turpia to write, immediately knew his hand ; 
on which he carried the letter to a magistrate, who broke 
it open, by which it appeared that the supposed John Faliner 
WHS the real Kichard Turpin. 

Hereupon the magistrates of Essex despatched Mr. Smith 
to York, who imtnetliately selected him from all the other 
prisouera in the Castle. This Mr. Smith and another 
gentleman afterwards proved his identity on his trial. 

On the rumour that the noted Turpin was a prisoner ia 
York Castle, persons flocked fi-om all parts of the country 
to take a view of him, and debates run very high whether he 
was the real person or not. Among otherswho visited him waa 
ft young fellow who pretended to know the famous Turpin, 
and having regarded him a considerable tinii; with loolu of 
great attention, ho told the keeper Le would bet him half a 
guinea that he was not Turpin; on which the priscmer, 
whispering the keeper, said, " Lay him tlie wager, and I'll 
go you halves." 

When this notorious malefactor was brought to trial, be 
was convicted on two indictments, and received seutenco of 
death. 

After conviction, he wrote to his father, imploring him to 
intercede with a gentlemoa and lady of rank, to make 
interest that his sentence might be remitted, and that he 
might be trauajiorted. The father did what was in his 
]H>wer, but the notoriety of his chai-acter was such that no 
persons would ex.ert themselves in his favour. 

This man lived in the most guy and thoughtless manner 
after conviction, regardless of all considerations of futurity, 
and aSecting to make a Jest of the dreadl'ul fate that awaited 
him. 

Not many days before hia execution, he purchased a new 
fnstiaD frock and a pair of pnmpa, in order to wear them at 
the time of hiB death; and on the day before he hired Ave 






BKOORD or SXEOUnOMS I 



, at ten shillings each, to fuUow the cart as 
moui'tiera. He alw) gave halbauUs and gKiTca to several 
other persons, and ]efb a riog and some other articles to a 
niarried woman in Lincoln efaire, withwhom he had been 
acqiuinted. 

On the morning of his death ho was put into a cai't, and 
being followed by bis mourners, as above mentioned, he was 
drawn to the place of execution, in his way to which he 
bowed to the s[)ectators with au air of tlie most astonishing 
indifference and iutrepidity. 

When lie came to the fatal tree, he ascended tLe ladder 
with firmness, bub his right leg trembling, he stamped it 
down with au air of assumed courage, as if lie was ashamed 
of discovering any signs of fear. Haviog couveraed with the 
eseeutioner about half au hour, he thi-ew himself off the 
ladder, and ezpireil in a few minutes. 

The speclatora of the execution were aSTected by his fate, 
as he was distinguislied by the comelinesa of his appearance. 
The corpse was brought to the '' Blue Boar," in Castlegate, 
York, where it remained till the next morning, 'When it 
was interred in the churchyard of St. Geoi^e's parish, with an 
inscription on the coffin, the initials of his name and his age. 
The grave was dug remarkably deep^ hut notwithstanding 
the people who acted as mourners took such measures aa 
they thought would secure the body, it was carried off 
about three o'clock on the following morning. Tlie populace, 
however, gob information where it wris conveyed, and found 
it in a garden belonging to one of the snrgeons of the city. 

Having got poBsesMion of it, they laid it on a board, and 
(^nied it through the streets iu a kind of triumphant 
manner ; they then filled the coffin with unakcked lime, 
and buried it in the gi-ave where it liud been before 
deposited. The irons which Tiirpin wore in York Castle 
weighed upwards of tweuty-eight pounds. 



Lk William Splhk, Jitn. 

^^Salurdi'^, Manh 27(/., A.l>. 1740.— William Spink, 
^d 2<j, was executed at the Tjburn without Micklegate 
Bar, for horse-stealing. The following is an account of the 



•1 




KBCOBD OF ESECCTI05S tS TORK. 



e C^t1e the Ja; before his exeou- 



IiwUt, io the p*ri4i of Eipoo. From thebca my 
remQTed to TCbaisdale. where I coDtinned till I ma 
Bti ytan of iiga. From LheDcs mj p-vante remored Io Bishop Tbom- 
ton, where I lived till 1 «■■ fit to ){o (o lerrice, in wbicb csp«cit}' of 
life I seriretl dai; uid haoeatljasa f»rtii secrnac, till I muried Frnncea 
3Iaw«0D. of Puk Hajr, and W3A kdnnd to rob the buii if my hooeet 
irutsler iMr. Hsire) of cam, which I did. After tbnt I broke iDto 
Billon Hall with the luawtaDce of ■ reUtion. nnd took from thenoe 
bedding and other goods. At another time I stole a qnantity of linen 
from a he^ge, Ibe (iropert; of William Lon^, of Whip Moor. After 
that I stole t'DCle Mawgoa'a colt and Sed the countrf. On returning', 
I Btule a borK beloogia^ to William Waddiugtoa, and another tram 
Frandg Bnck, of Burthate, near Bjple;, where I bnike a lock off tha 
stable. These (wo robberies were committed iu one oight. Ijul of 
all, I stole a black mare, the property of Jamea Rickaby, in Ihs paiiah 
of Upper Dundey, in the Biahupric of Durham,which maie was found 
in my posaeasion Ht Aecough, anil for which robbery I received sentence 



ttigned the 2eth day of Mareh, 1 740. 



Geobqe Bamtos, Attorsey; John Wright, 
JosEFtf Tysox, asd John Barker. 

Saturday, April 11 (A, A.D. 1741. — George Bainton, 
attorney, for forging a will ; Joha Wright, fur tlie murder 
of Upkin Stirling ; Joseph Tyson and John Barker, for 
borglary, were nil executed at the Xybiirn without Mickle- 
gate Bar. Bainton had, to the very last, £atrereil himself 
with the hope and aloioat eertiiin espectatiou of a reprieve ; 
but unexpectedly he had to Buffer like the rent. 

ESECUTIOS OF Tek Eebels. 
nj, NovembfT Ut, A.B. 1746. — The following rebels 
were executed at the Tyburn without Micklegate Bar; 
viz., — George Hamilton, Edward Clevering, James Spark, 
Charles Gordon, Angus McDonald, James Mayne, Beojaniin 
Mason, William Dernpsey, and two others, who were oniered 
for execution this day (William' Croshy, an Irishman, of 
Colonel Townley'a regiment, and William Barclay, of 
Colonel Grant's regiment, having been reprieved), were 
brought from the Castle in three sledges. But as they 



KECORD OF KXECCTIONS IN YORK. CI 

wet's coraiog dovrxi Castlegate, Mr, Dact, one of Lis Majesty's 
mesHengers, brougbt a reprieve fur John James Felletia, who 
was iiuiueUiately taken out cf the sledge andcoDrefed back Co 
the Castle. Hamilton, Cievering, Frazier, aud Gordon were 
iu the first sledge ; MasoD, JIuvne, CoiiuUy, and Deropsey 
in the second ; McDonald aud Spark in the last. When 
they bad hung ten minutes, the executioner cut them 
down, laid their hodiea on a stage built for that purpose, 
and stripped them naked. Captain Hamilton was the lirst 
whose heart was taken out, which the executioner threw 
into the fire, crying out, " Gentlemen, behold the heart of a 
traitor." Whmi he came to the last man, which was Frazier, 
he aaid, " Gentlemen, behold the heart of the last traitor. 
God save King George." Upon which the spectators gave a 
loud hiizzi. Then lie scored each of their arms aud leg^, 
but did not out thew off, cryiag, " Good people, behold the 
four quarters of a ti-aitur," aud when he had finished that 
part of the operation, he chopped ofi* their heads, hegiuning 
with Frazier, and ending with Hamilton, which finished the 
execution. The whole of the proceedings was couducted 
throughout with the utmost decency and good order. Two 
bearsex were ready to reoeive the bodies of Captain Hamil- 
ton, Cievering, and Gordon, and cofiins for the rest. The 
heads of Conolly and Mayne were set up at Micklegate Bar, 
and the head of Hamilton was put into a box, in order to 
be sent to Carlisle ; but the rest were put into coffins with 
their bodies, and were buried behind the Castle. 

Satwday, November Bt/t, A,D. 1746.— The remainder of 
the rebels were executed at the gallows without JUicklegate 
Bar. Their execution was performed after the same manner 
as the others laJit week, viz. : — David Itow, who was taken 
is the skirmish at Clifton. He was a volunteer in the Fce- 
tender'a army, and entered immediately after the battle of 
Preaton Pans, He had formerly been an officer in the 
Customs. William Hunter, of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, of 
Colonel Townley's regiment ; John Ecdaworth, of Kuottes- 
ford, in Cheshire, of Colonel Grant's i-egiment j John 
McClean, a Highlander; andjohn MoGreggor,of Pevthahire j 
both of the Duke of Pertli's regiment ; Simon McKensie, 
of Invemeaa ; and Alexander Parker, of the shire of Murray, 



^ 



€3 



r EXEOOTtOTTS IS YORK. 



of Colonel Stuart'a regiment; Thoraaa McOennis, j)f the 
sbire of Banff, and Archibald Kennedy, of Ajrsliire, both 
of Glenbucket'a regiment, tlie latter a aervaot to Colonel 
Grant ; James ThompMH, of Lord Oglevie'a regiment ; and 
Michael Brady, an Irishman, of Glengarry's regiment. 
They all behaved with great decency, and good order was 



I AVundel, a tailor, in York, asaiated 
n of his, stole from Micklegate Bar 
■ehel chiefs viz., — Conolly and Mayne, 



17i6. 






Irishman 



e Scotch n 



[prisoned for 
1. The following 
lately appeared ia 



I thrai.aboi. 
In 1754, one Willis 
by an Irish jnurneyn 
the heads of the two 
which had been placed there 
betrayed his master, and he 
two years, in the old 
account respecting thi 
the newspapers : — ' 

DisonvEBY Of THE Reuainh OF ScOTTiBH Eebklb. — Within ths 
iBBt few dajB s ourioos diEwoTerj hna been madB behind York CsaUe. 
A QQQiber of eicasatore were employed there to dig a drain, when tLoy 
turned up the remains of iibout twenty butiian bodies ; but the akul& 
of three or four of them were wanting, uiid the bonea appeared mixed 
togBtber in such nn ununu&l n»nner as tu excite ths ciirionity of aU 
who Bsw ibe poBitians in wtioh they were found. The canclnnon 
formed respecting them ia, that they are the remains of twenty-ona 
Scottish reiiele, who were executed near York, tea of them on Saturday, 
the lat. and the remainder ou Saturday, the 8th of November, 1716, 
when they were hanged, drawo, and quartered. 

JosiAH Feaen, THQMAa Shown, and Eobekt Fawthobp. 

Salwday, March 26(7i, A.D. ITiS. — Josiah i'earo, Thomas 
Brown, and Robert Fawthorp were executed at the Tyburo 
without Micklegate Bar for the following crimes : — Josiali 
Feam for wilful murder ; Thomaa Brown, alius Clark, alias 
Sanderson, ou suspicion of stealing a bltick mare ; and Robert 
Fawthorp for the murder of Eliaabeth Ferrand and Marj 
Parker, grocers, of Church Fenton. He committed tha 
bloody deed in broad daylight, on the 3rd day of October, 
1748, and was married on the 4th. He waa apprehended 
on the 6th, and eommitted to York Castle for trial. After 
the perpetration of this cruel and bloody deed, he robbed 
the house of all the money and valuables it contained, and 
decamped with liia booty. Afterwards tha barking of a 



HEOOHD OP SXEomONg IN TOKK, 0» 

dog attracted the attention of some of the neighbonra, who 
then brake into the house, aDil discovered the two lifeless 
bodies, maogled in a moat awful and shocking manner. The 
bloody deed had been done witli a cooper'a adze, or some 
other blunt instrumeut, 

JosKPH Tjakbutt, Abkahah Scott, and John Tiplady. 

'Saturday, March, 31s(, A.D. 1750.— Joseph Garbutt and 
Abraham JScott were executed at the Tyburn without Mickle- 
gate Bar, for sheep- stealing ; and John Tiplady was exe- 
cuted at the same time and place for horse-stealing. To 
the last he bitterly denied the fact for which he suffered on 
the gallows. 

ROBEBT LoVEDAV AND BeSJAMIN FaKMERY. 

ScUuvday, April ll(/i, A.D. 1752.— Robert Loveday and 
Benjamin Parcnery were executed at the Tyburn without 
Micklegate Bar, for hoasebreakitig. 

Edvard Wells and Bezaliel Knowleb. 

Monday, April 28i/(, A.D. 1763.— Edward Wells, of 
North aller ton, in this county, bricklayer, aged iO, waa 
executed at the Tyburn without Micklegate Bar, for forgery. 
At the gallows he took off his hat, wig, and handkerchief, 
nnbuttoned his shirt, then turned about, opened the nooae 
of the rope, kissed it, put it under his chin, and would have 
thrown it over his head if his being pinioned had not with- 
held hitu. When the executioner had put the rope about 
his neck, he fixed the knot under his left ear, and when the 
cart was drawn away, he threw liiinaelf off it with the greftfr- 
est resolutiou. 

Bezaliel Knowlea, aged 17, waa executed at the same 
time and place, for the wilful murder of Dorothy tiibaon. 
He behaved with much decency and contrition, and jirayed 
with, the greatest fervency. As he endeavoured to step upon 
the board for the executioner to fix the halter round his 
neck, he fell back in the cart. He made a very ample con- 
fession, and died penitent. 



I 



eecobd of locbodtrojts in yoek. 

David Habkness, 

Saturday, April "ith. A.D. 1753. — David Harknesa wad 
executed at the Tjbura without, Mioklegate Bar, for huroe- 
atealing. 

Thomas Downing aud John Wentwobth. 

SnturJav A gvst "nd, A.D. 1753. — Thomas Downing, 
of Ho*b ook IQ the (ftrish of Tatikeraley, lahourar, aged ' 
23, was executed at the Tybum without Mioklegate 9"'", 
on Buap c a of sheej" stealing from James EineliSl John 
Weiitworth alia'' Iboralinaon, gardener, aged 29, waa 
exetrated at tl e san e timo and place, on suBpicion of 
breaking open a bos, and taking out of it seventeen guineas, 
the property of Mr. James Taylor, of Selby. 

William Smith. 

Wednesday, A'ugusl 22nd, 1753. — William Smith was 
executed aC the Tybnm without Mioklegate Bar, for the 
■wilful and diabolical murder of Thomas Harper, William 
Harper, and Ann Harper, bis wife, the father, sen, and 
daughter-in-law. The culprit behaved to the very last in 
the most unooncerned and insensible manner. Hie body 
was sent to the county hospital to be diaaected and anato- 
mized, according to the direction of the late Act of Farlia- 
meut against murder. 



Joseph Eiddell and !Fbancis Jefferson. 

Satwrday, August 17th, A.D, 17S4.- — Joseph Riddell waa 

executed at the Tybnm without Micklegste Bar, for the 

- murder of Richard Mar8deii;andrrancisJefferson,forhonse- 

breaking at Soutli Clifi', in the East Itiding, was executed 

at tlie same time and [ilace. 

David Evans, Eichakd Vabley, and John Holdbwobth. 

SiUurdiiy, Aiu/tist 2S!A, A.D. 1756. — David Evans waa 
executed at the Tyburn without Micklegate Bar, for high- 




KKCOBD OP KOSCOTIONa IS YORK. 65 

lay robbery and horse-stealing. Kichard Varley also was 
execnted at the same time and place for highway robbery ; 
and John Holdaworih shared the same tkte for house- 
breaking with violence. 

Elijah Oaks. 

Scdnrday, August 28(A, A.D. 1756.— Elijah Oaks, aged 
27, was executed at the Tyburn without Mctlegate Bar, 
for burglary. He died very penitent. 

Maky Eliah. 

Saturday, March 30fA,A.D. 1757.— Mary EUah, of Brom- 
fleet, near Cave, was executed at the Tyburn without 
Micklegate Bar, for the wilful murder of her hushand, by 
atraogling hiia while in a fit of jealous excitement. She 
was hanged, and her body was burnt when taken, down. 



t^' 



George Trottek. 

Monday, April Zrel, A.D. 1757. — George Trotter, aged 
r, waa executed at the Tyburn without Micklegate Bar, 
for the wilful murder of hia sweetheart, Hannah Wilson, at 
the town feaat of Todwick, near Eotherham, on the 6th day 
of July, 1756. It appeared that he intended to marry the 
girl, but, fancying ehe had a regard for another person, he 
became furiously jealous, whereupon he called her out into 
the yard, and, on pretence of speating to her, stabbed her 
in the belly with a penknife, which caused her death. 
Though he behaved remarkably insolent at his trial, he 
became penitent before hia execution. Hia body waa sent 
to the county hospital for dissection, 

TH03IA3 Cooper and Stephen Tudeak. 

Saturday, July Sdtii, A.D. 1757.— Thomas Cooper was 
executed at the Tyburn without Micklegate Bar, for horse- 
Btealing ;and Stephen Tudear was executed at the same time 
and place, for the wilful murder of Ellen Applegarth, of 



Wetherby. He was afterwards hung in chains on CliSird 
Moor, near Wetherby, the place near to the spot vhere th» 
brntal murder was committed. 

Matthew Eiltos, William Watson, Eichabd Fobu, 
Robert Coij^ akd George Beret. 

Monday,May let, A,D. 1758. — The above rioters werB 
executed at the Tyburn without Micklegate Bar, putBuanfc 
to their sentence. Bilton, Watson, and Ford were con- 
■victed of.high treason, and were not only haaged, but drawn 
and quartered. In their rioting wantonness they proceeded 
from market-town to market-town demanding money from 
the inhabitants, and using violent threats, by which they 
obtained seven guineas from the servants of Mr. Osbaldeston; 
also money from the Hon. and Kev. Henry Egerton. They 
died remarkably penitent, confessed to their being ooncamed 
in the said riots, and exhorted their countrymen to take 
warning from their nntimely fate. Cole, in addition to the 
crime of rioting, was convicted for obstructing the execution 
of the Militia Act, They were called the " Wensleydale 
rioters," and originated in consequence of the high price of 



BeNJAUIS WufDLE AND HjMIlY NeLSON. 

Saturday, Ma/ralb 2i(/», A.D. 1769.— Benjamin Windle 
was executed at the Tyburn without Mioldegate Bar, for 
breaking into the house of Thomaa Hirst, of Bradley, on the 
night of the 32cd of October, 1758, and steaiiag out of » 
chest a leather bag, containing one hundred pounds in goll 
coin, and another bag containing forty guineas in gold, and 
a linen purse, containiog twenty shillings and fivepenoa 
ill copper; and Henry Nelson, for perjury and foi^ry. 
They both behaved in a very decent and becoming manner j 
but the' former absolutely denied to the very last his being 
guilty of the offence for whicii he Buffered. 

Besjamis Hoult. 
Saturday, Api\l 9th, A.D. 1759.— Boujaniin Honlt waa 



RECORD Of EXECtmONS HT YORK. 07 

[ecnted at the Tybnm without Walmgate Ear. for horae- 
stealing. He met his fate ■with great composure, and died 
very penitent, protesting to the very last his i 
the crime for whicli he suffered. 



»Edgene Aham. 
Monday, August 6(7t, A.D. 1759. — Eugene Aram, school- 
master, aged 54, formerly of Knareaborougb, aud after that 
of Lynn, was executed at the Tyburn without Micklegate 
Ear, and after that hung in chaina, for the wilful murder of 
Daniel Clark, shoemaker, on the 8th of February, 1744-5. 
Clark had been recently married, and, under colour of having 
received a fortune with his wife, he entered into a confede- 
racy with Aram and Houseman, a flax-dresser, to defraud 
several persons of plate and other gooda, which Clark was 
to borrow from irieads and acquaintances, to make a first 
appearance in the married state. This he did, and obtained 
things of great value, such as linen and woollen drapery 
goods, besides three silver tankards, four silver mugs, one 
silver milkpot, one ring set with an emerald, and two 
brilliant diamonds ; another with three rose diamonds, a 
third with an amethyst, six plain rings, eight watches, two 
snuff-boxes, &c., all from different people. Having fraudu- 
lently obtained the goods, the place of distribution was fixed 
upon at Aram's house, and Clark was soon afterwards 
missing. His intimacy with Aram and Houseman excited 
a suspicion that they might be concerned in the fraud. 
Search was made, and some of the goods were found in House- 
man's house, and another portion was dug up in Aram's 
garden ; but as no plate was found, it was believed that 
Clark had gone olf with that, Tlie affair remained in abey- 
ance untU the month of June, 1 758, when Aram was found 
at Lynn, in Norfolk, where he was usher of a school, and he 
was then arrested for the murder of Clark. 

The wife of Aram, after his depavtore from her — for she 
did not go with him to Lynn, — had intimated her suspicion 
of Clark being murdered, and of her husband and Houseman 
being concerned in the murder. Aram, on being told this, 
said to Houseman that " he would shoot her, and put her 



i 



L 



68 HECOKD OF EXEcnnojra ih toek. 

out of tlie way." Tiiis and other testimony being givea on the 
coroner's inquest, Houaeuian, who was there, showed varioua 
markaof guilt ; and, nponaskeleton which had beenfound being 
produced, he toolc up one of the bones and said, " This is no 
more Dan. Clark'a bone than it is mine." In truth, these 
were not the bones of Clark, but were designed to bring the 
real body to light, which Houseman, after some evasion ia 
his firat deposition, discovered to be in St. Robert's Cave, 
near Knareabo rough, where it was found in the posture 
described. He was then admitted king's evidence against 
Aram, and brought ia one Terry as an accomplice in the 
murder. Houseman gave his deposition as foUows : — 

" That Daniel Clark was murdered by Eugene Aram, late 
of Knaresborough, schoolmaster, and as he believes, on Friday, 
the 8th of Febniary, 1744-5 ; for that Eugene Aram and 
Daniel Clark were together at Aram's house early that 
moroiug, and that he (Houseman) lell the house, and went 
up the street a little before, and they called to him, desiring 
he would go a little way with them, and he accordingly went 
along with them to a place called St. ^Robert's Cave, near , 
Orimbald-bridge, where Aram and Clark stopped, and there 
he sawAram strike him several times over the breast and head, 
and saw him fall as if he was dead, upon which be came away 
and left them. But whether Aram used any weapon or not 
to kill Clark he could not tell, nor does he know what he 
did with the body afterwards, bat believes that Aram left it 
at the mouth of the cave ; for that, seeing Aram do this, lest 
he might share the sauie fate, he made the best of his way 
from him, and got to the bridge-end, where, looking back, 
he saw Aram coming from the cave-side (which is in a 
private rock adjoining the river), and could discern a. bundle 
iu his hand, but did not know what it was. Upon this he 
Lasted away to the town, without either joining Aram, or 
seeing him again until the next day, and from that time to 
this he never had any private discourse with him." 

Subsequently, however, Houseman said that Clark'a body 
WHS buried in St. Hobert'a Cave, and that he was sure it was 
then there ; but he desired that it might remain where it 
till Aram should be taken. 
L.ram being thus accused by Houseman, was apprehended 



BECDKD OF EZBCUTIOIIS IS YOKE. 69 

in the school at Ljud, and after some ev.isio?is on the first 
examination, lie signed the following statement ; — 

"That he was at his own houee on the Ttli of Fehruary, 
lTi4-o, at night, when Kichard Houseman and Daniel Clark 
came to him with some plate, and both of tbem went for 
more several times, and came back with several [liecea of 
plate, of which Clark waa endeavouring to defraud his neigh- 
bours ; that ho could not but observe that Houseman was 
all that night very diligent to assist bim to the utmost of 
his power ; and insisted that this was Houseman's business 
that night, and not the signing anj note or instrument as 
is pretended by Houseman. That Hpnry Terry, then of 
Knajreshorough, ale-keeper, waa as much couoeraed in abetting 
the said frauds, as either Houseman or Clark ; but was not 
now at Aram's house, because, as it was market-day, his 
absence from his guests might have occasioned some auspictan. 
That Terry, notwithstanding, brought two silver tankards 
that night, upon Clark's account, which had been fraudu- 
lently obtained ; and that Clark, so far from having borrowed 
^20 of Houseman, to hia knowledge never borrowed more 
than £d, which he had paid him again before that night. 
That all the leather Clark had, which amounted to a consi- 
derable value, he well knows was concealed under a fiat in 
Houseman's house, with intent to be disposed of by little 
and little, in order to prevent suspicion of his being con- 
cerned in Clark's fra\idulent practices. That Terry took the 
plate in a bag, as Clark and Houseman did the watches, rings, 
and several small things of value, and carried them into the 
flat, where they and he (Aram) went together to St. Robert's 
Cave, and beat most of the plate flat. It wiis then thought 
too late in the morning, being about four o'clock on the Sth 
ol' February, 1744-5, for Clark to go off bo as to get to any 
distance ; it waa therefore agreed he should stay there till 
the night following ; and Clark accordingly stayed there all 
that day, as he believes, they having agreed to send him 
victuals, which were carried to him by Henry Terry, he being 
judged the most likely person to do it without suspicion, for 
aa he was a shooter he might go there under the pretence of 
sporting. That the next night, in order to give Clark more 
time to get oS, Henry Terry, Richard Houseman, and him- 
self, went down to the cave very early, but he (Aram) did 



I 






70 BECOKD OF SXEOUnOim DT YORK. 

not go into the cave to see Clark at all ; that Richard 
HouBemaa and Henry Teny only went into the cave, he 
staying to watch at a little digtance an the outside, lest 
anybody should surprise them ; that he believes they were 
beating some plate, for he heard them making a noise. They 
stayed there about an hour, and then cajne out of the oave, 
and told him that Clark v/aa gone off. Observing a bag 
they had along with them, ho took it in his hand, and saw 
that it contained plate. On asking why Daniel did not 
take the plate with him, Terry and Honseman replied that 
they had bought it of him as well as the watches, and bad 
given him money for it, that being more convenient for him 
to go off with, as less cumbersome and dangerous. After 
which they all three went into Houseman's warehouse, and 
concealed the watches with the small plate there, but that 
Terry carried away with him the great plate ; that after- 
wards Terry told him he carried it to How-hill, and hid 
it there, and then went into Scotland and disposed of it; 
but as to Clark, he could not tell whether he was murdered 
or not : he knew nothing ^of him, only that they told him 
he was gone o£" 

After he had signed this he was conducted to York 
Castle, where he and Houseman remained till the Assises. 

From the examination of Aram there appeared good 
reason to suspect Terry to be an accomplice in the murder. 
A warrant was therefore granted, and he was apprehended 
and committed to the Castle. Bills of indictment were 
found against them ; but it appearing to the Court, upon 
affidavit, that the prosecutor could not be fully provided 
with his witnesses at that time, the trial was postponed till 
Ijammas Assizes. 

On the 3rd of August, 1759, Houseman and Aram were 
brought up to plead. Houseman was arraigned on his 
former indictment, acquitted, and admitted evidence against 
Aram, who was thereupon arraigned. 

Houseman was then called upon, who deposed, — "That 
in the night between the 7th and 8th of February, 1744-5, 
about eleven o'clock, he went to Aram's house ; that after 
two hours and upwards spent in passing to and fro between 
their several houses, to dispose of various goods and to settle 
some notes concerning them, Aram proposed first to Clark 



BCOOBD or EXBCcnoire ih toss. 71 

and thea Houseman to take a walk out of town ; that wheu 
they cfune to tLe field where St. Kobert'e Cave is, Aram 
and Clark went into it over the hedge, and when they came 
withinsixoreight yards of the cave he saw them quarrelling; 
that he saw Aram strike Clark several times, upon which 
Clark fell, and he never saw him rise again ; that he saw no 
instrument that Aram had, and knew not that he had any; 
that upon this, without any interposition or alarm, he left 
them and returned home ; that the next morning he went 
to Aram's house and asked what business he had with Clark 
last night, and what he had done with him ! Aram replied 
not to this qnestiou, but threatened him if he spoke of his 
being in Clark's company that night, vowing revenge against 
him, either by himself or some other person, if he mentioned 
anything relating to the afiair." 

Peter Moor (Clark's servant) deposed,— " That a little 
before his disappearing, Clark went to receive his wife's 
fortune ; that upon his return he went to Aram's house, 
where Moor then was. Upon Clark's coming in, Aram 
said, ' How do you do, Mr. Clark ! I am glad to see you 
at home again ; pray, what success t ' To which Clark re- 
plied, ' I have received my wife's fortune, and have it in my 
pocket, though it was with dif&oulty I got it.' TJpon which 
Aram said to Clark (Houseman being present), ' Let us go 
np-stairs.' Accordingly they went, upon which thia witness 
returned home," 

Mr, Beckwith deposed, — " That when Aram's garden was 
searched on suspicion of his being an accomplice in the 
lirauds of Clark, there were found several kinds of goods 
bound together in a coarse wrapper ; and among the rest, in 
particular, a piece of cambric which he himself had sold 
Clark a very little time before." 

Thomas Barnet deiiosed,— " That on the 8th of February, 
about one in the morning, he saw a person come out of 
Aram's house, who had a wide coat on, with the cape about 
his head, and seemed to shun him ; whereupon ho went up 
to him and pat by the cape of his great-coat, and perceiving 
it to he Kiohard Houseman, wished him a good night, alias 
a good morning," 

John Barker, th^ constable who executed the warrant 
granted by Mr, Thornton, and endorsed by Sir John Turner^ 




I 




. KECOHD Oy ETECCnOSS Ct TOBK. 

deposed, — "Thai, at Ljtid, Sir -John Tamer and i 
others first went into the school where Aram was, the 
vitoeas waiting at the door. Sir .tohn asked bim if he 
knew Kraresborongh. He replied, ' No.' And being farther 
asked if he had any acqnaintance with one Daniel Clark, 
he denied that he ever knew such a man. The witness 
then entered the school and said, ' How do you do, Mr, 
Aram 1 ' He replied, ' How do yon do, sir 1 1 don't know 
you.' 'What!' said the witness, 'don't you know mef 
Don't you remember that Daniel Clark and you always had 
a Bpite against me when yon lived at Knaresboroagh ! ' The 
witness then asked him if he did not know St. Robert's 
Cave. He answered ' Yes.' Ilie witness replied, 'Ay, to 
your sorrow.' That npon their journey to York, Aram in- 
quired after his old neighbonra, and what they said of him. 
To which the witness replied that they were much enraged 
against him for the loss of their goods. That upon Aram 
asking if it was not possible to make up the matter, the 
witness answered, ' He believed he might save himself if he 
would restore back what they had lost.' Aram answered 
that 'it was impossible; bat ho might, perhaps, find an 
equivalent.' " 

Aram was then aaked by the Judge if he bad anything 
to say to the witness before him. lie replied that, to the , 
best of his knowledge, it was not in the school, but in the 
room adjoining the school, where Sir John Turner and the 
witness were when he first saw them. 

The skull was then produced in court, on the left aide of 
which there was a fracture that, from the nature of it, could 
not have been made but by the stroke of some blunt instm- 
ment ; the piece was beaten inwards, and could not be 
replaced but from within. Mr. Locock, the surgeon who 
produced it, gave it as his opinion that no such breach could 
proceed from nataral decay ; that it was not a recent fi-ac- 
tnre, caused by the instrument with which it was dug up, 
but seemed to be of many years' standing. 

Aram, on being asked what motive could induce him to 
commit the murder, answered that he suspected Clark to 
have had a criminal connection with his wile. It appeared 
further that Aram possessed himself of Clark's fortune, which 
he got with his wife a little before — about XIOO. The 




SECOSD OF EIECP nO Sa tS TDKK. 

aridence baving been closed, Aram, delivered into o 
writing, the following masterly defence : — 

•' My lord, I know not whelhep it ia of right, or throngb 
some indalgence of your lordship, that I am allowed the 
liberty at this bar, and at this time, to attempt a defence^ 
incapable and nninstractcd as I am to speak. Since, while 
I see so maoj eves upon me — BO numerous and awfhl & 
ooQcourEe, fixed with att^otion, and filled with I know not 
what expectancy, I labour, not with gnilt, my lord, bnt with 
perplexity. For, having never seen a court but this, — being 
wholly unacqa^Qted with law, the cuatoma of the bar, and all 
judiciary proceedings, — I fear I shall be so little capable of 
Bpealdiig with propriety, that it might reasonably be ex- 
pected to e.zc«ed my hope should I be able to apeak at alL 

" I have heard, my lord, the indictment read, wherein I 
find myself charged with the highest of human crimes. 
Ton will grant me, then, your patience, if I, single and 
nnskilfol, destitute of friends, and unasaiated by counsel, 
attempt something perhaps like argument in my defence. 
What I have to say will be but short, and that Lrevity may 
be the best part of it. 

"First, my lord, the whole tenor of my life contradicts 
every particular of this indictment. Yet I hud never said 
this, did not my present circumstances extort it from me, 
and seem to make it necessary. Permit me here, my lord, 
to call U|)OQ malignity itself, so long and cruelly busied in 
this prosecution, to charge upon me any immorality of which 
prejudice waa not the author. No, my lord, I concerted no 
Bchemea of fraud, projected no violence, injured no man'a 
person or property. My days were honestly laborious ; my 
nights intensely studious. And I humbly conceive my 
notice of this, especially at this time, will not be thought 
impertinent or unreasonable, but, at least, deserving some 
attention ; because, my lord, that any person, after a tem- 
perate use of life, a series of thinking and acting regularly, 
and without one single deviation from sobriety, should 
plunge into the very depth of profligacy, and precipitately 
and at once, is altogether improbable and unprecedented, 
and absolutely inconsistent with the course of things. 
Mankind is never corrupted at once; viUany is always 
progressive, and declines from right step by step, till every 



L 



74 BBOOBD OF EXBCUnOira IN TOKK. 

regard to probity is lost, and every Benae of all moral obliga- 
tiona totally perishes. 

" Again, my lord, a suspicion of this kind, wliicli nothing 
but malevolence could entertain and ignorauce propagate, ia 
violently opposed by my very situation at that time mth 
respect to health ; for, but a little space before, I had been 
confined to my bed, and suffered nnder a long and severe 
disorder, and was not able for half a year together ho much 
83 to walk. This distemper left me, indeed, yet slowly and 
in part ; bnt so entaoiated, so enfeebled, that I was reduced 
to crutches, and was so far from being well about the time 
I am charged with this fact, that I have never to this day 
perfectly recovered. Could, then, a person in this condition 
take anything into his head so unlikely, so extrava- 
gant 1 I, part the vigour of my age, feeble, valetudinary, 
■with no inducement to engage, no ability to accomplish, no 
weapon wherewith to perpetrate such a fact ; without 
interest, without power, without motive, without means ? 

" Besides, it must occur to every oue, that an action of 
this atrocious nature is never heard of but when its springs 
are laid open. It appears it was to support some indolence, 
or supply some luxury ; to satisfy some avarice, or oblige 
some malice j to prevent some real or imaginary want ; yet 
I lay not under the influence of any of tliese. Surely, my 
lord, I may consistently, both with truth and modesty, affirm 
thna much ; and none who have any veracity, and knew 
me, will ever question this. 

" In the second place, the disappearance of Clark is sug- 
gested as an argument of his being dead ; but the uncertainty 
of such an inference from that, and the fallibility of all con- 
clnsions of such sort, from such a circuni stance, are too 
obvious and too notorious to require instances ; yet, super- 
seding many, permit me to produce a very recent one, and 
that afforded by this Castle. 

" In June, 1757, William Thompson, for all the vigilance 
of this place, in open daylight, and doubie-ironed, made hia 
escape ; and, notwithstanding an immediate inquiry set on 
foot, the strictest search, and all advertisement, was never 
seen or heard of since. If, then, Thompson got off unseen, 
through all these difficulties, how very easy it was for Clark 



> OF EXEGiniONS IN YOKE. 75 

when none of tliem opposed him ! But what would be 
thongbt of a prosccutiou commeaced against any one seea 
last with Thomijaon J " 

" Permit me next, my lord, to obaerve a little «jx>n the 
bones which have been discovered. It is said, which is 
perhaps sayiog very far, that tlieae are the skeleton of a man. 
It is possible, indeed, they may be ; but is there any certain 
known ciiterion which incoutestably distinguishes tbe sex in 
haman bones 1 l/et it be considered, my lord, whether the 
ascertaiuitig of this point ought not to precede any attempt 
to identify them t 

" The place of their deposition, too, claima much more at- 
tention than is commonly bestowed upon it ; for of all places 
in the world, none could have mentioned any oe8 wherein 
there was greater certainty of finding human bones than a 
hermitage, except lie should point out a cburehyard'; hermit- 
ages in times ])ast being not only places of religious retire- 
ment, but of burial too. And it has scarce or ever been 
faeaid of, but that every cell now known contains, or con- 
tEtined, these relics of humanity, some mutilated, and some 
mtire. I do not inform, but give me leave to remind your 
lordship, that here sat solitary sanctity, and here the hermit 
or the anchoress hoped that repose for their bones when 
dead they here enjoyed when living. 

"Alt this while, my lord, I am sensible this is known to 
your lordship and muny in this court better than I ; but it 
eeems necessaiy to my case that others, who have not at all, 
perhaps, adverted to things of this nature, and may have 
concern in my trial, sliould be made acquainted with it. 
Suffer me then, my loi-d, to produce a few of many evidences 
that these cella were used aa depositories of the dead, and to 
enumerate a few in which human bones have been found, as 
it happened in tliiu iu rjuei^tion, lest to some that accident 
might seem extraordinary, and consequently occasion pre- 
judice. 

" 1. The bones, aa was supposed of tho Sason, St. 

DnbritiuB, were diiicovered buried in his cell at Guy's Cli^ 

near Warwick, an appears from the authority of Sir William 

^^Dagdalc. 

^^^'' 2. The bones, thought to be those of the anchoress. 



I 



76 



BECOBD OF KXEOCnOSS IN YOBK. 



I 




Eoda, were but lately tiiscoveved iu a cell at Rojaton, entirey 
fair, and undecayed, tltough they mxint have laia interred for 
several centuries, as is proved by Dr. Stukejy. 

" 3. But our own county — nay, almost this neighbourhood, 
Bnpplies anothec instance ; for in January, 1747, waa found 
by Mr. Stovin, accompanied by a reverend gentleman, the 
bones, in part, of some recluse, in the cell at Lindholm, near 
Hatfield. They were believed to be those of William of 
Lindholm, a hermit, who had long made this cave hia 
hftbitation. 

"4. In February, 1744, part of "Wobum Abbey, beiog 
pulled down, a large portion of a corpse appeared, even with 
the flesh on, and which bore cutting with a knii'e, though it 
is certain this had Iain above one hundred yeara, and howmuch 
longer is doubtful, for this abbey was founded in 1145, and 
was dissolved in 1538 or 1539. 

" What would have been said, what believed, if this Lad 
been an accident to the bones in question ! 

" Further, my lord, it is cot yet out of living memory 
that, a little distance from Knaresborough, in. a field, part of 
the manor of the worthy and patriotic baronet whotioes that 
borough the honour to represent it in parliament, were found 
in digging for gravel, not one human skeleton only, but five 
or six, deposited side by side, with each an urn placed on its 
head, as your lordship knows was usual in ancient inter- 
ments. 

"About the same time, and in another field, almost close 
to this borough, was discovered also in searching for gravel, 
another human skeleton ; bub the piety of the same worthy 
gentleman ordered both pits to be filled up again, commend' 
ably unwilling to disturb the dead. 

" Is the exhumation of these bones to be forgotten, then, 
or industriously concealed, that the discovery of those in 
question may appear the move singular and extraordinary ; 
whereas, in fact, there is nothing extraordinary in it 1 My 
lord, almost every place conceals such remains. In fields, in 
hilJB, in highway sides, on wastes, on commons, lie frequent 
and unsuspected bones. And our present allotments !< 
rest for the departed are but of some centuries. 

" Another particular seems also to claim a little of your 
lordship's notice and that of the gentlemen of the jory ; 



KBCOKD Oy IXECCTKWS IS TOEK. 77 

which is, that perhaps no example occars of mora than one 
sketetoD being found in one cell ; and in the cell in 
question was found but t/ne ; agreeable in this to the pecnli- 
aritf of every other known cell in Britain. Not the 
discover; of one skeletoii, then, but two, would have ap- 
peared snspicioos and uncommon. 

" Bat then, my lord, to attempt to identify these, wheu 
even to identify living men aomerimes has proved so difG-cult, 
as in the case of Perkin Warbeck and Lambert Symnell at 
home, and Don Sebastian abroad, will be looked upon, 
perhaps, as an attempt to determine what is indeterminable. 
And I hope, too, ic will not pass unconsidered here, where 
gentlemen believe with caution, thick with reason, and 
decide with humanity, what interest the endeavour to do 
this is calculated to serve, in assigning proper personality to 
these bonea whose particular appropriation can only appear 
to eternal Omniscience. 

" Permit me, my lord, also very humbly to remonstrate 
that, as human bones appear to have been the inseparable 
adjancts of every cell, even any person naming such a place 
at random as contusing them, in this case allows him rather 
fortunate than conscious-prescient, and that these at- 
tendants on every hermitage accidentally concurred with 
this conjecture — a mere casual coincidence of toorih and 
thingi. 

"But, it seems, another skeleton has been discovered by 
some labourer, which was fully as confidently averred to be 
Clark's as this. Sly lord, must some of the living if it 
promote some interest, be made answerable for all the bones 
tbat earth has concealed, or chance exposed ? And might 
not a place where bones lie be mentioned by a person by 
chance, as well as found by a labotirer by chance ! Or is it 
more criminal accidentally to name where bones lie tbaa 
accidentally tojtnd where they lie ? 

" Here, too, ia a human skull produced, which is frac- 
tured ; but was this the cause, or was it the consequenoe 
of death ? Was it owing to violence, or the eii'eot of natural 
decay 1 If it was violence, was that violence before or after 
deaths My lord, in May, 1732, the remains of William, 
the Lord Archbishop of tliid piovince, were taken up by per- 
mission, in this cathedral, and the bones of the skull were 



I 



78 HECORD OF 

fotiiid broken ; yet certaiQly he died by no violence offered 
to him alive that could occasion that fracture there. 

Let it be considered, my lord, that upon the diasolntion of 
religious houaee, and the commencement of the Beformation, 
the ravages of those times both affected the living and the 
dead. In search after imaginary treaaures, cofiins 'were 
broken up, graves and vaults dog open, monuments ran- 
HBoked, and sbriuea demolished. Your lordship knows that 
these violations proceeded so far as to occasion Parliament- 
ary authority to restrain them ; and it did aliout the be^n- 
niug of the reign of Elizabeth.* I entreat'your lordship, suffer 
not the violence, the depredations, and the iniquities of those 
times to be imputed to this. 

" Moreover, what gentleman here is ignorant that Knares- 
borough had a caatle which, though now in ruina, was once 
considerable both for its strength and its garrison. All 
know it waa rigorously besieged by the arms of the Parlio' 
ment ; at which siege, in sallies, conflictB, flights, pnrsuits, 
many fell in all the places aronnd it, and where they fell were 
buried ; for every place, my lord, ia a burial-place in time of 
war ; many, questionless, of these rest unknown, whose bones 
futurity shall discover. 

" I hope, with all imaginable submission, that what has 
been said will not be thought impertinent to this indictment ; 
and that it will be &r irom the wisdom, the learning, and 
the integrity of this place to impute to the living what zeal 
in its fury may have done ; what nature may have taken off 
and piety interred ; or what war alone may have destroyed, 
alone deposited. 

" As to the circumstances that have baen raked up( I 
have nothing to observe, but that such circumstances 
have been frequently found fallible and frail. They 
may rise to the utmost degree of probability, yet aro 
they but probability still. Why need I name to your lord- 
ship the two Harrisons, recorded by Dr. Howell, who both 
suffered upon circumstances, because of the disappearance of 
their lodger, who waa in credit, had contracted debts, 
borrowed money, and went off unseen, and returned many 
years after their execution 1 Why name the intricate affairs 
of Jacques de Moulin, under Charles II,, related by a 
gentleman who waa counsel for the Crown 1 And why the 




unhappy Coleman, who suffered innocent, though convicted 
upon positive evidence, and whose childi-en perished for want 
becaoae the world uucharitahly believed the father guilty ! 
Why meiitiou the perjury of fSmith, incautiously admitted 
king's evidence, who, to screen himself, equally accused Fair- 
cloth and Loveday of the mnrder of Dun, the firat of 
whom, in 1749, was executed at Winchester; and Loveday 
■was about to suffer at Heading had not Smith been proved 
perjured to the satisfaction of the court, by the surgeon ot 
the Gosporfc Hospital t 

"Now, my lord, having endeavoured to show that the 
whole of tliis process is altogether repugnant to every part 
of my life ; that It is inconsistent with my condition of 
health at that time j that no rational inference can be drawn 
that a person is dead who suddenly disappears ; that hermit- 
ages were the constant repositories of the bones of the re- 
elose ; that the proofs of this are well authenticated ; that 
the revolutions in religion, or the fortune of war, have 
mangled or buried the dead ; the conclusion remains, perhaps, 
no less reasonably than impatiently wished for. I, at last, after 
a year's confinement, equal to either fortune, put myself 
upon the candour, the justice, the humanity of your lord- 
ship, and npon yours, my countrymeo, gentlemen of the 
jury." 

The jnry, after some conference, pronounced a verdict of 
"guilty." Aram's sentence was a juat one, and he submitted 
to it with that stoicism he so much affected. The momiug 
after he was condemned he confessed the justice of it to two 
clergymen (who had a Ucence from the judge to atteod him), 
by declaring that he murdered Clark. Being asked by one 
of them " what his motive was for doing that abominable 
action 1 " he answered that, '■ he suspected Clark of having 
aa unlawful commerce with his wife ; that he was persuaded 
at the time he committed the murder he did right ; but 
lance he has thought it wrong." After this, " Pray," says 
Aram, " what became of Clark's body, if Houseman went 
home, as he said upon my trial, immediately on seeing liim 
fidH" One of the clergymen replied, "I'll toll you what 
became of it ; you and Houseman dragged it into the cave, 
and stripped and buried it there, brought' away his clothes, 
and burnt them at your own houae." To which he assented. 



80 



J or BBtBOOnONB IK YORK. 



I 



3 tlion asked wliether Houseman did not earnestly 
lim to murder Lis wife, for fear she should discover 
IS they had heen about. He hastily said, " He did, 
and pressed me several times to do it." 

This was'the substance of what passed with Aram the 
morning after he was condemued ; and as he had promised 
to make a more ample confessioii oa the day he was executed, 
it was generally beheved everything previous to the murder 
would have been disclosed, but he prevented any discovery 
l>y a horrid attempt upon his own life. When called from, 
bed to have his irons taken off, he would not rise, alleging 
that he was very weak : od examiuatioo, his arm appeared 
bloody. Proper assistance heing called, it was found that 
he had attempted to take away his own life by cutting his 
arm in two places with a razor, which he had concealed in 
the condemned eel! some time before. By proper applica- 
tions he was brought to himaelC and though weak was con- 
ducted to Tyburn, where, being asked if he had anything to 
Bay,*he answered "No." He was then executedj and hia 
body conveyed to Knareshrough Forest and hung in. chains, 
pursuant to his sentence. 

On bis table in his cell was found the following paper, con- 
taining his reasons for the attempt on his life r— ■ 

" What am I better than my fathers^ To die is natural 
and necessary. Perfectly sensible of this, 1 fear no more to 
die than I did to be born j but the manner of it is some- 
thing which should, in my opinion, be decent and manly. I 
think I have regarded both these points. Certainly nobody 
has a better right to dispose of a man's life than himself ; 
and be, not others, should determine how. As for any indig- 
nities offered to my body, or silly reflections on my faith and 
morals, they are (as they always were) things indifferent to 
me. I think, though contrary to the common way of thinking, 
I wrong no man by this, and hope it is not offensive to that 
eternal Being that formed me and the world ; and as by this 
I injure no man, no man can be reasonably offended ; I 
wolicitoualy recommend myself to the eternal and almighty 
Being, the God of nature, if 1 have done amisa. But, 
perhaps, I have not ; and I hope this thing will never be 
imputed to me. Though I am now stained by malevolence 
and suffer by prejudice, I hope to rise Mr and unblemished. 



KBOOBD OP EXEOUTI0K3 IN YOEK, 



y^ 



My life was not polluted, my morula were irreproachable, and 
my opinions ortliodox. 

" I slept soundly till three o'clock, awaked, and then wrote 
these linea ; — 

Come, pleasing rest, eternal domber, fall, 
k< Seal mine, tbat once moBt eeal the eyes of all ; 

^B Calm and composed, mj Boal her journey tnkea, 

^K No guilt tbat troubiea, and do beart tbat acbea ; 

r- Adieu I tboa aun, all bright like her arise ; 

Adieu ! fiiir frieade, and alt that's good and wise." 

These lines, found along with the foregoing, were sup- 
posed to be written by Aram, just before Le cut himself 
.vith the razor. He was 5i years of age. 

^L "WiLLiAU AND John Cockbukn. 

Saturday, Avgust 18(/i, A.D. 1759. — These two brothers, 
William and John Cockbum, were executed at the Tyburn 
without Micklegate Bar, for breaking into the dwelling- 
houae and shop of Joseph Powley, of Orton, in the county 
of "Westmoreland, and stealing from thence a great quantity 
of mercery and linen goods. They were very penitent, and 
confessed the crime fur which they suSered. 

ASN BiCHUOND, 

Saturday, Marcft &th, A.D, 1761. — Ann Richmond, a 
fine young girl, was executed at the Tyburn without Mickle- 
gate Bar, for setting fire to a stack and bam belonging to 
her mistress. 

BOBERT KlSQ. 

Saturday/, August Isl, A.D, 1761. — This unfortunate 
mao, Robert King, was executed at the Tyburn without 
Micklegate Bar, for stealing two young cows or heifers. 
They were found in his possession, and though it appeared 
probable that he had bought them, the jury found hira 
guilty. He was respectably connected, and much interest 
was used to save his life, but of no avaiL He resided at 
Todwick, near Rotherham. Before he was executed he 
showed groat marks of penitence, and acknowledged himself 
guilty of the crime for which he suffered. 



BBOORD OP EXBOmnOBS m 1 



I 



Geokoe Harger, 

Tkwrsday, March IBth, A.D. 1763. — George Harger was 
executed at the Tyburn without Micklegate Bar, for the 
wilful murder of John Moore, of Kirby Malzeard. After 
the execution his body waa given to the surgeons, to be 
md anatomized. 



William Bell. 

Monday, March Uth, A.D. 1763.— William Bell suffered 
the severe penalty of the law, for the wilful murder of hia 
fellow servant, William Wright, at AUerthorpe, near Pock- 
Hngton. He denied to the last ever having struck William 
Wright, either with a stick, or in any other manner, so as 
to injure him. He was executed at the Tyburn without 
Micklegate Bar. 

John Hall. 

Saiwday, July 30(A, A.D. 17G3. — John Hal!, alias 
Bloom, was executed at the Tyburn without Micklegate 
Bar, for stealing a yellow bay loare, the property of Mr, John 
Harriaon, near Leeda. 

Charles Sittoletos Dorrikoton. 

Saturday, March 31s(, A.D. 17Ci. — The above culprit 
was charged, on the oath of John Lee, with having stopped 
a poBt-chaise, which he (Lee) waa driving between Ferry 
Bridge and Doncaster, on Thursday, the ^7th of October, 
1763 ; and robbing a lady and getitlemau who were in the 
chaise (whose names do not appear) of a purse of money. 
He was a fine-looking young man, and of good coaneotion% 
but would not declare his real name, or whence he came. 
About eight o'clock on the morning of the execution, hie 
irons were knocked off, and he vas locked up alone in hia 
cell ; but at nine o'clock, when the gaolei' wanted to go to 
him, he found the door barricaded on the inside, which 
Dorrington had done by means of a bench that happened 
to be almost the exact length betwixt the door and the 
opposite wall. Thia he wedged up with au old chair, which 




J 



xecobh or exbodtiobb ib yobs. 

be broke for that imrpoee, and it was about two hours 
before they were able to force the door o])en. On being 
afiked bis reason for so doing, ha aaid life was sweet, and 
that he only did it to prolong time. He acknowledged the 
justaeaa of bis sentence, and was executed at the Tybnm 
I vithout Micklegate Bar. 

I ApBtTnw Clayton. 

r Saturday, August IStJt, A.D. 1763.— Abraham Clayton, 
aged 35, was executed at the Tybum without Micklegate 
Bar, for the murder of hia wife, Elizabeth, at Howden, in 
the East Riding. Drink and jealousy were the cause. His 
body waa anatomized after execution. 



Saturday, Mo/rch 31a(, A.D. 1765. — Joseph Hairee was 
executed at the Tyburn without Micklegate Bar, for robbing 
and assaulting John Dixon, William Dorbory, and others, 
on the highway in the township of Eramley, in the county 
of York, and putting them severally in fear, taking from 
Dixon a watch, three shillings in silver, or thereabouts ; 
from William Dorbury, five pence in copper ; from John 
Peedham, one black silk handkerchief; and attempting to 
rob John Leech and Joseph Hammond. He confessed the 
crime for which he suffered, but persisted to the last in 
saying that it was the first robbery he ever committed, and 
that poverty drove him to it. 

Thouab Taylor, Abel Hobbon, and Isaac Titbnxk. 

Saturday, March, Gth, 'A.D. 1766. — These three men 
were taken in a cart from the Caatle, through Micklegate 
Bar, to the old gallows, and hutig amidst a large concourse 
of people. Turner was a Sheiheld man, and was committed 
from that place on the 21st day of August, 1765, charged 
'with stealiug out of the respective dwelling-houses of Caleb 
Roberts and Matthew Lambert, both of Sheffield, lioen 
drapers, in the Market-place, divers goods and chattels ; and 
Lydia Nicholson, was also committed to York, charged with 
being the receiver of the goods, but was acquitted. Hohaon 



I 




I 




eecoud of exegutioks in youk, 

B olarged witL burglaiy anil divers felonies, committed 
in the West Riding, along with Joahna Clayton, Taylor, 
otlierwiaa Joha Scott, together with hia wife and daughter, 
e charged with breaking into the shop of Richard Clough, 
linen-draper, of Slaidham, and carrying off goods to the 
amount of ^40 and upwards. Taylor received senteuoe of 
death, hut the females, being compelled to act under his 
ce, were acquitted. 

Matthew YotWG akd Kichabd Clark, 

Satui-dat/,' April ISlh, A.D. 1707.— These two men were 
bung at the Tyburn without Mieklegate Ear. Matthew 
Young for robbing a Jew pedlar on the highway, and using 
violence in the North Hiding ; and Clark, for breaking into 
the house of Mark Hattersley, of Leeda, and stealing £23 
in money, a watch (which led to hia detection), a red 
waistcoat, and two haudkerchiefa. 

Akn Sowekby. 

Monday, August lOiS, A.D. 1767. — Ann Sowerby, a 
native of Whitby, was executed at the Tyburn without 
Mieklegate Bar, for poisoning her husband, Timothy Sowerby. 
She was drawn to the place of execution on a hurdle, where 
she was strangled to death and burnt, pursuant to her 
sentence. Just before she was brought out of her cell for 
execution, she declared that John Douglas brought her some 
nwE vomica, in order to poison her husband, which she burnt, 
— that he gave his own wife some of the same poison, who 
died soon after, — that some days after he brought her 
some arsenic, and assisted her in mixing it with curds, 
which she gave her husband for breakfast, who died a few 
hours after eating them. She acknowledged the justness of 
her sentence, and died penitent. 

Thomas and Kichabd Boys. 

Saturday, October \7tk, A.D, 1767.— Thomas Boys, 
aged 27, and Eicliard Boys, aged 24, were executed at the 
Tyburn without Mieklegate Bar, for the highway robbery 




SECOKD OF HECCnOira IK TOKK, 

" Mr. Abr&ham Eamsbaw, of OvendeD, holding a tnife to 
' bU tbroat, aad patting him in fear of his life. Tbej took 
eight guineas and two shillings in silver from him. These 
two brothers married two aistetB, who, with their father, 
attended the esecntioo, after which they conveyed away 
the bodies to HalilHx for interment. 

LEOIf ARD HOWEON, 

Saturday, MarcJi 19(A, A-D, 176S. — Iiconard Howson, a 
native of Doncaster, was executed at the Tyburn without 
Micklegate Bar, for larceny at the Doncaater post-office, a 
case which made couaiderable noise in the world. It appeai-ed 
that the culprit was charged by John Thompson, of Ludgate- 
hill, London, with having offered to him and his partner, Mr. 
Eoutb, a bill for acceptance, drawn upon them by William 
Thompson, of Thirst, on November 17th, 1766, for 
X98. 10s. 9d., payable to E. Story, to oi-der, at a month after 
date, which was accepted accordingly ; telling them (Messrs. 
Thompson and Eoutb) that his name was William Jackson. 
He discounted the bill at Messrs, Carr & Co.'s, mercers 
on Ludgate-bill. Mary Elxley, servant to Mrs, Newbold, 
mistress of the ]iost-office, Doncaster, (unknown to her 
mistress) three different times in the evening, after the 
family had retired to rest, admitted Howson into the office, 
he pretending to look for a particular letter which he wanted 
to see. He also stole a bill of £30, which he paid to Joshutt 
Tindall, of Eishopsgate-street, London. At the trial it ■was 
clearly proved that both bills were stolen from the post-office 
at Doncaster. The trial occupied a considerable length of 
time. He was found guilty and hung accordingly, 

W Joseph Hall and Teiomas Lef. 

r Monday, July 25th, AD. 1768.— Joseph Hall, aged 27, 
underwent the severe sentence of the law for coiuiug at 
Hull ; and Thomas Lee, aged 25, for the wilful murder of 
Kichard Petty, of Graasington. After execution 1*6 was 
hung in chains at Grassington-gBte, near the place where the 
murder was committed. They were both executed at the 
Tyburn without Micklegate Bar. 



I 




OF EXECDTIONa K 

Joseph Stell. 



I 



Saturday, August 6(A, A.D. 1768. — Joseph Stell T?as 

executed at the Tjbiirn without Micklegate Bar for coining. 

He was drawn on b, sledge to the place of execution, which 

took place at six o'clock in the evening. He died penitent, 

g Lis guitt. 

Valentine Bailey. 

Monday, April 3rd, A.D. 1769. — Valeatiae Eailcj was 
executed at the Tyburn without Micklegate Bar, for shoot- 
iagat and murdering Mr. John Smith, of Scarborough, officer 
of excise, while in the due execution of hia duty. On the jury 
returning him guilty, he knocked down a woman, who stood 
near him, with whom he had been concerned in smuggling 
goods, and who was the principal evidence against him. He 
died penitent, acknowledging the justice of his sentence, and 
his body was sent to the hospital for dissection. 

David Habtley and James Oij>field. 



tree and others, of Halifax, for impairing, diminishing, and 
lightening guineas. They were detected at Hali&x, and 
died penitent, acknowledging the justice of the sentence 
passed upon them, 

Michael Naylob. 

Sat^irday, Avyuai 2Zrd, 1770.— This man was found 
guilty of the murder of William Lund, at Grimiitone, near 
Tadcaster, and was executed at the Tyburn without Mickle- 
gate Bar, 

LOKK AtKINSOK AlTD JOHN WkIGHT. 



^^k cuted 



Monday, March 18lh, A.D. 1771.— These two men were exe- 
cuted at the Tyburu without llicklegate Ear. Atkinson was 
charged, along with Dorothy hia wife, with the murder of 



i 




BKCOBB or KXEUtmORS m TORE. 



87 



• Mr. William. Smitli, of Skelton, iu Cleveland, corn-miller, 
Atkinson received sentence of death, bnt his wife was 
acquitted. Wright waa a soldier in the 3Ttb Foot. Be 
with two others murdered James English. The evidence 
not beisg anfficiently clear, and having other charges agtunst 
him, he was acquitted of the murder, but found guilty of 
breaking into the house of John Green, of Leeds. They 
both were executed at the above place. 



Thoil 



. Lawkesce. J 



> John Lazenby. 



ly, March 31s(, A.D. 1772, — Thomas Lawrence, a 

tUghvayman, for robbing William Knagga, of Whitby, taking 

■**'*'— ty shillinga or thereabouts from him; also further charged 

b being a deserter. John I^zenby, a native of Sheriff 

tton, -woB also charged at the same time with the wilful 

Diurder of William Moore, oatmeal- seller, of Sheriff 

■'Hntton. They were both executed at the Tybttm without 

*Micklegate Bar. 



William Fisher, Johm Early, and John Horner. 

Monday, March ISth, A.D. 1773. — The above three 
B-€&lpritB were executed at the Tyburn without Micklegate 
rSir : John Horner, of Eipon, for coining ; William Fiaber, 
fc'rf Whitby, for breaking into the house of Thomaa Walker, 
"»f Whitby, and stealing cash to the amount of £5 ; and 
9olin Early, of Huddersfield, for the murder of Thomas 
EOlpling, at Don caster. 

W The old Tjbura on Knavesmire underwent considerable 
Pslterations and improvements this year, and the above were 
lie first executions that took place upon it. 

George Belt. 

Saturday, April 2nd, A.D. 1774, — George Belt, of 
';'Howden, was executed at the Tyburn without Micklegate 
fi Bar, for breaking into and robbing the dwelling-house of 

It. Althorpe, near Howden, Before the time of execution 

G confessed the crime for which he suffered. 



BEGOBD OF EXBOUnOKS m 1 



John Scott. 



Monday, JvIt/351/i, A.D. 1774. — Johu Scott was executed 
at the TyhuFQ without Micklegate Bar, for the wilful murder 
of Hanuah Stccks, of Northowram, in the West Riding. He 
was hanged, and his tody was afterwards Beufc to the county 
hospital for dieeectiou. 

EoBEET Thomas. 

Saturday, August Gilt, A.D. 1774.— Kohert Thomas, o^iiw 
Thomia, for being au accomplice in the murder and robbery 
of Mr. Deighton, supervisor of excise, at Halifax^ was 
executed at the Tyhura without Micklegate Ear, and his 
body afterwards conveyed under a strong guard to be IinDg 
in chains on Beacon Hill, near Halifax. 






Captain John Bolton, William Eean, John Tickers, 
AUD Matthew Nokmington. 

Saturday, Mwrch 30<A, A.D, 1775,— The above culprits, ex- 
cept Bolton, were executed at the Tjburn without Micklegate 
Bar. Captain Bolton, an officer, was sentenced for execution, 
for the wilful and deliberate murder of his servant girl, Eliza- 
beth Earaboum, on the 6th of September, at Bulmer. He 
strangled her with a fife and buried her body in his cellar. He, 
however, contrived to hang himself in the cell where be was 
confined in York Castle. He was buried at the three lane 
ends near the York Earrackn, at ten o'clock at night, and 
a stake driven through his body in the presence of the turn- 
keys of the Castle. 

William Bean, for a highway robbery in the con- 
stabulary of Clifford, in the West Riding, near a place 
called Bielby Wood Nook. He assaulted Richard Wad- 
dicgton at that place, and took from, him five guineas, 
twelve half-guineas, and twenty shillinga in silver, or there- 
abouts. His cofSn was six feet six inches long, by two feet 
one ioch wide and fifteen inches deep. 

Johu Tickers, of Attercliffe, near Sheffield, for ^saulting 
and robbing John Murfin, on Saturday night, the 11th of 



FettrnaiT, betwMn derai end twelve o'clock, near the "Bin* | 
BaU," Attercliffe, of threepence balf-peanf in copper, & baA 
Ehillin^ a breast of mntum, Kod half a puuod of batter tied 
op in a handkerchief He also stood further charged with 
aaaaolting and robbing John Staniforth, to whom he had 
ticea jirerioasly apprenticed at Damall, (in conipaoy with 
three others unknown) on the same Satardaj night, the 
11th isst, near the Glaas-hoose, at Atterciiffe, of three 
killings and sixpence, a saiJdDg wallec contaiuiug horns 
for knife scalea, a I^ of matton, six poonda of sugar, and 
aome flax. John Booth, his accomplice, was acquitted. 
"Victera was bom at Hemaworth Back Moor, in the pariah 
of KortoD, near Sheffield. 

Matthew Xormington, of Hali&x, aged 29, for being 
concerned in the robbery and murder of Mr. 'Williaia 
Deighton, at Halifax, supervisor of excis^ along with Robert 
Thomas, gibbeted in August previous. He aJso was hung 
in chains on Beacon Hill, near Halilax. 

GeOBGE BlTLMEB ANT* JOHN 'WllJ.IAMSON. 

Saturday, July 29(A, A.D. 1T75. — George Bulmer, a native 
of York, and Kervant to Mr. Simpaon of that place, who 
resided in Stonegate, was executed at the Tyburn without 
Micklegate Bar, for the murder of bis wife, Dorothy Bulmer ; 
and Jolm Williamson was executed at the same time and 
place for robbing the Whitby mai], at Thornton Gate, [of 
£66. 10* 

John Smith, Joseph Eibdi^e, and Fkancis Jkpfebson. 

AvgvU 19(A, A.D. 1775. — Tbo above three culprita were 
severally bung on the old gallows without Jlicklegate Bar. 
Smith for steaJing seven sheep off Sandal Common, five be- 
longing to William Shaw, farmer, of Sandal JIagna ; one 
to John Nash, of Sandal, cordwainer; and one to Joha 
Linley, labourer. Biddle for tlia murder of Eiobard 
Maraden, of South Cliff; and Jefferson for a burglary at 
South Cliff. 



^K to s. 



90 BBOOXD 07 BXBonnoNa m yore. 

Eliza. EoiUHNOTON' asd Toomas Akerman. 

Saturday, March 29iA, A.D. 1776. — Eliza Bordington and 
Thomaa Akerman, aged 37, were executed at the Tyburn 
■witliout Micklegato Bar, she for poisoning her huaband, and 
he, as ber paramour, for being concunieil therein. Both. 
these peraoos ^rere natives of Flamborough. arid an improper 
intimacy being carried on betwixt them, they resolved to 
poiaon the husband of the former, in order to the easier 
gratification of their wicked passions. Bordington was an 
industrioiLa man, and resided at Flamborongh ; and at a 
prior period Akerman lodged with them. Slie was a showy, 
■worthless woman, some years younger tlian ber husband. 
She was hanged and burnt close to the gallows, 

James Rice, alias Michael Kice. 

Jul'j/ 28th, A.D. 1777. — James Eice was executed at the 
old gallowq without Micklegate Bar, for tJio murder of 
Thomas Westell, mariner of Btaitbea, in the North Riding, 
by stabbing him with a knife, in tbe pariah of lienderwelL 

Thomas Green, alias Enqland. 

Saturdmj, Jviy 30(7;, A.D. 1779.— Thomas Green was 
charged, on the oath of William Habershon, sergeant in 
the 14th Regiment of Foot, with stealing a bay mare, the 
property of Anthony Surtees, Esq., of Ackvrorth, in the 
West Riding. The jury found him guilty, and he was 
hanged at the usual pkce. 

William Meters, Esq. 

Mardi. 20th, A.D. 1781.— This youn;; gentleman was 
executed for the murder of John Spink, an assistant 
bailiff, on the 18th of October previous. He bad not been 
long married, but it appeared that hs had had his house 
entered by the sheriffs officer, who left Sijink (his asMstant) 
■- possession of the place, until he went to Kirk Hammerton 
Hr. Meyers, Sen., for money or bail for hia son. 



BSCOBD OF EZECnnOSS DI XOKK. 

Daring hJB absence young Meyers came home, and flew into 
a violent passion, and swore he would shoot the tn&n imlees 
he at once left the premises, which he refused to do. Mrs. 
Meyers fetched her hnsband'a pistols, which were loaded, 
and put them into his hands : he at the same instant pointed 
the pistol at the man and shot him in the neck, which 
caused his death iu a few niiuutes. Meyers guve himself 
up, a»d lying in gaol until the Spring Assizes, was found 
guilty. Alter his condemnation he api>eared to be resigned 
to his iaXe. On the morniog of the 20th of March he was 
taken iu a mourning coach past his own house, a hearse 
attending to bring back his body. On arriving at the 
gallows he was put into a cart, where he remained an hour 
and ten minutes, speaking to tlie sheriff and addressing the 
spectators, declaring that be had no intention to murder 
the deceased, aiying he had no ill-will, but, on the contrary, 
had a regard for him as an old servant in the family. Ha 
severely accused his wife, and blamed her much lor the 
hardship of his situation. He was much respected iu the 
City of York, and generally went by the itame of " Meek 
Meyers." 

Joseph Liswood. 

Saiurdaj/, April lili, A.D. 1781. — Joseph Linwood, a 
native of Sheriff Hutton, in the M^orth Biding, wus executed 
at the Tyburn without Micklegate Bar, for the robbery of 
Margaret, witb of William Lee, of Huntington, of Ifls. (id, 
a. lawn handkerchief, and a oloa,k, near Huntington, Lin- 
wood was a labourer, and 27 years of age. 

Fkancis Feahs, John Cockckoft, John Wood, and 
Thomas Greenwood. 

Tuesday, J-uly 23i-d, A.D. 1783. — The above four culprits 
were executed at the Tyburn without Micklegate Bar for 
the following crimes : — 

Fearn was a file-smith of ShefGeld, and a native of 
Bradfield, near Sbeffield. Ha was hung for the murder of 
A£r. Nathan Andrews, a respectable watchmaker, in High- 




1 




I 




EEOOBD OP EXECUTI0H5 IN YOKE. 

street, Sheffield. What led to the man's ruin was his desire 
to possess a watch. Ho called, on Andrews a number of 
times, desiring him to aooompany him (Fearn) to Bradfield, 
where a watch club was coramenciag or had commenced, 
1 which Frank took a great interest. Andrews pro- 
mised to go with him when twenty members were ready ; 
and on his telling Andrews that the required number were 
already paying icto the clab, they set out together early one 
afternoon, Fearn watting at the " White Bear " opposite 
until he was ready, Andrews taking a number of watches 
with him. On arriving at a place called Kirk Edge, a, 
lonely, secluded spot, Frank shot Andrews in the back, and 
he then pulled out his knife, and after stabbing him in a 
number of places, finished his work by beating oiit hia 
brains with a bedgestake. The body was discovered the 
same evening by a young man, who gave the alarm, and it 
was removed to the workhouse, and there identified by the 
young man as being that of the man he had seen io company 
with Frank Fearn near the place where the body was found, 
as he (Wood) was going to a field to work. He spoke to 
Fearn, whom he knew, and found the body on his return. 
It was first thought to be the parson, who wore a amilar 
dress. Andrews had on white stockings, short black gaiters, 
black breeches, waistcoat, and coat. The news soon spread, 
and Fearn was arrested in bed, at Sheffield, in Hawley 
Croft, the next night. This crime seemed to be of auch a 
desperate character that the judge who sentenced Fearn'a 
body to be dissected appears to have altered it. The fol- 
lowing order was sent to the governor of tbe Castle, as 
copied from the register now in York Castle : — 

I do herehj ocder tliat tLe execation of Francis Fesro be reapited 
noUl Tneaday, the 23rd of July inst.. aod that hia body (inatead of 
being anatotoized) shall be afterwards hanged in chains on a gibbet, to 
be erected on some conspicuous spot, on Loxle; Common, in the pari.ib 
of EcclBsfield, in the county of York, at a conTBDieot distance from the 
highway. J. Eybe. 

Frank's body was brought from York in irons, and gib- 
beted accordingly. The post was taken down by Mr. 
Payne, of Lo.xloy, on whose land it stood, in the year 1807, 
having remained there twenty-five years. 

John Cookcroft was huDg for coining one shilling ; John 



J 



SBCOKD or EZECDnOKS DT TOBS. 

Wood for ooining cue sUilling ; Thomcts Greenwood, other- 
'wise " Crest Tom," for having ia hja possession tools for 
coining ; viz., iron fly-press, wrench rollers, and other instm- 
ments used in coining. These three men were hong along 
wiLii Feaxa. 



FRiNK FEARN. 

{Song by old Joseph MalJier.) 

Mortals all, in town and citj, 
Fay Bttection to this truth ; 

Let joor bowebi jenro with pity 
TonanU a poor deluded jouth. 

Tbougii with Satau'e rile injuiiEtioiis 

I wsls forced to comply, 
Now it otDseB Bad reflectJoUB, 



Andrews ! Ob, that name [ it pierces 
Through my very inmost soul ; 

And my torment much increases 
la this gloomy, condemo'd hole. 

At Eirk EJge I uhot and etnUb'd him, 
CqI his throat, and bruieed his pate ; 

Of his watch and money robb'd him. 
Causes my unhappy fiite. 

Christians, pmy thnt true repentance 
May be given a wretch like me ; 

I acknowledge my just aanlence. 
There's no law can set me free. 

Let me ranko cue observation : 
Though to sin I've been enelareJ, 

Through my Saviour's mediation 
My poor soul may yet be aavecl. 

Hark t I'm called to execution I 
And must bid the world adieu ; 

Tia the hoar of dissolution. 
And my moments are bat few. 



Though my body's hung in chains. 



94 hecord op i 

Charles Coldwell. 

Wednesday, AprU^OOb, A.D. 1783.— Charles Coldwell waa 
executed at the Tybura without Mioklegate Bar, for for- 
gery. He was committed December 6th, 1782, opon the 
oath of John Sykes, of Ijepton, in the West Riding, tanning i 
■weaver, that at the town of Wakefield, on Monday, the lltfi 
of JToTember, Home person or persons unknown picked hia 
pocket-book, containing two bUls, one of the value of £5, 17s. 
This biE Charles Coldwell paid to Tliomas Simpson, servant 
to Mr. Tbomaa Sim-brook, of Leeda Bridge, Unendraper, on 
the day following, and endorsed with the name of David 
Butler. The crime was clearly proved and the jnsticeof the 
Bentence acknowledged by the nnhappy snU'erer, 

WiLLLtu EiniERSos, WiLLiAii FiEtD, JoHN RiLEY, Mauk 
TATTiasTAiii^ AND Thomas Spekcer. 

William Emmeraon, late of Etlierby, in the county of 
Durham, for stealing two heifers and two steers, from the 
pasture of George Gibson, farmer, of Eyreholme, his pro- 
perty, on the 21st of June, 1780 ; William Eield, of Erring- 
den, in the West Eidiug, papermaker, stealing from the 
shop of John Sutclifie, of Stanalield, divers goods, consisting 
of groceries, linens, stockings, &c, on the night of the 16th 
of January j John Eiley, a native of York, for committing a 
burglary near York ; Mark Tattenstall, late of the 33rd 
Kegiment, and Thomas Spencer, an out-pensioner, for high 
treason, breaking the peace, along with a great number of 
riotous persons, at the town of Halifax, on the 10th of June. 
These two were hung »n the 6th of August, on Beacon Hill, 
near Halifax ; and the other three at York, on the 23rd of 
August, 1783. 

Lydia Dickihson. 

M<mday, March 22nd, A.D. 1784.— Lydia Dickinson, a 
young girl under twenty years of age, was found guilty of the 
murder of her female bastard child, ly drowning it in a 
pond. She resided at Clifton-upon-Calder, in the West 



BECOBD OY EXBCCTIOSS DC TOSK. 9$ 

BidiD^ and wss esecoted st the Tyburn witliout Mickle- 
gBto Bar, in tlie preseoce of a large ooncoorse of people. 

JOHX SlEWABT ATTD BeKJAIQS AVoOD. 

Stewart, for breaking into the dwelliDg-hoase and shop of 
Frances Peach, of Richniond, and etealing cottons, silks, and 
other divers goods ; Wood, for atealiog a small ba^ pony, 
the property of Michael Gaggs, of Knottingley ; also a 
saddle and bridle. He was also charged with robbing upon 
the highway, Mr. William Mitner, of Notton, coru~miller, 
on Sunday night, the 3Sth of December, 1783, about eight 
o'clock, taking fi-om him half a gainea and a silver watch. 
They were executed at the old gallows without Micklegate 
Bar, on the 29th of Mareh, 1764. 



William Asquith, alias SPABLitro, and Thohas Knaptoh. 

Tuesday, August ^rd, A.D. 1784. — The above two crimi- 
nals were executed at the Tybum without Micklegat« Bar. 
Asquith, alias Sparling, who was a butcher at East Ardsley, 
for stealing a number of sheep, the property of different 
people, pasturing upon Rothwell Haigh, and other places, 
in the township ; Thomas Knapton, lato of Potter Kewton, 
in the borough of Leeds, yeoman, for the murder of ITannali 
Wood, by giving her poison, of which she died ; she liad no 
knowledge of its being poison at the time ahe took it. 

Joseph Clough and William IIiley. 

Wednesday, April 2iid, A.D. 1785. — Joseph Clough, aged 
33, and William Kiley, aged 23, were executed at the Tyburn 
without Micklegate Bar. Clough was a labourer, and was 
found guilty of stealing a coat and waistcoat, and eight half- 
crown-pieces, the property of John Hodgson, of Biirmi- 
atone, labourer, from hia dwelling-house. There was no one 
in at the time ; the wearing apparel was valued nt 5a. 
Eiley, aged 23, for robbing John Eorr, of Hull, upon the 
highway, near Newiand, iu the East Biding. They were 



96 RECORD OP EXBcnnosa itr yohk. 

both penitent, and regretted tLe orimea for wLioIi tliey 



KoBEBT Cbosbt, John Beck, Johjj Edwahds, Chaeles 
Spehceb, Egbert Smithson, and Matthew Mabon. 

Robert Crosby, John Eeck (a soldier), and John Edwarila 
were convicted for setting fire to a dwell in g*howse and 
wind corn-mill, the property of William Jackson, of Dan- 
thorpe, inthe parish of Humbleton; Crosby was a native of 
Lelley, in Holdernesa ; Charles Speucer, for stealing a bay 
gelding, the property of the Rot. Christopher Aldersou, of 
Tin lchill ; Smithson, for stealing twelve ewes and twelve 
Jambs, from different people, in the township of Gilhng 
and Melsonby, in the North Kiding ; Mason, for sacrilege, 
breaking into and entering the parish church of Hamps- 
thwaite, in the West Riding, and stealing seventeen shil- 
lings, some copper, and two silver cups (they were found 
broken to pieces in his poBsession). On the night preceding 
the execution, Crosby and Edwards effected their escape, and 
were never heard of afterwards ; the othevs were hanged at 
the old gallows without Micklegate Bar, on the 6th of 
August, 1785, 

Robert Watson, Jcn., and Joseph Hartley. 

Saln/rday, April 8ih, A.D. 1786. — Robert Waliion, jun., 
aged 32, and Joseph Hartley, aged 34, were executed at tlie 
Tybam without Micklegate Bar, for highway robbery, 
"Young Watson, for robbing between Eotherham and 
Barnsley, Mr. William Bailee, of Wentworth, yeoman, 
taking from him a purse, containing seven guineas atjd a 
half ; Hartley, for robbing Mr. William Chambers, of 
Scarborough, mason, on the highway, leading irom Ayton 
to Scarborough, of two bank-notes and some silver. Hart- 
ley left a wife pregnant, and one child. 

James Proctor. 

James Proctor, aliiM William Smith, was hanged at 
Tyburn, near York, April 29th, A.D. 1786, for uttering a 



J 




I J. ] 

> only fimrteen 
giuDeas, ft&d was mstantly detected, so tbat lie nevrr 
received oce &rttiing of the moiteT. lie vas bom at 
Dawholme, in WversdUF. Ijutcafiliire, iras thirtT-five years 
of age, and left a wife and three children, mid a father imd 
mother, trhose grief vaa bejond expres^on. lie held a 
large farm ta Wjersdale, and also a grocer's and draper's 
shop at that place; he waa also a sarreyor. Uis cliaracter 
vas spotlt^sa, &nd he was in good credit with the £rst houses 
in Liverpool and Manchester. The interest made iu his 
&Toar strongly corroborated this account, for no means 
vere neglected or left untried to procure a pardon. J. 
Beckett, Esq., the prosecutor, applied to the judge for a 
petition, had it granted, signed by the judge liimself and 
many others of distinction, and went to London himself with 
it ; but alas " the fate of Dodd waa held np as a barrier to 
a mitigation. Proctor was calm and resigned ou the morn- 
ing of hia execution, said he was sensible of the Tiolation of 
his country's laws, and hoped he should quit the world in 
peace. Being one day questioned why he offered the bad 
bill, when he had two good ones in his possession, ho 
answered tjiat he did not know it was a had one. IIow- 
CTer this may be, his fate was sur«ly to be pitied, as he 
confessed it was the first offence he had ever comuiitted. 
The execution was delayed two houra beyond the usual 
time, as hopes were entertained of the arrival of a reprieve, 

WiLLiAn KicnoLSOH, John Chahleswobth, James Braits- 

' WATTE, WlLUAM ShAJIP, AND WlHUM EaSIFORD, 

Saturday. AwjxiH 19(?i, A.D. 1T8G.— The above wore a]I 
executed at the Tyburn without Micklegate Bar. 

Nicholson, aged 27, labourer, for stealing two geldings, 
the property of Robert Athorpe, Esq., of Dinnington, 
Thomas "Whitfield, Mr. Athorpe's man, was the princijifll 
witness ajrainst him. 

John Cliarlesworth, of Liversedge, clothier, for breaking 
into the house of Susan Lister, of Little Goniersal, single 
woman, and stealing various articles of trifling valna ■, al^c 



k 



08 RECOHD OP ETBOtmOITS IS TOIIK. 

further charged with stopping William Hemmingway, of 
Mirfleld, clothier, and robbing liim. of three guineas and 
a half and eome ailyer and copper. Ho was 31 years of 
age. 

Eraithwaite, for breaking into the dwelhng-honae of 
Thomas Paxton, of Long Preston, innkeeper, and stealing 
various articles therefrom. He was a hawker and pedlar, 
and 30 yeara of age. 

William Sharp, lahourer, aged 2G, and William Eamford, 
labourer, aged 28, for robbing Duncan M'Donald, of 
Sheffield, button-maker, by breaking into his touse, and 
carrying away a number of horn combs, a silver threepenny- 
piece, and fourpenco ia copper. Sharp was a natira of 
Coniabio', and Bamford, a native of Clifton. 

Daniel Goldthorpe, William Brtan, TSoii.va West, 
John Thompson, John Morritt, and Tisiothy 
CBhibn. 

Salvrdat/, April 7th, A.D. 178T. — The above six unfor- 
tnnate offenders were all executed at the Tyburn without 
Mioklegate Bar, in the presence of a large concourse of 
spectators. 

Daniel Goldthorpe, of Holmfirth, clothier, for stealing 
from Thomas Beaumont, clothier, in the township of 
Almondbury, a piece of narrow woollen cloth, cutting it oft' 
the tenters. It ia said that liis wife attended the execu- 
tion, and bad along altercation with Jack Ketch respecting 
his clothes, which she carried home to Holmfirth with her. 

William Bryao, labourer, for stealing four shillings and 
sixpence, four farthings, and some wearing apparel, from 
John Eicardy, weaver, of Common Dale, in the North 
Biding, 

Thomas West, of Woodhouse, near Leeds, for stealing 
two geldings, the property of Matthew Mawson, of Dunkes- 
wick, in the West Riding ; he was also further charged 
with stealing some geese. 

John Thompson, of Skyehouse, near Thome, labourer, 
was charged upon the oath of Samuel Mitchell, of Rother- 
liafflj butcher ; and also of William Tjzack, of Botberham, 



I 



EECOHD OP EXEOUnOt 

constable, witli atealiog eight oxen, the property of Samuel 
Scatciierd, of Pollington, favmer, iroin a field at Pontefract, 
belonging to William Roberts, innkeeper, of that place. 

John Morritt, a labourer, aged 3i, for the murder of 
Jobn Argyle, alias Roundell, of Howden. 

Timothy O'Brien, for stealing a dark bay mare, the 
property of Eobert Duck, of Lyth, in the North Biding, ■ 

Elijah and Joseph Pulleyn, Cathaiiint: Savage, 
Thomas Greenwood, Dathj Loed, James Ashforth, 
John Easlewood, and Jobefh King. 

Sattirday, April 5th, A.D. 1788.— The above were all 
executed at the old gallows without Micklegate Bar. 

Ashforth and Easlewood, both of Dewsburj, worsted 
veavers, for killing one fat ewe sheep, belonging to Thomas 
Walker, of Hadlield, in the township of Thornhill, farmer, 
Knd carrying away the carcase. 

Catharine Savage, of Holm e-on-Sp aiding Moor, in the 
East Biding, for entering the house of Stephen Kidsdale, 
of Welton, tailor and stay-maker, and etealing wearin 
apparel of do great value. Her husband, Abraham Savage, 
was concerned in tbe robbery, and received sentence of death, 
which was afterwards reprieved to transport-itiou. 

Joseph King, of Knowlton, near Totimorden, dogger, for 
uttering a forged note at Halifax, with intent to defraud 
Samuel Roberts, of Hali^, hosier, of £6, the amount of 
the note. 

Thomas Greenwood, of Eiringden, weaver, for breaking 
into the warehouse of John and James Kuowles, of Stodley- 
in-Langfield, near Halifax, worsted manufacturer, and 
carrying away divers parcels of worsted ; along with David 
Lord, also of Erringden, weaver. 

Elijah and Joseph Pulleyn, for rohhing and ill-treating 
Elizabeth Carbutt, near Nun-Monkton, a few miles from 
York. 

William Ebaithwaite 
Was a native of Staveley, in the county of Derby. He was 




i 



OS' BXEOOnOBB W TOBK. 

found guilty of sheep-atealing, and ordered for execution, 
July 20th, 1788, but died in gaol the night before his 
execution. 

George Locket 

Waa executed at the Tyburn without Micklegate Bar, York, 
on the 23rd day of March, 1789, for the wilful murder of 
Chriatopher Barker, Lockey was born at Eashj', near 
Richmond, in the North Riding. He was a middie-aged 
man, about five feet nine inches high, utout, and ruddy com- 
plexioned. Aa frequent remarks were made upon the 
atrociousneas of the crime, it must almost appear needless 
to further preface the account of it, but we will at once pro- 
ceed to the particulars of this horrid deed, which were 
briefly theaa ; — 

' Lockey and Barker had been intimate friends for many 
years ; but, in consequence of a misdemeanour committed 
by Barker, be was brought to trial and transported for seven 
years. This sentence of course disunited their friendship, 
but on Barker's return, after having suSei-ed the punisii- 
ment inflicted by the laws of his country, they once more 
resumed their former attachment to each other. They now 
began criminal pi-actices in a more daring manner than at 
any prior period, and even proceeded to the moat violent 
outrages. Ooe evening, as they were drinking at a public- 
house in Catterick, a farmer, who resided at Hornby, having 
ordered bis horse, they were observed to leave the room and 
part of the liquor they had called for. However, on that 
night the man was robbed and murdered, about a mile from 
the town, and it was remarked that Lockey and Barker did 
not return. This led the company to suspect that these 
two men were concerned in the affair ; but as no substantial 
proof could be brought against them, they were distaisaed 
by the justices. To oonfirm this siispiuion, however, it 
must be remarked that Lockey hinted to the court during 
his trial for the murder of Barker, that if Barker had got 
the better of him he would not have beoa the first man he 
had killed. 

"We now come to the f articulars of the offence which 
occaBioned the ezecutiouof Lockey, and cut him off in health 



KEOOKD OF 

1 Tigour. A sliort time previouB to the murder, Iiockey 
md Barker bad a difference, wheu Barker threatened Lockey 
r that he would inform, A few daja only elapsed before 
Lockey called upon Barker to go a outtiog. He complied 
with the request, but when they arrived at a place called 
the Rush Green (which is remarked for its solitary situation), 
Lockey took the opportunity to knock him down with a 
hammer, stabbed him in various parts of the body with a 
shoemaker's knife, and finished the barbarous deed by 
dashing out hia brains with a, sharp atone. The cries of 
the poor victim were heard by a farmer and his aervaata, 
who were ia a field not far distant. The master, who had 
a bull grazing in an adjoining paature, concluded that some 
peraoa was attacked by the beast. He callel bis servants 
together, and ran to the place from whence the groans pro- 
ceeded. Petrified with horror and astonishment, they 
beheld Lockey with his knees upon the deceased, and a 
\ bloody knife ia his hand. He waa asked what be had been 
doing. He replied, " I have been killing Barker." 

Being thus detected in the very act, be was properly 

BBred, and the coroner's jury aat on the body of Barker. 

' They were seven days before they brought in their verdict. 

I This delay was occasiooed by the abiience of a pedlar who, 

they were informed, had something material to relate. 

Diligent search was made, and having found him, they 

were acquainted with all he knew. The verdict given in 

was wilftil murder by George Lockey. He was accordingly 

Gominitted to York Caatle, where he behaved himself in a 

I becoming manuer during his confinement. 

I Lockey waa a shoemaker by trade, but being of a disorderly 

ttnru of mind, had pretty much relinquished bis calliug for 

(■lliat of cock-feeder. He loft a wife, who was parted from 

, and who lived in London, on account of his irregular 

B.labits. The only material plea he made on his trial waa 

I tiiat of self-defence ; but aa the hammer and knife with 

f which he perpetrated the deed were proved to be bis prc- 

ftierty, ho waa found guilty, and sentenced to be bang, and 

EBis body given to the surgeons. He exhibited great con- 

K trition prior to his execution; and confessed bis guilt in 

[liavinK violated the laws of his country, but as a last refuge 

d on the merits of an uU-forgiviag Saviour, who 



103 hecord or EXEODTiosa nr tork. 

pardoned the dying thief at the last moment^ and implored 
the prayers of tlie numerous apectatora who had assembled 
to vituesB the tragical end of this dangerous assassin. 

EoBERT "Wilkinson. 

Saturday, April .Wtli, A.D. 1789.— Itobero "Wilkinson 
was executed at the Tyburn without Micklogate Bar, for a 
robbery committed on Mr. Fowler, on the highway near 
Dunaingtoc, of one guinea, eight or nine shillings in silver, 
and a silver watch, and using him in a cruel manner, 
"Wilkinson was bom at Brampton, in Cumberland, of 
creditable parents. His father was a ship carpenter, and 
his son Eobert engaged himself to Captain Wedderhead, 
in the ship called Admiral Farker, and sailed for Gibraltar, 
where he was taken prisoner, and remained as such in 
Spain for twenty-three weeks. He returned home in the 
year ITSfi. and then got acquainted with a set of had 
women and thieves. He robbed, along with another man, 
a gentleman unknown, near Newcastle, of thi-ee guineas and 
seTeral other things. Being arrested, together with a man 
named Blemitt, on the 14th of February, and committed to 
York Castle, Elemitt turned King's evidence, and Wilkinson 
received sentence of death. He wrote a letter to his wife 



1 LOVING WiFK, 
Tia n dreadful tbiag to be under eentenca of death 1 
bound to a certaia period of time. Night and daj, Itour and Itour, 
moQieDt and iDometit, tha ohiefeat part of my thoughbi employed about 
you nnd 1117 chCdran. Just aftarl hud reocived my aenteiice, myaged 
&ther followed me to the Castle, dejected aud Botrowful ; Almoet terri- 
fying me aa raucb aa my senteoce, wiien be wrung bia bands nud burst 
into a flood of tenre, crying, "0 my aon I my most unfortunate son ! 
After all my caia and diligBDce beetowed upou you, have I reared you 
np tor the gallowa tree ?" 

The young man, for he had only been married a few 
years, met his fate with Christian fortitude, and died peni- 
tently coufesaing the error of his ways. 

JoHS Bakker and Haksah Whitelet. 

Monday, August %rd, A.D. 1789.— John Barker, aged 34, 



» OF ESB0OTIOS8 IH TOEK. 103 



El Whiteley, were executed at the Tyhum with- 
_ate Bar, for the followiBg crimes ; — Barker was 
a native of Shefflelcl, and a baker by trade. He was found 
guilty of breaking into the dwelling-house of Francis Case, 
and Btealing therefrom divers articles of wearing apparel of 

• not muoh value. He was servant or journeyman to Case 
-i«t the time of the robbery. His body was buried the same 
«ighb at York. 
Hannah Whiteley, wife of John Whiteley, of Hampa- 
thwwte, for poiaouiog John Rhodes, a boy five years old, at 
the above place. It appears that alie was related to the 
iamily, and put arsenic into a pie with intent to poison the 
vhole of them. 

I'JoBH Stkvens, Thouas Lastley, Geobge Moobe, Edward 
Williams, John Giix, and James Habtlet. 
Saturday, April 17(A, A.D. 1790. — The above six male- 
jbctora were executed at the Tyburn without Micklegate 
Bar, and their bodies interred the Bame evening. The 
Cnmea for which they suffered were as follow : — 
Stevens and Laatley were button-makers at Sheffield. 
3?hey, together with John Booth and Michael Bingham, 
Mbo batton-makers, were charged by John Wharton, small 
tfiliopkeeper in the Bridgehouses, with rohhiug him on the 
lughway, in the town of Sheffield, on the Lady's Bridge, on 
iBaturday night, August 29tb, 1789, and taking from him a 
basket containing a shoulder of mutton, one pound of 
tobacco, half a stone of soap, seven pounds of butter, and 
fourpence in money. Stevens and I^tley were committed 
to7ork on the 4th of September, and Booth and Biugham on 
the 28th of October. Stevens, Laatley, and Booth received 
Hentence of dejith ; and Bingham, who it appeared was 
merely a looker oti, was acquitted. Booth was reprieved, 
before the Judge left York, to transportation for life. This 

ka&ir being looked upon in Sheffield as more of a "lark" 
tlian a robbery, caused considerable excitement on the news 
arriving announciog the result of the ti'ial. Immediately a 
petition was got up, headed by the Master Cutler, and 
signed by the whole of the Cutlers' Company and principal 
EDbabitants of Sheffield, aad forwarded to London without 




FECOaD or EXECUTIONS IN YOKK. 



delay, but owing to the t hen slow means of travelling, the 
reprieve arrived at York too late to save the men, although 
all was granted that was asked. Stevens and Laatley were 
on the 17th of April, and the reprieve did not 
e UQtil the 19th. On the 30th Booth waa on liia way 
to liSbeffield, having beea turned out oo that day with an 
unconditional pardon. Wharton, in addition to being a 
small ahopkeeper, worked aa a labourer for Mr. Hoole, at 
the top of Lady's Walk, near to whei-e Mr. Berry's brewery 
now stands, who was an extensive butter manufactarer, and 
where also worked the prisoners. It appeared that all five 
had called at a public house, and had a little beer, and on 
Wharton leaving them to make hia markets, the rest followed 
Mm, and committed the robbery. They took the basket 
containingthegoodstoapublic house, the sign of the "Barrel," 
Pinatone-street, kept by a Mrs. Marshal, where Stevens 
lodged {he was a single man), and there had the mutton, 
cooked the same night. The other things remained in the 
basket untouched, and they clubbed the money for the 
mutton to give to Wharton, whom tliey expected would 
oome and sup with them. At that time blood-money was 
paid to parties ou whose evidence a capital charge waa 
proved, with a view to facilitate the ends of justice, and it 
was generally believed that these men were sacrificed to 
obtain it. On Booth's arrival in Sheffield, a great mob 
assembled in front of Wharton's house, which stood rising 
the hill, and became so infuriated that Wharton was in 
danger of being murdered ; and he, with nrncb difficulty, 
made hia escape and left the town, and afterwards set up in 
the same busioess in Manchester. The mob broke hia 
windows, and nearly gntted the house. Laatley resided in 
Burgess- street, and left a wife and one young child. 

A constable named Eyre, known at that time as " Buggy 
Eyre," got [much blamed in] tliis affair, as alluded to by 
Mather in his song, for Wharton afterwards said that he 
had no idea thin;^ would go so far ; that when he applied 
to Eyre, he told him the nature of the robbery, and all he 
desired was his basket and goods back. The newspapers of 
that time give no detailed account ; but according to old 
William Taylor (who was a tailor hy trade, and at that 
time worked for Mr. Sanderson in Change-alley, resided in 




RECOKD OP EXECUTIONS IN YORK. 105 

Pinfold- street, and was a frequenter at the "Barrel"), one of 
the party at the supper, it appeared the four accompanied 
Wharton (being almost inseparable companions), in the 
town whilst he made his purchases ; after which they called 
at the "White Hart," now the Royal Hotel, and had some 
ale. Wharton, whose company they all appear to have 
sought after, said he was determined to go homeland take 
the things, as his wife would probably be wanting them, 
with a promise to return. They, however, walked on with 
him to the Lady's Bridge, where there was a urinal, into 
which Wharton turned, and left his basket outside. They 
took it up, and said they were determined he should return 
with them to the " Barrel" in Pinstone-street, and were making 
off with it. A scuffle ensued, but they got the mastery 
over him, and made off, thinking ho would follow them. 
On arriving at the " Barrel," they told the landlady what a 
spree they had with Wharton (she was at York, and spoke 
to that effect at the trial), when Stevens proposed and 
Lastley agreed that the mutton should be cooked, which 
was accordingly done, and the basket put carefully away, 
with its contents undisturbed, by the landlady. At the 
Lady's Bridge, in the scuffle, Bingham desired them to give 
him back his basket, which acquitted him on his trial ; and 
Booth hesitated as to the propriety of the mutton being 
cooked, which also told in his favour. Wharton being left 
at the bridge in a great rage, immediately set off in search 
of a constable, and meeting with Eyre, made affidavit of the 
robbery. Eyre went the same night to the " Barrel," and 
took possession of the basket and goods. The four men 
began to see the turn the things were taking, made their 
escape, and slept elsewhere. On the 2nd Stevens was 
arrested at the " Barrel," and Lastley the same day, in 
St. Paul's Churchyard. 



BSOOSD OF JEXXODnONB IK YOSX. 



THE EXECUTION OF STEVENS AND LASTLEY", 
Who Buffered nt York, April 17, 1780. 



{Sonj bg aid JoBspa MiTttEB.) 



O, WhsrtoD, tbou villain most bnse 1 

Thy nsme must eteriialljr rot ; 
Poor Stevens and Laatlej's saA cuse 

For eyer tby oonaoiBnoe will blot. 
Those Tictima Ihaa wickedly auld. 

And into etemitf hurled. 
For Incre of Bonl-sinlting gold, 

To 5et tbee on foot in the world. 

Thy bouae ia a desolate place, 

Eeduced to a ahell bj the crowd ; 
DeBtruodon puranea thee apace, 

Wbilat innocent blood cries aloud. 
Poor Sooth in strong fettem thou'st left. 

Appointed for Botany Bay ; 
He IB of all comforts bereft, 

To die by a hair'a-breadtb each day. 

Depend on't thou never cauBt thrive, 

Thy sin will ere long find thee ont ; 
If not wliile tby body's alive, 

It will, after death, without doubt. 
When BtevenB and liaatley appears, 

Requiring their blood at tby hands ; 
Tormenting a million of years. 

Can't satisfy iTusttce' demands. 

Those death-liuntere, subtle and vile. 
That prompt thee to this wicked work 

(In order to share of the spoil 
Thou got by the blood spilt at York), 

Are equally guilty witli tbec ; 



Edward Williama, for robbing Joliu Watson, on fclie 
highway, at a place called Win-Moor, in the parish of Bar- 
ndck-in-Elmet, near Leeds, and patting him in fear and 



J 



BECOKD OF KSB0UT101I8 DT TORK. 107 

danger of his life. His wife, Lydia, waa vr'ith him, and 
assisted ia the robbery. She also received sentence of death, 
vhich was commuted to transportation for life. They took 
&om him a canvas jmrse, containing three guineas and a 
half, and one shilling. 

Jaines Hartley, of Manchester, for hrealcing into the 
dwelling-house and shop of "William. Sanderson, of Preaton, 
in the East Hiding, on the 24th of iugust, 1789, and 
carryiog away divers articles of women's wealing apparel. 

John Gill, alias Beat, of Framington, in the county of 
Darham, for stealing, on the 4th December, 1789, a dark 
S^^y galloway mare, the propet'fcy of William Challoner, 
Esq., of York, value about £5. 

George Moore, of Sheffield, a blade-forger, living in High- 
street, Park, known by the name of " Dockey Moore," for 
breaking into the shop of Mr. William Davis, of York, and 
Btealing a number of articles of hardware goods. He had 
just enlisted into the 19fch Foot, who were at that time 
recruiting in Sheffield, and whose head-quartera were at 
York, He was a fine-looking yonng man, had fought 
fleveral pitched battles — a m.08t desperate one on Crooke's 
Moor, with a man named Dewsnap. His father, old George 
Moore, a very stout man, worked for Mr, Senior, in Bank- 
street, Sheffield. He waa apparently terribly cut up at the 
&te of his son, who had written to him, deairiug to see 
Lis father before he died. A public subscription was made 
to enable old George to go to York. He got the cash and 
set out upon his sorrowful errand, and landed as far as 
Erightside, where he called to bait, having accomplished 
three miles of his journey. He there spent all the money, 
and returned to Sheffield, telling his friends that he bad 
aeriousiy considered the matter over, and could have done 
no good to his son, had he seen him. 

These six luifortunate men were taken from the Castle 
at York in one cart, another following with coffins to bring 
back their bodies. Lastley delivered a long address to the 
crowd of spectators (which was very great), deolai'iug hia 
own and companion's innocence of any intention to rob, 
and that Wharton well knew it. They were executed 
April 17th, 1790, at Tybura near York, and their bodies 
interred the same evening. 



I BKOOKD OS BXBOOrrOSS Df TOKK. 

THE LAMENTATION" OF SIX MALEFACTORS 
3 were esecntad atiTjbara, near York, on Saturday, April 17th, 



Ali teady fur executlun here. 

I, Jaraea Hartley, do declare 
Of sinning I have had my ebare; 
In patha of wickedoesa I've trod. 
Offending the Alraigbty God. 
But, now, alas I I'm doora'd to die 
For bousebreBklng, which mokes me cry; 
Sweet Lord, show mercy Had pardon me, 
For I must suffer on T^bum tree. 

T, Edward WilliamB, imiat coofasfl 
The laws of England I did transgreaa. 
By robbing John Watson on the highway 
But, aUs ! for it my lifs must pay. 
Dear wife, I'm grieved to part with tliee. 
But yet I'm glad thou art set free 
From a ahameful death which I muet die. 
Have mercy, Lord, and hear my cry ! 

I, Thomaa LaaUey, with Stevens agreed 
To join him in this simple deed ; 
We took John Wharton's basket and meal^ 
But not with an intent to keep ; 
Like Judaa, he did ua betray, 
For money be swore our lives away. 

.n Ttee call, 
□eataU. 

I, John Giles, must tell the truth, 
I've been a wild, extravagant yonth ; 
In drinking and gaming I've touk delight, 
Amongat Inoae women, which ia not right ; 
For horse- etealing, that heinoua crime, 
I mast he out off iu nly prime : 
So all young men, be warned by me. 
And ahun loose, idle company. 

I, George Moore, muat tell you plain, 
I lose my life for little gain ; 
For shopbreaking, tbat ebamefol deed. 
It makes my tender heart to bleed ; 



KECORD OP EXECUTIONS IN YORK. l09 

A harlot's company I did keep, 
To think of her that makes me weep ; 
Through her I took to evil ways, 
Which is the short'ning of my days. 



John Brigg, Robert Crammam, William Howsoir, James 

Ferguson, and Henry Bell. 

Saturday, August lAth, A.D. 1790. — The above male- 
fuctors were executed at the Tyburn without Micklegate 
Bar, for the following crimes : — 

Brigg was a native of Southowram, a weaver by trade, 
for stealing, from a common in the township of Carlton in 
the West Biding, seven ewe sheep, seven lambs, two hogs, 
and one two-year wether, the property of William Driver, 
of Carlton, farmer. 

Crammam, for stealing a chestnut galloway, the property 
of Ralph Lowe, of Penfold Howse, Wearsdale, in the county 
of Durham ; also for stealing a saddle and bridle from 
Charles Thompson, of Bowes, in the North Biding. 

Howson, Ferguson, and Bell, for stealing a black mare, 
the property of T. Bell, of High Heworth, in the county of 
Durham ; also a black mare, the property of C. Sanderson, 
& Co., of Woodboum, millers. 

James Gould. 

Satu/rday, April 9thy A.D. 1791. — James Gould was exe- 
cuted at the Tyburn without Micklegate Bar, for breaking 
into the house of John Irwin, sen., of Landmoth, in the 
North Riding, and stealing therefrom ten guineas in gold, 
one five-pound York note, and three pounds in silver, or 
thereabouts. The behaviour of this young man (he was 
only 19 years old) after his condemnation and at the place 
of execution, was resigned, but marked with a degree of 
firmness seldom witnessed on such occasions. 

John Minitor, John Bennet, and Abraham 

robertshaw. 

Saturday, September 6th, A.D. 1791. — The above three 



HEOOKD OF EXEOnrrOKS IN TOKK. 



«i til out llickle- 



I 

I 
I 



culprits were executed at tLe Tyliui 
gate Bar, for the following offences : — 

Minitor was a native of Eotherham, near Sheffield, by 
trade a flai-dresaer, charged upon the oath of Mr. John 
Whitehead, of Whiston, near Eotherham, farmer, ■with the 
suspicion that he did, on the night of the ITtli of February 
last, wilfully and maliciously Bet iire to a certain baru 
belonging to the said Mr. John Whitehead, of WhistoD, 
coutaiimig a quantity of lime and wood for husbandry pur- 
poses, and totally consumed the whole. The jury brought 
him in guilty, on which he received sentence of death. 

Bennet was a native of Sheffield, where he resided ia 
Waingate, at the time of his committing the crime which 
ooet him hia life. He, along with four others, named Frog- 
gatt, Johnson, Fumess, and Ellis, were committed to York 
for divers outrages on the 27th of July last, and 
setting fire to the stacks at Eroomhall, near ShefEeld, 
the property of the Eer. James Wilkinson, justice of the 
peace, and vicar of Sheffield. The mob did much damage 
to the furniture, ^consumed a great number of hooks, and 
four atacka of hay. 

Bobertsbaw was a native of, and resided at Stanningley, 
near Bradford, where he carried on the business of a butcher. 
His crime was forgery, hy writing the name of John Ward 
as an endorsement oa a bill originally drawn by Lodge & 
Co., Leeds, on Baron Dunsdale & Co., of London, for £6. 5a., 
which had been altered to £15. 15s., and paid hy him 
(Eobertabaw) as a good bill of that value, to Mr. Jacob 
Stubbs, of Whitwell, on the 2l8t of April last, in the 
pariah of St. Dennis, York. After condemnation, he desired 
the governor to inform the public that he had no accomplice, 
that he had committed four other forgeries, bat hoped that 
his death would atone for the injuries he had done to 
society. 

They were all taken in a cart to the place of execution. 

Elizabeth Elliot. 

Mmday, March 2G(/^, A.D. 1792.— Elizabeth Elliot, a 
man who -esided at Thornton East, in the North Eidiog, 
3 executed at the Tyburn without Micklegate Bar, for 




ENCE Brouohton, John Lucas, Thomas Stearmam, 
Thomas Crawshaw, asb Joseph Bhiebly. 



BBOOBD 07 KXBUUTIOSS IK TOSK. Ill 

the innrder of Mary "Wslker, of the same place. She was 
found guilty oq the clearest evidence, and received sentence 
of death, and her body to be anatomized, She was a moat 
desperate and hardened woman, and peraiated in denying 
her guilt under the gallows at the time the cart was moving 

Iitu under her. 
^. 
Sabu/f day, April V2th, A..I). 1.93.— The above five nn- 
ppyviotima were executed at the Tybnm without Mickle- 
gate Bar. 

Joseph Brierly, a single man, about 30 years of age, was 
convicted of breaking into the dwelling-house and ahop of 
Ann Booth, of Cleckheaton, in the West Riding, and stealing 
divers articles of not much value. 

Thomas Ci'awshaw, of Snarth, near Selby, a single man, 
aged 43, by trade a corn-miller. He was found guilty of a 
burglary in the house of John TVilaon, ale-house keeper, of 
Thorpe Willowby, in the West Hidmg. 

John Lucas and Thomas Stearman, both of Leeds, the 
former a carpet-weaver, the latter a pattern-ring maker, for 
a burglary in the shop of Messrs. E. &, J. Mandells, linen- 
drapers, of Malton. It appears they, with two others named 
Walker and Ambler, loitered about the town for some days, 
and went to the shop occasionally to purchase little matters, 
in order to lay their plans for the robbery. Even on this 
occa»on there was a contemptible meanness diijcovered, 
which, however, out of kindness, was passed over, for Lucas 
was detected with a roll of ribbon in hjs pocket. They had 
by them a large and valuable assortment of goods, having 
removed them from Scarborough to Malton when the Spa 
seasou had closed. Walker turned King's ^dence, and on 
his testimony it appeared they borrowed three horses of a 
person named Iveson, of Leeds, and came that night to 
York, where they slept They left York next morning, 
dined at Spittlebeck, and got to Maitou late in the evening. 
They put their horses into an empty stable, in a field by the 
roatkide, and, about eleven at nighty thejr broke open the 



J 



aliop, and took away gooda to the value of several iundre 
of pounda, and loaded their horses with them. They ij 



lately set off ou their 
Whitwell, that th 
and their good 
dunghill by the 
and got to Walk 
the goods. They 
Walker's house. 
3 of til 



but finding, when they got near 

li ae w Id not be able to carry them 

th y b n d nearly half of them in a 

Id Th y proceeded through York, 

h at Methley, where they divided 

vr □ after pursued, and traced to 

3 tl tables found his (Walker's) 

They apprehended him and 



brought him to "Y k wh he made a full coiifeasi( 
the robbery, in q « f which the other two, Lucas 

and Stearman, w pj h nd d. Some of the gooda were 
found in Lucaa a possession , a part in the dunghill near 
Whitwell, and another part in a well near Leeds, Lucas 
was in the 37th year of his age, and left a wife and four 
children. Stearman was a single man, and about the same 
age as Lucas. 

Spence Eroughton, for robbing George Leaslpy, a boy, 
who carried the mail between Sheffield and Eotherham, on 
the night of the 19th of February, 1791, in company with 
John Oxley, taking from him the bags containing the letters, 
in one of which was enclosed a French bill of exchange, 
drawn by a Monsieur Virgelle, a merchant in France, on the 
house of Minuet & Fector, merchants in London, payable 
to 'Mr. Joseph Walker, of Masbro', near Eotherham, for 
j£IS3 sterling, or thereabouts. 

Few oases of thia nature have excited more interpst, not 
only in the neighbourhood where it took place, but through- 
out the whole kingdom, titan the trial of these notorious 
mail robbers, a more full and particular account of which 
may be interesting. 

The first account of them is, that on Monday, October 
16th, 1791, a man, rather genteelly dressed, with a woman, 
called ab Mr. Metham'e, silveramith, Cheapaide, London, 
bought a half-guinea ring, and required change for a Stamford 
bank bill of ten pounds. Hot desirous of accoir.modating a 
stranger, and especially so trifiing a customer, in a way that 
might subject him to inconvenience, Mr. Metham declined 
it, pleading want of casli. They then recollected that they 
wanted a cream-jug, and fixed upon one at a guinea and a 



BECOBS OF EXECnnOSe tS TOBK. 113 

faal£ Mr. Methani looked carefully at tbe note, and seeing 
nothing auspicious about it, gave the change, aud they went 

It presently transpired that the aame party had bought a 
trifling article in the silk way next door, and changed a hill 
there also ; and some groceries of a Mr. Moaley, on the 
other aide of the way, where they changed a third ; all ot 
which, upon imjuiry at the bankers', proved to have been 
stolen from the Cambridge mail, which was robbed in June 
last. Two days after, a boy, 18 or 19 years of age, who 
lived in the capacity of shopboy with Mr. lletharo, in carry- 
ing a load on Blacbfriars-road, was struck with the reaem- 
blance which a man passing oa horseback bore to the person 
who paid the note to his master. He threw dowu his load, 
and ran as fast as he could after him over Blackfriars-bridge 
and along Fleet-street. At Snow-hill he would have en- 
tirely lost him but for some obstruction, which enabled the 
lad to turn the comer iu time to see that he took the way 
leading to Smithfield : with freah vigour he sustained the 
chase, till he saw him dismount and enter a public-house in 
Clerkenwell, opposite to which he planted himself, and 
remained a long time before he could get assistance ; at last, 
however, an officer was procured, whoui the lad led on ; and 
upon a near view of the gentleman in the little room behind 
the bar (where ho was seated at dinner with the landlord 
and landlady) the boy charged him with the fact, and he" 
was led away. 

When taken before Sir Sampson "Wright, he said his 
name was Oxen, and that he had the hills of a Mr. Shaw, 
who desired him to get the bills converted into cash, which 
being done, he gave the cash and the articles he had brought 
to Mr. Shaw, at hia house in Blackfriara-road. 

The moment Shaw's residence was described. Town send 
and Jealous, Bow-street officers, went out in aoarch of him ; 
they had not arrived there three minutes before a rap was 
heard at the door. One of the thief-takers opening it, waa 
asked by an uncommonly stout, tall, athletic man, if Mr. 
Shaw was at home ; he said yes, and desired him to walk 
iu ; but instead of this he turned abort round, took to hia 
heels BB fast as he could, and led them in jtursuit all the 
way to the Obelisk, and neatly to the " Dog and Dock" \q. 



lU 



CEUUTIOITS IS TOBS. 



I 



St. Geoi-ge's-fielils, before tfaey could seize liiia or have Lim 
stopped. 

They instantly aearcted him, and in hia pooketa found a 
handful of bank notes. With tkeir prisoner and prize they 
hastened back to Bow-Btreet, where the examination of 
Oxley had made but little progress ; and it had not trans- 
pired two minutes that one Bronahton was concerned, and 
a principal ia the busineas, when Townsend, with the bank- 
notes in his hand, exultingly entered, and said " We have 
got him." " What, Shaw !" said the justice. " No, a fellow 
worth a hundred Shaws !" and so it turned out, for accord- 
ing as things stood, it appeared that Shaw was a town 
agent, whose business it was to receive and put off the 
booty, whereas the other two did the robbing part of the 
business, which proved to have been carried out on a very 
extensive scale. 

On Monday, October 25th, Spenca Broughton, John 
Oxley, and Thomas Shaw were again brought up. 

Thomas Shaw, when he found that the whole of thi» 
buainesa muat be brought to light, as some of the parties 
■were iu custody, first stipulated for his own safety, on which 
be took the opinion of counsel, and then impeached thoaa' 
■whom he had seduced. His deposition was as follows : — 

About a fortnight previous to the robbery of the Cam- 
bridge mai], on the 9th of June, Spence Broughton and 
John Oxley came to his house in Prospect-row, St» 
George's-iu-tiie-fields, where they acquainted him with their 
design of robbing the Oambridge mail, near Boumebridge, 
and solicited hia aasistauce. He declined, but as he was 
going to Cambridge on some business, he told them he 
would inquire about the mail, and give them such informa- 
tion as would the more easily enable them to execute their 
purpose. He accordingly set off from the " Queen's Head,'" 
GrayVInn-lane, in the fiy ; and, what was a remarkable 
circa raatance, was accompanied by Mr. John Palmer, of the 
Drury-lane Theatre, the eminent tragedian, who was sum- 
moned on a trial in that county. While at Cambridge, 
Shaw inquired at the post-office, and made it hia business 
for several uighta to leavn how the mail was taken. After 
having made himself master of the whole system, he oame 
to London, and disclosed his information to Oxley and 



J 



RECOUD of EXBODTIOirS IH TOBK. llfi 

Eroughton, who again pressed him to accoropany them, hut 
he (leohned, and they departed on the 8t.h of Jane to execute 
their purpose. On the 10th they returned, and sent for 
Shftw to the " Cannon " ooffee-house, in Portland-road, where 
they told him they had completed the robbery, and Bvoughton 
gave him a handkei-chief with nil the notes in it, which he 
the same eTening buried in the garden behind his houae, in 
Prospect-row, St. George's-fielda. 

A few weeks after the robbery, Shaw took the notes oat 
of hia garden, and carried them to an empty house of his, 
No. 9, Middle-row, Holbom, There, in presence of Oxley 
and Broughton, the bundle was opened and examined. A 
few bills were taken out by each person for the purpose ot 
negotiating, and within two or three days they passed to 
the amount of £150. Sir Benjamin Hammet, vrho waa 
present, and who interested himself very much during the 
examination, questioned Shaw about the quantity and 
nature of the notes. Shaw said there were about £400 
1 value of the Bank of England notes, half of which were 



endorsed " P. post — Wood and Dowhn_ 
thought safe to negotiate these notes with that endorsement, 
Oxley extracted the writing with spirits of salt, and Shaw 
dried the notes at the fire. Shaw here ofaseryed that, having 
been concerned in a lottery insurance office, he knew that 
it must be spirits of salt that extracted the writing, as 
numbers which he had insured had olten been erased, and 
placed in such a manner as led him to inquire how it conld 
be done, and he had been informed it was by spirits of salt, 
but be positively denied ever having used them himself. 
When questioned by Sir Benjamin to what amount there 
were bills taken from the Cambridge mail, he declined giving 
any opinion ; but as he acknowledged there were £400 in 
Bank of England notes, twelve or fourteen Stamford Bank 
notes of .£10 each at least, one bill for £750, another for 
£350, and other bills which had either been passed or 
burnt ; so that the whole must havo amounted to between 
five and tea thousand pounds, or upwarda ; for by Shaw's 
own declaration, a thousand or two had been negotiated, 
and a large bundle, to no one knows what amount, destroyed 
when it was first known that Oxley was in custody. This 
much waa disoloBed by the deposition of Shaw, 
I 2 



J 



IW BBCORD OF KSEOUnOSS IN YORK. 

George Thompson, the tnaatet of a coffee-house, saiJ that 
he some time ago caahed a Stamford Baok hill fur Oxley, 
which be paid to his brewers, Measra. Gifford &, Co., but . 
they returaed it, saying that it had beea stolen from the 
Cambridge mail. Oxler was much surprised at this, and 
aaid he knew from whom he had received it, and would 
return it. During the whole of the esaminatioii, Oxley 
was not only ready but extremely anxious to diacloae every- 
thing he knew, and, for the sake of brevity, we will begin 
with that which should properly be first. 

Five or aix days previoua to tlie robbery of the pLotherham 
mtul, he said Shaw came to him at hia house. No. 1, Frances- 
street, TottenharaH3ourt-road, and, after asking him if he 
was not well acquainted with the country between Kotber- 
bam and Sheffield, which was answered in the affirmative, 
he proposed that he and Broughton should go thither and 
rob the mail Oxley partly agreed, and it was resolved 
that the next morning all the parties should meet at ten 
o'clock, at Shaw's house in Prospect-row, finally to settle 
the plan. Next morning Oxley went into the parlour, and 
found Thomas Shaw, Spence Broughton, and John Close, 
Shaw's partner in the lottery office, Mrs. Shaw, and a 
woman who lived with Close ia London, although he had a 
wife and family residing in Change-alley, Sheffield, his place 
of residence. The men went out, and walked backward 
and forward between Prospect-row and tlie '■ Dog and 
Duck," where they arranged their plans, which were to be 
executed by Broughton and Oxley ; but as these two were 
very poor, Shaw lent thera ten guineas, which Bi'ongbton, 
as purse-bearer, received. They set off in the Nottiughaui 
coach from the " Swan with Two Necks," in Lad-lane. Tliey 
proceeded next day, on foot, towards. Chesterfield, in hoi»B 
that the coach would overtake them, but as it was full it 
would not take them up. After partly walkiug and partly 
riding, they reached Sheffield, where they went to bed. On 
the following night, they walked out on the Rotherham 
road, and met the mail coming towards Sheffield ; but as 
they designed to rob it as it was retumioo', they lay in wait, 
until that time should arrive. Broughton, who Oxley 
said kept a number of smock frocks and other disguises at 
hia lodging)^, threw off hia coat, and took out of hia pocket a 



HEOOftD OP EXECUnONH IS YOHK. U7 

"hmock frock and a little old hat, both of whiclj he put on. 
He lifted the gate which led into the field off the hinges 
Trith his shoulders, Baying that he would lead the boy and 
cai't into the field. He then gave his coat to Oxlej', and 
told him to wait in the field, which he pointed out, until he 
came to him. Oxley lay there some time, and soon heard 
the cart coming. He also heard the conversation between 
Eroiighton and the boy, and presently the former came 
running to him, saying he had got it, and desiring him to 
follow, adding that he had secured the boy. Broughton 
nnd Osley proceeded on foot towards Mansfield, but before 
they had got two miles on. their road, they opened the 
lettera, when Broughton said there was only one that would 
he safe to pass, which he put into his pocket, and threw the 
hag into a brook. When they came to Mansfield, Brougliton 
]>reteiided to he lame ov sick, and said he could not then 
prooetd on hia journey to London, but advised Oxley to go 
and to pass the note which they had taken from the mail, 
und which was on a merchant in Austin Friars, for ^123. 
Oxley accordingly came to London, and seat one Liak, a 
porter at the Temple, with the bill, who obtained the cash 
for it, and received eighteenpence for his trouble. Oslay 
further deposed ; — About the 30th of May last, Shaw 
pi-oposed that they should go on horseback, and plan thfr 
robbery of the Aylesbury mail, which they did, and 
Broughton and Oxley executed it ou the 28th, in precisely 
the same manner as the Rotherham mail robbery, with this 
difference, that they found no bills in it except some cut 
bank notes, which were of no use. By thia scheme, Shaw, 
who had provided the money, complained that he lost £H. 
Oxley added : — To reimburse Mr. Sbaw, the robbery of the 
Cambridge mail was projected. It was entirely of Shaw's 
planning, who went down to Cambridge for the purpose of 
learning the best mode of effecting it. Shaw found the 
money, and they together accomplished it. 

The particulars of the robbery of the Cambridge mail 
Oxley related to be the same as what Shaw had stated, with 
this difference — that Broughton was the person who actually 
committed the robbery. He put on a smock frock, as usual; 
and lifter he had taken the bag, he joined Oxlej', who was 
at a little distance. They concealed the la.v^ft ^i^?,*." 



n« 



RECORD OF rXEtJUnOKS I!f TOKK. 



some stones on tlie roadside, and carried the smaller ones 
with the letters into an adjoining wood, where they opened 
them ; and after taking out all the bills, which they put 
Into a handkerchief, huried the letters underground, and 
proceeded on foot to Biggleswade ; from thence theylcame 
up to London, on the outside of the Nottingham and Leeds 
coach. Lisk, the porter at the Temple, proved having 
received the hill stolen out of the Eotheiham mail, and 
getting it cashed for Oxley, A mail coachman proved 
having brought Oxley a part of the way from Rotherliam. 
And the Cambridge mMl-boy gave it as his opinion that, 
although it was a very dark night when he was robbed, yet, 
from the size of the two men, it was (as he believed) 
Broughton, and not Oxley, who stopped and robbed him. 

On Thursday, November Ist, the three men were agaiB 
brought before Sir Sampson Wright to be re-exaniiued, 
respeoting the robberies of the Kotherham, Cambridge, and 
Aylesbury mails. The solicitor from the Post-office attended 
as usual, but nothing new transpired, except that the boy 
George Leasley, of Botherham, who drove the mail from 
Sheffiield to Rotherham at the time it was robbed, attended 
to identify either' of the prisoners, but he was unable to do 
80. They were fully committed to the following prisons : 
Broughton to Newgate ; Shaw to Tothill-fields ; and Oxley 
to Clerkenwell. 



Oxley's Escape. 

The escape of this man from his confinement appeared at 
the first very extraordinary, and wore the feature of sus- 
picion. It is possible that a combiuation of circumstances 
might have [ilaeed him in Clerkenwell prison ; that he might 
have had light irons ; might have been unguarded ; that the 
window might have been open ; that a ladder might have been 
left against the wall ; that he might have ascended to the I'oof 
of the building ; but still the greatest difficulty remained. 
Having reached the leads of the house, Low was he to get 
down again if the atiair was not preconcerted, and that he 
had no aecomplices? How then walk the street at seven 
o'clock in the evening, and no one perceive his darbies i 
^e other circumstances wei-e still more mysterious. One 



RECORD OF KIEamOS 

«f tLe keepers following hiia sees tiia enter a house ; gives 
a hint sufficient to alarm him ; and procures a constable 
just in time to discover that the bird had flown. The con- 
fidence, or rather temerity of this man, in the subsequent 
part of the night, was trnly astonishing. Abont eleven 
o'clock on the night of his escape, a coach stopped at a 
house in NorriB-street, Haymarket, where a hazard-table 
VBS kept, and was once the resort of Oxley. The coachman 
knocked at the door and inquired after several persons who 
seldom make their appearance at so early an hour ; and the 
man of the house being at length called to the coach door, 
received with infiaite surprise the salutation of Iiis former 
customer. Not wishing to become either his accomplice or 
accuser, the man warned him of the danger of his situation, 
and prevailed upon him to depart. His next visit was paid 
to a favourite station, the "One Ton," where he met with 
some friends who were fit to advise him, and since that time 
has never been heai-d of. 

Eroughton was removed to York by writ of habeas corpus, 
in order to be tried for the Rotherham mail robbery, which 
appeared to be the clearest case. At nine o'clock on the 
morning of March the 24th, he was brought into dock, and 
at half-past ten had received bis sentence. It turned out 
on the trial that some part of Oxley's statement was untrue. 
Shaw, who was admitted evidence against him, and was the 
most material witness, said that Broughton's account of the 
journey was, that he and Oxley came from London to Derby 
in a coach, and walked thence to Chesterfield, and slept at 
the " Three Cranes" on the Friday previous to the robbery ; 
that on Saturday morning they proceeded to Sheffield, and 
robbed the mail that night ; Oxley stopped the boy and the 
horse ; Eroughton opened the gate into the field ; Oxley 
tied the boy to the hedge. All this was corroborated by 
the boy himself. When Eroughton arrived in Loudon and 
learnt that Oxley had got the cash for the bill, and gone to 
the cocking at Leicester, Eroughton said that Oaiey was a 
damned rogue ; that he would go to Leicester, and if he did 
not give him some of the cash he would take it. 



I 



130 EECOttD OP EXECUnOICS I-f TOM. 

Trial of Spencb Bhoughtos, fou Kobbisg the 

ROTHEEHAu Mail. 
(Eefnra Mr. Jnstice Boiler, nt the Castle of York, Maioli 24, 1792.) 
The charge in the indictment ■was, that on the night of 
the 9th of Fehroary, 1791, the said Broughton, ia company 
■with one John Oxley, did atop the post-boy carrying the 
mail from Sheffield to Rotherham ; did take away the said 
mail or bags, containing letters, in one of 'which lettera so 
feloniously taken away waa eiicLoKed a French bill of ex- 
change, drawn by a Monsieur Virgelle, a merchant in 
France, on the house of Miunet it Fector, merchants in 
IiondOD, payable to Mr. Joseph Walker, of Rotherham, for 
;£123 sterling or thereabouts. 

The post-boy proved the taking the mails on the above- 
mentioned night by two men, hut could not attempt to 
identify either of them, on account of the darkness of the 
night. He said that they led his hortie some distaoce from 
the place where they stopped him ; oue tied his hands and 
fastened him. to the hedge, whilst the other cut away the 
bag containing the letters, with which they made off. 

Thomas Sliaw deposed as follows : — On the Satur- 
day or Sunday after the 31st day of January, 1791, the 
prisoner sent a message, desiring to speak to liim, and they 
met at his house in St. GeorgeVfielda. Broughtoa in- 
quired if he had seen Oxley, and if ho knew whether he 
had got cash for a bill they had taken out of the Rotherham 
mail. Shaw said he had, for on Oxiey's return to London 
he had called on the witness and producec^ a foreign bill of 
exchange, which the witness found was due. Oxley said he 
had given a man ten guineas to endorse it. Oxley and 
Shaw went together to the Inner Temple gate, where Oxley 
saw a porter, and sent him with the bill to the house on 
which it wasj drawn. Shaw followed and watched the 
porter, that in case any person came out of the house with 
him, he might give the alarm to Oxley. He saw the porter 
come out of the honao alone ; watched him to a banking- 
house in Lombard -street, came from thence hy himself, and 
carried the money to Oxley, who waa waiting for it at the 
Inner Temple-gate. After this conversation Broaghton 
said, " Osley was a damned rogue, for he had left with hia 



RECORD OF RXEODTIONS IN YORK. 121 

3 only ten pounda or guineas ; that they Lad gone 
together from London to Derby in tlie coach, and walked 
theuce to Chesterfield, and slept at the ' Three Cranes' on 
Friday previous to the robbery ; that on Saturday they pro- 
ceeded to Sheffield, and robbed the mail that night ; Oxley 
stopped the boy and horae — Broughton opened the gate of a 
field — Oxiey tied the boy to o hedge — Broughton took the 
bag — and they proceeded on foot to Mansfield ; Broughton 
fell lame, could go no farther, and stayed there all than Jay — 
but Oxley then went by the coach to London." Broughton 
added, he heard Oxley was gone to the cockiogs at Leicester ; 
he said he would follow him, and if he would not give him 
hia share of the money, he would take it from him. The 
witness saw Broughton after he returned from Leicester, 
who informed him he had got the greatest part of the 
money. A foreign bill was now produced in court and 
shown to Shaw ; at^ec examining it, he said he kuew it, and 
waa cettaia it was the same OxJey gave to him. He never 
saw it since but at Sir Sampson Wright's. He lived in 
Prospect-row, St. George's-fielda ; was agent to a gentleman 
in Birmingham. After Oxley was taken, he received a 
letter from Mr. Anthony Parkin, solicitor to the Poat-ofiice, 
and he surrendered himself; — had been in custody ever 
since, in Tothill Fields Bridewell. He was charged with 
being an accomplice. 

John Close lives at ShefEeld; he remembers Oxley coming 
to Shaw's, in Prospect-row. They went with liim into 
Bedford-court, Covent Garden, where he showed them a 
French bill. He saw Broughton the Saturday following, 
betwixt the Obelisk and Blaekfriara Bridge. Broughton 
told him, " Tliat ho and Oxley robbed the mail ; he stopped 
at Mansiield, and that Oxley went in the mail coach to 
town ; that he had heard Oxley had got the money for the 
foreign bill, and vas going to Leicester cocking ; that he 
would follow and take the money from him." The witness 
understood some time afterwards that Broughton had been 
at Leicester and got his share of the money. On his cross- 
examination he said, be lives partly in Sheffield and partly 
in London ; in the latter place, perhaps, three or four 
months in the year ; that be then keeps a lottery-office ; 
that he koows William Woodward ; that he met Vi\sa, ■wyas. 



122 



REOOKO or EXEOtJnOl 



time since in Tleet-Btreet ; that "Woodward accosted Hm 
and said lie understood he liad accused Broughton, and that 
his eviclouce would hang bim. The witness replied, that if 
his own conduct did not hang him, his evidence would not. 
On being asked if he did not tell Woodward he had accused 
Broughton for fear Oxley should accuse him and take hia 
life, he denied he had ever said so, or that he had informed 
Woodward he had disclosed nothing that could afTect 
Broughton. lie was then asked if Jane liill, or Ireland, 
had called on him 1 He replied she had. She asked him 
what he had to say against Broughton ; he replied he had 
nothing to say to her. ' 

Charles Lisk is a porter at the Inner Temple gate. He 
received a bill from Oxley, who then said his name was John 
Taylor. He carried it to a merchant in Auatinfriara, who 
gave him a check on his banker, of whom he received 
^133 14s. aud delivered it to Osley, who waited for it at 
the Temple gate, where he said he had business. He saw 
an advertisement stating this transaction, and therefore came 
forward ; saw Oxley at Sir Sampson Wright's, and knew 
him to be the man. 

Two coachmen proved the carrying of Broughton different 
stages on the road towards Chesterfield. Mrs. Martindale, 
the wife of an innkeeper in Chesterfield, and a shopkeeper 
there who knew Broughton, and into whose shop he {Brough- 
ton) went to ask how he did, both proved Broughton'a 
being at Chesterfield the day before the robbery. A person 
also proved his being at Mansfield at the time he owned to 
Shaw to have stopped there after the robbery, on acco^mt of 
his lameness. Mr. Beeston, a feeder of cocIm, proved both 
Broughton and Oxley being at Leicester cocking at the time 
mentioned by Shaw and Close. Mr. James, the postmaster 
of Sheffield, proved the sending of the mail-bag from Shef' 
field to Kotherham on the above-mentioned night. Mr. 
Townsend, one of the Eow-atreet officers, proved that being 
at Shaw'a house waiting for hia coming home, a rap was 
heard at the door, and on going to it, Broughton was there, 
and asked if Shaw was at home ; being answered in the 
affirmative, and desired to walk in, on his perceiving the 
officers of justice, he instantly fled ; he proved his being 
taken, and at hie house, on a search, a great number of the 




I 



BECOBD OP ETECt 

bills taken from the Cambridge mail were found, and pro- 
duced in court, to the amount it was said of nearly £3,000, 
Against this very strongly connected chain of evidence, tlio 
prisoner had little or nothing to offer. His counsel asked 
Shaw how he came bo be so intimately acquainted with all 
this transaction, aud he answered that he was looked on as 
an accomplice, and applied to be admitted evidence to save 
Limself. His only hope seemed to rest on the invalidation 
of the testimony of Mr, Close, in which he was, however, 
completely disappointed. Close's evidence was very collected 
and given in a clear and manly manner. The counsel for 
the prisoner, on Close's cross examination, endeavoured to 
extort from him an acknowledgment made to one Wood- 
ward, in a conversation hail between them about Oxiey and 
BrougLton, as to his motives for swearing against Brougliton ; 
but he positively, and in tlie most pointed manner, denied 
it. He was asked also if he did not keep a lottery-office t 
He said he did. He was then asked if be did not keep a 
gaming-house t and he said moat positively, No, that be 
never did. Woodward was, however, produced, but could 
not by any meanH substantiate the conversation alluded to. 
On Towosend being asked if he knew Woodward, he said, 
Tes, he lived in Rath bone-place, and kept an E. O. table, 
and gave a very indifterect impression of Lis character. On 
being asked by the Court if he knew Close 1 he said. Yea, 
but that he never knew any harm of him. Did he never 
ibuow of his keeping a gaming-house t He answered, Ko, 
he never did, nor ever heard of his doing so. 

The jury immediately brought in a verdict — Gailty. 

The jadge then addressed the prisoner. He stated that 
he had been convicted, on the clearest evidence that could 
possibly be produced, of a crime which must have been loug 
promeditftted, and which, in its consequence, was most 
baneful to society ; of a crime of sach a nature as to leave 
him without a shadow of hope that he could receive any 
mercy on this side the grave. That, in order to deter others 
from oETending in the like manner, it was necessary that bis 
punishment should not cease at the place of execution ; that 
his body should be afterwards suspended betwixt Jieaven 
and eartli, as unworthy of either, to be buffeted about by 
the winds and storms. He then ceoommcQiei. Vo^iwa.'OiMJu 



124 



BECOED OP EXECUTIONS IS TORK. 



I 



be bIiouIiI make the best use of the little time allowed him 
in thia world, and afterwards pasaed sentCDce of death on 
him in the usual manner. 

The court ■was exceedingly crowded. The unfortunate 
prisoner distinguished himself hy a very calm, firm, and 
manly demeauonr, and though much affected while sentence 
was passing on him, he bowed to it with a degree of fortitude 
and reaignation which evinced bis sincere intention of dedi- 
cating the short remains of hia span of life towards making 
his peace with, and obtaining forgiveness of, that all-jast> 
and all merciful Judge to whom alone he is now accouat- 
able. 

Execution of Spemce Broughtok. 

The behaviour of the five convicts, on Saturday fortnight, 
at York, in their last moments, was very devout and peni- 
tent ; Brougbton's in particular was marked with a degree 
of fortitude and resignation seldom observed in persona in 
bis miserable situation. He told the clergyman who 
attended him after his trial, that he did not rob the mail, 
— that he believed be wfts at Nottingham when it was 
robbed, — but that he knew of the robbery. He added, that 
by ^ving information of hia accomplices, he could have 
done them much harm, but would rather die than be'guilty 
of such dishonourable conduct. He freely forgave those who 
had been instrumental to his death ; and, so far from 
wishing that Shaw might die at the gallows with him, ha 
expressed much sorrow when told that Shaw was in durance 
for forging the endorsement on the bilL When getting 
into the cart that was to convey him to the place of execu- 
tion, he said : — *' Thia is the happiest day I have esperienced 
for some time." On hia way to Tyburn be prayed very 
much. When the prayers were concluded at the place of , 
execution, be (Broughton) without any tremor or change of 
countenance, took off his neckcloth and carefully fixed the 
e of the rope under his ear ; with the cap over hia face, 
'a prayed, and with hia laat breath said that he w 




murdered 
Sunday 
Monday morning. 

George Urabble, who kept the sign of the " Arrow, 



taken from York early o 
the gibbet at two o'clock o 



RECORD OF USEODTTOire DT TOHK. 12fl 

road-side public-houae (now pulled down) on tLe same side, 
and about 2-50 jarda nearer Attercliffe than Carbrook HftU, 
gave the following aocouut of the amval and suapension. 
of Broughton ; — During the whole of Sunday, hundreds of 
people visited the spot to view the post, which waa made in. 
the Nursery, and fixed on Saturday, the day of Broughton's 
execution. At eight o'clock the commoa was like a fair ; 
a mesaenger having arrived announcing that the body was 
■within a few milea, caused great mimbers to linger late on 
the spot. Drabble, who had not been in bed since the first 
aod waa dug for the post, during which time, night and day, 
his house was crammed with people, about one o'clock on 
Monday morning, hit upon' the following stratagem to 
clear it. He cried outaide through the back window, " A 
fight ! a fight ! " which was the signal for a general ruah. 
In lesa than three minutes, the house waa cleared, save soma 
half-dozen whose heavy potations had got them too fast asleep 
to see the fight. He (Drabble) jumped in through the window, 
and secured it and the door juat in time to anawer the 
question from some score of inquirers as to where was the 
fight 1 He told them ■ to fight amongst themselves, and 
would not be prevailed upon by threats or entreaties again 
to open it. He had not been in bed more than half aa hour, 
■when the cart containing Broughton, and a post-chaise with 
the officials, stopped at the door. Drabble was called up, and 
ho iiamediately led them across the common some 200 yards, 
to the post, with a lantern and caudle. In the cart with 
the body was a ladder, rope, and pulley. Ujion hoisting the 
body up, it waa found that the ring at the top of the irons 
waa too thick for the hook in the post j it waa again let 
down into the cart, and held upon its legs — Drabble being 
one to assist — whilst the man ut the top filed the hook, 
which did not take him more than a tew minutes, and 
on the second try it went on, when all returned to the 
" Arrow," and a good bteakfast was prepared for the four 
who brought the body. The gibbet-post (which waa the 
last put up in Yorkshire), with the irons, the skull, a few 
other bonea and rags, was standing as late as 1827 or '28, 
■when it was taken down. Drabble, who afterwards kept 
the " Green Dragon," at Atterclifie, used to say that what- 
ever crimes Bronghton might have committed befatii'cia-^'iia 




ItXCOHD OF EZECUTtOKS IN 1 

hung, he certainly made a man of him (Drabble) afterwarda, 
for he catieed such a sale for bia ule chat he never ut'tern^arda 
looked behind him. When the gibbet had been up about a 
month, a reapeotable middle-aged female called at his honse, 
and sat at the window a considerable time, appearing to be 
greatly distresBsd. This was supposed to be his wife, from 
the description given. 

It was said that Broaghton and Oxiey had squandered 
away more than £10,000, which they had obtained by 
robbing the mails. How they became acquainted docs not 
appear, but probably it would bo at the cocking, at Leicester, 
at which place they were known as old fi-eqiientera and 
heavy betters. Osley was born at Wentworth, and wa% 
when a boy, employed in the stables at Wentworth Hoase ; 
and for some time carried the letter-bag, ou horseback, to 
Fiotherham and back. He wa.s respectably connected with 
good famUies at Greasbro' and I?lotherham. His knowledga 
of tbe neighbourhood was no doubt the reason of their fixing 
upon the robbery of the Botherham mail, as he knew how 
it was carried. At that period cock-fightinf; was carried on 
to an amazing extent by all ranks, in which Oxley soon 
became uotoriouB. He abandoned his employment, and 
turned his attention entirely to cocking ; aad for a time 
waa somewhat successful. > His escape out of jail, and 
never alterwards being seen, led to many surmises as to 
aooomplicea. It was reported that he was murdered on tha 
night of his escape, and his body thrown into a deep sink, 
tbe receptacle at that time of all sorts of oSal and filth ; 
and that parties in high positiona were suspected to have 
had a hand in it, to stop his mouth, leat certain disclosures 
of a very serious nature might come to light. 

The account was partially set aside early in the following 
year, by one or two persons declaring they had seen Oxley 
in the neighbourhood of Botherham. But these rumours re- 
mained unheeded until the following account appeared in 
the papers. In the Newark Her/ild, of Wednesday, January 
30, 1793, ia the following, copied from the Sheffield papers : — 
" On Friday last was found dead, of hunger and cold, in a 
barn, on Loxley-moor, above Sheffield, a man wbo bad been 
seen for a few weeks before wandering about in that neigh- 
bourhood, in the evenings, but had concealed himself in the 



BBOORD OF BXEOanOKS I 

day-time. It appeared, upon examining him, thiit his 1 
were marked and cut about the ancles, as if he had beea 
manacled with heavy prison irous ; from which ciroiiui stance, 
and from hi.q avoidiug witli the greatest care the sight of 
any person, it is conjectared that he had broken out of 
prison ; and that, dreading the conseijuencea of a diaoovery, 
had preferred perishing as above to mixing any more with 
mankind. Turnips, partly eaten, were found in his pockets, 
and about the place where he lay. He was slenderly made, 
Lad very black hair, and rather low in stature ; had on a 
blue coat, and other apparel decently good ; silver-plated 
buckles, and silver studs on ]iis shirt-wrists, marked ' D. E.' 
A person residing at Darnall, near Sheffield, who vma well 
acquainted with Oxley, declared that the man found in the 
bam at Loxley was no other than John Osley, the confede- 
rate of Eroughton, although he did not see the body, but 
from the description given in the papers, on the coroner's 
inquisition, so exactly corresponding with the dress he wore 
at Damall, where he had seen him (Oxley) some weeks 
before. Oxley told him he had been across the common, to 
look at Broughton ; and had, about that time, applied to 
his friends in the neighbourhood of B^therham for assist- 
anco to enable him to leave the country, but which appeat 
met with a prompt refusal. Close used occasionally to come 
to the 'Arrow,' and, on one occasion, the conversation turned 
upon the probability of the body found in the bam being 
that of Oxley,^' As sure,' said Close, putting his hand on 
Drabble's shoulder, ' as Broughton's bones are swinging 
yonder (pointing to the gibbet), bo sure are those of Oxley 
in a solitary corner of Bradfield Churchyard.' He (Close) 
mentioned at the same time the name of a notorious gambler 
in London, a great companion of Oxley, whose initials cot- 
responded with the studs found on the shirt wristbands." 

The writer has frequently heard old people, who well re- 
membered the circumstance, say that it was very generally 
believed at the time to be the body of Oxley. 

Broughton was bom at Sleaford, in Lincolnshire, his father 
being an extensive farmer at that place. Spence married a 
young woman, when abo\it twenty years of age, who pos- 
sessed a handsome fortune ; by whom he had three children, 
two boya and a girl, who ware all living at the tima liE VS^ 




1S6 



death. He lived with Mrs. Broughton several rears, ia 
apparent happiness, at Martia, a village betweea Liucola and 
Gainabro', aud was au ezteniiiTe farmer and grazier at that 
place. He had also a large farm afc Horblin, lived ia good 
style, and was in appareatly prosperous circumstances, until 
he formed a connection with a female, who occasionally lived 
■with him as hia wife. Seeing nothiog but ruin before her, 
Mrs. Brouglitoa resolved upon a separation, which was agreed 
to, but not before he had squandered away about X15,000. 
After this he becanie the avowed companion of gamblers 
and sharpers, attended cockings and races, and was concerned 
in an E. O, table. However, it ia some extenuation of hia 
crimes to say that no act of cruelty attended any of his 
robberiea George Leasley, the boy who carried the Rother- 
tani mail, deposed that his horse was led into the field, and 
he bid to get off ; tliat a handkerchief was tied over his eyes, 
and he to a hedge ; that in about au Imur'a time he freed 
himself, and found his horse tied to a gate, but the Eother- 
ham bag was gone. 



[_ William; Atkixsos, Eichaud Watson, akd Thoiias 
Jewet. 

Saturday, April 12(A, A.D. 1793.— The above three cul- 
prits were executed at the Tyburn without Micklegate Bar. 

William Atkinson, aged 70, a native of Whitby, for aiding, 
abetting, and counselling a number of riotous persons in 
pulling down and demolishing the dwelling-house of John 
Cooper, of Whitley. He declared he was but a looker on, and 
to the last stuck to saying that he had no hand in the affair. 

Watson was a native of Halifax ; for breaking open and 
robbing the dwelling-house of John Ambler, of that place, 
and stealing therefrom one mahogany desk, seven or eight 
guineas in gold, and other articles to a considerable amount 

Jewet, of Osbaldwick, for stealing five heifers from 
Anthony Jackson, of Aakham Bryan ; two from Frances 
Scott, of Copmanthorpe ; two from Thomas Fearby, of 
Askham Bryan ; and two from Messrs. William and Anthony 
Jackson, of Aakham Bryan. Jewet had a son hanged at 
York for a rape, in 1807. 



M 



TLe; iili Buffered at the old gallows on Enavesmire, at 
twelve o'clock on Saturday, tbe 12th day of April, 1793. 

John Hoyland. 

Saturday, August 9iA, A.D. 1793, — John Hoylaod, a 
natiTe of Atterolifle, near Sheffield, was executed at the 
Tyburn without Micklegate Bar, for bestiality. He was 
residing at Atterclifie a.t the time when he committed the 
offence for which he suffered death. He was 77 
years of age, and was cocTicted on the oaths of John Hunt 
and William Warburton, both of Sheffield, labourers, who 
swore upon oath, that he did, on July 15th last, have carnal 
intercourse with an ass. This poor old man declared hia 
innocence to the last, and few who knew him doubted Ids 
statement. He was a simple, apparently harmless man j 
had reared a large family, scarcely removed from a state of 
idiotcy, and some of them dnrab. When the father and 
mother used to quarrel, which was by no means of rare 
occurrence' — the sons took the mother's side, and would 
wait for an opportunity to seize the father, "wheu they threw 
him down and thrashed him so severely, that he frequently 
was weeks together with bruises upon him. This was one 
of those cases which had mnch to do with the altering of the 
law in giving blood-money ; few doubted but that was the 
sole cause of these men swearing this charge against him. 
When taken to the gallows, he told the spectators that he 
would not change places with the men who Lad sworn hia 
life away. 

William Waddjhqton. 

Saturday, April 12(/i, A.D. 17Qi.— William Waddington, 
ft native of York, was executed at the Tyburn without 
Micklegate Ear, for counterfeiting the coin of the realm, 
and paying the same to divers people in York. He was 43 
years of age, and had hitherto been very respectable. He 
left a wife and seven children to deplore his unfortunate and 
untimely end. The parting with his wife and children, 
■who Tisited him on the morning of his execution, iim, mi^s^ 



130 RECORD OF EXECUTIONS IN TOBK. 

affecting. After they had gone, he said the terrors of deatli 



Ass SCALBERT AND TilOMAS KiRK. 

The above two unfortunate individuals were execiit-ed at 
the Tyburn without Micklegate Ear, on Saturday, Augnst 
30th, 1794. The former was the wife of Mosea Soalhert, of 
Bartley, in the West Riding. She was found guilty of 
murdering her hiiaband'a mother by poison. Kirk was a 
■worthless idle fellow, spent his time in a vagrant kind of 
life, was a very muscular powerful man, and well known 
at Raakelf, in the North Riding, where he committed 
the crime which cost him hie life. In July of that year, 
Mr. SmitliBon, of Greenfield house, in the parish of Easkelf, 
■was out hay-making with the whole of his household, 
excepting his daughter Elizabeth, a young woman who was 
left in. charge of the house, which stauda some distance from 
any other, though close upon the high road leading from 
Eaeingwold to Thirsk. A little before twelve o'clock, 
Kirk called at the hoaae and asked for some relief. She 
gave him some milk and water to drink ; but on finding 
she was alone, he demanded some ale, which she fetched 
hiui ; he then seized her and committed a ra])e on her 
person, and otherwise roughly used her. Mr. Sraithaon 
soon after returning from the field, found his daughter in a 
Tery shocking condition. He immediately mounted a horae 
which happened to be in the stable, and pursued him. He 
met Mary Dale and her Bister, who pointed out the 
direction Kirk had taken ; he soon came up with him, and 
never lost sight of him until he was captured. Mary Dale 
swore to him at his trial at York. He appeared totally 
ineensible of his situation, and died in a state of obstinate 
impenitence. 

Chakles Elliott. 

Mondmj, March 30(A, A.D. 1795.— Charles Elliott, 
seiii[eant in Colonel Cameron's Royal Eegiment of Wake- 
field Foot, was executed at the Tybom without Micklegate 




EECOKD OF EXECUTIONS IN YORK. 131 

Bar, for the murder of John Meyal, near HuJdersfleld, a 
poor, indaatrious, labouring man, and who left a wife and 
large iamily of email childi-eu totally destitute. 

Geoeoe Fawcettt, William Brittain, "Williau Eraii- 
x&x, William Jacksou, anb Thouas Mask. 

Saturday, April 25tA, A.D. 1795. — The above malefactora 
were placed as usual in acavt at the Castle, York, and from 
thence conveyed to the Tyburn without Micklegate Ear, 
where they were executed in the presence of a large 
concourse of people. The following are the crimes ibr which 
they suffered death. 

George Fawcett, aged 77, a native of Maraham, where he 
resided, was convicted of stealing four aheep oS Kouudell 
Common ; hia two sons, George and William, also received 
eentence of death, but were reprieved to transportation, for 
the same oSence. At the place of executiou, this old man 
persisted in declaring his innocence, and said that though 
he drove the sheep away at the deaire of hia aona, he did 
not at the time suspect them to have been stolen. 

Erittaiu and Manu were both of them wool-combers at 
Bradford. They were charged with bi-eaking into the 
dwelling-house of Mary Thornton, of Bolton, and taking 
away sundry articles. Being found guilty, they were 
sentenced to be hung. These men also persiated in their 
innocence at the gallows. 

Brammam was from Milford, and was found guilty of 
breaking into the dwelling-house of William Shillito, of 
HampDol, and stealing a silver spoon. Jackson, aged 25, 
of KeyiDgham, was found guilty of stealing ten sheep. 

Thomas Maclean, James Smith, alias Fheeman 

SUTCLIFFE, ASD TUOMAS BUBCH. 

April 25th, A.D. 1790. — The above were executed at the 
Tyburn without Micklegate Bar, near York. 

Maclean, who was quite a lad, and a native of Swambse, 
for cobbing a Jew pedlar named Innocenti Eosai, of tbi% 



132 



BEOOBD OF EXECUTIONS FN YORK. 



City of York, on the lOtii of Deoemher, 1794, at Eeaka 
EJggs, near a place called Stone Haggs, in the N^orth 
Biding; taking from him two pounds, four ehilliiiga, and 
sixpence in money, and a silvei* watch. 

James Smith, alias Siitclifie, for assaulting and rohbiog 
Mr, Wignal! on the highway at Keighley, putting him in 
bodily fear, and stealing from him sixty guineas, and 
several notes and bills. 

Thomas Burch was a private in the Surrey Militia. He 
■was convicted of a buvglary at York, 

At these assizes Broadbent, a notorious highwayman and 
housebreaker, waa capitally convicted, and received sentence 
of death, but was reprieved to transportation. He waa 
better known by the name of " New Brass," and had been 
long the terror of the county. Since the memorable daya 
of Turpin, New Brass stood unequalled both aa to the 
variety and number of his achievements, and the audacity 
of his exploits. There was something odd in banging the 
lad Maclean, and letting this desperate man ofi'. 



James Beaumont. 

Monday, July 18iA, A.D, 17D6. — James Beaumont, of 
Sheffield, a fileamith, waa executed at the Tybtirn without 
Mioklegate Bar, for the murder of Sarah Turton, in the 
Nursery, at the second house from the white rails, coming 
towards Sheffield (now standing}. Beaumont was parted 
from his wife (who at the time lived in Barley-field, and 
kept a small shop), and was living with Sarah Turton as 
his wife. He killed her by blows and strangulation, on 
Monday nigiit, the 9th of May. After he had killed the 
woman, he went to his wife's house, and called her up, 
intending, it waa believed, to murder her also ; she, per- 
ceiving something wild in his manner, refused to let him in. 
He left several children. His wife lived many years after- 
wards in a very creditable manner. She visited her unfor- 
tunate husband in the condemned cell, who told her that 
had he taken her advice, he would not then have been in 
that terrible situation. 



EECORD OF BXECUTIOKS IN YORK. 



Owen Pendeorass, 

Saturday, Api-il 8(/i, A.D. 1797. — Ow. 
private ia the &8th regiment of foot, and a uative of Ireland, 
was executed at tLe Tyburn without Mictlegate Bar, tor 
robbing on tlia MgLway Mr. Thomas Todd, butcher, upon 
Heworth Moor, near the city of York. Hb died peniteat, 
conl'essiog hm guilt. 

Robert Dyson. 

Wed',iesday, August 2St!i, A.D. 1797.— Robert Djaon, 
aged 35 years, late of the poat-office at Bawtry, was exe- 
cuted at the Tyburn without Micklegate Bar, for em- 
bezzling a three months' bill and destroying letters. He 
was born at Misson, near Bawtry, and put out a town's 
apprentice. Being of an active turn of mind, be attracted 
the notice of a Mr. Bower, of Bawtry (a justice of the 
peace), who gave hiin a liberal education, and appointed 
him to be his clerk, in which situation he conducted himself 
with more than ordinary ability. He was afterwards taken 
into the employ of Mr. Fisher as a deputy postmaster, and 
coDtiaued with that gentleman upwards of seven years. 
During this period be acquired a handsome fortune, having 
successfully speculated largely in various matters. To this 
bent of mind may be attributed his untimely exit, for being 
rather embarrassed about July last, and not willing to make 
his case known, it unfortunately happened that in course of 
business he discovered a letter to have been forwarded to their 
office by mistake. On looking at the direction he recollected 
the hand-writing j he opened it, and finding a remittance en- 
closed for a house in London, amounting to £70, in bills, 
i&c, he applied the same fur tho relief of his exigency, and 
destroyed the letter. A nionctaiy relief produced inde- 
scribable anguish. He said that he was prompted to the 
deed with the flattering hope that, aa the letter was sent 
wrong, be should be able to make up the sum before any dis- 
covery was made. Such are the particulars of this unfor- 
tunate man, who left a wife and one daughter to lament his 
unhappy lot. On Tuesday aftemiwn, a pathetic o.n<i ^»Ji.- 



Lgentk' 
Farah 



194 BECOHD OP KXKCBTI0N9 IB TOKK, 

adapted Bermon was preached by the Eev, G. Brown. During 
the greater part of the aervice he appeared to be nmch de- 
jected, but was rather in a more compoacd state wbea the 
discourae was delivered. 

He passed his last evening, as well as several former 
ones, in acts of true devotion, and was a sincere penitent. 

He was conveyed in a cart to the usual place of execution, 
without Micklegate Bar. On arriving there he was attended 
by the ordinary, with whom he passed about half an. hour in 
prayer. His devotions being ended, the awful preparations 
commenced, and about twelve o'clock he was turned off 
amidst a large concourse of people, including a great number 
of hia neighboura from Bawtry and Doncaster, where he 
was well known and respected. His body, after hanging an 
boor, was out down and put into an oak cofBuj provided by 
his wife, upon which was a breastplate, with the following 
inscription : — 

" EoBERT Dyson, 

DIED THE 30th OF AUGUST, 1797, 
AOED THIRTY-FIVE YEAES," 

His remains were conveyed to Bawtry direct from the 
gallows in a beai'se, and there buried in the churchyard. 

Hia wife and daughter afterwards kept a glass and china 
shop at Bawtry, whei'e she and her husband were greatly re- 
flpected ; and much sympathy was manii'ested by the sur- 
rounding neighbourhood for their imtbitunate and unhappy 
dtuation. 



Pbier Buck, Robert Holusg worth, and 
George Ledger. 

fljiril lih, A.D. 1798.— The above three un- 
fortunate men were executed at the Tyburn without Mickle- 
gate Bar, for highway robbery at York. 

Buck waa a tanner at Eipley. He was charged with 
robbing on the highway Mr. Bichard Terry, of RipoQ, 
gentkaian, oa the 30th of August, 179T, in tbe township of 
Farnh'^m ; taking from him a pocket-book coatalniug notes 




KECORD OP EXEOCnONS IK YOSK. 



and bills to the amount of £1,500, or thereabouts ; also a 
a harding purse, containing £1S0 in gold, or there- 
abouts. 

Hollingworth and Ledger, the former a labourer, and the 
latter a shoemaker, both of Eotherham, near Sheffield, had 
long been the terror of the neighbourhood, particularly to 
jwrsona attending market leaving after dark for the country, 
Tliey Jiad robbed at different times, in the neighbourhood 
of Kotherham, Mr. William "VVing, of Kimberworth Park ; 
Mr. Spurr, of the Ewea ; Mr. Matbham, of Eavenfield ; 
Mr. Hinchcliffe, of Rotherham ; Mr. Wood, of the Haugb ; 
Mi-. Whitehead, of Whiaton ; Mr. Shaw, of Whitwell ; Mr. 
Wildaraith. of Eavenfield ; and Mr. Parker, of Brinsworth. 

Hollingworth confessed to these different robberies, also to 
breaking into the shop of William Thompson, shoemaker, 
at Tinaley, and taking thereout a quantity of hide and calf 
leather. It was most singular that these two were never 
seen together in the day time, but were, as was generally 
thought, perfect strangers to each other. That two men — 
one a stout tall man, and the other a broad-set man, were 
■well known as being the parties who committed the robberies, 
and it was also believed that they were Eotherham men. 
This game they carried on several years, without being 
in the slightest suspected ; for Ledger, the kssei-, kept a 
shoemaker's shop at the bottom of the Shambles, and was 
always at work, although a great oock-fighter. The other, 
also, was at no time seen idling or slinking about, and was 
never known to be in Ledger's shop. Though these robberies 
■were frequent, and carried out with such desperate deter- 
mination, the authorities were totally at fault, and seemed to 
Buspect any one but the right men. That which led to their 
capture was, the stopping of William Nicholson, a carrier, 
on Thome-common, near the Ked House, at the dead hour of 
the ni^ht. This man made a stout resistance, being a very 
powerful fellow and good game. He and his dog held them at 
bay a considerable time, and a most terrible and bloody fight 
took place, after which the robbers deemed it prudent to 
retire. In the scuffle, HoUingworth'a hat fell off, as did 
also Nicholson's ; and each got the other's hat. Nicholson 
called them up at the lied House (now occupied by Mr, 
Matthew Kllis) and presented a woeful ap\iea'C3.wae, \»s\Sk% 



136 BEGORD OF EZECIITIOKS IN TOBS. 

covered with blood and dirt. He then discovered that he 
had changed hata with one of the rohhers, and early the next 
morning it was handed over to the authoritieE, who soon, 
discovered, from the hatter's name, from whom it was pur- 
chased. The hatter, on being applied to, recollected selling 
such a hat to HoUingworth. They immediately sent a . 
person with it to Hoi ling worth's wife, and on the question 
being asked if she knew it, she at once said it was her 
husband's. Hollingwarth was arrested at his work the same 
■day, and thinking to save himself, impeached his companion. 
When the conatables went to arrest Ledger, who waa hard 
at work in his shop, he waa talking to several ]ieople upon the 
all-engrosiing subject of the robbery, which had spread like 
lightning first thing in the morning. Thomas Raper, of 
the. Ickles, who was waiting for him finishing mending his 
shoes, one of the parties in the shop when the constablea 
entered, said his colour came and went veryquick ; and Ledger 
declared he did not know such a man. as Holliugworth j that 
he was in bed at the time of the robbery ; and, by his firm- 
nesa, seemed to create doubts in the minds of the authorities, 
.at firat, as to whether he was really the right man. How- 
ever, both were committed to the assizes, and, but for a fresh 
piece of evidence, which seemed accidentally to arise, it was 
beheved that HoUingworth'a evidence would not have hung 
him. As has been already stated, they stopped Mr. Wm. 
Wing, some years before, on his way home from Eotherliam 
market to Kimberworth, and robbed hira of his money and 
watch. This watch was sold by Ledger, some time after, to 
a recruiting sergeant, who was about leaving the town. The 
sergeant happening to return to Eotherham at the time when 
the chief topic of conversation was the enumeration of the 
robberies, as confessed to hy Holltngworth ; and Mr. Wing's 
watch being frequently named, it struck the soldier, that on 
his leaving Hotherham several years ago, he purchased a 
watch from Ledger, which he then had upon him. On this 
being made known, Mr. Wing's watchmaker desired to see 
the watch, and said that if it was the one stolen it would 
have iu it a wJieel of a certain description, different some- 
what to the rest of the works ; and this being found to be 
as the watchmaker stated, corroborated Hollingworth's state- 
ment, and both received sentence of death. After condeiuna- 



HECORD OP EIKCnTIONS IN YORK. 

trion, it was fo'uiid necessary to keep them in separate cells, 
for Ledger bccaaie so furious, bordering almost on madness, 
declaring he would murder HoUingwortL, and e^en on tlieir 
way to the gallows would have struck him had not the exe- 
cutioner taken the precaution to pinion him before he left 
the Castle. Hollingworth was a native of Bi-amley, near 
Kotherham, at which jilace his widow resided many years 
after hia execution, and taught a small school. 

"William Labkin. 

Saturdat/, August 18th, A.B. 1798.— William Larkin, aged 
23, was executed at the Tybuvu without Micklegate Bar, 
for forgery. This unfortunate man, after his conviction, con- 
ducted himself with great propriety, and died truly penitent, 
acknowledging the justice of hia sentence, 

EicHABD Clegg. 

Monday, Jul;, I5tk, A.D. 1799.— Eichard Clegg was exe- 
cuted at the Tyburn without Micklegate Bar, for the wilful 
murder of John Morson. After execution bis body was 
delivered to the surgeons of the County Hospital for dissection. 

Maky Thorp and Michael Simpson. 

Monday, March \1th, A.D. 1800. — Mary Thorp and 
Michael Simpson were executed at the Tyburn without 
Micklegate Bar. 

Mary Thorp for the wilful murder of her illegitimate child. 
She was a decent, respectable looking young woman, and 
had, during the whole of her confinement in the Castle, 
manifested the most sincere contrition for the dreadful crime 
of which she had been gniUy, and after her trial acknow- 
ledged herself to bo verily guilty. 

Michael Sirapsou, for the murder of Thomas Hodgson, by 
administering to hioi a dose of deadly poison. After execu- 
tioD, their boJiea were delivered to the surgeons for dissec- 
tion, pursuant to their respective sentences. The above un- 
fortunate man persisted to the last in asserting his ianocun.c% 



the wretch who did the deed. 




OP EXECUTIONS IK YORK. 



for which he was abont to mSer, which fact 
ighteen months afterwards by the coufessioD of 



1 



John McWilliams, Sab&h Batlet, and WiiiiAii 
Daletmple. 

April 12lh, A.D. 1800.— John McWiffiama, 
aged 28, for forgery at SJieffield ; Sarah Bayley, aged 25, 
for paying forged notes, and William Ualrjiuple, aged 35, 
for robbing Mr. Green's bank at Malton. The three 
culprita were executed at the Tjbnm without Micklegate 
Bar, in the preeeuce of a large number of epectators. 

Elizabeth Johnsok. 

Saturday/, August iSril, A.D. 1800. — Elizabeth Johnaon 
was executed at tho Tyburn without Micklegate Bar, for 
uttering a forged one pound bill, purporting to be drawn by 
the Governor and Company of the Bank of England. At 
the time when the awful sentence of death was passed upon 
her, this unfortunate woman appeared totally insensible to 
her dreadful situation, and continued so up to the time of 
her execution, 

James Douohtt, Richakd Holliday, Edward Tattersall, 
Georoe Sedgwick, anb Thomas Hodgson. 

Saturday, Ma;/ 2nd, A.D. 1801. — The above culprits were 
executed at the Tyburn without Micklegate Bar :— 

James Doughty, aged 23, and Kicbard Holliday, aged 25, 
for shee])-fltealing. Doughty was a native of Haxby, near 
York, and Holliday was a native of Acklam, near Malton. 
Edward Tatteraall, Geoi^e Sedgwick, and Thomas Hodgson, 
for uttering forged notes, purporting to be one pound Bank 
of England notes. 

Samuel Ldndy. 

Saturday, April lltk, A.D. 1801.— Samuel Lundy, 



HECOKD OP EIEOWriONB IN YORK, l3tf 

aged 37, was executed st the Tybum without Micklegate 
Bar, for cow stealing. He was a. native of Newbald, near 
Market Weiglitou. 

Edwartj Hughes. 

Saturday/, August 29th, A.D. 1801.— Edward Hughes, a 
priyate soldier in tiie 18th Light Dragoons, waa executed at 
the Tyburn without Micklegate Bar, for a rape. Great 
interest was made to save the life of this unhappy criminal,, 
and a respite for fourteen days from the time prisoners are 
usually executed, was obtained. But the crime was con- 
sidered to be BO peculiarly atrocious, aggravated by the- 
circurastance of his military profession, that no further re- 
mission could be obtained. He was a Roman Catholic, 
aged 19, and was attended after his conviction by a priest 
of that persuasion. He was committed to the Castle oD 
the 27th day of April, on the oath of Mary Brown, of 
Tollerton, with having actually ravished her, and having 
had carnal knowledge of her body against her consent, in a 
field in the pariah of Easingwold, on Monday, the 20th of 
April. He was the last executed at the old drop. 

James Eoberts, "William Eakker, asd William 
Jacksoh. 

Saturday/, August 28th, A.D. 1802.— The above three un- 
fortunate fellows were executed behind the Castle walls, on 
the new drop, which was the first time of its being used. 

Thomas Eoberts, for stealing nineteen sheep. 

"William Barker, for stealing three horses, and 

William Jackson, for a robbery in the houae of Mr. 
Wetherhead, at JIalton. 

The new drop was erected by Mr. Joseph Halfpenny, of 
Blake Street, joiner, of this city, and those unfortunate men 
suffered by the hands of John Curry, the executioner, who 
had been appointed at the summer assizes to that office. 
He hod been a convicted felon. 

JoHK TerSt and Joseph Heald. 
Mmidmj, Mat-ch UCh, A.D. 1803.— John Tei'r^ avd. 



140 RECORD OF EXECUTIONS IK TOBlt. 

JoBeph Heald were executed at the tjew drop at the Castle, 
for the wilful murder of Elizabeth Smith, near Wakefield. 
Their bodies were afterwards deUvered to the surgeons for 
dissection. 



EOBEHT El'RGESS, 

Saturday, April 2iid, A.B. 1803.— Eoberfc Eurgesa was 
executed at the new drop behind the Castle, for horae-Hteal- 
ing. He was 35 years of age, and was a native of Ackworth, 
near Wakefield. 

Martha Chapel. 

Saturday, August 1st, A.D. 1803. — Martha Chapel, a 
fine-looking young woman, only nineteen years of age, was 
executed upon the new drop, behind tlie walls of the 
' Castle, for the wilful murder of her child. She died penitent, 
acknowledging the justice of her sentence. 



John Mansfielii. 

Saturday, Aiigmt 20i/i, A.D. 1803.— John Mansfield, 
chimney-sweeper, was executed at the new drop, without the 
walla of the Castle of York, for attempting ft rape on the 
body of Isabella Ord, the wife of John Ord, of Craythorne, 
in the North Kiding, and afterwards robbing her on the 
king's highway. 

The atrocity of this malefactor's crime cannot be more 
fully given to the world, than by the following facts, which 
were corroborated on hia trial by evidence of resi>ectability. 
It appeared that the above named Isabella Ord went on the 
Sth of April lost to one Rachel Thompson's, wlio lives 
about eight miles from Craythorne, for the purjiose of as- 
sisting her to remove some furniture, and received two 
shillings for her labour ; that she returned between five and 
six o'clock, and on her road home between Harlaey and 
Inglehy, she met Mansfield, who demanded her money, and 
repeated to her three different times, "Your money, you 
bitch." She replied, " I have got none ; where must such a 



REOOKD OF KEEOCTIOKS IN YORK, 141 

poor old woman like me get any money ? " He tben Baid, 
" You old bitch, I'll kisa you," and then threw her down, 
and tewed her very much with lier clothes up ; upon which 
she told him, " I have got two shillings, if you release me 
joxi shall have it," She then rose from the ground, took 
her two ahillingB out of her pocket, and dropped it between 
her gown and her petticoat upon the road, thinking to save 
it ; he then caught hold of her again, and threw her down 
upon the dirt collected on the aide of the tnmpike ; she then 
called out, but he clajiped his hand across her mouth and 
nose, and swore if she made the least resistance, he would 
i-am his brush down her throat, and frequently said he would 
let her see her gnts out ; Lb then tore her clotlioi off her 
back, all except her shift ; he tlien stood with Lis hand in 
his pocket, and looked down the road ; she thought he was 
upon the point of taking out of bia pocket a knife, or some 
other instrument, for the purpose of murdering her. A 
gentleman happened then to be coming upon the road, whom 
she believed he saw, for he immediately gathered up her 
clothes. She still continued laying on the ground, and durst 
not stir, during which time he put the clothes he had 
gathered up into his soot-bag, took up the two shillings then 
lying upon the road and put it into his i-ight breeches 
pocket, leaped over the hedge adjoining the road, and laid a 
heavy curse upon her. As soon aa he had got over the 
hedge, she got up and saw a gentleman coming, and made a 
signal for him to come faster ; when the gentleman came 
up, he took her to the nearest farm-house, and gave orders 
that immediate search should be made, and he would piiy all 
expenses. This was done, and Mansfield was apprehended 
at Lockley. 

Ho said he had been nine years on board a man-of-war, 
was at the battle of Copenhagen ; that when there, he fell 
down the hatchway of the ship he was in, and had thereby 
received a severe wound in bis head, since which the 
least liqnor deranged his intellects, and that he recollected 
nothing of the commission of the crime with which he stood 

His behaviour since his condemnation has been truly be- 
coming, and ho yesterday attended Divine Service in the 
chapel, when the Rev. G. Brown, the ordinary, deliiBxeA «xi 



142 RBODim OF EXEC0TI0N8 IS YOEK. 

impresBive diacouree (with which the culprit seemed muob 
afiected) from the following text : " Because be hath ap- 
pointed B. day iu the which he will judge the world by that 
Maai whom he hath ordained ; whereof he hath given 
aasurance unto all men, iu that he hath raised him from the 
dead."— AotB xvii., 31. 

He was conducted to the drop at eleven o^clock thia morn- 
ing, and after some time spent in prayer, he was cut off from 
this world to meet the righteous Judge of all. 



Joseph Wallei:. 

Saturday, April lilh, A.I>. 1S04, — Joseph Waller, a 
native of Holme-on -Spalding Moor, was executed at the new 
drop, behind the walla of the Castle, for the robbery of Mr. 
Potts, near Fulford, of two five-guinea notes. Thia unfortu- 
nate young man acknowledged his guilt previous to his 
■execution, and died truly penitent. 

JoNATHAM Ellis. 

Saturday, Angit»t 9(A, A.D. 1804. — Jonathan Ellis, of 
Aldwick-u]»on-I>Bame, was executed upon the new drop 
behind the Castle walls, for a rape, which he committed 
upon Elizabeth Widdeson. He coufesaed his guilt, and met 
his fate with composure. 

John "Wilkinson and Ann Heywood. 

Monday, March 18(A, AD. 1805. — John "Wilkinson and 
Ann Heywood atoned their guilt u]H>n the new drop behind 
the walls of the Castle, for the horrid crime of murder. 

John Wilkinsou, aged 33, for the wilful murder of hia 
lawful wife, and Ann Heywood, aged 23, for the unnatural 
murder of her illegitimate child. 

Benjamin Aldroyd. 

Monday, May 29iA. A.D. 1805.— Benjamin Aldroyd waa 
executed at the new drop, behind the walla of the Castle, for 



RECORD OP ESECtTTlOHS IS YORK. liO 

the wilful murder of hia own father. He confessed his guilt 
to the ordinary, the Eev. George Brown, and died truly 
penitent. 

George Oumond. 

Saturday, April ath^ A,D. 1806. — George Ormond, butler, 
aged 30, a native of Hull, waa executed at the new drop, 
behind the walla of the Castle, for forgery on the bank of 
Kaper, ClougL, and Swann, of York. He acknowledged the 
offence for which he waa about to suffer, and declared that 
it waa the only crime he had ever perpetrated. 

Peter Atkimson. 

Tuesday, May G(A, A.D. 1806. — Peter Atkinson, not 
quite sixteen years of age, was executed at the new drop, 
behind the walls of the Castle, for tlie attempted murder of 
Elizabeth Stocktoo, by woundiag her on the head and face 
with the claw of a hammer, in a most dreadful manner, and 
leaving her as he auppoacd for dead. This was the second 
that was tried and condemned under Lord Ellen bo rough's 
Act 

Thomas Ricsardsdx. 

Saturday, A%i^u8t ICfA, 1806.— Thomas Richardson was 
executed at the new drop, behind the Castle' walls, for 
robbing on the highway near Stokesley, Mr. Melburu. He 
confessed his crime, and died penitent. 

TuoMAS Jewett. 

Saturday, April 5th, A.D. 1807.— Thomas Jewett, aged 
24, was executed at the new drop, behind the Castle, for 
violating the chastity of Elizabeth Stabler, a girl under tea 
years of age, his master's daughter. Up to the time of this 
nnfortunate affair he was well respected, and bore a good 
character in the town and neighbourhood of Old Malton. 
He was by trade a blacksmith, and lived servant with. 



J 




I 



BEOORD OF EXECCTIOIIS IS YOKK. 

William Stabler, of Old MaltoD, blacksmith, ia whose family 
be was an inmate. It appeared upon his trial that ob | 
Sundajr, the 27th of July last, Mr. and Mrs. Stabler went to , 
Castle Howard, leaving the care of the family to Jewett. 
The Sillily consisted of fice children, the eldest of wliicli was i 
the child on whom the abominable crime was committed, 
and who was at that time under ten years of age. The two 
boya went to the Sunday School, leaving only this girl 
Jewett, and an apprentice boy, and two children under four 
years of age, in the hoase. The apprentice was sent out of 
the way to fetch some water, and in his absence Jewett 
committed the foul crime for which he suQei'ed an awful 
and untimely death. 

Samcel Paramae asd Johs Kobinsos, 

SaluTilay, Aiigust Silt, A.D. 1807. — Samuel Parnmar, 
aged 68, a native ' of Sheffield, was executed at the new 
drop behind the Castle, fui- committing a rape upon a 
yoong girl under ten years of age ; and at the same time and 
place, John Robinson, for the wilful murder of Elizabeth 
"Wilkiiiaon, Tbey both evinced contrition for their crimes. 

Thohas Wilbe, William Barber, jAiiea "Winterbotham, 
AND Edwabd St rah an. 

Satv/rday, April 20iA, A.D. 1808.— The above four un- 
happy culprits were executed at tlie new drop behind the 
Castle for the following crimes ; — 

Thomas Wilbe, aged 31, a native of Hull, for committing 
a rape upon a young girl under the age of ten years. 

William Barber, aged 21, for committing a rajie upon a 
young girl not more than ten years of age. 

James Winterbotham and Edward Strahan, each aged 
23, for highway robbery near Howden. At the place of 
execution tbey all acknowledged to the ordinary, the Rev. 
George Bixtwn, their guilt and the justice of their sentences. 

Thomas Allington. 
Saturday, March 28(7*, A.D. 1808.— Thomas Allington, 



KECOBD OF EXEOVnONS IN YOBE. 143 

aged 27, was executed at the new drop, bebiud the walls 
of the Caatle, for robbing Mr. Edward Liithaiu on the Cave- 
road, near Gilberdyke. He was a fine young man, six feet 
high, and made a confeaaion to the EeT. Ueorge Browu, 
before his execution. 

James Biiown. 

MoTiday, March 20iA, A,D. 1809.— James Brown, aged 
38, of CawoodjWaa executed at the new drop behind the Castle 
for the wilful murder of Elizaheth Fletcher by administering 
to her with her food a strong dose of poison. 

Mary Eateman. 

Monday, Mardt. 20(/t, A.D. 1809. — Mary Bateman, aged 
41, a native of Aisenby, in the parish of Topcliffe, near 
Thi]jpk, in the North Biding of Yorkahire, waa executed at 
the new drop behind the Castle, for the wilful murder, by 
jwiaon, of Rebecca Perigo, at Bramley, near Leeds. After 
the trial, which lasted eleven, hours, the jury conferred toge- 
ther for a few moments and found the prisoner guilty, after 
which the judge passed sentence of death in nearly the fol- 
lowing words ; — " Mary Bateman, you have been con- 
victed of wilful murder by a jury who, after having 
examined your case with due caution, have been constrained 
by the force of evidence to pronounce you guilty, and it only 
remains for me to fulfil my painful duty by passing upon. 
you the awful sentence of the law. After you have been ao- 
long in the situation in which you now stand, and harassed 
as your mind must be by long details of your crimes, and by 
listening to the suffering you have occasioned, T do not wish 
to add to your distress by saying more than my duty renders 
necessary. Of your guilt, there cannot remain a particle of 
doubt in the breast of any one who has heard your case. 
You entered into a long and premeditated system of fraud, 
which yon carried on for a length of time in a most astonish- 
ing manner, and by means one would have supposed could 
not, in this age and in this enlightened country, have been 
practised with succ-ess. To prevent a discovery of your *iwsi.- 



LTIOSS IN YOBK. 




plicated fraud, and the pnnishment which mnst have resulted 
therefrom, you deliberately contrived the death of the person 
you had ho grossly iujured, and that by ineanB of poison, a 
mode of destruction against which there is do sure protection. 
Bub your guilty design was not fully accomplished, and after 
so extraordinary a lapse of time you are reserved as a signal 
example of the justice of that mysterious Providence which 
sooner or later overtakes guilt like youra. And at the very 
time when you were apprehended, there is the greatest reason 
to suppose that if your surviving victim had met you alone, 
as yon wished him to do, you would have administered to bini 
a more deadly dose, which would have completed the diabo- 
lical project you had long before contemplated and planned, 
tut which at that time only partially succeeded, for upon 
your person at that moment was found a phial containing a 
most deadly poison. For crimes like yours, in this world, 
the gates of mercy are closed ; hut the law, while it dooms 
you to death, has in its mercy afforded you time for re- 
pentance, and the assistance of pious and devout men, whose 
admonitions, and prayers, and counsels may assist to get you , 
all the better prepared for another world, where even crimes, 
if sincerely repented of, may find mercy. The sentence of 
the law is, and the Court doth award it, that you be taken 
to the place from whence you came, and from thence on 
Monday next to the place of execution, there to he banged 
by the neck until you are dead, and that your hody be 
given to the surgeons to be dissected and anatomized, and 
may Almighty God have mercy upon your soul ! " 

The prisoner having intimated that she was pregnant, the 
Clerk of Arraigns said, " Mary Bateman, what have you t» 
say that immediate execution should not be awarded against 
you t " On which the prisoner pleaded that she was twenty- 
two weeks gone with child. On this plea the judge ordered 
the Sheriff to impanel a jury of matrons. This order oreAted 
a general consternation among the ladies, ,wlio hastened to ' 
quit the Court, to prevent the execution of so painful an 
office being imposed upon them. His lordship in consequence 
ordered the doors to be closed, and in about half-an-hour 
twelve married women being impanelled, they were sworn 
in court, charged to inquire whether the prisoner was with 
quick child. The jury of matrons then retired with the 



HECORD OP EXECTJTIOSB DT TOIK. 147 

prisoner, and on their return into Court delivered their 
verdict, which, was that Mary Batemaii was not with quick 
child, — in fact, she was not with child at all. The execution 
of course was not respited, and she was remanded hack to 
prison. 

As soon as she returned to her cell, aho took her infant 
child and gave it the hreast, a circumstance which consider- 
ablv affected the gaoler who attended her on this melancholy 
occasion. During the brief interval between her receiving 
sentence of death and her execution, the Rev, George 
Brown toot great pains to prevail upon her to acknowledge 
and confess her crime. On his touching on the subject of 
the Quaker ladies, whose sudden death he mentioned, she 
seemed perfectly to understand his meaning, but wished to 
avoid all further pressing upon the subject by saying 
she was at that time confined in childbirth, but the impres- 
aion left upon the mind of the Ordinary was, that she knew 
much more on this subject than she chose to communicate. 
Though the prisoner behaved with her usual decorum 
during the few hours that remained of her existence, and 
readily joined in the customary ofGce of devotion, no traces 
of that deep compunctiou of mind which, for crimes like 
hers, must be felt where repentance is sincere, could be 
observed. She maintained her caution and mystery to the 
last. On the day preceding her execution, she wrote a letter 
to her husband, in which she inclosed her wedding-ring with 
a request that it might be given to her daughter. In this 
letter she lamented the disgi'ace she had brought upon her 
husbatid and family, but declared her entire ignorance of 
the crime for which she was about to sufier, though she 
acknowledged she had been guilty of many frauds. The 
letter also stated that she had made her peace with God. 
It will hardly be credited, though it is a certain fact, that 
this unhappy woman was so addicted to fraud, that even 
when in confinement on a charge which affected her life, 
she was incapable of refraining from her witchcraft. A 
young female prisoner had, in her presence, expressed a wish 
to see her sweetheart. Mary Bateman took the giri aside 
and said, if she could procure a. sum of money to be made 
into a charm, and sewed into her own stays, the young man 
would be compelled to visit her. The sim\ile ^vcV M«a■^^sA., 
1.2 



m 

^V H8 
^V and Ma 



OF EXECUTIONS IN YOBK. 



and Mftrj Bateman having prepared a poleut spell, it wa» 
bound round the breast of this young woman. No Bweet- 
beart made his appearance, and the faitb of her young dupa, 
unlike that of Perigo'a, began to waver, and, in a fit of 
despair, she unbound the charm to take out her money, 
but it had vanished away. This circumstance being repre- 
sented to the Governor of the Castle, part of the spoil was 
refunded, and Mary Bateman directed that the girl should 
have clotbee of hers to balance the account ; but the balance 
was paid by the frieuda of the prisoner. On Sunday night 
the Ordinary visited her again, but finding her obstinately 
bent on denying the crime for which she was about to 
suffer, he represented to her the danger and folly of her 
conduct. Exhortations and remonstrances were alike iu 
vain. At five o'clock on Monday morning she was removed 
&om her cell and from her infant child, which lay sleeping 
ou the bed, unconscious of the fate of its unhaI^py mother. 
She stopped a moment and kissed it for the last time. If 
anything could excite the tender emotions of conscience, we 
migjit well imagine the present events would tend to do so ; 
but nothing seemed to touch the hardness and depravity of 
her nature. When the solemn rite of communion was 
proposed, the necessity of confession was agaia introduced, 
but without effect, and she joined in this rite without 
unburdening her mind of its guilty secrets. The hour of 
execution arrived, — the sheriff and his attendants demanded 
her body for execution, and, after a few moments, they 
proceeded to the fatal platform. The number of persona 
assembled was much greater than usual on such occasions, 
and many from a great distance, and a large company from 
Leeds and the neighbourhood. The appearance of the 
prisoner upon the platform created a visible emotion among 
the spectators — not of brutal insult, as once disgraced the 
British character in the metropolis, but of awo and deep 
commiseration. The most respectful silence prevailed 
during the few moments spent in prayer, except when 
interrupted by a half-suppressed ejaculation for mercy on 
the wretched sufferer. The moment when the executioner 
preparing to finish his awful scene, the Ordinary again 
■essed the culprit in a low tone of voice, inquiring i£ 
had any communication to make ! She rephed, she 



BECORD OF EXECUTIONS IK TOBK. 

had not ; she was innocent. The next moment terminated 
]ier existence as to this world, &nd sent her to another more 
awful tribunal Her body, after hanging the usual time, 
waa cut down and sent to the Greneral Tn&raary for dissec- 
tion. In this awful manner terminated the earthly career 
of Mary Eateman. The curiosity excited by the singularity 
and atrocity of her crimes extended to the viewing of her 
lifeless remains. Though the hearse did not reach Iieeds 
till midoight, it was met by a considerable number of people, 
and BO great was the general curiosity to see her, that the 
sum of thirty pounds was raiaed for the benefit of the 
General Infirmary, by receiving from each of the visitors 
the sum of threepence. 




Saturday, i 
young man, wa 
Castle, for th 



Jonathan Grahasl 



\ — Jonathan Graham, a 
new drop behind the 
wn father, by shooting 
ow acknowledged the 

d o suffer, and left this 
d contrition. 



DiVDD ASDEBBOS. 



Sahirdd!/, August 20(A, A.D. 1809. — The ahove-mentioned 
culprit was executed at the new drop behind the city gaol, 
for tittering bad notes. He was taken in the house of 
Robert Dentis flour-dealer, in Low Ouaegate, in this city, by 
whom he wa.i betrayed, and who was the principal evidence 
against him. He waa tried, convicted, and sentence of 
death was passed upon him at the Summer Assizes. When 
he arrived upon the new drop, he kneeled down upon a 
vug, which he spread there for the purpose, and uttered a 
most fervent prayer. When he rose from his knees he 
looked around him, and met his fate with fortitude and 
resignation. This was the first time the new drop waa 
used belonging to the city gaol. The executioner's name 
waa William Curry, of the Castle. 



\ 



I 



150 RECORD OP EXECOTIOira IN TOBK. 

Edward Francis Spence, Eobeet King, Robert Vesset, 
EoEERT Burton, and Frances Tuompson. 

Saturday, AprU 7th, A.U. 1810.— The culprits above 
mentioned suft'ered at tte new drop behind the ■walls of tlie 
Castle. 

Edward Francis Spence, aged 31 ; Eobert King, aged 40 ; 
Robert YeBsey, aged 46 ; Robert Burton, aged 38 ; and 
Frances Ttompson, a widow, of Eeverley, aged 31, for 
circulating forged notes and counterfeit coin, at EingBton- 
on-HuU. 

JosuuA Eeauhont. 

Saturday, July lith, A.D, 1810. — Josliua Beaumont, 
aged 35, of Kirk Heaton, was executed at the new drop 
behind the walls of the Castle, for the wilful murder of 
Lucy Erooks, 

William Chester. 

Saturday, April Hth, A.D. 181 3. —William Chester was 
executed at the new droj) behind the walls of the Castle for 
housebreaking. His execution attracted thousands of spec- 
tators. He was a yotmg and respectable man. 

The latter end of April, this year, was remarkable for 
the removal of the old lybum without Mioklegate Bar. It 
was first erected on the 7th day of March, 1379, so that it 
appears to have stood there a period of 433 years. The 
laet man that was executed at the old gallows was in the 
month of August, 1801. It stood eleven years after it was 

Geoboe Mellor, Thomas Smith, 'and William Thorpe. 

Friday, January 8</*, A.D. 1813. — The above three 
culprits were executed at the new drop behind the Castle 
walls. 



RECOHD OP EXEOtmONS IN TOEK. ISl 

George llellor, aged 32, cloth-dreaaer, of Langroyd 
Eritige ; Thoraaa Sinitli, aged 22, cloth -dresser, of Hiid- 
deiiifield ; and William Thorpe, aged 23, clofch-dreBser, of 
Hudder^iield. The jury were charged with tke prisoners in 
the usual form, upon an indictment which alleged that the 
prisoner Mellor, on the 38th of April last, fired a pistol 
londed with bullets, &c,, at "William Horafall, by which 
firing he received a mortal wound on the left side of the 
belly, of which wound he languished till the 30th of April, 
and then died ; and that the prisoners Thorpe and Smith 
were present, aiding and abetting Mellor to oommifc the said 
Clime, and that the three prisoners wilfully mnrdered the 
said William Horafall. The jury found them all guilty, 
and sentence of death was passed upon them by Justice 
Le Blanc. Their bodies were afterwards delivered to the 
surgeons for dissection, 

FOUBTEBN MAU^FACTORS. 

Saturday, January IGiA, AD. 1813.— Tbe following 
fourteen malefactors were executed on the drop behind the 
Castle, for various burglaries, felonies, and tumultuouely 
assembling in the night-time, to destroy sbearing-frames, 
machinery, to collect fire-arms, and to demolish mills, par- 
ticularly that of Mr. William Cartwright, at Eawfolds, in 
LeTeredge, near Berstall. 

John Swallow, aged 37, late of Briest whistle, near Wake- 
field, coal -miner. 

John Bailey, aged 31, late of Thornhill, near Wakefield, 
clothier, ifcc. 

Joseph Fisher, aged 33, late of Briestwhistle aforesaid. 

The above three unhappy men were convicted (together 
with John Lamb, who was afterwards reprieved), of a 
burglary in the house of Samuel Moxon, of Upper Whitley, 
in the West Riding of the county of York. They went 
armed and in disguise to the said Samuel Moxon's house on 
the night of the 3rd of July last, and feloniously entered 
the place, and by threats of violence obtained several notes, 
Bome silver, a quantity of butter, and wearing apparel. 

Job Hey, aged 40 ; John Hill, aged 3C ; and William. 



I 



KBCOHO OP EXBCDTIONS IS YOBK. 

Hartley, aged 41, were convicted of a burglary in etealing 
fire-arms in the nigbt-time out of the house of Sir. George 
Haigb, of Copley Gate, in Skircote, near Elland, in the 
p&rish of Halifax, farmer. These men went to the said 
George Haigh'a house armed with pistols, and, having by 
intimidation procured admittance, succeeded in obtaining 
by violence and threats a gun and a pistol, ifec. While 
they were knocking at the door, Mr. Haigh got up, and 
standing upon the stidr inquired, " Who's there 1 " The 
answer from without was — "Onr master, General Ludd, has 
sent for your fire-armH " — they had got the gun and pistol. 
They said to his servant, " Tell your master that if he doee 
not sell hia milk in the neighbourhood at two pence per 
.quart, they would visit him again on a similar purpose." 
The principal witness against them was an accomplice in 
the robbery. The pistol was found in the bouse of Job 
Hey, also three pounds and a quarter of gunpowder. 

James Hey, aged 25. 

Joseph Crowtber, aged 31 ; and 

Matthew Boyle, aged 4G, were convicted of robbery, in 
the house of James Brook, of Fair Town, in the parish of 
Huddersheld, on the 29th day of November last, and stealing 
a one-pound note, a three-shilling piece, and putting the 
persons therein in bodily fear. 

These three men were mere robbers, and do not appear 
to have any other object in view but the obtaining of plunder. 
In the course of the same night they plundered several 
other houses in the neighbourhood of Fair Town, in the 
aaid West Riding, and at the close of their wicked expedi- 
tion shared the profits, amounting to £15 each. 

James Haigb, aged 23, late of Dalton, clothier. 

Jonathan Dean, aged 30, late of Hudderslield, oloth- 
■dresaer. 

John Ogden, aged 28, late of the same place. 

John Walker, aged 31, late of the same place ; and 

Thomas Brook, aged 32, late of Lockwood, near Hiidders- 
field. The five culprits, after a trial which lasted the whole 
day, were convicted on a statute of the 9th of George III., 
which made it a capital felony to demoUsh, or to begin to 
demolish, any mill of any description whatsoever. It appears 
that these deluded men, in company with George Jlellor 



RECOHD OF EXECUTIONS IN YORK. 163 



and William Tborp, who commanded on that o 
upwards of one hundred other persons, marched in military 
order and nrraj, being armed with guns and pistols, axes, 
hammers, rtc, such aa are used foe breaking stones on the 
higliways, and attacked the mill of Mr. Cartwright, of 
Haw folds (about six miles from Huddersfield), who used 
machinery obnoxious to the people employed in the dressing 
of cloth, and which they unhappily conceived to be destruc- 
tive to their regular work. The attack was made on the 
night of the 11th of April last, and commenced with a 
discharge of gons and pistols. They were resisted with 
great spirit by Mr. Cartwright, and two of the assailantH 
were mortally wounded and died soon after. Great numbers 
of these misguided men were afterwards apprehended, but 
only eight were brought to trial. The above five were 
convicted, three acquitted, and the rest discharged by 
proclamation, or on bail. 

The whole of the above unhappy men were truly penitent 
when they ascended the scaffold, aud all joined in singing 
that beautiful liymn in the Wesleyan Hymn Book — 
" Behold the Saviour of mankind, Ac." 

At eleven o'clock in the morning the following convicts 
were executed ; — 

Joseph Crowther, aged 31, for burglary, leaving a wife 
and four children. 

Nathan Hoyle, aged 46, for burglary, leaving a wife and 
seven children. Crowther and Hoyle were interred in the 
hoppet at the hack of the Castle. 

The bodies of the following tive, all executed for burglary, 
connected with the Luddites, were taken home by their 
friends ; — 

John Hill, aged 3G, leaving a wife and two children. 

Jonathan Dean, aged 30, leaving a wife and seven 
children. 

John Ogden, aged 28, leaving a wife and two children. 

John Walker, aged 31, leaving a wife and five children; 

Thomas Brook, aged 32, leaving a wife and three chUdreu, 
And at two o'clock on the same day ; — 
John Swallow, aged 37, leaving a wife and six children. 
John Batley, aged 31, leaving a wife and one cVvM, 



154 



RECORD or EZECUnONa TH TDKK. 



aged 



leaving 



wife and three 



I 



Joseph Fisher 
cLildreu. 

Toby Hey, aged 40, leaving a wife and seven children. 

William Hartley, aged 41, leaving a wife and eight 
children. 

James Hey, aged 2.3, leaving a wife but no children. 

Jamea Haigh, aged 28, leaving a wife and two children. 

Their bodies were received for interment by their frienda. 
James Hey was the son of a Jlethodiat preacher. By this 
severe judicial visitation, fourteen wives were made widows, 
iifty-seven chiidrea became fatherless, and eight were turned 
npon the world helpless. Thus ended the executionsof this 
most terrible day. Baron Thompson passed sentence of 
death upon tbem. 

John Seniok, Hekrt Sutcliffe, Johk RoBiNSOx, 
JoKN James, and Robert Tornek. 

Satwday, April Zrd, A.D. 1813,— The above were 
executed at the new drop behind the Castle. 

John Senior for defrauding Lis creditors, 
very stout man, about G feet 2 inches high, 
Alverthorpe, in the pariah of Watefield, wai 
age, and left a widow and two children. He had several 
children by a former wife. This unfortunate man was the 
first who had suffered for a similar crime in the county. 

Henry Sutclifie, aged 29, was born near Halifax, was 
executed for forgery. He left a widow, to whom he had 
not been married a year. He was a person much respected. 

John Robinson, aged 40, for robbing Mr. John Naylor, 
butcher, of Eoroughbridge. He was a native of Newcaatlo- 
upon-Tyne, and had been twenty years in his Majesty's 
service as a doctor's mate in the navy. After quitting 
that service he travelled about as a quack doctor, and had 
lately taken a house in York, where he was apprehended 
the day after the robbery. He Jeft a wife and three sons. 
He protested hia innocence to the last, and said he was a 
murdered man. 

John James, aged 32, for stabbing "William Ridley, a 
bailiff. 



bom at 
40 years of 




BECORD OF EXECUTIOHS IS YOBK. 

Robert Turner, Cor the wilful murder of Margaret Appleby, 
of Yann, by poisoning her at Middleham. 

On Thursday morning a respite was received from Mr. 
Justice. !Le Blanc, for Rindleburg and Bottomley, during liia 
Lordship's pleasure. 

The case of Henry Sutcliffe was similar to that of Dr. Dodd, 
who was executed at Tyburn, June 27th, 1777. 

Joseph Blackburn. 

Saturday, April Stfi, A.D. 1815. — Joseph Blackburn, 
attorney at Leeds, was executed at the new drop behind the 
Castle, for forging a stamp. He died confessing the crime 
for which he suffered. 

Geosoe White and Mark Bkaxah. 

Saivrday, August 5th, A.D. 1815. — George White, aged 
50, was executed at the new drop, for committing a rape 
upon a little girl under ten years of age, and Mark Braniah, 
aged 21, a native of Sheffield, was executed at the Rame 
time and place for a similar offence. White was a native of 
SnaintoD. 

Jaues Ord. 

Satierday, April 5th, A.D. 1816. — James Ord, of Marston, 
near Stock ton-on-Tyne, was executed at the new drop for 
cutting and maiming Anthony Wilson. Ord was by trade 
a butcher. 

Michael Pickles, 

Monday, March 17(/i, A.D. 1817. — Michael Pickles was 
executed at the new drop, for the wilful murder and robbery 
of Mr. Joseph Greenwood, at Heptonstall. 

DOOTOR DiERlNQ. 

Saturday, April I2t/i, A.D. 1817. — Doctor Diering was 
executed at the new drop behind the Castle, for a rape. 



i 



I 



KEOOBD OF EXBODTIOirS Ut YOBK. 



Eesjamin Micklewaite akd Bbkjamin Gaktside. 

Satnrday, April ]2M, A.D. 1817. — The above-mentioned 
culprits were executed at the new drop, for a burglary 
uear Halifax. 

WiLLiAH King. 

Monday, July 7l/i, A.D. 1817. — William King was exe- 
cnted at the new drop, for the wilfu! murder of his reputed 
wife. He confessed his gailt, anil died penitent. 

Isaac Bbadshaw. 

Saturday, Augnst \^th, A.D. 1817. — laaac Bradshaw 
was executed at the nen* drop behiud the walla of the Castle, 
for committing a rape upon a little girl under ten years of 



Samite L Leathebhead. 

Saturday, April ilk, A.D. ISIS. — Samuel LeatLerhead, 
for uttering and paying bad notes, was executed at the new 
drop behind the walls of the Castle. 

Joseph Cjatton, Samdel King, and Samitel Booth, 

Saturday, May IStJi, A.D. 1820.— Joseph Clayton was 
executed at the new drop behind the walls of tlie Castle, 
for uttering and circulating counterfeit notes. 

Samuel King was executed at the eame time and place, 
for highway robbery ; and 

Siimuel Booth, for shooting Thomas Parkin, gamekeeper 
to Mr. Wortley. 

Joseph Pickeksgill, Charles Pdncheon, "William 
Kettlewell, and Thomas Smith. 

Saturday, Avgiial 12l!i, A.D, 1820.— Joeepli Pickera- 
gill, aged 27, for a highway robhery. 



[llECORD~OF EXECUTI0S3 IN YORK. 157 

Charles Puncheon, aged 20, and William Kettlewell, 
aged 20, for house-breaking. 

Thomae Smith, aged 28, for aheep-atealing. These unfor- 
tuuate men were executed at the new drop on the date 
above mentioned. 

The I'ollowii^ lines were cat in the wall at the aouth- 
sitie of the low grates, in the month of Jane, 1820, by 
Thomas Smith. 



WiLLiAii Thompson. 

Monday, Mardi. IWl, A.D. 1821.— William Thompson, 
aged 40, was executed at the new drop behind the walls of 
the Caatle, for the wilful murder of his wife, Elizaheth 
ThompsoD, at Henley, in the township of Appleton-le- 
Moora, io the pariah of Laatitigham, in the county of York. 

Michael Shaw. 

SiUurday, April lith, A.D. 1821.— Michael Shaw, 
aged 56, was executed at the new divp behind the wails of 
the Castle, for robbing the dwelling-house of Joseph Booth, 
of Sowerby, uear HaUfax, on the iiighta of the 6th and 7th 
of October last, and ateaUng thereout a great quantity of 
linen and woollen drapery gooda to the amouat of j£50, 

Joseph Kershaw was also tried with hira and found 
guilty, but has since been reprieved. 

It appeared in 'evidence that a part of the stolen property 
was found, as described by Kerahaw, within an inner wall ; 
and in a chamber chimney at Shaw's house, also a plan of 
Mr. Booth's house, which coat 40a. drawing. 

When the constable went to Shaw's house to seai-ch for 
th eproperty, he found Shaw in bed. He arose and came down 
in his shirt ; and on knowing the constable's business, refused 
to let him search ; when a desperate battle ensued, in which 
Shaw defended himself with an iron crow, bwi "«%& ^ 



I 



ISS RKOKo OF isxcvnoss ni tobs. 

length OTercom« aod secureiy handcofed. When in cnstodT, 
Shaw van htAtd bj the constable to say to Kenhftv, that 
as he irtHiId get o^ he waa to go to Magson-Hotide wood, 
and under a cerum tree-root he wonid find the skeleteai 
keys; the constable aD<l Kershaw went to the wood *nd 
found tUrtf-ibai* picklock keys, and some jif the [roperlf 
stolen from the proaecntor. 

The Jary found both the priaonera guilty. 

Shaw has left a wife and five children to lament hu 
untimely fate, and iince he received sentence, has behaved 
in a manner becoming his awfol sitoation. 

Yesterday an impressive sermon was delivered at the 
Caatle, by the Eev. Mr, Flower, Jan., the Ordinary, frotn, 
St. Lnke xiii 5. 

At eleven o'clock this unhappy man appeared on the 
platform, when, after spending a tew moments in prayer, 
Ite was launched into eternity. 

WiLLUU BBOvy, aiiai Moklet Stdbbs. 

William Brown, alias Morley Stubba, aged 33, was fon&d 
guilty of robbing John Armstrong, on the New Walk, ne&r 
this city. 

John Armstrong deposed. I reude in Walmgate, and work 
at Mr. Swale's factory, without Walmgate Bar. About 
nine o'clock on the evening of the 23rd November last, I 
was going to the Barrack Tavern ; I went on the Nev 
Walk. It was a fine night, rather moonlight. When I 
got within a few yards of the Blue Bridge, I saw two men 
coming over the bridge ; they came np to me. One of them 
WEiH Brown. He (Brown) came and took me by the collar. I 
knew him well. He lived in the same street as I did ; nearly 
opposite. He asked me if I had got any money. I told him 
what money Iliad, I ha^ worked hard for it and said, "Brown, 
thou art not going to rob me." The other man was standing 
just behind him. Brown struck me six or seven times with 
a ahoi-t thick stick ; one blow on tlie side of the head 
brought me to the ground. He then, got upon my breast 
with both his knees. They rifled my pockets, and took 
■what money I had, which was ICa. in my breeches pocket, 



EECOKD OP 

and a York note in my poctet-book, which ■was 'in the 
inside coat pocket. After robbing me. Brown still remained 
npon my breast, and the other tnau got a rail from the 

hedge and said, " D n him, let us beave him over into 

the water." I begged of them to save my life, aud said 
they might take my money. They put the rail betwixt ray 
lega, and one of them took hold of one end of the rail, and 
the other man hold of the other end ; and threw me over 
the corner of the bridge iuto the river Foss. I went over- 
head, and on rising to the surface of the water I caught hold 
of a post which was iii the water, and called out " Murder 1 " 
repeatedly, as hard as I could. One of them came over the 
hedge, aud tried two or three times to reach me with the 
rail, but I being so far in the water, he was not able to 
touch me. He then went to the top of the bridge and tried 
from thence to reach me with the rail, but was unable. I 
continued crying out " Murder ! " The men left me, but I 
could not see which way they went. I kept hold of the post 
until some persons came and got me out. I was in a state of 
inaenaibility at the time, and could not tell who they were, 

Christopher Jackson, George Dale, and William Clark 
wei'e the persons who assisted in taking Armstrong from 
the water ; the two former knew Brown and were certain 
he was the person they saw run from the bridge. The 
prisoner made no defence. 

After the evidence had been summed up with great pre- 
cision, the jury, after two or three minutes' consultation, 
found the prisoner guilty. 

Mr. Eaine, who presided as judge, immediately proceeded 
to pass the awful sentence of death upon the prisoner, which 
he did in the moat solemn manner, nearly in the following 
words : — William Brown, you have been found guilty, by an 
intelligent and humane jury of your country, of an offence, 
which, in its least extent, is, by the law of this country, punish- 
able with death. But the aggravated circumstances in your 
case iti a double manner strongly urge this punishment to 
be inflicted ; and were I not thus to speak and act, I 
should not be doing justice to the community at large, and 
likewise to my own feelings.' I therefore in the most 
solemn manner inform you of the awful situation in which 
you DOW stand. I will not, I cannot, hold oat, a. ^^ti"w 



L 



160 RECORD OF EZECnnONS Ur YORK. 

of mercy ; for yoii not only robbed Armstrong of his little 
luaney (a great deal to him), but, with a. moat savage 
ferocity, maltreated him, and with another person, equally 
wicked and guilty as youraelf, wished to add to the crime of 
robbing that of murder ; I'or you not only knocked the 
poor man down, but bruised him in that situation, and then, 
with ferocious cruelty, thrust him into the water, with the idea 
of taking away the existence of a fellow- creature, who had 
never dune you the least harm, and tbua thought of hiding 
the commission of a crime of so hoinoaa a nature, I there- 
fore beseech and strongly urge you, prisoner, to use the 
short tiDie you have to retuaiii on. earth iu a becomiog 
and suitable manner ; attend to the instructioos of your 
spiritual advisers ; apply to tliat Throne where mercy alone 
can be had ; confess this and all your other sins, and rest 
assured you may, even at the eleventh hour, obtain pardon 
from your offended God. I conjure you, with all the powera 
I am able, not to neglect this important concern, as there is 
no hope whatever that your life will be spared. Prepare, 
then, in the right manner, to stand before another and greater 
tribunal, at which you must shortly appear ; you may yet 
work out your salvation, hut it must he with fear and 
trembling. It now only remains for me to add the aw&l 
sentence of the law, which is "that you be taken from henos 
to the place from whence you came, and from thence to the 
place of execution, there to be hanged by the neck till you 
are dead ; and may the Lord have mercy upon your soul" 

Yesterday afternoon an appropriate sermon was delivered 
by the Rev. Mr. Flower, sen., from St. Luke xxiiL 42. 
Before Brown retired to his cell, he shook hands with all 
the prisoners, and said, " Farewell, I hope we shall meet in 
another world," and wept much. 

About one o'clock this imfottunate young man appeared 
on the platform, and, after a few minutes' spent in prayer, wa« 
launched into eternity in the presence of an unusual number 
of spectators. 

It has been reported that Brown had nearly made his 
escape from prison, but this is not correct. He acknow- 
ledges taking the pocket-book, but denies throwing the 
man into the water. He has behaved himself with becoming 
resignation. 



RECORD OF EXECUTIONS IN YORK. 161 

The above man is the second person that has anfiered 
death at the City New Gaol. The first was David 
Anderson, who suffered on the 20th of August, 1 809. 

Ann Bakber. 

Monday, Au^ustZdith, A.D. 1821. — Ann Barber, aged 45, 
waa executed at the new drop, for the wilful murder of her 
husband by poison. 

Ann Bfti'ber was man-ied to James Barber in the year 
1805, at Eothwell, near Wakefield, and from the evidence 
it appears ahe had formed an improper connection with a 
person of the name of Thompson, which in all probability 
has brought ber to this untimely death. The trial was 
uuusally long and interesting, the substance of which is as 
foUoKH :— 

John Htndle b a surgeon at Oulton, about a mile from 
Rothwell. Went to examine the body of the deceased on. 
the 18th of March, the day on which the inquest was held. 
He opened it, and waa enabled clearly to ascertain the cause 
of hia death. The stomach was in a very putrid state ; the 
coats of it much corroded and infiamed. He attributed the 
immediate cause of Barber's death to mineral poiaon, tehiah 
would produce all the effects he observed. Took mineral 
poiaon (white arsenic), from the coats of the stomach. He 
discovered it by tests ; a solution of the ammoniate of copper, 
■which ia of a purple colour, but when combined with 
arsenic becomes green. He tried it also with nitrate of 
silver, which is a very delicate test, and found the same 
result. He opened the body to the lungs. They were very 
black ; which he looked upon as a greater criterion of mineral 
poison having been received, than anything he can mention. 
When he first saw the body he was convinced the deceased 
had died by taking mineral poison. The body exhibited 
Uvid spots, and the skin of the stomach was very green, 
twice the breadth of a man's hand. The internal apjiear- 
ances confirmed this opinion. Thinks the deceased must 
have taken more than a drachm, from the accoiiut he received 
of the eflTects it produced. 

O. B. Heinliardt is a chemist and druggist at Wakefield. 
Has seen the prisoner before. She has beea a.t \as. ^wj 



1 times. Remembers her being there on Friday tbe 
16th of March, betwixt one and two o'clock. Sbe wanted 
a pennyworth of mercury. He gave her it after some 
inquiry. She eaid she wanted it to poison mice. He g&ve 
her about sis drachms. Arsenic is commonly called mer- 
cury. He is quite snre the jiriaoner is the woomu to whom 
he sold it. 

Jane Smlrthwaite is mother to the prisoner, who was 
married to James Barber, for anything she knows, sixteen 
years ago, and lived with him up to his death. They had 
two children; one of them is about sixteen, and the other 
ten. Kemembers James Barber dyiog on a Saturday niora- 
ing. Had seen him the day before several times. (The 
witness was here asked several questions, which sbe did not 
answer readily. Mr. Hardy reminded her, that thongb she 
wiis the prisouer's mother, she must give her evidence. She 
replied — " I am in years and very forgetful ; but must apeak 
the truth as fur as I can.") — Sbe (the witness) called up 
Sarah Parker about hve ia the morning, becaose hei' 
daughter called her up and told her that James said he 
should not mend. Thinks the prisoner (her daughter) toid 
her the night before that James would not get better. 
Thinks sliehad not been into Barber's house before she called 
ap Sarah Parker. They went npatairs and found Jamea 
very poorly. Sarah did not know whether he was dead or 
alive J but he was alive when she got there. Sarali Parker 
came lu, a Httle time after witness called her, 

Thomas Spun- lives at Rhodes Green, three-quarters of a 
mile fium the deceased. Saw him the night before he died, 
about half-past nine at night. Prisoner's brother was with 
him. Pouud deceased ia the chamber. Prisiiner was ako 
there; nobody else. The deceased was crying out, folding 
bia arms across his bowels, " Oh ! dear me ; oh 1 dear me." 
He was up, as if he had just got out of bed. He had on his 
coat and shirt. Conversed with him while the prisoner was 
by. She said to her husband, " Thou art going to ma 
away, when they are coming to see thee." Sbe took him by 
the arms and aaid, " Prithee get to bed again." He threw 
bimself on the bed again, and still kept crying. Wituess 
said to prisoner. "You've had a physician for the soul j 
you want a physician for the body as well as the bouL" 



BECOED OF EXECUnOKS IN YORK. 163 

Decoosed was theu rolling about no. the bed. He said it was 
her duty to take care of the body as well as the soul. She 
sail], " There waa no occasion ; he would be dead before 
morning." Witness looked at deceased a few minutes, and 
then said to her brother, " Let ua kneel down, John ; " and 
lie (the hrotlier) went to prayer, and then the witness. 
Witness then shook hands with the deceased ; and asked 
how he felt himself. He replied, " Ton have done me a deal 
of good." Witness soon after left him. 

John Holmea lives at Potoveua, near Wakefield. The 
prisoner took a house of him on the Slat of December. 
She wanted a small house and a stable. She said they were 
going to lead coals. The house had only one room. On 
the 26th she took possession of it ; a young man was with 
her. He had a cart with " Wm. Thompson" on. They 
remained a week, living together in that liouse. They left 
because he wanted them to go away ; he thought they were 
not man and wify. 

Mark Parker is the husband of Sarah Parker, and a 
tenant of the deceased. Remembers the prisoner going 
from home. Before that, Thompson bad come to live with 
her and her husband. He came at Martinmas. He had 
lived with a neighbouring farmer before then. Thompson 
went away with the prisoner on the morning of the 26th 
December. Had heard prisoner caO her husband up before 
five o'clock, and say it was time for him to go to his work. 
Supposes he went ; for witness never saw him that morning. 
A horse and cart came soon after. Witness got up, and 
went out ; saw the prisoner and Thompson taking famiture 
out of Barber's house, and putting it into the cart. It was 
<lark ; but by the feel witness judged it was bed-stocks, a 
bed, and bed-linen. Witness went to Edward Barl>er's that 
morning, and told him. From what passed between them, 
witness watched where these people went to. They went 
to Potovens, near Wakefield. They had fiirniCure and hay 
in the cart ; " Thompson, lilwdea Green" was upon it. — 
He first saw the cart live weeks before Martinmas, It had 
not then Thompson's name upon it, 

George Wadaworth, jun., ia the son of the constable of 
Kothwell. Prisoner was iu bis charge on the 2Dth March, 
at William Farrow's, Brought het to Yotk oa ■tioatiiA. 



1 





I 



BECORD OF EXECtTTlONa IN YORK. 



At Wni. Farrow's honse on the evening of the Slat, ate 
Bttid she would tell him all the trnth about it. She went to 
Wakefield on the 16th March, to Mr. Reinhardt's drnggiat's 
Bho]>, and bought a pennyworth of mercury ; and when she 
got home in the eTening, she put half of it in some warm 
a1e and sugar, with intent to kill him. She said she was 
stalled (tired) of him. She said Thompson promised her 
marriage when anything ailed James. 

George Wadsworth, sen., constable of Rothwell, was at the 
inquest. Prisoner was there. He took her into custody on 
the Tuesday morning following. She was taken by the 
■witness to Wakefield and back that day. Wiien taken to 
lieinhardt'ij at first she said she had sever been, there. A 
man reminded her he had seen her looking into the window ; 
she then said she might be on the steps, but was never in 
the shop. Witness gave her in charge to his son. Never 
used any promise or threat to induce her to confess. The 

postman came into the room and said, " Yon d 1 at 

Lofthouse haa let the cat out of the bag, and will hang you, 
mistreas." She said, " Will he ; will he I'but I'll take care he 
does not. It's all along of that devil I've done what I have 
done." Witiieaa'a son told witaeaa what she had aaid to 
him. 

John Smirthwaite is brother to the prisoner, and lived 
near her and her husband. Remembers there being a din in 
tbe neighbourhood ; witness sent for deceased, and asked if 
there was any difference between him and his wife. H» 
said no ; but the neighbours made a disturbance, and called 
him a cuckold, and it unhinged his mind. Re aaid he had 
thoughts of jumping into a pit as he oame home. He said 
he would destroy hiraaelf some time or other. 

After the evidence was gone through, his Lordship com- 
mented upon it for iipwaids of an hoar. The Jury then 
retired, and in about six minutes returned into court, and 
pronounced the prisoner — Guilty of Petit Treason and 
Murder. When called upon for her defence, she aaid, " I 
am innocent, sir, and leave it to God and my conscience." 

The prisoner did not seem conscious of her situatioa 
during the trial ; but when the jury returned and gave 
their verdict, she became sensible of her dreadful situation, 
turned pale, trembled exceedingly, and fell upon the floor of 



REcOHD OP EXECunoNa in tobk. 1G5 

the dock. She was raised by the gaoier ; and his Lordship 
in the most impressive terras, passed sentence of death upon 
her, ordering her for execution this day, Monday. While 
hia Lo'-dship was passing sentence, she frequently interrupted 
him by protestations ot her innocence. 

This unhappy female waa drawn to the place of execution 
on a sledge, and after spending a short time in prayer was 
launched into eternity. 

Since sentence was passed upon her,she has behaved with 
becoming resignation. ' She has left two children, one 
sixteen, the other ten years of age. 

There have been five women in the Caatle for Petty 
Treason within the last seventy years, viz. Mary EUah, 
hanged and burnt in 1757; Ann Sowerhy, hanged and 
burnt in 17G7 ; Eliza Boi-dingham, of Flambro', hanged and 
burnt in 1776 ; Ellen Bayston for poisoning her husband in 
1783, sentenced to be kept in York Castle for life, being 
insane : and the above, Ann Barber. 



George Smith, James Butterwobth, james Bennett, 
William Buck, and James Law. 

Saturday, September 1«(, A.D. 1821, the above five 
criminals were executed at the new drop behind the Castle. 

George Smith for committing a rape npon a young lady 
of the name of Miss Bobinson. 

James Butterworth, for a burglary. 

James Bennett and William Buck, for a highway rohberv, 
and 

James Law, for housebreaking. 

Jake9 Moseley and William Eobebts. 

Salurdai/jApTil &th, A.D. 1822. — Jamea Moseley, aged 31, 
was executed at thi new drop behind the Castle, for the w Dful 
murder of John Mackey. He was late of the parish of 
Sheffield, in the West Hiding. And at the same time and 
1 1 lace, 

William Eoberta, aged 27, was execnted. He was 
charged upon the oath of Joha Barlow, of H,ii^\ti.\.Ci, W -Cv^e 




L 



West Bidiog, with faariDg on tlie 5th day of Vorember 
1621, OD the king's highway, ia the parish of Botherham, in 
the Baid Biding, feloaioosly stolen and carried awa^ from the 
person of the said John Birlow, a red leather pocket-book, 
contaiaing notes to the vatae of fifteen pounds and upwards. 



William Johssos. 

Monday, March 24(A. A.D. 1823.— William Johnaon, 
aged 23, was executed at the new drop behind the Castle. 
He was charged upon the oath of William Stockdale, and 
others, with having felonionaly robbed and murdered, upon 
the kingU highway, in the pailsh of Leconfield. in the East 
Biding, on Friday the 2ith day of December last, Bichard 
Walker, late of Beverley, in the said Biding, servant, 

Mr. Williams stated, very shortly, the outline of the facts. 
It a]ipeared, that the deceased had been from three weeka to 
a month in the employ of Mr. Tygar, druggist, of Beverley ; 
that on the 27tb of December, he was sent to take Mra. 
Tygar in a gig to Driffield, in compliance with his master's 
orders. He left Driffield at two o'clock, in good health, on his 
return. He was seen at four o'clock, about five miles from 
Driffield on his way to Beverley, where, however, he did not 
arrive. It was not till fiome days ailer, bis body was found 
in a ditch, in a field, in the parish of Leconfield, with hia 
throat cut, and several contusions on his head and cheeks ; 
and it would ba for them to consider whether he came to 
his death by his own hands. 

He would now state the facts B])plicable to the prisoner 
at the bar. It would be proved, that on the road from 
Driffield, about four or five o'clock iu the afternoon, 
the deceased was seen in company with the prisoner, 
four ot five miles from _the place where the body was 
found. Three days after what he was aEsumiug to be a 
murder had been committed, the prisoner disposed of a 
watch which the deceased had in hb jKissession some days 
before. The prisoner at the bar was taken up ou the day 
the body was discovered, wearing a waistcoat of the same 
colour, and with the same kind of binding, which the 
deceased had on ; and a coat, Ij'ing on his bed, would be 



RECORD OF EXECUTIOSa IN TOBK. 1 67 

proved to be precisely of the eame description as tbe one 
worn by the deceased ; a hat, which the prisoner claimed, 
■would be identified, he nnderatood, to be the one worn by 
the deceased on the day he was murdered. There were 
some circumstances connected 'with the conduct of the 
prisonei, wliich he should not animadvert upon. Theprisoner 
deoied having been more than one mile and a half from. 
Driffield, on the day in question. A button, apparently 
belonging to the dress of tbe prisoner, was found near tbe 
body ; such a one vras missiDg from his dress. Tbe learned 
counsel stated the case with great forbearance as respected 
the prisoner. 

Mr. Tygar was the first witness examined. He con- 
firmed the statement of the learned counsel, as to the journey 
of the deceased to Driffield ; his being missed, and the 
finding of the body with a severe contusion on the forehead, 
the brow being beat in, bo that the interior of the head was 
risible ; tlie right ear was torn off by the roots, the strings 
of the ear lying on the cheek ; there was a small wound on 
the cheek, and the throat cut from ear to ear — the windpipe 
being completely severed. He described tbe clothes the 
prisoner had on, 

Thomas Jefferson, the deceased's uncle, saw hira on the 
27th of December, and accompanied him about a mile from 
Driffield. He left him about three o'clock. Deceased had 
a watch. 

Thomas Thomson, met the prisoner on the 27th of Decem- 
ber, on the road from Driffield to Beverley, dressed in a 
smock frock, and a grey hat. It was abont three o'clock in 
the afternoon. He inquired the road to Beverley, 

Eobert Pearson, saw the prisoner going from Driffield to 
Beverley, on the Friday in Christmas week. He asked, if 
that was the road to Beverley, He had no bundle. He 
snw him the next morning coming from Dawaoo's mill, 
which is situated about three or four hundred yards from the 
high road, with a bundle. He was dressed in a smock frock, 
and white hat. 

Joseph Pike, met the deceased and prisoner on the 27th 
of December, about four miles and a half from Beverley. 
He was positive the prisoner was the man. The deceased 
had a red waistcoat on. 



I 

i 



1G8 



llECORD OF EXECUT10^*S IK TOBK. 



Williniii Stockdale, deposed to finding the body, on tk 
(itli of Jauuary, in a field in the parish of Leconfi^d, witlt- 
oiit coat, hat, or waiatcoat, and with the wounds described 
by 31r. Tygar. 

Thomas TottR, saw the prisoner in a field in Skirn lord- 
Hhip, in DriiHeld, about eight o'clock. He had on a white 
tVock, aud a black hat ; he had a bundle, and a grey bit 
"xi-ith the bundle. Prisoner said he was running away £roa 
Hull J3ank, becaune he did not like the country ; he bad 
been ubed to the Wolds. He had a watch with a broken 
lace. 

William Taylor, constable at Driffield, took the prisoner 
into custody, at his mothered house, in Great Kelk, on tbe 
7th of January. He was dressed in a white smock, and red 
waistcoat. A coat, with a hat and handkerchief^ were lying 
on the bed, which he said were his. Prisoner said, be 
would take his oath ho never had had a watch, either of his 
own or any one*s else, since May last. Witness, on the 9th of 
January, got a watch from Mr. Lyon, watchmaker, of 
Bridlington. 

The clothes and watch were produced. 

Craven Lyon, a watchmaker at Bridlington, proved 
buying the watch from the prisoner, on the 30th of December, 
when he was dressed in a coat, waistcoat, and hat, like those 
on the table. 

Daniel Foster, an apprentice to Mr. Tygar, identified the 
watch as having been in the possession of the deceased about 
ten days before he left Driffield on the 27th December ; and 
the coat and waistcoat, as being very like those he had on, 
on that day. 

John Walker identified the watch as having once 
belonged to him ; he had exchanged it with his brother. 
He last saw it in his brother's possession in Martin mas- week 
last. 

George Walker, another brother of the deceased, identified 
the coat as having belonged to his brother. 

William Lockwood, a hatter in Beverley, identified the 
hat, as one he sold to the deceased on Christmas-eve ; and 
as having seen him on the 27th of December, dressed in a 
coat, &c., like those which were produced in court. 

Pearson Fox, found a button, near the place where the 



KECOBD OF EXECDTTOMS IN YORE. 160 

body was diacovei'ed. On examining the dress of tli 
prisoner, it was seen, thab a button was misBing from iiia 
iu-eechea. The one found waa of tbe same description witti 
tlioiie left □□ his breeches ; but was a little smnllev. 

The prisoner, on being called on for his defence, said, he 
■was innocent of the crime, as the child unborn, and the 
clothes found on him, he bought in London three weeks before 
l^Iichaelmas. He called no witnesses. 

The learned judge then summed up the evidence; and 
the jury imniediately returned a verdict of guilty. 

I u passing sentence, the learned judge said — "Prisoner, 
you have been convicted, and, I must say, convicted on moat 
imimpeacliable evidence, of the highest crime that can be 
charged — tlie wilful and deliberate nnirder of your fellow 
creature. It would seem, from some circumstances bf the 
case, that the eye of Providence had most clearly marked 
this murder for detection, so aa to leave no possible doubt. 
Everything connected with it, together with the false 
account you gave of the manner in which you acquired the 
property found upon you, all tend completely to establish, 
without any doubt, that you are the person who committed 
this wilful and barbarous murder ; and that you committed 
it for the sake of plunder. But this plunder has been the 
means of your conviction : tbe property you thus acquired, 
instead of serving your base purposes, has been the means of 
bringing you to justice. It is to be hoped, that as most of 
these circurastances, as appear from the depositions I have 
before me, were proved in your presence, and as you must 
have been conscious that there were no means of escape, it 
is, I say, to be hoped, that they may have brought you into 
a state of contrition and repentance. I beg of you to devote 
the very short time you yet have to live, in endeavouring 
to make your peace with the Almighty, for the horrible 
offence which you have committed. It only remains for me 
to pass upon you the awful sentence of the law, which must 
be carried into effect ; for it is impossible for any person to 
stay the execution of the sentence in such a case aa this." 

Wm. Johnson, the unfortunate man who was executed 
tills day, was committed to the Castle, on the Oth of January, 
last, was in siz^ about five feet eight inches, stout made 
and has grown lustier since he was coTfituvWfti. "^wi 



[60 1 



I 



1 70 BECOBD OF EOecmOJtS Et YOKK. 

features were rather peculiar, avety ronnd flat&ce, of sallen 
aspect, and Beemed a complete lump of stupidity and 
ignorance. His behaviour has been angular during his con- 
finement. At first he refused sustenance, then voraciously eatj 
and on one occasion, his conipaniona in prison having taken 
some trifling liberty with him, he showed such power and 
strength as amazed every one. He appeared at the bar ia 
his favourite dress, a araocb fi'ock which he could not be 
persuaded to put olf and wear a coat, though much entreaty 

During his trial, he behaved with great indifference, and 
when the awful sentence was passed, left the bar with a 
smile, shook bands with the prisoners below, and told one 
he would leave him his braces. Daring the afternoon ot 
Frida^, be behaved rather better, and in the evening began 
to wisb for a clergyman to pray for him. On Satnrday 
morning he made full confession of his guilt, detailing the 
manner he committed the murder and how troubled he had 
been ever since ; during the day he aiid he was much 
happier than he had been for years, and hoped his fate 
would be a warning to others : on Sunday he received the 
sacrament along with Belt (a prisoner in the Castle) and 
spent a long time in prayer. Both forenoon and afternoon 
he selected the prisoners he wished to spend the night with 
him, and this morning at eleven o'clock he appeai-ed on the 
platform. After spending a little time in prayer he was 
launched into eternity, surrounded by an immense number 
of Bpectatora ; and after hanging the usual time his body 
was cut down and delivered to the surgeons for dissection, i 

James Ramsden and Robert Gell. 

Saivrdm/, April 12th, A.D. 1823, the above-mentioned 
culprits were executed at the new drop behind the Castle. 

James Ramsden, aged 27, with atealiug a number of gold 
watches, silver plate, and other articles from the shop of 
Philip Bright, in Doncaster, in the West Riding. 

Robert Gell, aged 35, with being an accomplice in the. 
above robberies, and with having committed other burglaries 
of a similar nature. 



ItECORS OF EXECDTIOSS IH TOBK. 171 

MoRaiRE Caufield and Mic&ael White. 

Thuridai/, N'ovember 30th, A.D. 182i.— Morsire Camfiflil 
and Michael White were executed at the new drop beiiind , 
the Castle, for i-ohbing the Tollhouse near Wakefield. 

Richard Holdernbss. 

Saturday, AprU 23rt?, A.D. 1825. — Richard Holdemess, 
aged 22, was executed at the new drop behind the Caatle. 
He was from Biahop Wilton, in the East Riding. He was 
convicted of shooting at Eobert Mannere, of Pocklington, 
with intent to kill and murder him. 

The offence, for ivhich this yonng man forfeits hia life to 
the offended laws of hia country, is almost equal in mag- 
nitude to murder ; and renders it requisite, for the protec- 
tion of the community, that it should be jmniahed with the 
same degree of severity ; for there ia no doubt but murder 
was his intention, as he has since confessed that malice was 
the forerunner of the crime. 

The particulara stated on the trial by the prosecutor are 
nearly as follows r — On Tuesday, the 19th of December last. 
Manners left Pocklington on hia way to Hull, when he was 
joined near the former place hy the prisoner, who accom- 
panied him aa far as Beverley, near which place the prisoner 
left him. He returned from Hull the next day, and arrived 
at Bishop-Burton about seven o'clock in the evening. WhiJat 
he was baiting there, the prisoner came into the public- 
house. When he was about to pursue liia journey, the 
landlady said — " You have got no passengers to-night." He 
said " No ; there was a countryman of hia in the house, biit 
he did not know whether he would go with him or not." 
The prisoner never spoke. About a mile and a half from 
Bishop-Burton the prisoner came up to Manners, and observed 
it was a cold night. They walked some distance, and then 
got up and rode a short time, when the prisoner got down 
and walked a few minutes, then he got uj) a second time 
and placed himself near me in the waggon. When we got 
to the "Arrows" public-house, three miles from Market 
Weighton, I removed a aack to make room, and we both got 
in to ride again, I fell asleep, the horsea atopped, which 
awoke me. I obaerved the priaoaer lavd. &» \^ a^fte"^. ~^\ie,\i 



I 



172 BECOBD 

I bad got about 160 yards beyond the mile-stoue near 
JIarket Weighton, I received a ball through my head, my 
mouth was instantly filled with blood, and I was nearly 
choked with smoka "When 1 was bleeding, and had my 
liead hanging between my legs, the prisoner leaped down 
imd said, " D— u those villains, they have nearly pulled my 
legs off." As soon as he liad got down, I looked ronad ; I 
saw no pei-soa hut the prisoner, wlio had his back to me 
and was walking away, I was atraid he was going to reload 
hia pistol, so I set my horses off at full trot. Soon after I 
saw the prisoner running after me, and when walking dowa 
the hill he came up to me and said, " Manners, it's a. bad 
job, it's fit to make my flesh creep upon my back," I said, 
'■ Well it might." "When we got to Market Weighton, I . 
went into the house where the York waggon generally stops, 
and the prisoner followed me. He said, " D — ^n the villains, 
they have nearly torn ray hand off;" and on showing hia 
hand, it was all covered with blood. I told him that the 
blood which was upon hia hand waa mine. He said, " Oh ! 
Manners, how can you say so t do you think I shot you t" 
I replied, " I was sure of it." The pistol, with some balls and 
a bag, were found in a bush near the spot where Manners 
was shot at. 

When placed at the bar to receive the awful sentence of 
the law, Oil being asked if he had anything to say why 
sentence of death should not be passed upon him, he fell 
upon his knees and said, " Oh, my Lord ! have mercy; I 
hope you will have raeroy ; all 1 desire is my life !" 

Mr. Justice Kolroyd then addressed him as follows : — 
fiichard Holderness, you have been convicted of wilfully, 
maliciously, and feloniously shooting at Kobert Manners, a 
carrier, who had taken you up in hia waggon, and with 
whom you were travelling. The charge was that you did 
it with intent to murder him, and it was most perfectly 
clear upon the evidence that it was your full intent, and 
you did it under circumstances in which you thought you 
could not fail to carry into execution. Though hy the 
merciful providence of the Almighty that has not taken 
place, the evidence against you was too clear to admit of 
the smallest scruple or doubt as to your guilt, notwithstand- 
ii)^ the pretence that you used on your trial, that the pistol 



RECORD OF EXECnXIOKS IN YORK. 1' 

was fired, and the attack made, by two persons, whose 
intention it was to rob the waggon. Providentially tlie 
man's life has been spared, though no doubt if you had 
destroyed him there would stilt have been sufficient evidencK 
to have convicted you through the providence of the 
Almighty ; but as it was, without doubt, deliberately, 
when close by his side, you shot him through the head : 
the directioo of the bullet — the finding of the pistol by the 
roadside after that pistol had been iu your possession the 
day before loaded with a bullet — the taking out of the 
bullet for the purpose of showing your companion, who was 
a witness against you, how it was fired ; and after firing 
reloading it with a bullet — all these circumstances are so 
clear, and coupled with the improbability of the story wliich 
you stated, are such as to exclude all hope of mercy being 
extended to you in this world. The safety of mankind 
alisolutely requires that no judge should interfere between 
the full execution of tbe law so as to prevent it having its 
full effect. It only remains for me, after admonishing you 
to make the beat nse yon can of the very short time that 
you have to live here, in making your peace with the 
Almighty, aad in endeavouring to obtain from him that 
mercy which the safety of society prevents any hope of 
you receiving here, to pass the sentence of the court upon 
you, which is, that you be taken from hence to the place 
from whence you came, and from thence to the place nf 
execution, and there to be hanged by the neck until you 
are dead, and may the Lord have mercy on yo«r soul I 

Yesterday a most excellent sermon was preached by the 
Eev. Mr. Flower, the Ordinary, from the following text : — 
1 Peter ii. 31. — " For even hereunto were ye called ; because 
Christ also suffered for us, leaving us aa example, that yo 
should follow his steps." 

At the approi>riate time he was brought itom the con- 
demned cell to the drop, attended by the sheriff's officers ; 
and after praying a short time with the Ordiuavy, he was 
launched into eternity — a sad example of depravity of the 
human heart. He was a single man, and only twenty-two 
years of age. Since his trial he confessed his crime, and 
appeared penitent. On being asked if he intended to rob 
the prosecutor, he said, " No ;— but he shot him for b-w liVi 
quarrel which he had with liitn some tvQi& svvi^a? 






i 




I 



hecobd of exscuti0n8 in york. 
Isaac Chableswoeth. 

Saturday, August 13iA, A.D. 1825. — Isaac Charleswocth, 
aged 23, was executed at the new drop for violently 
asaaulting and robbing Joahua Cropper, of Halifax, taking 
from lum £,\. Ha. Tlie assault was committed on the 
highway, iu the parish of Sheffield. 

Peter LiirtE asd Joseph Lee. 

Saturday, April 22nd, A.D. 1S26.— Peter Little, aged 
26, was executed at the new drop behind the Caatle, for 
fefonioualy aaaaulting William Sims, of Newton-lane-end, 
an the parish of Wakefield, twine spinner, and stealing 
from his person two Dewsbury Bank notes, twenty Bhillings 
in silver, and a half-sovereign. 

Joseph Lee, (dial Lees, aged 22, was esecnted at the 
same time and place, for stealing a, grey gelding, the 
property of Bichard Morton, of Horncastle, farmer. 

Leonard Wilkinsok. 

Monday, Jidy I'lth, A.D, 182C. — Leonard Wilkinson, 
aged 22, a native of Fingall, near Eedale, was executed at 
the new drop, for the wilful murder of ^Nicholas Carter, of 
Crakehall, in the parish of Bedale. 

AViu-iAM AND JoHK Dyon, 

Wednesday, April 2nd, A.D. 1828.— William Dyon, aged 
i5, late of Morton Carr, in the county of Lincoln, farmer, 
and John Dyon, aged 23, late of Pilham Carr, in the said 
county of Lincoln, labourer, charged upon the oaths of 
William Wright, of Bawtry, in the county of York, surgaou, 
James Hodsou, of Brancroi't, in the said county of York, 
groom, Eobert Farmery, of Brancroft aforesaid, servant in I 
husbandry, and others, with the wilful miirder of John 
Dyon, late of Brancroft aforesaid, farmer, on the 16th day 
of Februaiy last. 

The prisoners, at half-past eight, entered the dock. They 
did not appear dejected by their awful situation. Although 
it was half an honr before Ids Lordship took his seat upon 
the bench, we did not observe them converse with each other. 



RECORD OF EXECOTlONa IK YORK. 175 

The prisoners were placed at the bar, and the indictment 
read. They pleaded " Not Guilty," in a firm tone of voice. 

Ml'. Serjeant Jones atated the case to the jury. In alluding 
to the general nature of the inquiry, and the great iuterest 
which the awful circumstances of the case had excited, be 
earnestly implored the jury to dismiss from their minds, 
every rumour which they might previously have heard, and 
to give their verdict with feelings divested of every prior 
impression, and founded only on the facts which should be 
adduced in that court. The two prisoners at the bar were 
charged with the murder of John Dyon, a respectable farmer 
at Branorofc, near Doncaster, who was brother to the elder 
prisoner, and uncle to the younger, the two prisoners being 
father and son. The deceased had, by industry, acquired 
considerable freehold, leasehold, and other property, and has 
left a wife and three children. He was in the habit of 
attending Bawtry and Boncaater markets. On Saturday, the 
16th of February, he set off for the market, at 11 o'clock in 
the forenoon, and remained the greater part of the day at 
Doucaster, whence he returned in the eveninq; on the road 
homewards, but never reached his home. He was accom- 
panied by Mr. Wagstaff, of Middlewood House, and Mr. 
Broughton, of Bawtry, sohctor, as far as the road leading to 
Brancroft, when the deceased and Mr. Wagstaff turned ofl 
the great North road, and Mr. Broughton proceeded to 
Bawtry. This was between eight and nine o'clock on Satur- 
day evening — probably about half-past eight. The deceased 
and Mr. Wagstaff rode on till within a short distance of the 
gate of the deceased, where they wished each other " good- 
night," and parted. It, however, was important to state, that 
Mr. Wagstaff struck into a smart canter, and was conse^ 
quently soon far distant from the site of the murder. This was 
the last time, and the last place where the deceased was seen 
alive. Mi's. Dyon, the wife of the deceased, thinking him late, 
retired to rest, but he not having returned at two o'clock in 
the morning, she was so much alarmed that she ordered the 
servant to go and meet his master. On arriving at the first 
gate, he found the mare on which hia master went to market, 
with the bridle entangled in the gate, but without a rider. 
On this discovery he returned in great alarm, and another 
servant was called to go with him in search of the unfortu.- 



I 



176 RECORD OP 

Date deceaaed. They passed the firat gate together, and 
jiroceeded to the second gate which they found partly open, 
and haviDg gone through it, they endeavoured to close it, 
bat were not able, which caused them to look more minutely, 
when they found the dead body of their master laid paitly 
in the gateway. The body was perfectly stiff and cold ; 
being a severe night it was covered with hoar frost, wliich 
{iroved that it had laid on the ground some time. The de- 
ceased had X40 or ^£41, a watch, and other property in bis 
pocketg, none of which had been taken from him — hence it 
waa clear that the motive of the nmrderera was not plunder. 
A cart was procured, and the deceased was taken home, and 
a snrgeon immediately sent for, from Bawtry; who, on his 
arrival examined the body, and made the following report of 
the cans': of hia death. A ball had entered the left ^de, irn* 
mediately upon the second rib, which it had fractured — ib 
bad then gone through the cavity of the cheat ; and, pro- 
ceeding between the third and fourth rib of the right aide, 
had lodged near the shoulder blade, which the evidence of 
the Burgeon would prove must have caused instant death. 
These, gentlemen of the jury (said the learned counsel), wre 
the circumstances of the case, as regard the condition and 
situation of the deceased. The next question is, by wbona 
was the deed done t 

Inquiries were made of a man of the name of White, 
who was the head farming man of the deceaaed, and had 
formeriy been servant to the elder prisoner. He resided at 
Partridge Hail, and will prove that the prisoners went to 
his house on the 8th of February, and White being in bed 
got up, when they left two guns, the brother having pre* 
viously made the inquiry if John Dyon waa going to Doa- 
oastep market, and received a negative reply. On Satorday 
the 16th, however, the day of the murder, they came agaia 
to his house ; the evidence would be produced that Whits' 
had concealed the guns in an out-houae, and that the time 
when they arrived at Patridge Hill, for the guns, was about 
seven at night. They asid they had been at Bawtry with a 
cart. White, however, through fear of personal danger, did 
not state at first, all that he afterwards deposed to. There is 
another fact worthy notice, the elder prisoner had, when 
a young man, himself lived at Partridge Hill, with a Mr. 



nZCORD OF ESECUTIOSS IS YORK. 1' 

Oonway. Independent of White's testimony, Mr. Turner, 
who married a daughter of the prisoner, will now prove 
that the prisonerB were from home on the 8th, and did 
not return till late on the 9tb, Mrs. Homaby, who was 
staying at the house of the prisoners, will also prove tliat 
they were absent at tbat time. 

On the 16th, the day of the murder, the two prisoners ex- 
presiied an anxiety for an early dinner, and left immediately 
after it, and were seen no more till Sunday. Evidence 
would be produced to show that two men answering a 
desoriptioji of the prisoners at the bar, wei-e seen on the 
road towards Austertield, ou the night of the murder — 
they crossed the Ferry, and had two guns with them, 
though they bad no guna when they left their own house. 
Witnesaea would alao be produced to apeak to the identity 
of the priaoners, and positively swear to them. 

T!ie next evidence will be respecting the footmarks. On 
the morning of the 16th February, there was snow on the 
ground — the murderers had gone part of the way through 
fields, and the impreaalou made by their feet was there- 
fore strong and clear. The elder Dyon baa a peculiar 
habit of turning out his feet — the footmarks corresponded 
with this peculiarity, and were traced from the road to the 
gate, and afterwards to the road where the prisoners were 
seen with the guna. On inquiring for the shoes, they were 
not to be found. Such is the evidence respecting the foot- 

Upon such a subject, aaid the counsel, tliere must he 
much to doubt and much for discuaaioD. The jury would 
however hear the evidence, and then decide how far they 
could connect the occurrences of Friday, the 8th, Saturday, 
the 9th, and Saturday, the 16th of February, with the 
charge against the prisoners. If they were not at home, 
where were they 1 On this question the father and son had 
in their examination, materially contradicted eaclt other. 
Five persons had seen and traced them. It therefore was 
not requisite for him to add one word more. Nothing was 
wished for in this prosecution but that the dreadful affair 
might be fully and fairly investigated, and that the verdict 
should be governed alone by the evidence which would be 
produced. 



^ 



RECORD OP EXKCGTTONS 1 

About forty witnesses were then examinetl to support the 
Btatement of the leavned counsel. 

The paiii for the prosecution having closed, the prisoners 
■were asked if they had anything to say in their defence, 
when William Dyon said — " Please you, my Ijord, I have 
nothing to say. I have left all to my counseL" Johu Dyon 
said " No, I have nothing to say." 

Mr. Baron Hullock then summed up the evidence which 
he recapitulated with great precision. The jury after re- 
tiring for five minutea, pronoim.ced both the prisoners Guilty. 

His Lordship, in passing sentence of death upon the 
prisoners, said- — " Prisoners at the bar, you have been tried, 
and, after a patient investigation of all the circumstances uf 
tbe ease, convicted of murder. I am sorry to say that ther« 
ia nothing to cause me to hold out the slightest hopes of 
mercy. Answer for your crime you shortly must with your 
lives, therefore you have »o time to lose. I would exhort you, 
most earnestly, to seek peace with God, by prayer and repent- 
ance at the throne of grace, where alone mercy is to be found. 
In a very few hours you will be no more. It only remaias 
for me to pass the awful sentence of the law upon you, and 
that is, that you be taken from hence to prison, and from 
thence on "Wednesday next, to the ])lace of execution, and 
there to be hanged by the neck till you are dead — that 
when you are dead, your,bodies be dissected and anatomized ; 
and may the Lord have mercy upon your souls ! " The pri- 
soners were then removed from the bar. 

Mr. John Dyon harboured a presentment that he sho^ild 
at one time or other be murdered, and even expressed him- 
self to that effect to Mr. Chadburn, of Eossiugt^n Bridge, 
on the Saturday previoua to the sad event. 

It is remarkable that William Dyon attended the funeral 
of his murdered brother and betrayed no visible emotion, 
neither at the sight of the body, nor when he was taken to 
the spot where the murder was committed. The son is 
rather taller than the father and has been recently married. 
A daughter of William Dyon also lately married into a most 
respectable family of the name of Turner, to whom this 
occurrence, however it may tenninate, must, be most heart- 
breaking. 

Tlie elder prisoner's wife, his youngest son, daughter, and 



KECOBD OF EXECUTIONS DT TOBK. 179 

son-iD-law, took tbeir leave of him on Monday evening at 
nine o'clock, without aii^ of tlie parties shedding a tuar at 
the lamentable situation in whiuli he was placed. 

Everything has been done by the Ordinary to bring them 
to a proper sense of their guilt, but without effect, as they 
persisted in their innocence to the last. 

Such was the iutercnt excited, that at an early hour, an 
imTOen?e crowd had assembled to witness the awful cere- 
mony. 

At the appointed timethey appeared on the platform, after 
spending a short time in prayer they were launched into 
eternity, Burrounded by an imuense concourse of spectators : 
and after hanging the usual time their bodies were given, for 
dissection. 

John Mobrot, Matthew Harrison, John Coates, alias 
Wilkinson. 

Satwday, Ajnil 26(/(, A.D. 1828. — The above unfor- 
tunates were executed at the new drop, for horse-atealing, 

John Morrott, aged 26, a native of Lincolnshire. 

Matthew Harrison, aged 40, of Beverley. 

John Coates, aUaa Wilkinson, aged 30, of Wensleydale. 
They acknowledged their guilt and died penitent. 

Martin Slack. 

Monday, March 'iOlh AD. 1829. — Martin Slack suffered 
death on the new di-op behind the Castle of York, for 
the wilful mm-der of a female bastard child, at Sheffield. 

The crime of murder has in all ages and in all civilized 
nations, been punished with death, for the Divine Law says, 
" He that taketh life, by man his life shall be taken." 

Martin Slack, being arraigned at the bar, charged with 
the murder of hia female bastard child, at Sheffield, pleaded 
" Wot guilty," 

Mr, Milner stated the case.. — He said the prisoner was 

only IS years of age, and was an apprentice to a brace-bit 

maker, at Sheffield. He became acquainted with a female 

at that place ; and the consequence was, the birth of a. tiVii. 

N 2 




RECOKD OP EXECcrrONS IN TORK. 

October last, which came to its death in the manner that 
Id be stated by the witneasea. 

Elizabeth Hague said, she lives in Sheffield, and knows 
the prisoner with whom she was aoquainteil. She was de- 
livtred of a child in October laat. Slack was the father, 
and she Hliated it on him before birth. He was Bent to 
"Wakefield House of Correction, but returned before the 
birth of the child. It was a girl. The child died on 
Sunday the 23rd of November. She aaw Slack the day 
before ; and that morning he came soon ailer she got dowu- 
stairs with the child. She was suckling the child when, he 
came in, and as she was not quite dressed, she laid it down 
on a squab in the roon:, and went up to finish dressing. 
Her brother was asleep in a chair in the room with the 
prisoner. She had hardly got upstairs before she heard 
the child give a scream. She want downstairs, and the 
prisoner had the child in his arms. He had it with ita 
head against his left shoulder. The mouth was agaiust his 
left breast. He rose from the chair on which he was sitting 
and gave her the child. She was going to give it the breast, 
when she saw a blaze issuing from its mouth, and something 
like brimstone running down from it. She put the child's 
niouth to her cheek, which burnt it and left a mark. 
The stuff running from the child's mouth burnt her arm. 
The pi-iaoner said he had given the child nothing, but said 
it was sick, and bid her give it some water. She told him 
he had given it poison. He denied it. She screamed liir , 
her father and mother, and he said if she screamed in that 
manner, he would go. Pi-isoner went out just as her father 
got to the bottom of the stairs, and did not return. Maiy 
Wells came in. and witness gave her the child. A surgeon 
was sent for, but the child died in three-quarters of an hour. 
The sides of the child's month were burnt, and its fingers, 
were also burnt with putting them against its mouth. The 
coat which was on the squab, on which the child was laid 
down, was also burnt. 

George Hague, E. Hague's brother, Luke Hague her 
father, and Mary Wells, sister to the first witness, were 
examined J and confirmed her testimony. There was aa 
inquest and the prisoner was committed. 



BSCOKI} OF EXECUTIONS IN YORK. 181 



They were cross-examined at great length by Mr. Cot- 
William Woodward saw tbe prisoner go to Hague's house 
in the morning of the 23rd of November, a.nd leave it 
huli'-pftst seven. Joseph Wells, who married Hague' 
daugliter, was called to prove that, on the Friday before the 
child died, he told Slack he was an unnatural father, on 
account of some expressions he made use of. 

Mary Smith saw the child in Mary Wells' arms ; there 
was stuff running out of its mouth. 

John Pierce liewis, surgeon, described the child when he 
WHS called in to be foaming at the mouth ; jiart of the face 
and tlie chin and neck wei-e discoioured. He thought it was 
the effect of corrosive poison. 

James Hardy, surgeon, said, corrosive poison was the cause 
of the child's death. Several other witnesses were examined : 
their evidence was not material. 

Mr. Baron Hullock summed up the evidence at great 
length ; and concluded by putting two questions to the jury, 
1st. Are you satisfied that the child's death was occasioned 
by poisoQ? And if you are, then you must consider whether 
the prisoner was the person who administered it 1 If you 
beheve the witnesses, it is quite impossible, that it could 
have been any one but the prisoner, or one of those 
witnesses, who administered it. You must, however, be 
well satisfied, before you deliver your verdict according to 
your oath, 

Tbe jury consulted in their box about seven minutes, and 
then returned a verdict of guilty. 

The Clerk of Arraigns asked the prisoner what he had 
to say why sentence of death should not be passed upon him, 
he replied — '■ Please you, my lord, I am not guilty of the 
crime, and as to the time given me to prepare to die, I am 
a murdered man." 

Silence having been proclaimed, Mr. Baron Hullock after 
putting on the black cap, addressed him as follows i — 

" Martin Slack, you have been convicted of wilful murder 
(Prisoner, " Yea, sir,") and it appears to me that that 
verdict, which consigns you to almost instant death, — 
(Prisoner, '-Yes, sir,") — is a proper one, and I do not see 
that the jury could have found any other. T' 



□t- I 

lae I 

at I 

■f! I 



! 



I 



IBS secxiRD or EXEcmosB cf tobk. 

8taDC«fl nnder vliich yon have committed this crime render 
it, in its natnre &nd character, one of the greatest enormity. 
Nothing remainB for me now to do hut earnestly to entreat 
of you to employ the short remnant of ycrar hfe in imploring 
fot^venesB, where alone it can be found. I can afford you 
no hope of mercy. Yon must die, according to the law ; a 
few hours must terminate your life ; I therefore entreat yon 
to spend this short interval in the best manner ; to humble 
yourself, and by prayer and repentance to seek for psirdon 
and forgiveness." 

Slack, whose demeanour had hitherto beet) marked with 
propriety, now became violently excited, and interrupted his 
lordship, saying, " I have no occasion to go down on my 
knees and beg pardon, because I am innocent. I went to 
the girl's house. The child was crying. She went upstMra- 
but before ahe got to the top she returned aud gave the 
child something out of a tea-cup. After that, she said — ' 
' Go off with you, Slack, for the child is poisoned.' I went 
away because I knew I was innocent. I went first to my 
mother's, I got my breakfast, part of it, however, and after 
that I went to Handsworth to see a fellow apprentice that 
was ill. Keturning back, I met Mr. Waterfall, and he said 
I was charged with murder. I said I was williug to go 
with him. He said I must go immediately. They put me 
in custody, and there I remaiued. The evidence they have 
uow taken against me, they have taken it completely falsely 
and in a different manner from what they gave it at Sheffield. 
I (raising his voice) have no reason to beg for mercy. The 
Lord is with me, and will save my soul, for he knowa I am 
not guilty of the crime." 

Mr. Baron Hullock. — I have only to repeat to you if 
you have any wrong impression, that you ought to seek 
forgiveness. 

Prisoner. — I have no trouble upon my mind, because I 
know the girl is guilty of the crime for which I am now 
ai-ranged at this ^r. 

Mr. Baron Hullock. — The sentence of the Court is that 
you he taken to the place from whence you came, and froux ' 
thence, on Monday next, to the place of execution, there to 
be haoged by the neck till your body be dead, aud that your 
body be afterwards dissected and anatomized. 



BEOORD OP EtECDTIOKS IK YORK, 

Prisoner. — Well, my lord, that is just ■what they waDted, 
They have got their desire. They said I should be hanged. 
They said at Sheffield I should be hanged and dissected, but 
they have got it by false swearing. 

In a. moment the prisoner continued addressing his 
lordship—" I say you have not done your duty, to paas 
sentence of death upon me, for I am not guilty. I am a 
murdered man." 

The prisoner was then taken out of Court, uttering im- 
precations against hia sentence. When going out of ths 

dock, he said, " I'll be d d if I don't have my hat, if I 

never want it again. It's a d d shame of the old . 

In passing to liis cell ho continued to use the same kind 
of language bs when leaving the dock, but when the clei^y- 
man went to him, he expressed regret that he had heeu so 
turbulent, and said he was subject to sudden ebullitSona of 
passion. He was very calm when he went to bed, slept a 
good portion of the night, and during Saturday was very 
composed ; the second night he slept most of the time. 
When visited by the Ordinary he attended very devoutly to 
his instructions, but up to the morning of his execution, he 
denied giving the ohiid the deadly dose. 

He has a father and mother, five sisters, and one brother 
living. His mother and elder brother continued to visit him 
to the last. 

At the appointed time this unfortunate young man was 
led to the place of execution, where after spending a short 
time in prayer he was launched into eternity, in view of a 
large concourse of spectators. 

WittUM Sbaw. 

Mmday, AprilSth, A.D. 1830.— William Shaw, aged 25, 
was executed at the new drop behind the Castle, for the 
wilful murder of Eachel Crosley, in the parish of Kirkburton 
near Hnddersfield. 

William Sbaw, aged 25, was, on Friday morning, April 
3nd, placed at the bar, charged with the wilful murder of 
Bachel Crosley, in the parish of Kirkburton, near Hndders- 
field. On being arraigned, he pleaded, in a firm voice, " Not 
guilty." 



L 



184 BECOHD OT EXECDnOIfS DT TOBK. 

Mr. M^aade, in stating the case to thejurj, said that this 
was a very xeriooa iaquiiy, and would reqnire their utmost 
attention. He should abstain from making any observations, 
and content himself by very briefly stating an outline of 
the evidence that would be addaced. The anfortnnate 
young woman whose death was the subject of this investiga- 
tion, WBSthedaughterof very poor parents, who live at Thoni- 
clifie Green, in the jiarish of Kirkbnrton ; her father was a 
working miner, and she was the youngestof fourteen children. 
The deceased, though she had nearly attained the a^ of 22, 
was of very short stature, and was generally called " IJttle 
Kachel." On Tuesday the 9th of March last, she was in 
perfect health and good spirits. She waa at home that 
night, and at nine o'clock sat down to supper with her 
father and mother. She rose quickly from the supper-table, 
without partaking of anything to cat, went ont, and never 
returned to her father's house Lilive. About ten o'clock, her 
lamily became alarmed at her absence, and search was made 
for her without succes-i. 

On the following morning, as some boys were lowered 
into a coal pit two hundred yards from the deceased's 
dwelling, to begin their work, they screamed out ; and on 
being drawn up, appeared greatly frightened, and said that 
there was a dead man at the bottom, without breeches. A 
man then went down, and at the bottom of the pit he found 
the body of the unfortunate woman ; another man was 
lowered, and the body was brought up. It wss quite lifeless, - 
and presented a most shocking appearance. The skull was 
fi-actnred; some of the limbs were broken; the bodydreadfiilly 
bruised and wounded ; her clothes were pinned round her 
thighs, in such a manner as to have prevented her walking 
fat ; Biid her cap, gown, and other parts of her dress, were 
torn in a manner which could not have been done by her 
fulling into the pit by accident. The prisoner had been the 
vowed lover of the deceased for several years. Four years 
ago she had a child, whicli was filiated on the prisoner, who 
paid a weekly allowance for its maiutenauce. At the time 
of her death, the unfortunate young woman was again. 
pregnant to the prisoner, and was within a month of the 
time of her confinement. Her mother pressed him to marry 
her, and he promised he would. 



RECORD OF EXECnTIONS IN YORK. 

About three weeka before the night on which the unfor- 
tunate occurrence took place, the prisoner was in the house 
of Mary Butclier, nearly opposite to the deceaaed'a parents^, 
when Mra. Butcher and a young woman joked him about 
Hachel, and asked him what he was boon (going) to do. 
He replied that if they knew what he was boon to do, they 
would not rest either day or night. On the evening of the 
8th of March, he was again at Butcher's, when a little boy 
told him that Rachel was boon for a warrant on the follow- 
ing day. He made no reply to this, but went away. On 
the night of Tuesday, the 0th of March, lie was seen at a 
quarter-past nine, standing with the deceased behind her 
father's house; at half-past nine he was also seen walking 
along with her up the croft, which was the last time she 
was seen alive. "Thia was about 200 yards from the pit in 
which her body waa found the following morning. On 
search being made for footmarks, those of a man and 
woman were traced along the croft, through two gaps at 
the corner of a field adjoining, and the one in which the pit 
was, and very near to the mouth of the \nt. The prisoner's 
shoes were compared with the marks near the pit's mouth, 
and found to correspond, some of the nails being out, He 
surrendered himself to the constable the next morning. 
During the time the inquest was holding, some one said 
that the doctors were of opinion that the young woman had 
been murdered before she had been thrown into the pit ; 
on which the prisoner said, " !Nay she wur not, for she wur 
alive when she went into the pit mouth." On being told 
what the verdict of the coroner's inquest was, the piisoner 
said, " I wish some one would come and paah my brains out." 

Several witnesses were called, who proved the above facts. 
The prisoner made do defence, and the jury, after retiring 
three-quarters of an hour, pronounced the prisoner guilty. 

Silence having been proclaimed, the learned judge put 
on the black cap. Ke addressed the prisoner nearly as 
follows : — 

" William Shaw, the jury, after a long and patient inquiry, 
have pronounced you guilty of the dreadful murder of which 
you are charged. They have performed their duty, and it 
now remains for me to perform mine. You have been con- 
victed of a most barbarous and brutal murder, Thec% ^.-c;^ 




k 



IS6 SEGOBD OF EXECUTIONS IS TOBK. 

ioBtances in wbicli, ia the caaea of jieraons who have suffered 
the laat penalty of the law, there has^ been some reaaou for 
compaasion for them, but your offence is such, no one can havB 
pity upon you. That uiifortuaate young woman who was 
with child to you, and whom you had promisetl to heeome her 
husband, and ought to have been her protector, was enticed 
by you to the place where you destroyed her in the moHt 
dreadful, barbarous, and brutal manner. You have com- 
mitted that crime which the law of God denounces. The law 
of your country gives you a short time, a few solitary hours, 
to seek forgiveneaa and mercy, and I entreat you to fall on 
your knees and pray to your Maker, that he may extetid 
that forgiveness to you which you cannot possibly receive in 
this world. It now only remains for me to pass the sen- 
tence, not of mine but of the law, that you be taken to the 
place from whence you came, and from thence, on Monday 
next, to the place of execution, and there be hung by the 
neck till you are dead, and your bocly be given to th.e 
surgeons for dissection ; and may the Lord have mercy on 
your soul." 

The prisoner was not in the least affected, and stood un- 
moved during the passing of the sentence. Every one else 
in the Court seemed deeply impressed. The Court was 
intensely crowded during the whole of the day. 

Joseph Slate ei. 

Monday, Avffust 2nd, A.D. 1830. — Joseph Slater waa 
executed at the new drop, for the wilful murder of his own 
child, only three years old, by drowning it, near Guiabro.' 

Charles Tursbb and James Twibeu,. 

OctobtrSlh, A.D. 183I.~Oharles Turner, aged 19, Mct' 
James Twibell, aged 1 9, were charged with robbing Jonathan 
Habberaton, on the highway at Sheffield. 

Mr, Elsley was for the prosecution ; and Mr. Cottingham 
for the defence. 

The case was a very aggravated one. The prosecutor la- 
the overlooker of a colliery near Sheffield, and was returning 



RECORD OF EIECHTIOrra IN YORK. 137 

from Sheffield oo the night of the oth of October. Wbeii 
he arrived at a place called Manor Lane, he aaw three men 
standing. He passed them, but they followed him, and one 
of them passed him. Ho almost immediately received a 
violent blow on the back of hia head, and the blows were 
continued till he was felled to the ground. His jiockets 
were then rifled, and the villains left him in a state of in- 
sensibility. He laid for about half an hour, when some one 
canm past and took him home. A watch and some money 
was taken from him ; and as the prisoners were found offer- 
ing a watch for sale the next day, they were apprehendeiL 
Priestley, the tliird niaa turned King's evidence. The 
prosecutor ; Henry Taiil, who assisted him home ; Joseph 
Hunter, a surgeon, who found a large hedge-stake covered 
with blood near where the robbery was committed ; Henry 
Walker, to whom the prisoners had offered a watch for sale ; 
and James Wild, the constable who apprehended them, were 
examined, and deposed to the several facts. 

When George Sidney Priestley was called, he denied all 
that he had sworn in his examination before the magisti^ates, 
and affirmed that what he had then said was forced from 
him by the constable's telling him that if he did not say 
what he said he would be transported. 

Mr. Justice Parke ordered bira into custody, saying he 
would have him indicted as an accomplice, and tried during 
the assizes. 

Most of the witnesses who had been esamined at Sheffield 
now pretended that " they did not know what they said ; " 
and one said, when asked about signing hia deposition, that 
" he could not write, but made hia mark," and he " thought 
he took hold on the top of a pen." 

The learned judge severely reprobated the tampering with 
the witneaaea which had been adopted, and the jury returned 
a verdict of guilty. 

His lordship put on the black cap, and addressed the 
prisoners in very solemn language. He said, " Charles Turner 
and James Twibell, the jury who have just found you 
guilty, have performed their duty to their country, and it 
now remains for me to perform mine. You have been 
justly convicted, and found guilty of the malicious assault 
committed upon this poor man ; you have not been coutevi.t 



1«T ' 



18S RECORD OF EKECDTIOire IK TOEK. 



■with taking his money alone, but have heaten Lim in 
a moat diabolical manner — beating him with a hedge-stake, 
and leaving him for dead. Under the effects of thosa 
blows he Htill labours, and perhaps will continue to do s( 
for the remainder of hia life ; jou therefore deserve the full 
weight of the law to fall on your heads. It is not i 
sentence but the sentence of the law that I am about to 
pasa on you ; I implore you both, therefore, the little tima"* 
you have atill left, to employ it, on your bended knees, in 
obtaining the pardon from God Almighty which you cannot 
hope for here; and may God have mercy on your souli 
The sentence of the law is, that you be conveyed from i 
thia place to the place from whence you came, and from 
thence to the place of execution, where you are to be hung 
by the neck till you are dead. 

During the passing of the sentence, Turner wept bitterly, 
and at the conclusion exclaimed, "Oh, dear." Twibell also 
fobbed and cried out " O Lord ! spare our lives." They 
were then removed from the bar. 

WlLUAU HODKIS. 

Saturday, Octobei- 18t/t, A.D. 1832.— William Hodkiu 
wa^ executed at the new drop behind the Castle, for com- 
mitting a rape upon a little girl, under twelve years of age. 

Mary Husteh, Ebenezer Wright, and Thomas Latt. ■ 

Suiurday, MarcJi SQUl, A.D. 1833,— Maiy Hunter waa 
convicted for inciting and counaelling a simple country girl, 
named Hannah Gray, to fiie the stacks of her master, Mr. 
Marshall, of Lotherton. The circumstances connected witb 
this case show to what extent a spirit of revenge may be 
carried. The unfortunate woman (who is mother of nine 
children) and her husband reside in the same village as 1~ 
Marshall, and were the keepers of the pinfold. In August 
last a dispute arose about the pounding of some of Mr. 
Marshall's foals, for which Mrs. Hunter demanded fourpence. 
This sum was refused to be paid, and from words the parties 
got to blows, and ultimately the a^r waa settled by the 



RECORD OF EXECUTIOHS IK YOBK. 189 

magistrate, much to Mrs. Hunter's dissatiNfeiction. Sub- 
Gequently it appeared tliat Mrs. Hunter had deolared she 
would be revenged, if she was hung for it the next day, and 
on Tuesday, the 22nd of January, Mr. Marshall had a stack 
of wheat fired. Thomas Hunter was apprehended on sus- 
]>icion, hut afberwards discharged, and on the Sunday fol- 
lowing three moi'e stacks were fired and totally consumed. 
-Tiie Herrant girl, Hannah Gray, then confessed that she 
had fired the stacks on the Sunday, and that she did it in 
conaequence of Mrs. Hunter coming to her on the previous 
Thursday, and asked her to set the stacks on'fire, promising 
her a new frock if she did it, and that if she did not she 
would tear her iiver out, and that if she told anybody she 
would tear her to pieces. Such were the features of this 
lamentable case, which has ended in a decent, respectable 
looking female, at the age of 47, ending her days on a 
Bcaflbld, to atone for the breach of the law, has deprived her 
husband of his partner in life, and brought the mother 
of a numerous ofispring to an untimely death, a melan- 
choly instance of the danger of giving way to passion and 
revenge. 

Ebenezer Wright, one of the other criminals, was a 
respectable-looking young man, about 2(i years of age, full 
six feet high, and stout made. He was convicted (along 
with Samuel Nnrhurn) of firing a stack of straw and a 
stack of hay, the property of ilr. Oxley, of Rotherhani, 
solicitor, who had conducted a prosecution against him for 
an ataault. Wright, being determined to serve Oxley out 
for this, fired his stack. The ofience was committed in 
August last, and for some time no due to the perpetrator 
was discovered. The ofienders were, however, at last 
detected by their own conduct. Norburn, having some sus- 
picion that his companion was too familiar with his wife, 
resolved, under the influence of jealousy, to confess the 
transaction, to get his accomplice hanged, and by tnniiog 
King's evidence save himself. Wrigiit was then appre- 
hended, and he, finding that Norburn had been snitching, 
also made a confession. The result was that both the 
prisoners were tried and convicted on their owii confession, 
and received sentence of death. Norburn was subsequently 
reprieved. Wright had lived some time at Botberham, a.tid. 



190 REOORD Of BXKGUTIOKa IK YORK. 

his mode of obtainmg subsbtence was, in many caaea, any- 
tbing but creditable. 

Thomas Law, the other male culprit, was coQvicted 
(iilocg with Robert Bingley) of a most aggravated highway 
robbery. The unfortunate individual who was the object 
of these men's brutality was a Mr. Thomas Atkinson, of 
Knottingly, near Ferry-bridge, He was returning from 
Fontefiract market on the night of the 12th of January, and 
fortunately had taken the precaution to leave Jiis money in 
care of the landlord of tbe inn where he put up. He had 
got to the croas roads on his road home, when two men, 
"whom he knew to be Law and Eingley, came up to him, 
knocked him down, and rifled bis pockets. Finding that 
they were known to Mr. Atkinson, they commenced a moafc 
horrid attack on him, beating him over the head with knob- 
sticks, and having inflicted about twenty wounds on his 
head, they left him laid on the road, apparently lifeless. 
He, however, survived the effects of the violence, and was 
BO far I'ecovered as to be able to give evidence against the 
prisoners, who were both convicted. Law behaved in the 
most disorderly manner during the trial, frequently ill' 
terrupting the counsel and judge, and cross-examining the 
witnesses in the most impudent manner. His deportment 
fully showed that he was a reckless and desperate man, 
and after sentence of death was passed on him he ex- 
■clftiraed — " May the devil get the witnesses, they've sworn 
&Isely against us." 

At twelve o'clock the three unhappy culprits suffered 
the final sentence of the law. ^\' right and Law both ate a 
hearty breakfast, and the former remained perfectly callous ; 
the latter still protested his innocence. 

Mary Hunter appeared penitent and resigned to her fete, 
but declared her innocence of the crime for which she was 
to suffer. 

The Chaplain (the Eev. W. Flower, jun.) ]}erformed the 
sacred office of religion to the convicts, which were perfectly 
unheeded by "Wright, and at twelve o'clock, the officer 
having previously pinioned their arms, they were taken to 
the Bcaflbld. 

Wright walked first ; Law followed. Hunter, who was 
much agitated, came last. As she got upon tbe scafibld 



RECORD OF EXECUTIONS IN TOEK. 191 

she said — " Oh, I am innocent," and she kept uttering 
broken exokmationa during prayers. The others said 
nothing, but Wright's countenance underwent a remarkable 
change whilst the chaplain was offering up the Lord's 
prayer, and he compressed his lips, as if in mental or bodily 
agony. As soon as prayers were ended the executioner 
put the halter round Law'a neck. Whilst he was doing 
this Law said — " Gentlemen, before I drop I wish to aay 
that 1 am innocent of the crime aa any one of you. I never 
seed the man to my knowledge on that night. The Lord 
have mercy on my soul." 

Wiiglit did not utter a syllable, but he kicked Lis shoes 
off whilst the executioner was putting the rope round Law's 
neck. 

Mary Hunter protested her innocence, said she hoped in 
a few minutes to be in Heaven, and called on the Liord 
Jesus to have mercy on her. 

The last words she said were — " My dear brother will 

soon be here. 1 am dying for a innocent crime — 1 am in " 

Before she got the last word out of her mouth the drop 
fell, and they were launched into eternity. 

They all appeared to die with scarcely a struggle, and 
their bodies were cut down and delivered to their friends, 
after hanging the usual time. The number of spectators 
was very great. We should suppose that at least 4,000 or 
5,000 were present. We understand that Wright was a 
resuiTectionist, and he kept the body of his wife for two 
days under his bed, after which he sold it for a subject to 
save the expense of a funeral. He waa certainly the most 
callous and hardened criminal we ever saw suffer. 

They were executed upon the new drop behind the 
walla of the Castle of York. Mary Hunter was drawn 
up on the drop upon an hurdle. 

Chables Cooke, Thomas Rogers, and 
Thomas Morris. 

Saturday, April 'IGth, A.D. 1S34.— The three culprits 
aa above, were executed at the new drop, for the following 



f 



192 BKCOBD OP KXECtmOKS IS YORK. 

Charles Cooke,af;ed SO, fur higliwajrobberyand attempted 
murder near Thirsk. 

Thomas liogera, aged 32, for an UDSataral crime. 

ThoiDss Jlorri?, aged 23, for committing a. rape upon 
jUisa Mary Law. 

Urscjla Lofthouse, Joseph Heeley, asb 
WiLLiAsi Allot, 

Monday, April 6t/t, A.D. 1835. — Ui-aula Loftbonse, for 
the murder of her husband ; Joseph Heelej, for the murd^ 
of James Iiee ; and William Allot, for the murder of Martha 
Hardwick, suffered death on the new drop behind the 
Castle of York. 

The crime of ninrdei- has, in a!l ages, and in all ciTilized 
nations, been punished with death, for the I>ivine Law says, 
" He that taketh life, by man his lii'e shall be taken." 

The almost daily examples which the laws of the land 
oblige the power of justice to make, would, we might hope, 
deter persons from the commission of crime. But the cries 
of justice and the voice of reason are of no effect upon a 
conacieiioa hardened in iniquity. Rem nnst ranees, however 
reasouably urged, or movingly couched, have no more 
influence on the heart of such a one, than the j>entle evening 
breeze has upon the oak when it whispers among its 
branches, or the rising surges upon the deaf rock when 
they dash and break against its aides. 

Ursula Lofthouse, aged 2G, was placed at the bar at 
York Castle, April 3rd, 1835, charged with the wilful 
murder of Robert Loflbouae, her husband, at Kirby 
Makeard. 

Mr. Oottingliam and Mr. Dicken conducted the jiroaecu- 
tion. Sir Gregory Lewin defended the prisoner. 

Mr. Cottiughaui stated the case, and called nineteen 
witnesses, from whose evidence it appeared that the deceased 
wont to Ripon market on the 6th of November, in good 
health, and on his return in the evening, he called at his 
brotber's, who resides at Dalla Gill, and there partook of 
some bread and milk. He shortly afterwards left his 



RECORD OF EXECUTIOKS IS TOltK. 193 

brother's houae and ■went home. On his amval, he stated 
to his wife that he felt rather unwell ; she said she weuld 
make him some tea, stating at the same time, that it would 
do him good. She prepared it accordingly, and they both 
partook of it. He had taken nothing to eat for dinner, and 
during the day had three gills of ale. His wife said, " I've 
made a cake on purpose for thee." The poor fellow without 
suspecting her diabolical object, immediately proceeded to 
take a meal of tea and cake, but before he had finished he 
said, " Blera me, I don't think I conld swallow the piece of 
cake now in my month for all the world." Violent vomiting 
and purging ensued, attended with other diatresaing symp- 
toms. She immediately went to his brother, and desired 
him to go to her husband^ as he was taken daugerouslj ill. 
The brother went and found him as described by hia wife ; 
he grew gradually worse, and on the Friday morning a 
surgeon was called in, and found him dangerously ill. He 
attended him until the Saturday, when he died. 

Thomas Thorpe. — I am constable at Kirby Makeard, and 
know the deceased's house. I conveyed the prisoner to 
York in a gig. When we got about eighteen miles from 
Kirby, the prisoner began to talk about her husband. She 
said he had a disagreeable breath ; that lie would hardly 
allow her common necessaries to live ; that she believed be 
had saved between £iO and jE50 ; that he never told 
her what he did with his money ; that she believed he 
carried it to Henry Lofthouse, and that he loved Ellen 
Iiofthouse better than her, which made her very unhappy in 

From the evidence of Lawrence Harland, it appeared 
the prisoner went to his brother's shop, to purchase two 
pennyworth of arsenic. He refused to let her have it, 
telling her it was rank poison, and sufficient to kill half the 
village, She said it was not for herself, it was for one 
Thomas Grange. Knowing Grange to he a respectable man, 
he let, her have it. 

"Wm. West, an eminent chemist at Leeds, affirmed, that 
he analysed the stomach of the deceased, and fouud arsenicus 
cid or white arsenic. " I aia inclined to the opinion that in 
the part of the body which came to me there was Bufficient 
arsenic to cause death." 



m 



BECfOBD OF SXECUnOKS IH 1 



Other evideace was adduced, which left no doubt as to 
the guilt of the prisoner. 

The prisoner, when called on for her defence said, " I 
have nothing to aay, sir ; but I'm innocent." 

The learned judge summed up the evidence. 

The jury retired, and after an absence of twenty minutei^ 
returned into court, and pronounced the prisoner guilty. 

The judge, in a most affecting address, then sentenced 
the prisoner to be executed on Monday next. On hearing 
the sentence slie wept profusely, and when removed from 
the bar was quite insensible. 

Joseph Heeley, aged 39, charged with the wilful murder 
of James Lee, at Kirk-Burton. 

Mr. Greenwood and Mr. Wortley conducted the prosecu- 
tion. The prisoner had no counsel, but Mr. Baines undeiv 
took to watch the case for him. 

Mr. Greenwood stated the case, and called seven witnesses, 
who proved that the prisoner, witb several other person^ 
waa drinking at three or four beer-shops on the SCth of 
November last; a qnarrel ar6ae amongst them, and ths 
prisoner was very violent, swearing he would stab throe 
or four before morning, with a knife wlucli he held in his 
band. 

Charles Moseley, who resided next door to the deceased, 
deposed that — On the evening in question I was lying down 
on the bed. Some one came to my door and burst it open. 
1 went to the door, and saw Heeley (the prisoner) atandtng 
against Hardcastle's door, which adjoins mine. James lies' 
came out, and Heeley struck at him with bis right hand. 
We followed Heeley till he got to the fold-yard end, the 
prisoner walking backward, and when he got there, be struck 
the deceased in the neck. 

Kezia Hardcaetle, the mother of the deceased, said bar 
son was usually called James Hardcastle, but tbat he wtio 
born before she was married, and bia name was Lee. Shs 
was at the door the time her son was stabbed, and be died 
the next morning. 

Joseph Catterson, surgeon, deposed that he went to tfa» 
house of the deceased, and found him nearly oovered viibi, 




RECOKD OP BXEGUTIOHS IS TOHK. 

blood. There was n. ti'auaTei'ao wound about two inches 
beiow the ear, and the carotid artery had been divided. 
The loss of blood proceeding from the wound was the cause 
of death, 

BeBJamin Fitton produced a knife which waa found ou 
the prisoner, and identified aa one which he took from the 
pocket of a man named Uill. 

The prisoner in hia defence said, the witnesses had sworn 
falsely. 

The learned judge having summed up the evidence, the 
jury, after consulting ten minutes, returned a verdict of 
guilty. 

HisLordahip then sentenced him to be executed on Monday 
next. The prisoner appeared to be quite unconcerned at 
his melancholy fate. 



"Wm. Allot, aged 35, waa charged at York Castle, April 
■Ith, 1835, with the wilful murder of Martha Hardwick, at 
Upper Heeley, near Sheffield. 

Mr. Baines and Mr. Wortley appeared foe the prosecu- 
tion ; Sir Gregory Lewin defended the prisoner, who ia a 
remarkably stout man, and in a firm voice pleaded not 
guiity. 

Mr. Baines stated the oaae : — 

Mrs, Hardwick, the deceased, was a widow, residing at 
Upper Heeley, two miles from Sheffield, and occupied a lone 
house ; the persons composing her family being herself, the 
prisoner, and a boy named Wolstenholnie. She had a small 
milk-farm, which the prisoner managed, whilst she Buperia- 
tended the household affairs. 

On the 9th of September last, the deceased waa in perfect 
health, and between eight and half-past nine in the evening, 
received such injuries as caused her death two hours after. 
In the morning of that day, the prisoner and the hoy 
went to Sheffield on some business at the town-hall, and 
afterwards went to a public house, where they continued 
drinking till three o'clock, when the boy left the prisoner, 
and returned home to attend to his work. The prisoner 
continued drinking tUl half-past seven, when he was seen 
going homewards the worse for liquor, and & few v ' 
O 2 



i 





noXS I<C TORS. 



before eigbt m aM ' ate ftMB cmmiDg the garth within a fe«f 
yanja of home. The hay Wotateaholme left the house aboat 
eigbt o'clock, hia mistress being then in good health. About 
half-paat eight Mrs, Bardwick was heard to cry out, 
" Oh ! dear, he's kiiliiig me ! " Another shriek was 
heard, and the prieoner was heard nsiog abnEire langnage 
to the deceased, sayiug, '■ Tliou's been robbiog me every 

At a quarter past nine, the prisoner went to a neighbonv't 
bouse, and asked for a light, sajiug that his mistreffi was 
drank — an assertion which was proved to be felse. Aboat 
half-paat nine, Woleteuholme. the boy, returned home, laxA 
fband the front door open, and no person in the front room, 
but a qnantity of blood on the floor. On goieg into the 
inner room, he there found the prisoner dragging hia 
mistress on to a, bed, in a bleeding state, with her clothes 
toru, and her cap olT. He was in his ehirt-sleeves. The 
deceased's voice was very low, and she said, " Ob, help me." 
On the boy expressing surprise, the prisoner said be h&d 
seen two men run out of the house when he came in, who 
had done the deed, and he accounted for the blood on hia 
clotbes, bv stating that he had dirtied them in lifting her 
on the bed. 

A surgeon went the same night, but she was dead, and in 
a, state too horrid to be described. Fifteen witnesses were 
examined, whose evidence confirmed the prisoner's gailt. 

The judge having summed up, the jury retired, and 
returned with a verdict of guilty. 

He was then sentenced to be executed on Monday (this 
day). After his sentence he requested that his body might 
be given to his father, but was told it could not be granted. 

He concealed a large knife, with which it is supposed be 
intended to destroy, himself. 



To a clergyman who visited Ursula Lotthonse on Friday 
uigbt, she acknowledged the justice of her sentence. 

Joseph Heeley said that he was quite happy ; and William 
Allot became a tnie penitent. 

At the usual time of execution, the culprits appeared oil 
the platform of the drop. After a. short time spent in prayer. 



RECOllD OP EXECUTIONS IS YOItK. ll)T 

the bolt was withdrawn, And the awful ceremony ooacluJed. 
The coacoui'ae of spectatora was very great. 

CttAULES Batiy. 

SeUurday, April %id, A.D. 1836.— Charles Batty, aged 
38, was executed at the new drop, for an attempt to murder 
Elizabeth Brown, at Sheffield. 

This unfortunate man was the last that John Curry 
executed upon the drop behind the walla of the Castle of 
York. He died soon after, having performed the oneroua- 
office of hangman since the year 1802, 

Thomas Williams. 

SeUurday, August 12(A, A.D. 1837.— Thomas Williama, 
aged 29, forattempt at murder. A mo!<t savage and we fear 
fiuccesaful attempt at murder was made on Friday afternoon 
the 14th day of March, in the workshop of Mr. Moore, 
basket-maker, Silver-street, Sheffield. The victim ia Thomas 
Froggatt, and his murderer, Thomas Williams, both baskets 
makers. It appears that Williams ba-s been for some time 
employed by Mr. Moore, who in consequence of Inn drunken- 
ness and neglect of work gave him notice to leave, and set 
on Thomas Froggatt. Williams worked hard for some days 
after, but spent the remainder of the period of Lis employ- 
ment with Mr. Moore, in. drinking. About tea-time on 
Friday, he went into the workshop and begau to look uji 
his tools, some of which he could not find. Froggatt and 
another mau from Worksop were working in the shop at 
the time. At a moment when the Worksop man's back 
was turned, Williams seized a bill which had been sharpener 
to out willows, and struck Froggatt a violent blow on the 
right and posterior part of the head. The poor man fell 
bleeding on the floor, and the other man ran screaming out 
of the shop. The prisoner left the hill, and went by a back 
way to the " Windsor Castle," in Silver-street, where he was 
apprehended by Waterfall. Froggatt was i-aiaed from the 
ground, and medical aid immediately procured from Mr. 
Oarr's, in Paradise-aqnare. The wouad ii\&vct«i Sa BJasyaS. 



\ 



I 



198 



CECUTIOHS Df YORK. 



^■\ 



six inches long and one deep, forming a moat fearful fractqia 
of the skull, and penetrating the brain, bo that the hope h 
Froggatt's recovery is very small. Belbi'e committing tJw 
act, the prisoner had Bald to Mr. Moore's son that he would 
do him a trick before the night, and his father also must 
take care of himself. He afterwards espreaaed hia regret If 
he had failed to kill Froggatt, who he said, was taking th»: 
bread out of hia mouth, and if he was killed the trade would 
benefit by it. 

After hia conTiction he condncted himself becoming his- 
situation, and, acknowledging the crime for which 
was about to suffer, met his fate with fortitude and reaig-r 



Thomas Mcsorave. 

.Saturday, April &ih, A.D. 1839. — Thomas Musgrave, sge^ 
S2, was executed at the new drop, for committing a rapB 
upoa Hannah Appleyard, the wife of George Appleyard, A 
Leeds. There was a large assembly of apectators. 



James Bhadslea-. 

Saturday, April lit/*, A.D. 1840. — James Bradaley, egsj 
28, was executed at the new drop, for the wilful mnrdw 
of John Bradsley, his own father, at Quick in the Wear 
Riding. He was executed by Nathaniel Howard, of tliia 
city, who, in consequence of the escape of Coates, ws 
pointed executioner, 

John Burlinson, Charles Gill, and Henht Ncttali;. ' 

Saturday, AugvM 7lh, A.D. 1841. — John Burlinaon, ' 
Charles Gil!, and Henry Nuctall, suffered death behind York-I 
Castle, for the wilful murder of Joseph Cocker, at Knareft- 1 
borough. 

Our criminal annal?, black as they are with atrocity, have ■■ 
not often recorded crimes of so deep a dye, and which exhibit^ 

ich want of feeling, as tlie one for the commiBsii 
which the above three miserable young men have this day^l 



B200BD OI' EXECDTIOHS IN TOBK. 

paid tbe forfeit of their lives. It appears, by tlie confessions 
of tbe parties, on beiog apprehended, that the murder of the 
unfortunate Cocker had been contemplated by them for some 
time previously; andindeed they went on the nightpreceding 
the execution of the fatal deed for the express puqjose of 
committing it ; but in consequence of Mr. Inchboard, tallow- 
chandler, coming ia (with whom Nuttall had worked for 
some years), their bloody purpose was delayed being accom- 
plished till the nest night. By their own account of the 
horrid transaction they went into Cocker's (who kept a 
public-house in the neighbourhood in. which they resided), 
and had a few pints of ale ; and on a favourable opportunity 
occurring, by his back being turned, they struck him a 
severe blow with an adze, nearly severing one of his eara 
from his head ; and which, notwithstanding the earnest but 
unavailing entreaties of tiie poor old man to spare his life, 
they continued to repeat till they finally left him for dead, 
after rifling bia pockets of the money they contained. The 
following ia an outline of the particulars as developed on the 
trial : — 

John Buriinson, 24 ; Charles Gili, 19 ; and Henry Nuttall, 
22, were charged with the murder of Joseph Cooker, at 
Knareshorough, the former as principal and the other two 



Mary Snow deposed, — I am the wife of Charles Snow, of 
Knaresborough. I live in the Market- pi ace, there is a yard 
to our house ; I knew Cocker ; ha lived going into the 
Market-place ; he was a publican ; he lived alone ; he had 
no wife, no servant, and no child. He had a window that 
looked into our yard; it was high from the ground. I re- 
member the evening of the 18th of June. At near twelve 
o'clock I heard a noise of groaaing and beating : it appeared 
to come from Cocker's window. On hearing the noise I 
opened the door and went into the yard ; I continued to 
hear groaninga and heatings. It came out of Joseph Cocker's 
house. I went into our house again and got a bucket, and 
looked into the window. I stood upon the bucket, and 
kneeled upon a cover that Corel's the ash-place, that enabled 
me to see into the honae. The window does not open. I 
saw three men standing, but I did not see Cocker. One of 
the men had a oaodle in his hand ; there was another mjoo. 



\ 





I 



RECORD OF EKECOTIONS IN YORK. 

I (lid not know the men at tlie time. They 

n tho kitchen, in the inside of the long settle. I heard 

them say, " Let us take him into the cellar." I opened our 

front door, and went to Cocker's front door. I shook the 

door with all my might, and I shouted, " Cocker, are they 

iirdering you ! " The door was fast. No one answered, 

came round into our house again, and I came upstairs to 
awake my hushand ; he was in hed. I then heard a, rush 
out of Cocter's house ; I asked my hushand to be quiet. I 
! downstairs by myself, and looked out of our &onb 
door. It was dark ; I heard some oue whispering, but I 
saw nobody. I then went and looked into Cocker's back 
window, as before. I saw Cocker on his feet, and leamng 
against the fire-place. He was groaning and crying onU 
The floor where he was standing was covered with blood ; I 
only saw one caudle at that time. I went to urge my husband 
to be quick. "We both came downstairs together, and went 
into the yard ; I went before my husband. I looked into 
the window again, and I saw three men in the house i^ain ; 
two of them were Btarding, and one of them was knelt 
down. Cocker was laid across the floor. The man was 
knelt down by Cocker's head, near the iong settle. The 
other two were standing near bis feet, one of them had a 
candle in bis baud. My husband followed me at the time. 
I did not see the men do anything but kneeling and stand- 
ing. I went to the window before they left, and I left my 
husband looking. We went into our own house, and my 
husband got a pistol he had. He went to look into the 
window again, and we heard the men rush out ; I was 
standing near him. We then went and awoke the police- 
officer. I knew Burlinson again as soon as I saw him in the 
jury-room. 

After the examination of several other witnesses who 
corroborated the above statement, the learned judge summed 
up, the jury retired for a quarter of an hour, and on their 
return found all the prisoners guilty. 

Hia Lordship then proceeded to paas sentence. His 
observations were brief, and he spoke in a low tone of voice, 
and seemed much afiected. He observed that they had 
severally been convioted upon the clearest evidence of a foul 
and cruel murder upon the unfortunate deceased. For them 



EECORD OF EXECUTIONS I 

there vas no hope in. this world, nud he recommended them 
to seek to obtain that mercy whicli would prepare them for 
a future world. He then sentenced the prisoners to be 
hanged by the neck, and their bodies to be afterwards buried 
within the precincts of the jail. The prisoners on sentence 
being passed on them, were very much affected, and after 
sentence, were removed to the condemned cell bathed in 

The nnforttinata young men after their condemnation, and 
up to the period of their execution, conducted themselves 
with the propriety becoming persons in their awful Bituation. 
They were regularly attended by the Ordinary, the Rev. W. 
Flower, and by that zealous ami truly Evangelical Wesleyan 
minister, the Rev. J. Rsttenbury, and others ; who admi- 
nistered to them those consolations which religion alone can 
afford, and to whose exhortations they paid the greatest 
possible attention ; at the same time expressing the utmost 
contrition for the crime of which they had been guilty. 
Nuttall, who seemed to he the most affected of the thre^ 
frequently expressed his anxious wish that the day of 
execution had arrived ; stating that if he had taken the 
advice of his friends, and paid attention to his religious 
duties, he would have escaped sabering so ignominious a 

This morning {Saturday, August 7th), at the usual hour, 
the unfortunate young men came on the scaffold, behind the 
Castle, attended by the Ordinary, &c. ; when, after spending 
a few minutes in prayer, the caps were drawn over their 
eyes, — the ropes were adjusted, — the fatal bolt was with- 
drawn,— a shudder ensued, — and this world closed on them 
for ever. But though their lives were thus sacrificed to the 
violated laws of their country, and notwithstanding the 
enormity of their guilt, we sincerely hope that He who 
extended forgiveness to the expiring thief on the cross, and 
■who, even in the bitterness of His agony, prayed for his 
own murderers, will have had compassion on these greatly 
erring young men. There was a large concourse of people 
to witness the awful spectacle, several of whom were ac- 
quainted with the unfortunate men, and had come from 
Knaresborough and its neighbourhood, to witness the closing 
scene of their wretched lives. Many of the spectatcov 



SOS BBOOBD OF EXBCDTIOSB IS TOBB. 

were deeply affected at the melancholy occairence, and 
-when we consider the youth of the sufferers, three yoang 
men in the very blossom of their age, falling victims to their 
TiciooB courses, it indeed affords ground for the mcmt setioiu 
reflections. 

Jonathan Taylok and Kobebt Nail. 

Saltirdat/, April 9(A, A.D. 1842.— Jonathan Taylor, aged 
60, for the wilful murder of his wife Ellen Taylor, by 
strangling her at Escrick, near York, on Tueaday, the 25tli 
day of October, — Aha Robert Nail, aged 33, for the wilful 
murder of his wife Mary Nail, at Sheffield. There waa A 
very large concourse of people to witneaa the awful tragedy. 



Joseph Dobson. 

Saturday^ Januanj 30(A, A.D. IS-ti. — Joseph Dobson, 
was executed at the new drop, for the wilful murder of his 
own father, by shooting him with a gun, at Mount Tabor, 
near Hudderafield. 

William Kesorew. 

Saturday, December 2B(A, A.D. 1844. — William Sendrew 
aged 22, waa executed at the new drop, for the wilftil 
murder of Mr. Tnohbold, at Low Dunaforth, near Boro- 
bridge. He acknowledged the crime for which he was about 
to suffer aad seemed 



^^^k priaoi 



John Eodda. 

Saturday, August 8ih, A.D. 1846. — John ^odda was 
hanged on the new drop Ijehind York Castle, for the wilful 
murder of his daughter, at Skipton, in April lost. 

On Friday, June 17th, John Radda was placed at the bar 
charged with the murder of Mary JRodda, his daughter, at 
Skipton, in April last, by administering to her a quantity of 
vitriol. Mr. Hall aad^ Mr. Wasney appeared for the pro- 
secution ; the prisoner was defended by Mr. Bliss. Tlie 
prisoner pleaded " Not guilty." 



Mr. Hall stated the ease. — The priaoner stood indicted 
before them for the murder of bis child — a charge so u.11- 
usna! and so repugnant to the ordinary feelings of human 
nature that he must caution them againat being prejudiced 
against the prisoner, but to regard it as an additional circum- 
stance of improbability of hia being guilty of the crime im- 
puted to him. The prisoner was a hawker of or dealer in 
mats, and a short time befoi-o the death of hia child, was 
living at Skipton, He had a wife and some young children, 
the eldest of whom, Mary, was the person into whose death 
they were about to inquii-e. On Thursday, the 16lh of 
Aprilj the child, which was poorly, was taken by her mother 
to a medical man, who would be called as a witness, and the 
jury would learn from hiin his treatment of that child. It 
continued poorly, and on the evening of Sunday, April 19th, 
he should show them that about eight o'clock it was not so 
unwell, that it ate about a pint of porridge, and about half- 
past eight o'clock it waa left nursing on its mother's lap. In 
half fln hour afterwards — at nine o'clock — the child was 
found to be dying in consequence of having taken into its 
stomach some oil of vitriol. During that halt-hour the 
crime must have been committed, if any crime was com- 
mitted ; and the jury would have to aak themselves who 
were the persons abont the child during that half-hour, and 
who committed the offence t He believed that it would be 
shown the only persous about the child during that half-hour 
were the father and mother. This would give the jury a 
very natural wish that one of the two persons who might 
be charged with any offence that the other was present 
at, might be examined before them. There was, how- 
ever, a wise and inflexible law which provided that in all 
cases where the husband and the wife were concerned, unless 
a charge was made of violence by the husband upon the 
wife or the wife upon the husband, neither the husband nor 
the wife conid be heard as evidence either for or against one 
another. He begged that no infereoce might be raised for 
or against the prosecution or the prisoner, because the wife 
was not put into the box — they must regard the non-pro- 
duction of the wife as a witness as if she was actually dead. 
He (Mr. Hall) would endeavour, as far as he could, to fill up 
the history of the half-hour he had alluded to, by a atate- 



I 



204 RECORD OF EXECUTIONS IH TOBK. 

ment whicli tlie y)riaoner made to the coroner. At that 
time, oa being asked what he had to Bay, he replied that he 
had neither bottle, spoon, nor anything elae about him but 
the two children ; that he put the deceased into the cradla 
when it began to vomit, and took it up again, when his wife 
came downstairs and asked what was the matter j he !■»- 
plied the child hod been throwing up ; that he went out 
and asked a dnctor to go to his child ; that he got the 
stuff at a druggist's to rub on the wall, but being in a 
broken bottle he threw it away. The child died on the 
10th of April, and he should show that on the ISth the 
prisoner went to a druggist's shop in Skjpton, and bought 
ft pennyworth of oil of vitriol, which he took away with 
him in a bottle. There was another fact throwing Home 
light upon the matter, to which he would draw their atten- 
tion. Ten or twelve days before this unfortunate circum- 
stance happened, the prisoner, in a conversation with a 
witness he should call before them, stated that if the child 
were to die he would get 60s. for it from a dead club, and the 
sooner it was dead the better, it was so sickly. The learned 
counsel then called several witnesses who corroborated the 
above statements ; after which Mr. Bliss made a powerful 
speech in defence ; and his Lordship then proceeded to sum 
up the evidence, which he did in a most impartial manner. 
The jury then retired, and after an absence of an hour 
and a half they returned a verdict of guilty. His Lord- 
ship then passed sentence of death upon him. 

After his conviction, the unfortunate young man became 
fully aware of the perilous situation iu which he was placed ; 
and, as he could not entertain any reasonable hopes of 
obtaining mercy in this world, he sought for it where 
alone it might be found, at the hands of a crucified Re- 
deemer. Bodda was an Irishman, and, being, like a large 
majority ol his fellow-county men, of the Roman Catholic 
persuasion, he obtained the spiritual aid of the Kev. T. 
Billingtou, vicar-general and Catholic dean of this city, who 
was unremitting in his attendance on the miserable man, 
and administered to him all those consolations which re- 
ligion only can afford, at the same time strongly impressing 
on his mind the blessed truths of divine revelation, and 
pointing him to the Lamb of God who taketh away the 



HECORD OF EXECUTI0K9 IN YORE. 206 

sins of the world, and through 'whose tue<iiation salTation 
might be obtained, and who could and would be found of 
all those who sought him with sincerity of heart. Rodda 
seemed grateful for the attentioua paid to bim by the rev. 
gentleman and others, and exjirei'sed bis remorse, with 
tears, for the horrid crime of which he had been guilty. 
A few days previously to liia execution, he made a full 
confession of his guilt, and stated that avarice was his 
only motive for sacrificing his iunocent and unoffending 
child, whom it was his duty as a parent to have suc- 
coured and protected; but whom he coolly, deliberately, 
and cruelly murdered for the sake of filthy lucre. But 
the day of execution at last arrived, and the greatly erring 
young man's earthly hopes and fears were soon to ter- 
minate. At an early hour on Saturday morning, August 
Stb, the workmen commenced erecting the drop iu front of 
St. George's Field, and the solemn preparations for the awful 
ceremony were speedily comjileted. At the usual hour the 
wretched man, with blanched cheek and dejected look — bis 
arms pinioned — appeared on the scaffold, attended by the 
regular officials; after spending a few minutes iti prayer, the 
executioner proceeded to perform the duties of Ins office, by 
drawing the cap over his eyes and adjusting the rope, when 
the fatal bolt was withdrawn — the drop fell — a convulsive 
struggle ensued — and the unhappy mortal ceased to exist. 

There was a large concourse of spectators aaaembled in SL 
George's Field, and the intervening road, to witness the 
appalling spectacle, amongst whom were a great number of 
the lower orders of the Irish, who bad congregated to 
witness the last moments of their fellow-countryman. 

Patelck Eeid. 

Saiurday, JoMuary 8th, A.D. 1848. — Patrick Reid, at the 
back of York Castle, for the Mirfield laurders. 

On Monday, December 20th, 1847, Patrick Eeid and 
Blichael McCabe were placed at the bai- charged with the 
wilful murder of Caroline Ellis, at Mirfield, on the 12tb of 
May. Both the prisoners pleaded " Not guilty." 

Mr. Ingham then rose and said : — May it please your 




> or EZBCunoxs is tmk. 

lordafatp : genttemen of the jiii7, yoa are now aboot to »•' 
vatigat« the mnrder of Caroline EUia. She wm a Tooag 
wocoAn of aboot 30 yean of age, and was the aemuit ef Ul i 
Junes Wraith, who lived at a pUee called WatOT Boyd 
HalL Mr. Wraith was an old man, abont 76 yeara of ag^b 
^DD, his wife, was aboat 65 vean of age : and these 
with the servant g^rl, CaroliDe Ellis, were the only .' 
oftbehoose. At lialf-psist eleven o'clock on the IS 
May, Mr. Wraith went to Crippleg8te,toreqae«thiB 
Joshua Oreett. to go to his farm to pick up qtooea. .A.DaaK 
one o'clock a thusder-ahower came on, and the nephew did 
not arrive till half-past. He kaocked at the door and 
shouted, l)ut received no an-iwer ; be beard nothing but the 
ticking of the clock. From under the front door he saw 
blood, and tbea gave &n alarm. Others came and got in 
tbraugh the kitchen window ; there they found CaroUne 
Ellis upon her back, quite dead, thongh warm. Her throat 
was cut and ber gkull fractured. Mrs. Wraith was found 
in the passage dead, with her throat cut and skuU fractured, 
and Mr. Wraith was in the parlour, dead, and in the samfl 
state aa his wife and domestic Mr, Wraith's pockets were 
tnmed inside out. In one a half-sovereign was found. Hia 
watch had been taken away, and money which he was seen 
with the day before, and the wedding-ring &om Mrs. 
Wraith's finger. Tbe drawers in this room had been 
broken. Keld lived about three miles from Wraith's. He 
was a hawker of hardware. On tbe day in question at half- 
past twelve he called at Lockwood's ; then he went towards 
Mr. Wraith's, and he was seen to go by a house belonging 
to people named Webster, at a quarter to one. All thew 
places are cloee to Mr. Wraith's. The prisoner McCabe was 
likewise a hawker. At the former trial he was admitted 
evidence against Reid. When the surgeon examined Caroline 
Ellis she had only one garter on, and in McCabe'a house a 
portion of a garter was found, Reid was taken into custody 
at bis own home the day but one after, when in bed, at ao 
early hour in the morning. His clothes were taken possea- 
sion of; they were the same thfit he had worn on the day 
of the murder, and were submitted to the examination of a 
chemist, and yon will find that there were a great many 
spots of blood upon the coat, particularly before and behind. 



KECOHD OF KXKCDTIOKB IN YORK. 

The cap which he wore on the day in queBtion was also 
fouDd. and on this also were found spots of blood. When 
Ileid was taken into custodj^ he made a statement which I 
will lead to you. He was told that he was suspected of the 
murder and that he was seen near the house at the time the 
murder was committed. He replied "Well, I was at the 
house about the time you mention, with my basket hawk- 
ing 1 knocked at the doer, no one answered, and I walked 
on " The witness who will speak to this converaation, then 
asked if he chose to state where he went after. He said, 
"Well, I went down the footpath by the side of Wraith'a 
garden. Wraith's was the last house I called at ; I went 
tbrward, struck down the footpath which brought me to the 
town-gate in Mirfield, and I went over the stile, and along 
the footpath which leads to Mirfield church." Gentlemen, I 
have now to call your attention to an important piece of 
evidence. The key of the kitchen-door was lost ; there is a 
well a few yards from the hack door, and on this well being 
jmmped out on the 19th of May, a week after the murder — 
this key was found. In the same well was found an instru- 
ment called a soldering-iron, aii esceedingly heavy blunt 
weapon, such, as I will show you was well calculated to 
inflict part of the injuries which I have described. Who 
put that weapon there, and when was it put there ? I^shall 
show you that it belonged to the father of the prisoner 
£ieid ; that it was borrowed some few months prior to the 
murder, by a person named Kilty ; and that on the after- 
noon before the murder Reid went to the house of Kilty, 
and took it away. And now, gentlemen, having laid before 
you the facts of this very serious case, il' yoa are satisfied 
that the evidence, taken altogether, makes out the guilt of 
the prisoners, it wili be your duty, however painful, to re- 
member what a solemn oath you took when you came into 
that box to discharge your duty to your country, as well as 
to the priBoners at the bar ; and I pray that after a full and 
candid consideration of this case, you will a true verdict 
give according to the evidence, so help you God. 

Witnesses were then examined who corroborated the 
learned counsel's statement, after which Mr. Seymour made 
an eloquent appeal to the jmyfor Reid, and Mr. Matthews 
followed on behalf of McCabe. The court then adiowtawi. 







r EXEcnrioira m yokk. 

On WetLoesday, Mr. Justice Patteaon sutnmed np witS 
great minuteness, occupying upwards of three honra. The 
jaiy retired at half-past eleven, and returned at one, with a 
Terdict of guiltjr against liotli prisoners. On the nsual 
question being put McCabe exclaimed " Only one thing I 
can say ; I am innocent of the cnme laid to my charge." 
Fatriak Eeid remained silent Mr Justice Patteaon tbea 
put on the black tap and pronounced judgment. The oii>- 
cumfitances under which the murder ot' Caroline Ellis was 
committed were of the most horrible description. He did not 
recollect ever to have 1 card or read ot auch an atrocious act 
having been committed in this country at any period, a^ . 
that in the middle ot thti day a house should be enteretL 
and three persona, the whole inhabitants of tliab house, as 
old man, his wife, and servant, cruelly murdered, beate^.' 
their heads fractured, and afterwards their throats dnfi 
(Here the prisoner McCabe fell in a state of insensibility H 
front of the dock. The officers of the gaol having placed 
him in a chair, he revived sufficiently to enable the court to 
proceed.) It aeems to me that the object you had in view 
muat have been plunder. Whether you went to that hooBS 
determined to commit murder, or only to rob, it is quite im- 
possible for me to tell. I cannot but fear that you muat Lave 
gone there with the deliberate intention to kill the people in 
the house, because what was done was done so quickly, oDs 
after another evidently killed so rapidly, that I cannot 
think tliat the notion arose iu your minds from meeting wit£ 
resistance. The prisoners were then sentenced to death in 
the usual terma. 

Eeid's CoKFESsiorr. 

" Condemned Cell, York Castle, 
30tli December, 18i7. 
" I, Patrick Eeid, now lying under sentence of death for 
the murder of Caroline Ellis at Mirfield, hereby acknowledge 
the justice of my sentence, and I do hereby solemnly and 
sincerely declare that I aloue am guilty of the murder of 
Caroline Ellis, Jami'a Wraith, and Ann Wraith, and that 
Michael McCabe, now ako lying under sentence of death 
for the mui-der of the said Caroline Ellis, had nothing what- 




IIECOED OF EXECUT10N3 IN TOBK. 

ever to do with liev murder, or tbe murdere of James 
Wraith and Aim Wraith, any or either of theai. 

" I got up about uiae o'clock on the morning of the 
murder, and thought I would not hawk that day. I after- 
wards changed my mind, and resolved to rob and murder 
the family of Mr. Wraith, I then went over to Mirfield ; 
I called at Lockwood'a about half-past twelve, and proceeded 
down to Mr. Wraith'a. I conversed with the servant girl, 
and took out tbe soldering iron, and struck her on tbe head ; 
she tried to open tbe door, but I prevented her ; 1 struck 
her again and she fell I then did tbe same to Mr. and 
Mrs. Wraith. The soldering iron flew from, the handle, and 
I got the kitchen poker. I beard a knock at the door, and 
I saw McCabe, who asked if we wanted anything in hia 
line. 1 answered, 'No, sir.' I thought he would not have 
known me ; if he had, I should have murdered hioi too. I 
then ransaoked the drawers, and taking out a razor, cut 
all their throats. I locked tbe kitchen door, and threw tbe 
key and iron into the well, and went home by tbe footpath. 
"Patrick Eeic." 

the execution.' 

After hia conviction tbe unfortunate young man became 
fully aware of the perilous situation iu which he was 
placed ; and, as he could not entertain any reasonable 
hopes of obtaining mercy in this world, be sought 
for it where alone it might be found, at the hands of a 
crucified Kedeemer. Keid was an Irishman, and being, 
like a majority of his fellow-countrymen, of the Eomjn 
Catholic persuasion, he obtained tbe spiritual aid of the 
Kev. W, Fisher, who administered to him those consolations 
which religion only can afford, at the same time strongly 
impressing on his mind the blessed truths of divine revela- 
tion, and pointing him to tbe Lamb of God who taketh away 
the sins of the world, and through whose mediation salvation 
might be obtained, and who could and would he found of 
all those who sought Him with sincerity of heart. The day 
of execution at last arrived, and the greatly erring young 
man's earthly hopes and fears were soon to terminate. At 
an eai'ly hour on Saturday morning, January 8t\i, tVa -wotV- 



y 



210 SEOOKD OF EXECUl'IONa IN TOBE. 

men commenced erecting tlie drop ia front of St. George'8 
Field, und the solemn preparations for the awful ceremony 
were speedily completed. At the usual hour the wretched 
man, with blanched cheek and dejected look — his arms 
pinioned — appeared on the scafiblcl, attended by the regular 
officials ; after spending a few minutes in prayer, the exeoa- 
tioner proceeded to perform the duties of bis office, by draw- 
ing the cap over the prisoners eyes, and adjusting the rop^ 
when the fatal bolt waa withdrawn, the drop fell, a convnlr 
sive struggle endued, and the unhappy mortal ceased to exist 
There was a large concourse of speotatora assembled in St 
George's Field and the intervening road, to witness the 
appalling spectacle, amongst whom were great numbers oi 
the lower orders of Iris!], who had congregated to witnew 
the last moments of their fellow-countryman. 

The other prisoner, McCabe, who was tried and convicted 
along with Eeid, received a respite from her Majesty. 



THE MIRFIELD TEAGEDT. 

The following lines were written on the haibaroua aud 
inhuman murders committed on the bodies of Mr. James 
Wraith, aged 77, Mrs. Mary Wraith, aged 70, and their 
servant Caroline Ellis, aged 20, on Wednesday, the 12th of 
May, 1847, at the village of Miitield, near Dewshury, iatha 
West EidJEg of Yorkshire :— 



Von pious Christians, sttenti 
CaDcerning; of this dreadful d 
Of those tbree uDfortunate be 
A more horrid and bratal crii 



wbat I now relate, 
iwful waa the fate 

1 fell by the murderer's baad : 
lever done in our land. 



In the pleasant village of Mirfield, near to Dewebitry town, 
This aged couple lived for yearB, in the neighbourhood was well known, 
Respeotod were by rieh and poor, and all Oiat dwelt close by, 
Little tbiDkiog of the awful deRth that they were doomed Id die 




Thur mangled bodies aoon were found : after tbe deed was dune, 
A jouth who was in tbeir emploj unto the huuae had gone ; 
He foand that every dear was faat, no enlranae conld be gain, 
He saw some blood beneath tbe dooi', and then gnve the alarm. 

An entranca then was quickly made, which caused great affright : 
In the kitchen the murdered Bervant lay, a horrid gbantly sight ; 
Proceeding further in their search, Mrs. Wraith they found, 
Aorote her throat a dreadful gaah, lying upon the ground. 

With trembling limbs and horror struck to the parlour next they came, 
Tfaey found the aged gentleman, his (ate had been the same, 
Hia hoary head was ornelly beat, hia throat was out likewise. 
Those brutal deeds was dune so quick it caused great surprise, 

Oo Monday, the 19th of July, at the bar they placed Reid, 

To lake hia trial for the murder, and to answer for the deed. 

Tbe crime that be was charged with, lur the death of Mr. Wraith alone, 

To prove if he waa guilty, and how the crime was done. 

MoCabe, bis supposed accomplice, in the witness box was placed, 
Hs being admitted evidence, and to meet him face to face ! 
The evidence that he did give the jury could not believe, 
For it is thought he ia as guilty as the prieooer Patrick Reid. 

The trial lasted full two days, and all were mach surprised 

To hear the verdict that was returned, for all thought he would die. 

The Court, not being satisfied with the verdict that was given, 

It was ordered then that both the men should be remanded back to 



Within York Castle's dreary walls thej now are dooiued to He 
Until the neit Assizes, when again they must be tried 
For the murder of Mra. Wraitb, likewise their servant maid. 
And if they are guilty found, they may dread their awful fate. 

Of all the murders that's been done in England near and far, 
Greenacre, Good, or William Conke, who murdered Mr. Pass, 
There is none of them so horrid as the MirEeld tragedy ; 
For they only took the life of one, but here they murdered three. 



Michael Stoices. 

Saiwrday, May 13(A, A.D. 1848. — Michael Stokes wm 
executed on the new drop, in front of St. George's rield, 
for the murder of Mary Ann Garrad, at Leeds. 

Michael Stokes was a private iu the 57th regiment of 
foot, and at the time the murder took place, the regiment 
was quartered at the Leeds barracks. The deceaaad ■«»& *. 



i 



212 KBOORD OP EXECUTIONS IS TOBK. 

peraou of the name of Mary Ann Garrad, the wife of 
William Gan-ad, also a private in the STth regiment. Oik 
tlie 20th of January, the deceased, her huaband, and two (* 
three other aoldiew, were with the prisoner in one of tha 
rooms at the barracks. While they were in that room, tbj^ 
husband of the deceased heard a musket go otf, when hw 
wife staggered and fell, and Garrad said something to ttn. 
prisoner which the jury would hear. Two or three e" 
perBone, who were in the room, saw Stokea point the muakett 
at tlie deceased, and fire it otf. He did not raise it to tbtf 
shoulder, nor in the attitude of " presenting," as the militai^: 
phrase is. The deceased died in two or three honi-s, a 
on examioation it waa found that the ball had entered iiw|> 
the abdomen, passed through the body, and struck the wallf 
behind her, the wall being broken to pieces. The aui^eo^ 
stated that the death of Mr^, Garrad was caused in the maiuiat 
above described, and one of the ball cartridges, previoud^ 
in the prisoner's possession, was found to be missing. Wh«b 
Mrs. Garrad fell against the closet door, she exclaimedn 
"The Lord have mercy on me, what have you donet". 
Her husband then said, " You have shot my wife. I'll loadi 
my piece and shoot you." Stokes said, " Iioad it." Th«i 
prisoner said be was not sorry fur what he had done, butr 
" could now die happy, for if she had lived he could not hav^; 
died happy." On being asked the reason why he shot thai 
deceased, he replied, " JHo one on earth shall know it but tiof, 
priest." 

After a lengthened investigation, Mr. Dearsley made aq. 
eloquent appeal to the jury on behalf of his client, who, 1m> 
attempted to prove, was not in his right mind when he c 
mitted the fatal deed, or he would never have expoaeftT 
himself to certain destruction. He proceeded to show tbw 
jury that if they acquitted the prisoner ujiou the ground O 
insanity, he would be confined in an asylum for life, whioh^ 
therefore, was the safer course to adopt. If they sent hintn 
to the scaffold, the deed was irrevocable, it never could b«i 
imdone. He solemnly conjured the jury to pause — allowin|[( 
mercy to tem})er justice, to pronounce the man insane ; andn 
should they, after all, err and consign a madman to th^ 
scaffold, he solemnly prayed that his innocent blood migh^j 
not fall upon their heads, nor those of their children. 



RECORD OP E3CECDTI0NS IN YORK. 213 

TLe jury consulted ti^ethet for a few miuutea, ami then 
returned a verdict of Guilty. TJie Clerk of Arraigna said, 
" You liave been found guilty of the crimo of murder, what 
have you to say why the sentence of death should not he 
passed upon you 1" The prisoner replied, " I hope, my Lord, 
you'll have mercy upon me." 

His Lordship then put on the black cap, and sentenced 
the prisoner in the following terms ; — " Miciiael Stokes, you 
have had the benefit of a full trial by an attentive jury, and 
have had everything that was possible suggested and urged 
upon me and the jury by your learned counsel. But the 
result of the trial has been to satisfy the jury, and uu- 
questionably to satisfy me, that from some wicked and dia- 
bolical motive, into which I do not presume to dive, you 
deliberately, with the muaket upon the day in question, 
deprived of life the unfortunate woman. What the motive 
was I cannot divine ; but I should indeed have trembled for 
the security of society if the defence attempted to be put 
forwaivl had succeeded upon this occasion. It has been 
unfortunately but too common of late amongst the feelings 
of a large part of the community to think that they can dis- 
cover in the very atrocity of crime itself a justification upon 
the ground that the l)arty could not have been a responsible 
agent. I trust and hope, and t am sure there is no one who 
bears me but who does not trust and hope, that in the eyes 
of the Almighty there may be cii'cum stances of palliation and 
mitigation which are hidden from human research. 1 trust 
and hope that may be the case, but these are questions with 
which human laws are incompetent to deal. We should 
be doing injustice if we were to attera|it to act upon them. 
We must leave them in the hands of that Almighty Being 
who alone can understand their action." He then passed 
sentence of death in the usual manner. 

On the day before the Assizes terminated, Mr. Dearsley 
moved for a copy of the indictment, in order that he might 
make application for a writ of error, to suspend the execution 
of the condemned man, so as to give time to have the matter 
argued before the fifteen judges, as to an alleged informality 
in the indictment. The point was argued by the prisoner's 
counsel on Saturday, April 29th, The learned judges took 
time to consider, and on Monday intimated toMT.tieB.^Ae-i 



2U 



) OF EXECUTIONS TN TORE. 



that, in their opinion, tbeconvictionwas good and the cause of 
death stated with Eufficient authority, the words " sent forth " 
being rejected as Burpl usage. 

After his conviction, the unfortunate young man obtained 
the Hpiritual help of the Rev. W. Fisher and the Rev. J. 
Heuder, the two' Roman Catholic prieata resident in this 
oity, he heiug of the Roman Catholic pcrsuaatou ; and, by 
their instrumentality, he waa led to look for meroy at the 
foot of the cross, that being the only place where it could ba 
found. He has paid great attention to their spiritual exhor- 
tations, and we trust that he will have made ample atone- 
ment for the heinous crime which he has committed. The day 
of execution at last arrived. At an early hour on Saturday 
morning, May 13th, the workmen commenced erecting the 
drop in front of St. Greorge's Field, and the sojenin prepara- 
tions for the awful ceremony were speedily completed. At 
the usual hour the wretched man, with bis arma pinioned, 
appeared on the scaffold, attended by the regular officials; 
after npending a few minutes in prayer, the executioner pro- 
ceeded to perform the datiea of his oMce, by drawing the 
cap over tke eyes of the culprit, and adjusting the rope, when 
the fatal bolt was withdrawn — the drop felt — a momentary 
but never-to-be-forgotten thrill of horror ran through the as- 
sembled multitude — a convulaive struggle ensued — and the 
unhappy man ceased to exist. There was a large concourse 
of people assembled to witness the last moments of the 
miserable man. 



Thomas MALKit,'. 



A.D. 1840.— Thomas Malfcin 
. front of St. George'i 



Saturday, Jc 
was hanged 
Field, for the murder of Esther Inman, at Hunalet, near 

It is again our painful duty to record one of those brutal- 
izing spectacles, of which England, that land of Bibles and 
privileges, can boast so many, viz., the public strangling 
of a fellow creature. The extreme youth of the prisouer, 
he being only seventeen years of age, the irreproachable 




BECOBD OF EXECUTIONS IN TOEK. 215 

cltar&cter be baa bitberto possessed, and the interesting 
relation iti which be stood to the uofoi-tunate female, whose 
life he ia charged with having taken, are all circumstaiices 
which militate greatly against the belief that be was in a 
sane state of mind when be committed the act. Btit how- 
ever this may have been, bia death upon the scaUold can. 
only have the effect of rendering the public uiiud still more 
familiar with deeds of blood. The sacrednesa of human life 
can never he impressed upon the populace by esbibitiona of 
judicial slaughter. 

Esther Inman, the young woman who was murdered, 
lived at Hunslet with her step-father, a tailor there. The 
young man lived there also, and was working with Mr, 
Holds worth, as a wood-turner. All the parties were highly 
respectable in their situation. The young man and young 
woman were both members of the Primitive Methodist 
Connection, attended the same school, the same chapel, and 
the same singing-seat in the cjiapel. This sort of meeting 
produced acquaintanoe, acquaintance strengthened into 
iatioiacy, and intimacy ripened into courtship. It is not 
unusual that that bright period of man's life should be 
chequered with clouds of sadness. 

On the 8th of October, Esther Inman had been to Kirlc- 
stall, to see a. sister of hers, and about ten o'clock that night 
she was sitting at home, with her step-father, her elder 
sistei', and two women named Smith, mother and daughter. 
While they were sitting tbey heard a whistle. Shortly 
afterwards, the younger of the Smiths left the boose, saw 
Malkin, who desired her to tell Esther lumau to come out, 
as he wanted to see her. She went back and delivered her 
message. The deceased put on her boots and went out ; 
very shortly after her father heard a cry ; ha rushed out, 
and found her laid prostrate in the garden ; he took her in 
bis arms, and carried her into the house ; after a few ejacu- 
lations she instantly died. On further examination it 
appears she had two wounds on her breast. Malkin had 
been seen by two or three persons standing at the garden 
gate talking with Esther Inman, and after she cried out he 
was seen running out of the garden towards hia own home, 
where he nttered some iucolierent espi'essious resjjecting 
the fatal deed he had just done. An alarm was immedi&WVj 



I 




216 RECOBO OP EXECUTIONS IN YORK. 

given, but he waa not taken until Monday night, when he 
was discovered in the Free Market, Leeds, in a. very desolate 
condition. He was theu couimilted to York Ca«tle to take 
his trial for the murder. 

The trial took place on Wednesday, December 20tb, at 
York Castle, before Mr. Baron Piatt and a respectable jury. 
Mr. Hall stated the case, and the foregoing particulars vera 
corroborated by the various witnesses. Mr. Overend then 
made an excellent appeal on hi:j behalf, after whicb bis 
Lordship Hummed up in a, clear and impartial manner, and 
the jury returned a verdict of Guilty, but recommended him 
to mercy on account of his youth. The learned judge then 
put on the black cap, and passed sentence iu the following 
words : — " Thomas Malkin, yon have been convicted by a 
jury of your country of the crime of murder. Yours is a 
case certainly exciting great commiseration, if a man com- 
mitting so heinous a crime could be commiserated ; but that 
is impossible. Murder is of such diabolical malignity, that 
it is necessary to be punished when a patty is convicted, 
and it is improper that mercy should be extended to tboae 
who have committed it. It is quite impossible for me to 
hold out any hopes of mercy to you. It seems to me that 
your case, although it has moved aU who bare beard it, is 
not one to which I can extend any hope. It is true you 
began life with respectability, but you forgot to curb your 
passion for resentment — you forgot to curb that malicious 
tendency of the human Iteart which, if not curbed, leads to 
every kind of malignant mischief." Sentence of death was 
then passed in the usual manner. 



THE ESECUTION. 

After the trial he manifested great indifference to what 
was passing around him, and seemed but little affected at 
the awful position in which he was placed. Ou Thursday 
he showed signs of contrition, and made a confession to Mr. 
Sutton of bis having killed the young female, and that for a 
r five weeks previously he had contemplated her 
death. He states that it was not jealousy which led him to 
commit the murder, but the thought came into bis head, 



KEOORD OP EXECKTIOKS IN YORK. 217 

and lie could not assign any particolar reason for perpetrating 
the deed. 

Since Ilia condemnation tlie unfortunate young man has 
paid great attention to the spiritual exhortations of the 
chaplain, and seemed quite resigned to his awful situation. 

At last the fatal hour arrived, and the wretched man was 
brought out upon the drop. He appeared to liave under- 
gone a considerable bodily change since his cotidenination. 
At this moment the sensation produced was very great. 
Mingled emotions of horror, pity, and fear pervaded the 
vast multitude assembled in St. George's Field and the 
intervening road. After a few momenta spent in prayer, 
the rope was adjusted — the fatal bolt was withdrawn — a 
few short convulsive struggles ensued — and Thomas Malkin 
was ushered into the world of spirits, there to render an 
account to his God for the deeds done in the body. 

Thus has finished the unfortunate youth's career, of whom 
it may be truly said, " he has not lived out half his days." 
He has left a father and mother, and perhaps other relatives, 
to mourn his loss. He has left acquaintances ; and then 
there is the public at large, all of whom have some feeling 
in the matter. But what is that feeling 1 "With respect 
to his friends, it will be that of intense mental anguish ; 
with respect to others, in some cases it will be pity, in 
others a certain amount of gratification. So differently is 
the human mind affected by circumstances of this kind. 



THE "UNFORTUNATE CULPRIT'S LiMENT. 

That night • that night was calm and UiU ; 

But was my inmOBt soul ? 
Ab 1 DO, n fieod was lurking there 

My jouth could not controL 

I knew not why, nor know I jet, 

The promptHoce of my crime : 
Unless 'twaa jealousy, the bane 

Of love, of laith anblime. 

I lov'd my Euther with a love 

Which could nut bruok the thought. 

Much lesx the fact thnt ehe could slight 
A heart with fcinciqess fraught. 



i 



BKCORD OF RZECITTIOirS 117 TOSK. 



I lov'd her ! yea, ftnd oould not bear 

To thiak ebe lov'd not me ; 
Tu think thaC iome uae bIbb she lov'd, 



I stop m; vital brealli. 



Geo KG E Howe. 

Satwrday, March 31s(, A.D. 1840. — Georga Howe waa 
hanged on tlie new drop, in front of St. George's Field, for 
tLe wilful murder of his daughter, Eliza Amelia Howe, at 
Yarm, on the 23th of January last. 

On Saturday, March 10th, George Howe was placed at 
the bar, charged with the murder of Eliza Amelia Howe, at 
Yarm, by placing a quantity of oxalic acid in her food. 

Amelia Wood, of Yarm, widow, deposed : — I live with my 
uncle, Mr. Bray, at Yarm, and knew the prisoner. The 
deceased was born about the end of October, and her mother 
died on the 17th of November. After that, prisoner lodged 
with the witness, and she nursed the baby. The priaoneF 



RECORD OP EXECUTIONS IX YORK. 219 

was working then aa a labouring man. On the 34th of 
January, the prisoner brought the carrier to take his boxes 
away, which witaeea said she 'would not allow until ha 
had made arrange me uts about tke children, and settled with 
her. He had told her the day before that a person would 
come from Middleahro' and take the baby. Witness said it 
was a very unlikely thing that the baby should be taken 
away at night, and that she would make inquiries about it. 
Ho went to a shop and bought a. stone of flour, and thea 
said, " You must have a very had opiuion of me to think 
that I shall go away and leave my children." Witness 
replied, " George, you are so incorrigible a liar, that if you 
speak the truth it is by accideut." He then went to work. 
That night witness was feeding the baby with milk and 
bread. Her nephew called out to her to fetch the candle, 
and she left the prisoner sitting at the side of the table. 
When she returned she found him at the same place. He 
took np the candle, and said, " You can spare the candle, 
Mrs. Wood ;" and ehe said, " I shall be like, George." 
Prisoner then went to bed, and she resumed feeding the 
chiid by the firelight, and observed it put out a little bit of 
bread. She then waited until she got the light irom the 
prisoner. When she began to feed it again, it made wry 
faces. She looked into the can, and saw it looked very 
watery ; and then stirred it np and took a spoonful, which 
burned her stomach like very strong vinegar. Did not give 
the child any more after she had tasted it, but took it up- 
stairs, and Bray and Holmes tasted it. They got up, and 
the food was taken to Mr. Dale, surgeon. Some time after, 
Hardcastle, pohceman, came and took the prisoner into 
custody. The baby slept well that night, and was fed with 
bcead and water, sweetened with sugar. Next morning 
witness observed the child's mouth was blistered and its 
tongue was swollen. She got some magnesia from the 
druggist's, and gave it a teaspoonful. The child continued 
to get worse, and died on the Monday morning following, 
after much suffering. In the first three or four weeks he 
was a kind father to the baby, but after that he was off 
drinking four or five days, and he began to say he wished 
the child was dead, and who would have him with two 
ahildren. Witness replied that need not be any hindrance. 



i 



I 




as ehe had no desire to part with it. One night he took 
and eqtieezed it to him until witness thouglit it wontd be 
suffocated. She would never allow Lim to have it after 
that. 

Stephen Hardcaatle, policeman, Yarin, said, — Holmea and 
"Wintersgill went for him on the night in question, to take 
the prisoner into custody ou a charge of attempting to 
poison his child. "Witness searched hia clothes, which were 
on the bed, and which were the same he has on now, except 
the breeches. Took him to the lock-up, but found nothing 
on him except a piece of paper, which he put his tongue to, 
and it had a veiy nasty taste, but different to tobacco. His 
ho:jies were searched, hut nothing particular was found. 
Kext morning searched again, and found a sack on a box 
nesr the bed-head, and folded iu aa old shawl was a bottle, 
containiti^ something like crystals, and a small portion of 
liquid. A joiner was called in, and he drew witness's atten- 
to a hoard at the bed-head, on which was some powder. 
There was also a stain oti the wail, as of some liquid having 
run down. On the Saturday he went again to Stockton, 
and took the prisoner with him. 

Several other witnesses were examined, who fully esta- 
blished the facts, and after his lordship summed up ihe 
evidence, the jury found the prisoner Guilty, and the learned 
judge passed sentence of death upon him in a very feeling 
and impressice n 



THE EXECUTION. 

Aft 1 t th m I [ peared thoughtful and 

1 J t d d w ta tl ted by the Rev. T. Sutton, 

wh h gil ly tt d d h his condemnation. 

Hsemittdl t his fate, and relying 

th t Sa wh h tl J has d th redemption of the 

vil t f n h 1 as d -abl placidity of mind 

nt p t I th h I d y f h tl ly xistence. 

At 1 th th f t 1 d y wl h the greatly erring 

earthly hopes and fears were to terminate, arrived, 
id this morning, at an early hour, the workmen erected 
ffold at the usual place in front of St. George's 



aEOORD OP ESEOnxrONS IK YORK. 

FJelil, and aa the time of execution grew nigh, a 
multitude of people began to assemble to witness the awful 

At twelve o'clock the unfortunate man walked on the 
drop with a, firm step, but with blanched cheek and dejected 
iook^ — hia arma pinioned — attended by the regular officiala ; 
he then knelt down, and appeared to pray niost fervently 
fot' a few minutes, after which the executioner placed the 
cap over his head, aad put the rope iu its proper jwaition. 
He then withdrew the fatal holt — the drop fell — a mo- 
mentary thrill of horror passed through the immense mass 
of people^ there were a few short heavings of the shoulders — 
and the body of George Howe was a lifeless piece of clay — 
his spirit bad fled into the boundless depths of an eternity 
whose mysteries have now been fully developed to his 
criminal soul, and whose blessings, we trust, he has received 
through the merits of a crucified Redeemer. 



Saturday, August Uth, A.D. 1850.— Williiim Eosa was 
hanged on the new drop, in front of St. George'ti Field, for 
the wilful murder of Mary Eosa, his wife, at Roughton. 

The execution would have taken place on Saturday last, 
but in consequence of numerously-signed petitions having 
been sent to the Home Office, from York and other 
places, a respite for one week was received, in order that 
further inquiries might be made aa to the truth of the 
prisoner's declaration <)f innocence. The result of this 
investigation was against him, and this day, whether lie 
was innocent or guilty, bis sjiirit has been ushered into the 
pi-eseiice of that Judge fi'oiu wliora no secrets can be hid, 
there to give an account of the deeds done iu the body. 

The particulars of the case will still be in the recollection 
of our readers, but we cannot forbear giving a short account 
of the details connected with the melancholy transaction. 

The prisoner was tried on Friday, July 19th, and pleaded 
not guilty. Mr, Bliss, Mr. Hardy, and Mt. Pi<ik«i\v\^-^«i^ 



i 



222 RECORD OF EXECUnOIfS IS YORK. 

CDiinsei for the proaecution ; Serjeant Wilkins and Mr. 
Dearaley for the defence. 

Mr. Bliss stated the case. The learned counsel said 
that the prisoner was about 20 years of age, and the 
woman he waa charged with having murdered was Mary 
"Robs, his wife. The indictment charged the prisoner with 
haTing administered the poison !□ treacle, and he (the 
learned caimsel) thought he should be able, partly by the 
statements which the prisoner had made, and partly by 
several minute and collateral circumstances, to establish the 
case. The place where this event occurred waa Roughton, 
a small town on the confines of Yorkshire and Lancashire, 
and two or three miles from Ashton-nnder-Lynei The 
deceased's maiden name was Bottomley, and she was married 
to the prisoner in 1849, at Ashton, where they then i-erided. 
In September, in the same year, they went to reside with 
his father-in-law, who, in January last, removed to Roughton, 
and occupied the house in which the murder occurred. In 
May last, a sister of the prisoner's paid him a visit, but she 
and Mrs, Eoas not agreeing, the prisoner directed her to 
return to Ashton. She left on the Kith of May, and it 
would be proved that on the same day the prisoner pur- 
chased five ounces of arsenic at a druggist's shop at Ashton. 
He did not return to Koughton that night, and on making 
his appearance next day, a few words passed between him 
and his wife, and he waa beard to say that she was " worth 
more dead than wick." It appears that on her death he 
would become entitled to £10. 6g. from two clubs of 
which she was a member. Up to this period the deceased 
had enjoyed her usual good health, but on Tuesdiiy morning, 
May 28, she waa taken ill, and was much ]}urged and 
vomited. The prisoner left the house about ten or eleven 
o'clock, after having prepared her some potatoes and milk. 
That night Martha Buckley called to see her, and found her 
somewhat better. Next morning her sisters paid her a 
visit, when a desire was expressed that Dr. Scholefield 
should be sent for. Prisoner said he would go for him, and 
on his return, he said that the doctor was from home, "but 
his lady had promised to send him as soon as he returned. 
This turned out to be a fabrication, as the prisoner had 
never called there at all. He went upstairs to her with a 



HECOKD OF EXECUTIONS IN YORK. 293 

cup ia hia hand, and was heard to press her to take Bome* 
tiling, wliich she refueed. Decea^aed rose on Thuredfkj. 
morning, apparently better, and iiaving had some break- 
bat with her father and sister, they left to go to work, 
leaving the prisoner and hia wife utone till between nine 
ajid ten o'clock, when he went out to the " George" public- 
house, where he spoke of the illness of his wife, and of the 
probability of her death. He was adviaed to procure 
medical relief, which he did. On his return home, he 
carried hia wife from the bed ahe had hitherto occupied to 
one in an adjoining room. Martha Buckley was then at 
the house, and presently the doctor called, and asked to see 
her evacuations, but the prisoner replied he had thrown all 
away. The deceased lingered ia great pain, and expired at 
about halfpast two o'clock in the afternoon. Nexb day he 
made a statement insinuating that Martha Buckley had 
given the deceased some white powder, which had made her 
ill, and had been the cause of death. In conaequeace of 
this she was apprehended, but afterwards set at liberty. 
On the 18th of June, it occurred to the constable that he 
had not fully examined the prisoaer'a pockets. He com- 
meaced a search, and found a quantity of arsenic in his 
watch-pocket, on which he said he might as well tell all 
about it, Mai-tba Buckley gave some of this poison to his 
wife in treacle, and the remainder he put into his watch-fob. 
He asserted that she and her husband knew all about it, 
and that the former had given him a shiiliug to say nothing 
about it, OS she had made a mistake. 

On Saturday morning hia lordship summed up the evi- 
dence, and the jury, after a short consultation, returned a 
verdict of guilty. The judge, in a very feeling address, 
then passed sentence of death upon him, at the conclusion 
of which the unfortunate man exclaimed with strong em- 
phasis, " Not guilty, my lord ! 1 am not guilty of the 



Since hia condemnation, Ross has had the apiritoal assiat- 
anoe of the Bev. Thomas Sutton, the ordinary of the Castle, 
and we sincerely hope that be has profited by the exertions 
.of that gentleman. He has made no confeiBBWiQ, \ivA -^s^ 



224 



SEOORD OF EXEOUTIOSS IS YORK. 



tested his iDnocence of the cvirae fur which hia life has paid 
the forfuit. The workmen coniiiienoed erecting the aoaffold 
at au early hour on Saturday, and at a few minute to 
twelve o'clt)cli,the in oumfu! procession made its appearance. 
A sliort time was H[>eiit in devotional eserciaes, and the 
young man then took leave of those by whom he waa 
surrounded. He waa then placed in the hands of the exe- 
cutioner, and that functionary, after placing the cap over hia 
eyes, and adjusting the rope, proceeded to the fatal bolt, 
which, ill an instant waa withdrawn, and he, who bat a 
short time before waa replete with life, was exhibited 
dangling in the air, as a warning to the multitude congregated 
together to witness the melancholy spectacle. After a few 
convulMve struggles, the sufferings of the unfortunate young 
man in this vale of tears were for ever at an end ; his spirit 
— released from its tenement of clay — had taken its flight, 
we trust, to a holier and happier region, where it shall 
remain until that day when the books shall be opened, the 
dead shall be raised, and the secrets of all hearts be made 

After hanging the usual time, the body was cut down, 
and interred within the prison walls. 



Alfred Waddingtok and jAiiEs Bai 



Satwrday, January 15lA, 1853. — Alfred Waddington and 
James Barber were executed at Shefiield for murder ; the 
former for that of his illegitimate child, and the latter for 
that of Mr. Alexander Robinson. 

OuAugiiat 19th, 1852, Sheffield was the scene of a horrify- 
ing murder. An illegitimate child has had its head cut off 
by its father, who also attempted to murder its mother and 
another young woman. The murderer's name is Alfred 
Waddington, a gi-iuder, residing in Lord Street, Park, Shef- 
field, He is about twenty years of age, tlie associate of a 
notoriously bad character, and be has himself been tried for 
highway robbery. The child murdered was Elizabeth Slater, 
the daughter of Sarah Slater, of Browo Street, and waa about 
a year and nine months old. On Monday the mother took 
oat a summons against Waddington, for neglecting to main- 



RECORD OF EXECUTIOKS JK YOItK. 325 

tain the cliild. He saw her in the street on Wednesday 
evening ; ahe was left iu care of a little girl called Barlow, 
while the mother we&t to attend the females' class at the 
Mechanics' Institute. At half-past eight Waddiagton ap- 
peared afc the door of the class-room, and called out "Sarah 
Slater, you're wanted." She went to him, and he asked, 
" What have you done with the child 1 yon lauat go with 
me ; it has fallen off a wall and has broken its neck." She 
immediately ran out of the room with him. On aniving in 
Silvester Lane, he said she need not trouble, for he had 
murdered the child. He pulled out a clasp knife, and he said, 
"Here's some of its blood," The monster then fiercely attacked 
her, and attempted to cut her throat. She guarded her neck 
with her hands, which were ahookingly lacerated. A little 
boy, who saw the struggle, called out "Murder." Wadding- 
ton, then went up to Eagle Street, and the woman was taken 
home. He was shortly afterwards met by a young woman, 
called Sarah Dobson, who resides in Duke Lane, Sheffield 
Moor, a companion of the young woman, Slater. Having 
heard rumours of the murder, and of the outrageous and 
diabolical attack upon Slater, the young woman awked him 
what he had done with her and his child. He at once, with- 
out answering, commenced a most fearful attack upon her 
witbhiskcife, and wounded her in a very severe manner about 
the face. Her violent screams alarmed the neighbourhood 
and caused him to run away. At daylight in tbe morning, 
however, he gave himself up to a night-watchman, and on 
his being conveyed to the Town-ball, he descvibed the exact 
place where the murdered child might he found, 

He said he carried it iuto Cutters Wood ; and there cut its 
head off. In the morning two policemen went to the spot 
mentioned by the prisoner, and there they found the body of 
the child. Its head was lying several feet from the body. 

The prisoner was brought up before the magistrates at the 
Town-hall, on Thursday, at noon, when he was committed 
to York Castle to take his trial at the next assizes, for the 
inhuman deed. 

The day of the trial Waddington was arraigned at the 
bar, when the facts recorded in the preceding pages were 
Bworn to by the various witnesses, and the jury retired a 
abort time and returned with a verdict of guilty. 



OF KXSOUTIONS IN TOIIK. 



The learned judge tbeu put on the black cup, and pro- 
ceeded to pass sentence of death on t!ie prisoner in 
uanal manner, holding out no hopes of mercy in this 
Torld ; exhorting him to make his peace with his Maker. 



On Friday, September 3rd, Sheffield was alarmed by 
another cruel murder, and inquiries strengthen suspicion 
that it has been a fearful tragedy, and that the unfurtunate 
individual has been robbed, and met with a violent and 
bloody death. On Sat d y an x m nat n of the spot 
where the body was fou d w d by tl ]. lice oiEoers. 

A new silk hat was fo 3 b t wis I crushed by 

having been tbruat amo g th b 1 Th as also found 

secreted in the ditch a wh t Ik h dk h f marked with 
small black spots. 

He had on apairoft\ dt abl k 1 thwaistooat, 

a green and brown mixture coat, and a pair of good Welling- 
ton boots. The shirt was a coloured print cotton one, with 
a linen front. The body appeared to be that of a well- 
built middle-sized man, about thirty-three years of age, 
with light coloured hair and whiskers. 

No money or valuables of any kind was found on the 
body. The wound is of that nature that it has more the 
appearance of being inflicted with a hatchet or scythe, 
than of being caused by a gun or pistol. The wound 
commences almost in line with the lips, and extends along 
the jaw, and then at sn angle proceeding up the cheek. 
The appearance of the face thus gaxhed and mutilated waxi 
frightful. The jaw-bone is completely broken ; the lege 
are drawn up, or contracted ; the teeth are loose in the 
head, and several other cuts are on the cheek, bo that it 
has the appearance of having been literally chopped. On 
his linen was found the name, T. Bobinsoii. It is sup- 
posed he has been a hawker of drapery goods. The dis- 
coTery of the body was made by two little hoys 'gathering 
blackberries. The business of the deceased in such a spot 
is not exactly brought to light ; but there is a strong proba- 
bility that he had been decoyed there by a female, and 
Au'ther, that she had had assistance in the affuir. 



RECORD OP E5ECUTI0S3 IN YOHK. 



THE TKIAL. 

Oq Tnesday, Dec. Slat, James Barber ■was arraigned at 
the bar, charged with the mtirder of Alexander Robinson, 
at Sheffield. Mr. Pickering and Mi*. Overend were for the 
proaecutiou, and Mr. Serjeant Wilkiua and Mr. Hardy de- 
lended the (irisouer. 

Mr. Overend stated the case, and the witnesses were 
examined as follows, — 

George Eenton, a little boy, six years of age, grandson. 
of a Mr. Eentoi), of Mayday Hill, was the first witness 
called. I was in Mr. Appleyard's field getting bliickberries 
yesterday, about seven o'clock. We saw a man lying in the 
hedge bottom. His head was covered with brambles. I was 
frightened and ran down the hill for my grandfather. I told 
my grandfather's young man what I had seen, and he went 
up to the field. I followed. "John" told some Irishmen 
who were in the field cutting wheat. Three Irishmen camo 
to the body. My grandiather caane afterwards and pulled 
the body out 

Joseph Dixon {another boy), between nine and ten years 
of age, son of George Dixon, residing at Mr. Creswick's, 
East Hill Lodge, corroborated the last witruess us to the 
time of night, added, as we were coming down the field, we 
saw a man in the hedge bottom. 

James Somerset, a youth about seventeen, servant to Mr. 
Kenton aforesaid, said, George ReLiton came to me about 
half- past seven o'clock and said— '' Jem, there's a man shot 
himself in the field." The body aud the man's head was 
covered with blood. The other boy remained in the field. 
I asked him where the body was, and he said in Appleyard's 
field, and he would take me. The body was lying in the 
ditch with its face downwards, and partly covered. He ap- 
peared to be lying on his knees, having one hand turned over 
upon his loins. I went down the field, and called to a man 
named Hemswortb, who was going towards Sheffield, and 
some Irishmen working in the adjoining field. Mr. Renton 
pulled him out of the ditch. 

George Hind, farmer, Newfield Green. — On Thursday, 
Sept, 2nd, I sat ou some steps smoking tobacco, just ljel<i>« 



I 



RECORD OF BXEODTIONS IN TORK. 



toivards u 



w two men coming up the load 1 
lud I had to get n^i to let tliem pass into the | 



aid'Tlt 



give you r 






:, gentle m 



e bundle sb 
here ? It is proper ynii were 
taller man carried the bundle. 

After B. number of other witneasea were exiiiaiued, the \ 
counsel then addretjaed the jury on behalf of the pi'ii 
and after the judge had summed up the case, the jury retired J 
a short time, thea returned with a verdict of goiity. Tbfi \ 
judge then proceeded to pass sentence of death oa 
prisoner. 

Henry Dobson. 

Satweday, JprU 0/Ji, A.D. 1853. — Henry Dobson, s 
27, was hung at the drop behind the Castle, for the murder 
of Catherine Sheridan, aged 10, at Wakedeld, on the 18th of 
February of the same year. He waa convicted i 
most clear and satisfactory evidence. He had committed the ' 
murder &om a feeling of revenge and personal aitimosity, 
because the deceased would not submit to his rudeness and 
refused to keep company with him. The prisoner was of 
slender frame, below the middle stature, with small and 
regular features, light bi-own^air, fair complexion, and good- 
looking. On entering the dock he was slightly agitated, 
but pleaded not guilty in a firm though subdued tone of 

Mr. Elanshard and Mr. Shaw were for the prosecution, . 
and Mr. Overend defended the prisoner. 

Mr. Blanshard stated the case. He said the prisoner at 
the bar stood ujion his trial for the wilful murder 
Catherine Sheridan, who it appeared waa a young woi 
not more than nineteen years of age. Previous to tha 
murder, the deceased had lived a short time in Wakefield, 
and had formerly been the inmate of a workhouse, 
very early age, the deceased went into service ; and when 
she was not more than fourteen years of age, she became 
the victim of Beduction, and was thrown upon the town as 
II girl. Between four and five months before she 
murdered, she became acijuainted with the prisoner, 



i^rf 



liECORD OF EXECtJTIOSS IN YORK. 239 

Henry Dubaan, anrl coiiahited with him till tim !lth day 
of February last, but bning afraid of his conduct, aho left 
tha prisoner and went to lodge at another home. T!ie 
deceased had occasion to lay a complaint before the magia- 
tratea for ill -treatment on the part of the prisoner, and he 
was coiise(i«ently taken into custody by an officer named 
Gibson ; to whom he remarked, when in charge, that if ha 
got over the aocuaation bi'onght against him, in a short 
time afterwards he should have to be taken into custody 
and tried at tlie assizes, observing, " I shall take her life 
for this." After tliis, she lived in continual alarm, dreading 
the vengeance of the prisoner. She went to lodge with a 
young woman named Ann Cioiigh, who resided at Wake- 
field, and who was in the earae unhappy position as herself, 
being a girl of ruined reputation. Ana Clough lived in a 
yard in New Street ; and between ten and eleven o'clock at 
nigbt, on the IStli of February last, she and the deceased 
went in company together to a shop in New Street, where 
they jiurchaaed some hacon and bread, and then retiirned to 
the house. On arriving there they recollected that they 
had forgot to purchase some cheese. In consequence of 
this omission, Ann Clougli went out again in order to pro- 
cure the required article, leaving the deceased in the house 
by herself. She was absent little more than a quarter of 
an hour. On re-entering the house, she observed there was 
no light except the light of the fire ; and was alarmed on 
witnessing the girl, Catherine Sheridan, laid full length 
upon the floor. Her head was slightly nnderneath the 
table, and her feet rested upon a piece of carpet laid upon 
the floor. Ann Clough endeavoured to arouse the deceased, 
biit immediately found that she was dead. An alarm wa^: 
instantlj' made, and a man named Berkinshaw, and other 
persons living in the neighbourhood, quickly entered the 
house. A light was procured, and on examining the body 
of the deceased, it was found that the throat was cut from 
the back to the front of the neck ; the gash extending 
from ear to ear. Dr. Wood was called in, and he found the 
unhappy gtrl quite dead. A razor was found on the fl.oor, 
■which was stained with hlood, and there was a small portion 
of hair adhering to the blade. It wa.'; proved from witnesses 
that the prisoner was seen in the yard iu New Stieet a-t^ t\w. 



i 



330 RECORD OF 

tiiue wlieti Anil Clougli was absent, just before the clock, 
struck eleven ; alao, tliat the prieoQer, shortly after eleven 
o'clock, waa seea coming out of the yard, at the very time the 
uufortuuate young woitian wa,a murdered ; a» Hhe was alive 
and well shortly before eleven o'clock, and a lifeless corpse 
before a quarter of an hour past eleven. A married woman 
named Harriet Woffinden saw the piiwner ia Kirkgate at 
a quarter past eleven. He was running, and Woffindea 
called to him, upon which he stopped and remarked to her, 
" Ob, Harriet, I've done the job ; I've cut Kitty's throat ! 
I have, I have, by God ! Give me in charge to the police !" 
The prisoner then ran away, but was followed by the police, 
and within two hours he was apprehended, when he avowecl 
that he bad done the deed — that he had murdered the 



The learned Baron summed up very briefly, stating 
that if there had been any scuffle as won suggested by the 
learned counsel for the prisoner, and that in the heat of 
passion he had committed the awful deed, that would be an 
aj^pravated species of manslaughter. The jury would have 
to consider whether, however, this vaa the true explanation 
of the transaction, and if they found it was not, then they 
ranBt give their verdict totally iirespective of the conse- 
quences which would follow. His Lordship then read the 
evidence, and concluded by observing that if they thought 
there had been any quarrel, then the crime might be 
reduced to that of manslaughter, but on the contrary, if they 
thought the prisoner had deliberately taken the life of the girl 
without any altercation, then they must find him guilty of 
murder. 

The jury consulted together for a few minutes without 
leaving tbe box, and then retianed a verdict of guilty. 

On being asked if be bad anything to nay why sentence 
of death ahonld not be passed upon him, the prisoner who 
retained his self-possession, and appeared unmoved by the 
verdict, sliookhis head and made no reply. 

SENTENCE or DEATH, 

Mr. Baron Martin having assumed the black cap, passed 
sentence of death upon the culprit in the following terms. 



RECORD OP EXECUTIONS IN YORK. 231 

Henry Dobson, yon have been. Gonvicted upon very clear and 
most satislactovy evidence of the crime of wilful nmrder. 
Murder la oansed by & variety of luotivea, but in your caae-it 
ia impossible to tell what waa the motive passiiig in your 
mind at the time you perpetrated this awful deed. It waa not 
from aay desire of personal gain, but probably from some 
mingled feeling either of love or jealonay ; or it might be 
from motives of revenge for aome real or imaginary injiiry 
done to you. It is iuipoaslble to arrive at any other con- 
cluaion than .that you made op your mind to murder this 
unfortunate yonng woman upon this night, and that yon 
procured a razor with which yon deliberately cut her throat. 
If it be that a period of a week, or I should rather say, a 
apace of ten days elapsed, during which you nourished 
malice in your breast, your crime is very great. The law- 
will give to you what you did not give to your victim — you 
will be allowed some time to make your peace with God for 
your guilt. I therefore entreat you to consider yourself from 
this moment, separated from the world, for I can assure you 
that there is not the least possible chance of your life being 
spared. I am not disposed to distress your mind by making 
any lengthened remarks upon the enormity of your crime, 
and therefore I shall merely declare the sentence of the law 
for the wilful murder of which yon have been convicted. 
The sentence is, that you he taken hence to prison, and 
thence to a place of execution, there to be hung by the neck 
until your body be dead, that your body be then cut down 
and buried within the precincts of the prison, in pursuance 
of this conviction. 

The prisoner remained perfectly unmoved during the 
delivery of the awful sentence, and left the dock with a firm 
step in charge of two of the turnkeys. 

THE EXEOtlTlON. 

This day, immediately after the hour of twelve had 
struck, the culprit appeared on the drop attended by the 
chaplain, William Gray, Esq., the under-sheriff, and the 
other officials. Dobson walked without a faltering step, and 
engaged in prayer with the chaplain for a short time, when 
Howard proceeded with his duties, though somewhat 



I 



232 RECORD or BXBOHTIOKS IK YORK. 

tardily. ' The bolt was tlien drawn, auJ Dobson, after aev 
strugglinfj, waa lauucbed into eternity. 

The number of apeotatoi-a did not exceed 5,000. The body,, 
after hanging for &n honr, vtes cut down, and, in accordaaoe 
with the sentence, interred in the graveyard of the Castle, 

A defunct " legal fuoctionary." — The oSiciol career of 
Nathaniel Howard, who baa been the executioner for this 
county siaoe 1840, has been brought to a conclusion; 
painful exhibition of the execution of Dobaon, ahowed that 
from old age and infirmity, he was totally incapable 
perform the duties of his responsible situation. 

He died on Friday, April 22nd, aged seventy-three 

William Dovi!. 

Saturday, Augmt Mt, A.D. 1856.— William Dove, aged 
28, waa committed to the Castle on the 17th of March, for 
the wilful murder of Harriet Dove hia wife, at the borough 
of Leeds, on the lat of March laat. 

The prisoner was tried on Wednesday, Jnly 10th, I7th, 
18th, and 19th, and was indicted for the wilful murder of 
Harriet Dove, at Leeds, ou the lat of March Jaat. He waa 
also charged upon the coroner's inquisitiau with the murder 
of the said Harriet Dove. 

Mr. Overend, Q.C., Mr. Hardy, and Mr. Baytey were 
counsel for the prosecution ; Mr, Bliss, Q.C, Sergeant 
Wilkina, Mr. Hall, and Mr. Middleton for the defence. 
The feea of the counsel for the pro.wcution amounted to 
220 guineas ; and the fees of the counsel for the defence 
would be as large. 

At ten o'clock, the governor of the Castle waa directed 
to put up at the bar the prisoner William Dove. Dove 
stepped up quickly to the bar, when all eyea immediately 
became rivetted upon him. He appeared perfectly calm and 
collected, and assumed an attitude of composure and ease, 
placing hia lefc hand to his side, whilst with his right he took 
hold of the bar at which he atood. 

Mr. Overend opened the case for the prosecution. The 
prisoner, he said, had committed a cold-blooded, crael 




KECORO OF EXECUTIONS IN YORK, 233 

murder, by the vise of a subtle poison known by the name of 
Btrycbcia ; timt he used thia poiaon on six occasioaa ; that 
he made five attempts on the life of hia wife, wliich were 
jinaucoefisful ; and, finally, that he made a sixth attempt, 
which ended in the death of his wife. The prisoner, he 
said, was the ann of a very respectable man, Mr. Christo- 
pher Dove, a leather-merchant, who lived in Leeds, and at 
Christmas, 1S54, he left the prisoner an annuity of £90 
a-year, upon which the prisoner lived at the time of hia wife's 
death. He waa brought up to farming ; but at the time of 
bis wife's death he waa without eniployinent. Shortly 
before her death he had, however, been an applicant for the 
office of pay-elei'k to the Board of Guardians for the town- 
ship of Leeda, hut he waa unsuccesafnl. Mrs. Dove was the 
daughter of equally respectable parents. She was the 
daughter of Mr. Jenkins, leather- merchant, of Plymouth. 
Mrs. Dove's brother (Mr. Jenkins) married the prisoner's 
sister, consequently there was a double relationship betwixt 
them. In 1851, the piisoner first became acquainted with 
his wife, and paid his addresses to her. At the latter 
part of 1853 they were married. He then brought her to 
a small fai'm, which at that time he occupied at Bramliam. 
They lived there from the end of 1S52 to the beginning of 
1855, when they removed to Woodhouse, near Normanton, 
There they lived from the beginning to the end of 1855 ; 
and at Christmas in that year removed to Cai'digan Place, 
Kirkstall Bead, about one mile and a half from the centre 
of Leeda. It was in this house Mrs. Dove died. 

It apjieared from the evidence brought forward at the trial, 
that shortly after their marriage there were several complaints 
of the prisoner's ill-usage of his wife. He waa a man very 
much addicted to liquor, and very fr [ ntly j, t drunk. 
His wife had been educated in a ve y 1 gi family, 
and so had the prisoner, Mrs. Dove t d t he k hia 
propensity for drink, and this was th a se f f equent 
quarrels. At various times Dove was k It 1 w f ; at 
other times he was abusive, brutal, and 1 t ome 
occaaiona when drunk, and sometimes wh n 1 h was 
very violent. At one time he threw a chair at hia wife's 
head. He threatened to blow her brains out ; and in one 
instance Mrs. Dove was obliged to fly from hia liouse 



'33 I 



234 BECORD OP EXBOUnORS IN TOBK. 

between ten and eleven o'clock at night for foar of hep 1 
husband's violence. At another time ahe waited till hIm | 
thought he would have retired to bed, and then she returned , 
to the house, got in at one of the windows, and crept undei 
the bed of the servant-maid, where she lay all night in the 
greatest fear. Complaiata were made to her mother of thft \ 
cruel treatment she received from her brutal husband, and K 
aeparation was agreed upon in which Dove was to allow i 
her;£20 a year to live upon ; bat unfortunately it was 
carried into effect. About this time Dove became acquainted ' 
with a certain individual, ignorantly called a "wise man," i 
a kind of astrologer, and one who professed to have soma 
skill in drugs and chemicals. To such a person as this the 
prisoner applied ; and after he had done ao, he told his wife 
that he had got to know when it was probable that she 
would die. He said that he Lad good reason to suppose 
that ahe would not survive the month of February ; aud she 
died on the lat of March. On one occasion he said to Mrs, 
Dove, in the presence of the servant-maid, " Never mind, I'll 
do your job for you one way or another." Some time after- 
wards, when sober, he repeated the same thing, viz., that 
"he would do her job for her, and ahe need not mind." 
He ordered the servant out of the room, and she went down- 
stairs, but hearing Mrs. Dove scream loudly, she ran up 
again, and found that the prisoner had his wife down, and 
had a carving-knife in hia hand. Assistance was called io, 
and he desisted. 

On the 3rd or 4th of January, Dove sent for a person of 
the name of Harrison to a public-houae, the New Cross 
Inn, in Meadow Lane ; and Harriaoa read to him, in the 
Times of that date, the announcement that Dr. Taylor 
could not discover strychnia in the body of Cook, Im- 
mediately after this had been read to the prisoner, he said 
to Harrison, "Can you get me, or make me any stryobciaJ" 
to which Harrison re|)lied, " No, not for the world." The 
prisoner replied, " Well, I can get some if you will not." 
Towards the end of January, he went to the surgery 
of Mr. Morley, a medical practitioner at I^eds, where 
he first met with a youth, of the name ot Peacock, and 
had some conversation with him about the killing effects 
of strychnia; also to another youth at the same place, 



of wtom he procured tlie poison which destroyed tlie 
of his wife. 

Oo Mouday, the 25th of February, Mrs. Dove got up, 
between eight and uine o'clock in the morning, quite weli. 
She aad the prisoner breakfaated together ; but very sooa 
afterwards she was taken ill. Her legs became Rtiff; there 
were twitohinga of the legs and arma ; her body woe 
thrown back; there was the arching of the back, and all 
the ayniptoois of poisoning by strychnia. This was repeated 
over and over again ; and on Saturday, the Ist of March, 
she died iu the greatest possible pain and agony, aboot 
twenty minutes to eleven o'clock. The paio was inteuso ; 
her body was arched, her hands were clenched, and her 
agony was so excesdve that her screams were heard for a 
considerable distance. 

After the trial the jury retired at five minutes past ten 
o'clock p.m., the summing up having occupied nearly six 

Thejury returned into Court at twenty minutes before 
eleven o'clock, after an absence of thirty-five luiuutes, and 
their names having been called over, the Clerk of Ari-aigna 
Baid, — Gentlemen, have you agreed on your verdict ) 

The Foreman. — We have. 

The Clerk of Arraigns. — Do you say the prisoner at the 
bar is Guilty, or Not Guilty 1 

The Foreman. — Guilty, but we recommend him to mercy 
on the ground of a. defective intellect. 

The Clerk of Arraigns then said,— William Dove, you 
have been convicted of murder, have you anything to say 
why sentence of death ^should nut be passed upon yon 
accordiug to law ? 

The Prisoner.— The only thing— 

These wei-e the only words he was beard to utter. 

Proclamation being made for silence whilst the aentencB of 
death was being passed upon him — 

SENTENCE OP DEATH. 

Mr. Baron EramweO then assumed the black cup, and 
proceeded to pass sentence upon the prisoner, which he did 
in a Jow tone of voice. Hi3 lordship spoke to the foUowinij, 



t 




236 nECOSD 01" EXKCtfTIOKB IN TOKK. 

eflect. Piisonec at the bar, you have been found guilty o 
tiie crime laid to your charge, the ci'ime of nnirder — aud you 
have been found guilty upon evidence that cannot leave a 
doubt on the mind of any one wlio has heard your case. You 
have been found guilty of a mtn-der, the most dreadful of all 
crimes, and it ia in. your case one of the worst description — ' 
the murder of your own wife, whom you had Bwom 
cherish and preaetre — a woman who had committed hep 
fate to your keeping — murder by the uiost dreadful of all 
modes of murder, poison — aud it ia a murder which, I fear, 
from the circumstances, is one of the most aggravated that 
can be committed, The jury, in ray judgment, have done 
their duty to their country and their consciences. They 
have done their duty iu repelling the kind of defence that 
has been made for you, that your mind 'was in such i 
condition aa that you were not to be held reapouaible for the 
consequences of your act. I have no doubt you were 
responsible in point of law, and by the verdict the jury have 
given, they have shown a firm determination to do their 
duty, while at the sanje time they have yielded to their 
natural impulses in recommending you to mercy. That 
recommendation shall be forwarded to the proper qaatter, 
and if thai recommendation should be concurred in niercy 
will be extended to you. My duty, however, ie to pass upon 
you, not my aeuteiice, but that of the law, and it is also my 
duty to caution you not to expect that the recommendation 
of the jury will he concurred in, but to antictfiate that the 
solemn sentence of the law I have to pronounce upon yon 
■will he carried into effect, and that you have but a short 
time to live, and I recommend you therefore to employ that 
time in preparation for that fate. I doubt not, from what I 
have heard, that you have a capacity — aa ample capacity — 
as to the knowledge of religious truths, and 1 doubt not you 
may now profitably employ the time reserved to vou in con- 
sidering them, and in i-eceiving that advice and assistance 
that- will he offered to you. Do not cherish any hopes, but 
prepare yourself for the worst. The recommendation of the 
jury, I repeat, will be forwarded to the proper quarter, but 
I caution you not to expect it will be entertained ; whether 
it will be or not, it is not for me to say. My duty is now 
to pronounce the solemn sentence of the taw, and the 




EXECUTIONS IS YORK. 

tatenoe of tiie Court upon you is tliat for the crime of 
rilful murder, you be taken from hence to the prison where 
you shall be confined, and from thence to the place of 
execution, where you shall be hanged by the neck until you 
be dead, and that your hudy be taken down and buried 
within the precincts of the prison in wiiioh jou have been 
confined after thia your conviction, according to the law in 
that cose made and provided ; and may the Lord have mercy 
on your soul. 

Previous to his execution, the priaotier made a confeaBion 
of his guilt, and of the justice of the Kcntence, iu the 
presence of Mr. Noble, the governor of theCa«t!e, He avowed 
freely that he admiaistered the poison strychnia to hia wife, 
and that he knew at the time that what he was admicis- 
tetiug waa poison, 

THE EXECUTION. 

The celebrity whiob the murder and the criminal had 
Attained throughout the country, aud especially in the 
neighbourhood of Leeds, was sufficient to justify the expec- 
tation that an immense concourse of spectators would 
aaaemble to witnesa the last scene of the dreadful tragedy. 
These anticipations were realized, for the morning trains 
were unusually heavy, but no cheap excursions took place. 
About eleven o'clock about 1,000 persons had assembled in 
front of the scafibld, and from that hour till the time of 
execution, the approaches to the vicinity of the gallows were 
filled with hurrying crowds. At the time of the execution, 
we should estimate that not less than from 15,000 to 30,000 
persons were present, a number exceeding anything we have 

About a quarter to twelve o'clock, the under-sheriff arrived 
at the Castle, and shortly afterwards the convict was 
removed from the room in which he was placed to the 
waiting witness room, where hia arms were pinioned by the 
executioner. The Eev. J. Hartley then, read a portion of 
the Church of England burial service, and offered extempore 
prayer. The clock struck the fatal lionr. The party moved 
forward to tlie scaffold. The prisoner appeared perfectly 
calm and collected, and walked on the scafl'old without 



238 BSCOBD OF 

f&lteriDg. He was attended bj tbe officials, with whom be 
ehook hands. The exenutioner then adjusted the rope round 
hia neck, and placed the cap over his head. The bolt was 
drawn, and Dove was launched into eteiiiitj. He expired 
■with iMjarcely a struggie. Previous to going upon the 
scaffold he stated to Mr. Barrett, his solicitor, that he had 
nothing to add to the previous statements he had made as 
to hia guilt, and taking him hy the hand he said, " Tell my 
poor mother that I die happy." These were the last words 
that he uttered, except joining in prayers, and taking leave 
of the persons whose names have been mentioned. 

The crowd dispersed peaceably. The body after hanging 
until one o'clock, was taken down and buried at three in the 
afternoon within the precincts of the prison. 

Thomiia Askreu, a debtor in the Castle, was the 
executioner. 

JOHS Bankah. 

Saturday, December 27th, A.D. 1850. — John Hannah, 
aged 22, for the wilful murder of Jane Banham, at Armley, 
near Leeds, on the llth of September last, hy cutting her 
throat with a razor in the parlour of tbe Malt Mill Inn. 
The culprit had cohabited with her and had twochUdrenby 
her. He was tried on the 13th of December, and Mr. 
Justice Erie then proceeded to sum up. He (the judge) 
could not find anything like provocation by blows, and it 
was his opinion that what was called provocation by saying 
ahe would not live with the prisoner would not palliate the 
crime of murder — neither words nor disappointed affection 
would palliate the offence. 

THE TERDICT. 

The jury retired at ten minutes past three o'clock, and 
were absent a c[uarter of an hour. On their return into 

Tbe Clerk of Arraigns, said, — Gentlemen, have you agreed 
on your verdict ? 

Tlie Foreman.— Tea. 

The Clerk of Arraigns. — Do you say the prisoner at the 
bar ia Guilty or Not Guilty t 





REOOm) OF EXECUTIONS IN YORK. 239 

If'The Foreman. — GQilty, 

.■ The Clerk of ArraigiiB. — John Haunali, you have been 
convicted of murder. Hare you anything to say why sen- 
tence of death should not be passed upon you according to 
law? 

The prisoner (faintly), — "I wish to aay," but proceeded 
no further. 

Proclamation was then made for silence, and the judge 
put on the black caji, 

SENTENCE or DEATH. 

Mr, Justice Erie (addressing the prisoner), said — Prisoner 
at the bar, yon have been convicted of murder upon evideuce 
which is perfectly clear to satisfy the jury, and to satisfy my 
own mind ; and it is now my duty to pass upon yon the 
sentence of the law. The sentence is that you be taken to 
the prison from whence you came to the place of execution, 
and that you be there banged by the neck till you be dead, 
and that your body be afterwards buried within the precincts 
of the prison in which you have been confined. 

The prisoner was removed from the bar iu a fainting con- 
dition by the officers of the Court. 

THE EXECDTIOX. 

The execution of the culprit took place at noon to-day. 
Crowds of people began to assejuble in front of the scafibld 
in the course of the forenoon, and at the time of execution 
about 5,000 persons would he present, a number not half ao 
large as that which assembled to see Dove's execution. 

Shortly before twelve o'clock, William Gray, Esq., the 
under-sheriff, proceeded to the Castle, iu order to see the 
Bentence enforced according to law. On his arrival the 
executioner (Askren) was introduced to the cul]>rit, who at 
this time was in a very composed state of mind. The hang- 
man proceeded to pinion the arms of Hannah, and the burial 
service was commenced by the chaplain. Immediately after 
the Castle clock had struck the hour of twelve, the door 
leading to the drop opened and the culprit, who walked with 
a £rm step, accompauied by William Gray, Esq., the 



210 ItECOBD OF EXECDTIOKS IK YOKE. 

chaplain, Mr. Noble (the Governor), Mr. Green {the DepnQ 
Governor), Mr, Pears, Aakren (the haogman), and ti) 
usual retinue of halberdmen, walked forwai-d on to til 
scaffold. Here lie knelt down and engaged in -pruyer iet 
vently for a few niotoeaCa, I 

The executioner then proceeded to cover the culprit'fl 
features with the wliite cap, to tie his legs, and to adjust thfii 
rope, which in the opinion of many, was not vei'y satisfac- 
torily executed. 

The fatal holt was then di-awu, and after some proti-acteil 
struggles the culprit ceased to exist. Before he died, a 
prayer-book which he held in his hand dropjied from liis 
grasp. 

We may add that the convict made no further atatement 
of any consequence relating to the murder, from the period 
he left the condemned cell to the hour of execution. 

The crowd conducted themselves in a very orderly manner 
and if any expression of feeling was evinced, it was of 
Bympathy with the culprit's untimely end, at so early an 
age. 

The body after hanging until one o'clock was cut dowDi 
and buried within the precincts of the prison, pui-auant to 
the sentence passed upon him. 

He was by trade a tailor, and a native of Manche.'itet, and 
has left a lather and mother and eight brothers anJ 
Bisters. 



Joseph Shepherd. 



Saturday, April Srd A.D 1658 — Joseph Shepherd, ol 



2 w 



ecuted at Yorl 
i of Bethel Par 
13th of Jan\iary, 
t retch and blaS' 



Holdswortb, near Hal fax, 
Caatle, for the wilf laid 
kinaon, at "Wadaw th M 
He was a most ha d da 
phemed to the last 

On Tuesday last Sh ph d sa d t f the officers of th{ 

prison, " I don't m an to go to I ell, hereupon the officei 
replied, " Don't you t " He then said, " I have done the besi 
I know how," and this drew forth the rejoinder, " I don'l 
think you have." Shepherd then ohserved, " In what waj 



RECORD OF EXECtmOSS IS TORK. 2il 

fil't I !" tho answer wae, " When one person has injured 

*u past life, if it lies in hia power he has a right to 

) restitution ; you cannot give life, but public juatice 

ida a. public confeaaion." "Would you have me to 

s what I never did 1 " was the question juit by Shep- 

(, and the reply he received waa, " No, but I believe you 

are guilty." He immediately said, "I am not," 

Some idea may be formed of the hardihood of the culprit 
when we state that he has, within the last day or two, made 
obaervfttiona to the effect that he hoped he could have a 
" blow-out " before he was hanged, as he should like a good 
dinner, that he should rather go to hell as he was (that is, 
die a natural death), than go to heaven with a hatter round 
hie neck ; that he would rather be shot than hanged, that he 
was glad the wcLither was fine, as he would rather be 
"topped" (hanged) in summer than in winter, and that if 
lie caught the watchman in the burial-ground (after the 
execution) ho would give him a good thrashing. This and 
other coiiversation equally to he deplored, if not more bo, he 
has indulged in, and we believe he lias said that at such an 
hour on Saturday he should be dancing on nothing. During 
the present week he, in a jocose manner, made an inquiry if 
his cofGn was made. The officer in charge remonstrated 
vith him, telling him this was not the sort of conversation 
he ought to indulge in, and asked him if he believed there 
■was a God. The culprit made a reply too irreverent and 
ehocking to bo repeated. On one occasion, after boasting of 
hia innooence, and declaring he had never touched the mur- 
dered man, in reply to the interrogatory whether he meant 
to state that he did not know anything about the transac- 
tion, he said, " Oh, never mind that." It is rumoured that 
he has written to a companion, desiring him to be present at 
the execution. 

Asbren, the executioner, who resides near Rotherham. 
arrived at tlie Castle la^t night, and will remaiu there until 
after the execution. 

This morning about four o'clock workmen commenced 
erecting the scaffold, and at a later hour groups of pede 
trians, who had come apparently from a consideradle diataiK 
to witness the execution, were seen walking about in tl 
streets of the city. 



J 



I 



I 



243 RBOORD OF EIECtTTOSa Hf TOKK. 

THE ESECUTIOS. 

The Ri^v. J. Parkes, Woaleyan lainister, attended upon 
tlie culprit at tea o'clock thia moruiug, aud retnaiued with 
liiui uji to the time of the execiittoa. The crimitial stiU 
manifested no change in his demeanour, and if anythioD 
was moro callous and impenitent than ever, and he did 
not add anything to his former statement as to the murder. 

At half-paat eleven o'clock, William Gray, Esq., the «ndei> 
eheriS) proceeded to the Castle, and made the usual formal 
demaod of the body of the culprit, aud precisely at twelT« 
o'clock Shepherd made his appearance on the scaffold, hit 
face, contrary to the ngua.1 custom, heing already covered 
with the white cap. 

This probably being a precautionary measure in con- 
sequence of the threat he had made against the executioner. 

He was accoinpauied on to the scaffold by Mr. Gray 
(under-sbeiiff), Mr, Noble {the governor), the Rev. J; 
Parkes, Mr. Greeu (the deputy-governor), and other offioersi 
The culprit knelt down for about a uiiuute, during whii^ 
the miuister engaged in prayer with him, the criminal 
making the response, " Lord have mercy upon me, Christ 
have mercy npon me." These were the last words he nttered 
and he then nimbly sprang to his feet, and Hubmitted to the 
operation of having his feet secnred. The rope was then 
adjusted by Askren, the bolt waa drawn and tiie criminal 
soon afterwards ceased to exist, but not without a aauBider< 
able amount of struggling. 

The crowd was one of the largest ever assembled on a 
similar occasion, and numbered from 10,000 to 15,000 per- 
aonB, a large proportion of whom were women and boys. 

The whole of the people conducted themselves with more 
decorum than is frequently observed on such occasions and 
several robnst-lookiug men, apparently strangers, actually 
fainted away during the execution. 

We may state that, contrary to the practice hitherto 
observed on such occasions, the sacrament was not admi- 
nistered, nor was the burial service read on his way to the 
BcaHbld. 

The body, after having been uniipended until one o'clock, 
waa oat down and buried within the precincts of tfaa 




OP EIECUTIONS 1 



prison, in aooordance with the sentence which was passed 
upon him. 

The father aDi.l mother of the culprit and his wife were 
present at the execution ; and also the jioor widow of the 
murdered man Bethel Parkinson, and his father. 

Jo UN PilLEY. 

Satiirtlay,Awjiu<t 6(7i, A.I>. 1859.— JuhnKiley was hanged 
behind York Castle for the wilful murder of his wife Alioe 
Eiley, at KiDgston-upon-Hidl. 

On Monday, July 18th, John Kiley, aged 36, was placed 
at the har before Mr. Justice Hill, charged with the wilful 
murder of Alice Riley, at Kingaton-upon-Hull. The prisoner, 
who in a thin sallow-looking man, dressed in fustian trousers 
and a short white smock, and has an ohliquity of vision, 
pleaded "Not guilty." 

The prisoner and his victim were man and wife, and had 
lived together foi- about twelve years, and they had children 
nearly that age. They had resided for some time in Lincoln- 
ahire, where they had a serious quarrel, when, in coniiequenoe 
of the prisoner taking a knife, and threatening his wife's 
life, she left him and went to reside in Hull. Her husbsJid 
visited her from time to time while she was living there, and 
tinally went to reside with her altogether. 

The prisoner now seemed to be very indolent, doing 
nothing for the support of his wife and family, but depend- 
ing entirely upon tlie esertiona of hia wife for his sustenanee. 
JIfb. Riley seems to have been very clever as a, sempatresa, 
and she earned in this way money sufficient to keep her and 
her family and her wretched husband for some time, and the 
latter, when all honest means failed, forced his unfortunate 
victim to prostitution to acquire money to satisfy their daily 
wants. They had frequent quarrels, the husband ill-uaing 
the wife for not earning money enough to keep him in idle- 
nes.*^ and she on the other hand resorting to dritik to drown 
her sorrow. 

In May last they had another quarrel, and the neighbours, 
on going into the room, found that the poor woman bad been 
very badly uaed, and was with some difficulty recovered. 
The prisoner was brought before the magistrate for the 
assault, when he wus sent to prisou for one month. On 
a 2 



RECORD OP EXECUTIONS IS YORK. 

being libei'ated in June l&Bt, he returned to iiis wife, but 
(lid not seem to have liad any afTraj with deceased up to the 
time of the murdei'. The eldest boj had gone out for the 
day, and in hia absence the jiriaoner and his wife had break- 
fast together, and in the uourBe of the inovning had some 
drink, both husband and wife seeming to be in very good 
tempers. The woman, it appeare, always went to bed wheS 
she had got any driuk to sleep off the effect, and having had 
some on the Sunday morning, in the afternoon she had re- 
tired to bed,])reviouBly, however, telliog a woman who kepi 
the lodging-house to call her up at five o'clock, as she wanted 
to go out to take tea with a friend. 

Soon after this the prisoner told his little hoy to go out 
and play, and he did so, not returning until three o'clock. 
Tiie piiaoner being now alone, locked the door, and it is 
presumed to commit the dreadful act of cutting his wife's 
throat, for within a short period from this time, a neighbour 
wanted to borrow a saucepan, and she, finding the prisouert 
room door locked, shouted, " Alice, Alice," but received no 
answer. She then went round to the room window, aod 
called out the woman's name again, but with no better 
success. Just at this time, however, the woman heard a 
crack inside the room, and she then opened the wiudow and 
looked in. To her horror she saw the prisoner hanging by 
the neck. She immediately alarmed the neighbours, and ft 
man named Eichardson proceeded into the room, and quicklf 
cut him down. Life was not extinct, and so he left him. 
iu the care of some other persons, while he and a man named 
Balgavno went to the bed to awaken the wife, whom they 
found with her throat cut. On a table near the bed, biit 
out of reach of the deceased, was found a, common table 
knife covered with blood. The prisoner on being charged 
■with the crime said nothing. 

On being searched and examined at the station -honae, 
some spots of blood were found on hia clothes, and he said 
they had been the result of accident a few days before. 
Riley afterwai-ds asked another policeman named Pearson- 
where hia little boys would be sent to, and afterwards, 
added, '' The knife I cut her throat with was the same she 
attempted to cut loy tlivoat with some time before." The 
prisoner further explained that the blood on his smock and 



> Oy EXECUTIOXS IJf YORK. 



flbirt sleeves was fcom & cut in his head sometime before 
■was there when the row coramenoed. The prisoner also at 
the time added, " It's no use saying I'm innocent whi 

Hia lordship summed up the evidence, and the jury found 
tha prisoner guilty of murder, and he pronounced senteaoe 
of death in the usual 



1 

at J 

id ■ 



THE EXECUTION. 

After hia conviction the unfortunate man was regularly 
attended by the Eev. J. C. Thompson, the chaplain of the 
Castle, and uniler that gentleman's Christian exhortations, 
Eiley seems to have heen brought to a proper appreciation 
of the awful position in which he atood. His aged father, 
<rom Louth, and hia brother and aieter, from Hull, paid him 
a visit a few days ago, and the unfortunate man then 
expressed his contrition and sorrow for the dreadful offence 
he bad committed, and expressed the hope that he would 
be forgiven by hia Maker. The scene which was presented 
was of a most heart-rending description , but it may eaaily 
be supposed that even this did not hear companson with 
the agonizing scene that took place last Saturday, when the 
criminal's two sons, both of whom gave evidence against 
their father upon hia trial, took their last leave of their 
parent. The expenses of their journej were humanely 
defrayed by the high sheriff of the count j 

At an early hour this morning, the wirkmen commenced 
erecting tbe droj) in front of St. George's Fieldj and the 
solemn preparations for the awful ceremony were speedily 
completed. At the usual hour the wretched man, with his 
arms pinioned, appeared on the scaffold, attended by the 
regular officials; after spending a. few nimute'* in prayei, 
the executioner proceeded to perform the duties of his 
office, by drawing the cap over hia eye>i, and adjusting the 
rope ; when the fatal holt was withdrawn, the drop fell, a 
momentary thrill of horror ran through the asaenibled mul- 
titude, a convulsive struggle ensued, and the unhappy man 
ceased to exist. There was a large coccoui-se of people 
1 the last moments of the miserable 



k 



H£COBD OF EXECUTIOKS I 

ChAELES NORMIKOTOS. 

Snlwday, Becember 31s(, A.D. 1859.— Ckai-Iea Nor- 
Diington, ageS 17, was executed at tde drop behind th« 
Castle 'for the wilful murder of Mr. Richard Broughton, 
aged 67, of Eouodhay, near Leeds, on Saturday, the 6th day 
of AugoBt of the same year. 

The prisoner, who is a very diminutive person, and of 
boyish appearance, was only i feet 8^ inches in height. 
With one exception, he is the youngest condemned oriminal 
that has been in the Castle for many years. Hia trial 
lasted from nine o'clock in the morning till five o'clock 
in the aftemdon. 

The jury found him Gnilty. 

Mr. Jiistice Wightraan then passed sentence of death 
upon the prisoner. A sliriek was heard from a woman (swd^ 
to he the prisoner's mother), in the gallery, which was 
repeated after sentence had been passed. 

CONFESSION OP >-OEHrNGTON'. 

It will he very satisfactory to the public to learn that 
Normington has made a full confession of his guilt, and ia 
pnhlishing that confession, we insert a dash in four or five 
instances, in order that we may not be the means of defeat' 
ing justice. He mode the statement in the evening of th« 
day on which he was tried, and almost immediately after 
his removal to the condemned cell. He then appeared 
very much depressed, and began crying. Mr. Green, the 
deputy-governor, advised him, whatever he did, to make 
good use of the short period of time allotted to him, and 
not to tell another lie. Normington then said, " I will 
not ; it was me that did it, and the other men stood by, 
and it was me that got his (deceased's) watch ; I gave it to 
him (the other man), and he kept it while we got to Leedb , 
I went to pawn it ; I had not been in his company before 
that day; we met that morning near the Marsh Lane 

Station ; he told me hia name was , and he lived near 

; a fair was held there, hut I cannot tell the name 

just now ; it was about four miles from - — — ; he was about 

years of age, and in height. I went to two or 

three pawnuQopp, and after T had pawned it (the watch), 



RECOKD OP EXECUTIOSS IN YORK, 24? 

I gave him 3e. of the inorjey, ami kept tbe other myself, 
aad then we parted ; I have not seen him since ; he pulled 
his (deceased's) waistcoat opeo, but it was me that took his 
watch." 

This ounfesaion confirms the Btatemect Mr. Brougliton. 
made before he died, that two men attacked him, although 
the hj'pothesis of the prosecution at the trial was, that 
Normiugton alone committed the murder. The morning 
after he liad made the above confeasioa, he was visited by bis 
mother, and during the interview that took place between 
them, she begged of him to tell the truth. He replied, "I 
have ; I have told Mr, Green all about it." Mr. Green 
(who was present at this interview), then asked Norniington 

if it was at where the other man lived. He said, in 

answer, " Yea, that's the place ; it is about four miles 

We understand that the culpi-it has since stated that he 
gave the deceased several blows with the bludgeon, and 
felled him to the ground ; that the other man tore open 
the deceased's waiatcoat, and kicked him whilst he was on 
the ground, and that he {Normington) took his watch. 
It has been rumoured that the culprit has only been five 
weeks out of priston since he was ten years of age, but from 
what we hear, he has only been once in prison before, and 
that for fourteen days. 

THE EXECUTIOH. 

At about eleven o'clock in the morning, the Rev. Thomas 
Myers, the Thursday -afternoon lecturer to the prisoners, 
arrived at the Castle, and, along with the Chaplain, spent 
the last hour of the unfortunate criminal's brief existence, 
in exhorting him to look up for succour in his hour of 
tribulation to Him who first gave him life which was about 
to be sacrificed. 

The sacvaiiicnt was also administered by the rev. gentle- 
man, and duriug the whole of the morning, Normington 
was remarkably firm aud composed. He prayed fervently, 
and repeatedly made use of quotations from the Scriptures, 
which had been read to him since his condemnation. In 
fact he appeared to be in a very [iroper frame of mind, and 
, fully prepared to meet his dreadful fate. 



1 



348 BSCOKD OF 

Shortly before twelve o'clock, W. Gray, Esq. {the under- 
sheriff), arvived at the Castle, and formally demanded the 
body of Norniington, who waa thereupon delivered into the 
hands of the executioner. 

The process of pinioning then commenced, and by the 
time this was concluded, the clock denoted the fatal hour. 
The solemn procession -was then formed, and consisted of 
W, Gray, Esq., the Governor and TJnder-Governor of the 
Castle, the Rev. J. C. Thompson, aud the Rev. T. Myera 
(who both appeared in their robes), and the usual complement i 
of of&cials. Having proceeded slowly on to the scaSTotd, 
which the criminal reached with a firm step, he knelt down 
whilst prayer by the Chaplain was offered np in his behalf; 
Nonnington called out audibly, " Lord have mercy on my 
aoul," and having arisen, the executioner adjusted the fatal 
noose, drew the bolt, and the unfortunate man was launched 
into eternity. His struggles were not severe, and before the 
lapse of two minutes the prisoner hung a lifeless corpse. 

After hanging the usual time, the body of the unfortunate 
man was cut dowD, and will be Interred this afternoon wtthia 
the precincts of the Castle, in accordance with the terms of 
the sentence passed upon him by Mr. Justice Wightman. 
The crowd collected opposite the scaffold at the time the 
execution took place, could not be less than from 9,000 to 
10,000 persons — a number considerably over that which 
witnessed the last execution. 

During the whole of the morning the weather was dull 
and overcast, and about elever) o'clock a drizzling rain set 
in, which continued to fall during the time of the execution. 

Askren, from Maltby, near Rotherham, was the exe- 
cutioner. 



KOUMINOTONH LETTEKS. 

The fullowi'12 letters have been written at INormiiigton's 
dictation : — 

yo-i- Ccatle, 20lh Secemler; ISSfl. 
Mt OB4H MoTHIli, 

I stiorl ;ou these faw linea, Hnd I siocerely ]iDpe Ibey 
will Tinii }'DU III eoiid benlcb. I am f;];id to tcU jun that 1 nm quite 
well, and iiiy mind is qaita ennj ; and I c^n assure ;ou Ibat I do Dot 



KECOHD OF EXECUTIONS IS YORK. 249 

ftar iny &te, for I put all my truet in the Lord JeeuH ChHsL Id Hii 
I hope to find rest and pardon for all my aios. I hope, dear motber, 
tbat ]/0D will not fret, bat pray for me, and believa me I have qnita 
resigned myself, and do not dread the hour bo faat approaching-. I 
pray tbe Lord to give Btrangth here and peace here!\fter. I believe in 
Hie promise to pardon tbe greatest sinner, nnd I believe He will tor- 
give me, and grant me tbe rest I prayfor. Therefore, dear mother, do 
not fret for me. I can assure you I feel very happy in my niiod, and 
hope and believe that I shall eoon be Id everliutting happiness and rest, 
for believe me I fear nothing, trusting entirely in the Lord. I hope 
yoa vrill pray unto Him, and that yon will be saved, and enjoy eternal 
happinesB, Tbia, dear mother, ia ray sincere prayer tor jou, and it ia 
hoped we »hall meet again in the Kingdom of Heaven, where we shall 
be far happier tbnn here in the world of trouble. I think of all my 
frJendf, aod pray for jou all, and bope you will all do tbe same for me. 
I remain. Dear Motber, 
ML Your affectionate Ron, 

^^^ Charles Kohuikoton. 



York Castle, December 28(/(, 18SB. 
Dear Fatheh, 

I have had my motber here to see me tbia morning, 
and I have taken my last farewell ot her in this woild. It is very hard 

I hope will he Ijenelicial to yon and all my friend.", nnd I pray to God 
Ibat my f.ite may be a warning to everybcxiy, nnd bo tlie means of 
bringing you to a saving jinow ledge of the truth aa it is in Chriab Jesus. 
Bear Father, if it be God's will that we should not meet again on earth, 
I hope that we shall meet in Heaven. I have one wish to express to 
yoo, which I hojie you will grant me. lam, perhaps, going a little too 
ftr in dictating to yoo, but I hope yon will consider my last, and I may 
My my dying wish, that is, I hope you will be again reconciled to my 
motber, and I hopq you will livetogetber again and be happy. IJon t 
want to hurt your feelings, nor yet to upbraid yon with anything, but 
I wish to say that things might have been different if yon nnd mother 
had lived in the fear of God ; but I pray that you will begin now, when 
I shall have a bope of meeting you again In Heacen. Unless you do, 
ihera will he no bope tor yon. 

Dear Father, I tope you will take these things into consideration. 
You know what a great sin you have committed by leaving my motber 
and your family to the wide world in the way yon do. Dear Father, I 
could die now content if I thought you and mother would live together 
again. I pray for you, and I forgive yoa, and I bops God will forgive 
you. 

I now must conclude, with kind love to all, hoping to meet yon all 
in Heaven. I must now bid you an eternal farewell, and may God 
bless yoil and all my friends. 

Your aEfeotionnte Son, 



49 ^^1 

:ini -I 




KKCORD OP EXECOTIONS IN TURK. 

The culprit caused two other letters to be written, one to 
liis mother and the other to his uncle aud aunt. He en- 
treated the former to pray for him and for herself, and stated 
that he was at peace with tlie world. 

The following is an extract from the letter to the oncle 
and aunt : — 

I do not despair, bnt the liord nill pardon me. I own I do not de- 
serve pardon, but I hope and trust in Him and in His mercy, for Hb 
delightelh not in the death oE a aincier, but that he should turn fraru 
hia wickedness nod life. I eipect to receive the Sacrament next SuD- 
dny. I hope I slial] not receive it Qnworthily, and I expect to die OB 
Saturday week. ['Jlie letter was written on the 21st iost.] I hi^ yo* 
will alt pray for me that I may not deapair in my last momenta. Mr. 
Thompson, the chaplain, is very attentive to tno. He visits me twice 
a day, and prays with me, and I attend divine service every marning, 
and I pray for forgiieneBS. I humbly implore your forgiveness for the 
diBtreSB I have brought upon you, and I hope you will forget and for- 
give. Indeed, I praise God when 1 think of Hia goodness in permitting 
me to live ao long a time to repent when He might have let me go off 
all at once, ao maey times I have rejected His call, I have great forti- 
tude, and do not tear to meet death, for God is with me. 



James Wailek. 

Saturday, January ilh, A.D. 18G2. — James Waller, 
aged 31, a woolcomber by trade, was executed at York 
Caetle, for the wilful murder of William Smith, on Tuesday, 
the 6th of November, 1861 (Smith was a gamekeeper in the 
employ of Timothy Horefall, Esq., of Hawkuworth Hall, 
near Otley, in the parish of Bingley, in the West Eiding), by 
shooting him with a double- ban elled guo, loaded with shot. 

The prisoner pleaded "Not Guilty," in a firm tone of 

After the trial, the jury retired for twenty minutes, and 
brought in a verdict of guilty. 

Proclamation for silence having been made, the prisoner 
was asked if be had anything to say why eentence of death 
should not be parsed upon him. He made no reply. Mr. 
JuBtioe Wigbtman asBumed the black cap, and said : — 
" Jaraea Waller, the jury, who are the proper judges of the 
facts, have come to the concluBiou, after a careful deliberation, 
of your case, npon the evidence before them, that you are 
guilty of the fearful crime of murder; and judging from the 



SECOnD OP BXECTTIOKS IN TOBK. 251 

whole case, as it has heen presented hefore the Court in 
evidence, and .ludginn; from the expreBsiona which you on 
several occanious had nseci, there seonia to me to be no 
reason to doubt, thnt no other conduHion can exist in the 
minds of any one who has heard thia case, that witliout any 
adequate motive, without any such reason as inigi)t juatify 
the jury to reduce the crime of wliich you have been goilty 
to that of manslaughter ; you wilfully took away the life 
of this unfortunate man. I do not wish to aggraTate, by 
any observations of mine, the terror and horror of the sitiia- 
tion in which you stand, but I am bound to tell you that 
this is one of those cases to which is annexed the fearful 
penalty of death by the law hoth of God and man. I can 
hold out no hope of mercy to you for auch a crime as this. 
You have deprived thia unfortunate man of life, and I 
earnestly exhort yott to prepare for that great account 
which you will have to give hereafter. I can hold out no 
mercy to you, and I thei-efore entreat you to endeavour to 
prepare for eternity. The sentence I now pass upon you 
13, that you be taken to the place from whence you came, 
and thence to the place of execution, and there be hanged 
by the neck until you are dead, and that your body be 
buried within the precincts of the jail in which you have 
been confined, and may the Lord have mercy on yoii." 

The prisoner, who was very neatly attired, evinced only 
a slight emotion at tlie conclusion of the learned judge's 
address, 

coNPEsaros of the culprit. 

If there was the slightest lingering doubt existing in the 
mind of any person as to Waller having coaiinitted the 
crime of murder, it is satiifactorj to be enabled to dissipate 
such doubt, he having confessed bis guilt to the high sheriff, 
without any qualitic;Ltion or reservation whatever, and fully 
acknowledged the justice of his sentence. lie was visitod 
by the chaplain at seven o'clock in the evening, and from 
nine until eleven the officers who had charge of him read 
to him various portions of Scripture. The culprit then 
joined in singing psalms and hymns, and at ten minutes past 
eleven o'clock he retired to rest, and fell asleep. He slept 



359 RECORD Of EsEctmoKS nt tobk, 

till half-past four ia the morning. A little before Eeren 
o'clock, he waa visited by Mr. Green, the deputy-govemor 
of the prtsan, and the culprit's own clothing was substituted 
for the pilEon dress he had been wearing since his oouric- 
tion. He waa then removed to the small room conoected 
with the Assize Courts, where prisoners aentenced to death 
are usually placed, and where they remain during the last 
few hours of their existeuce. He waa accoupanied by Mr, 
Green, to whom he said whilst crossing the Castle-yard, 
that he had no doubt that he should soon he in heaven. 
In fact he ajipeared more cheerful and resigned, than he 
had done during the last fortnight, and partook of a hearty 
breaklast. He was visited by the chaplain shortly before 
eight o'clock, and again between nine and ten. The sacra- 
ment was administered to him at eleven, by the chaphua 
and the Rev. T. Myei-s. 

THE EXECUTIOS. 

From a very early hour in the morning the desire to wit- 
ness the consummation of the dread penalty of death upon, a 
fellow-creature was evinced by tlie group of persona who 
collected in front of the black dismal instrument which 
stood out in all its grimness, as a contrast to the brightness ^ 
of a resplendent aun-lit day. The bulk of the persons, 
forming these groups, however, evidenced the fact that they 
were from the sister riding, of which the criminal Waller 
was a native, not a few of whom had taken the advantage of 
a noctumfti walk in order to arrive at the scene of the exe- 
cution which tlieyhad come to witness. Indeed the fatigues 
suffered hy some few ia thus reaching the city, induced them 
to seek rest in sleep in the field opposite the drop. In 
the coolness with which the people discussed circumstancea 
of the criminal's offence, the easy jaunty manner in which 
some perched themselves upon the rails, skirting St. George's 
Field, and the ribald and disgusting expressions wiiich came 
from others in reference to the unfortunate man's approach- 
ing end, one failed f o fiod the working of that great moral 
lesson which the public strangling of a criminal was designed 
to effect. As the mid-day hour approached, the number of 
spectators gradually increased until the crowd might be 



^ EXECUTIONS IN' TOBK. 2A3 



Kot an incondderable portion 
a jnvcuilea, assembled, probably, to gain iliehr 
£ experience of the rigorous character of the fote which 
^le murderer's lot. Some, however, bj* their carelees aud 
} demeaDour, might lead to the impre^an that the 
was not one of rare occurrence to them, and that it 
n advantage of rather as an upportuoit; of indulging 
I, than afi the iterious reflections of the dreadful conse- 
s of guilt; auxiliaries common to snch gatherings as 
e just referred to, present in the shape of vendors of 
and orsDge^ the character and cheapness of the 
rticle they oSered riugitig in stentorian voice upou the ears 
Thimble-rigging formed one of 
e amusements of the crowd. As a serious set-off to this 
Mture of the scene, however, those useful members of our 
Wmmunity, the citj mis^ionarie?, were engaged in the jihilan- 
ropic task of distributing tracts, the contents of which were 
signed to warn tbeir readers of the fickleness of human 
'i, and the necessity of jireparing for death. Within a few 
miuutea of twelve, the road, to the eye of a spectator, pre- 
sented a busy and bustling appearance, which, but for the 
knowledge of the fact, could scarcely have led to the impres- 
sion that the rush was to witness a human life, which had 
been guilty of one of the blackest crimes, launched into 
eternity. At the hour of execntion there could not have 
been less than 8,000 or 10,000 people present. 

A few minutes before twelve o'clock, the Under- Sheriff 
arrived at the Castle, and formally demanded the body of 
Waller, which was thereupon delivered into the hands of 
the executioner. The process of pinioning then commenced, 
and by the time this -was concluded the clock of the Castle 
denoted the fatal hour wjiich had been fixed for the 
criminitl's death. A procession was then formed in the 
usual order, and consisted of William Gray, K-q., the 
Governor and Under- Govern or of the Oastle, the Chaplain 
and the Rev. T. Myers (both of whom appeared in their 
i-obes), and the usual complement of halberdmen and othei" 
officials. The procession arrived slowly upon the drop, the 
criminal walking with a firm step. Before his execution, 
he fell upon his knees whilst the usual prayers were read, 
and he responded to the Lord's Prayer in the most earnest 



RECORD OF EXECUTIONS IN TORE. 



t tho cDDcluaioD, Waller arose and submitted 
himself to the executioner, who at once adjusted the fatal 
nooae, secured his legs, aod, by drawing the fatal bolt, 
launched the unfortunate man into eternity. During the 
latter process, he prayed in the most i'ervenb manDer, and 
■when the £ital drop took place he was supplicating the 
Lord to receive his souL His struggles were rather severe, 
but life was extinct in less than a couple of minutes- After 
hanging tlie usual time, the body was cut down and 
interred within the precincts of the Castle, in accordauoo 
with the terms of the sentence passed upon him by the 
judge. 

It is aatistaotory to know that Waller, at nine o'clock oa 
the morning of the execution, again acknowledged his guilt 
of the crime for which he was aliout to suffer. While 
speaking of Smith, the murdered man, he said, " I had my 
revenge, and this is my reward, bnt 1 hope that he (Smith) la 
in heaven, and I ho[)e to meet him there soon. There is 
no bad feeling between ua now." Some time after, whilst 
talking to his family, who had occupied a large amount of 
his anxiety since his trial, he said, " I have two children in 
heaven, and I hope to meet them there." The state of the 
criminal's mind immediately before his death was of the 
most satisfactory character, and he died full of hope of aal- 
vfttion through the merits of Ohriat. 

We have been particular in describing all the process of 
this notable public execution, being the lut^t we have to 
record for the present, and it may be taken as a fair repre- 
sentation of what executions generally are at the Caatle of 
York. 



Fhedebick Pabkee. 



lay, April d(A, A.D. 1868 — Frederiolc Parker w&a 
_ seuted at York Castle, for the murder of Daniel DriaeoU, 
i South Duffield, near Selby, on Saturday, the 29th of 
ffebruary, 1868. 

The leading facts in connection with the murder may be 

stated as follows: — The deceased was 97 years of age, and 
a journeyman bricklayer. He lived with his mother at 
Tottenham, Middlesex, but in January last he left hia 
home in search of work, and found hia way into Yoricshire, 
A short time ago he was committed to Beverley House of 
Correction, having "got into trouble," and the term of his 
imprisonment coming to an end on Saturday, the 29th Feb., 
he was liberated from goal on the morning of that day. A 
farm labourer, named Frederick Parker, living at Heming- 
brougb, who had undergone two months' imprisonment 
at Beverley, was released at the same time as Driscoll, and 
both of them left the prison in company together shortly 
before half-past nine o'clock. Driscoll had on his departure 
£i lis. in a purse, and he had also a silver watch and silver 
Albert chain with a long key attached to it. Parlcer, when 
he left, had only Is. 4^d. and a letter containing some 
postage stamps. In about an hour after leaving the goal 
they were at the Ked Lion public house at Beverley, where 
they stayed but a short time. About seven o'clock in the 
evening they were at Buhwith, where they called for a glass 
of ale each, after drinking which they went away, stating 
that they were going to Heminghrough. This was the last 
time that the deceased was seen alive, and he was found 
murdered three miles from Buhwith, in the neighbourhood 
of South Duffield. His body was found in a ditch by the 
road side, and his head was severely wounded, a thick 
hedgeatake lying by his side, the weapon no doubt used by 
llie murderer in taking away the life of his victim. The 
deceased's watch and money were gone with the exception 
of 2d., a fact leading to the conclusion that the murder had 
been committed for the purposes of plunder. 



L 



HKOOBD OF EXECUTIONS IK YOAK. 

On Sunday morning, the 1st of March., Parker was at 
Brind, and called at the house of ahihoarer named Bentley, 
where he had eonie brealifaat. He produced the deceased! 
watch and chain, and also a purse containing gold HU 
silver, being nearly tlie same amount of money that hsi 
belonged to deceased, He said that the watch was his, asj 
that the glass, which was cracked, had been broken by t'^ 
officers of the goal at Beverley. On leaving that priaoi 
he stated that in addiUon to the watch he had £4 Os. U^d., 
and that finding be was ten shillings short he returned ts 
the goal and apphcd for the money. Whilst at Bentl^'a 
he appeared to be very restless, frequently looked out oi 
the window, and inquired if police -officers were in the habifc 
of coming that way. He took his departui-e at haif-paat 
two o'clock in the alternoon, saying he was going to hia 
uncle's house at Hemingbrough. In the evening Paidcer 
was at Newland, ■where he saw a kbouring man named 
Bttvid Dilloock, with whom he was acquainted. He shoirad' 
Sillcock the deceased's watch and oQ'ered to make him a| 
present of it, but he would not have it, upon which PaiQcet- 
said that he would throw it into tho river. He then took* 
ont of his pocket four sovereigns and 4s. 6d. in silver, 
which he handed to Dillcock, and he accepted it. Parker 
then departed and went along a lane in the direction df 
Airmyn. On the following night, Parker saw Wm.Dillcoek 
another labourer, at Newland, to whom he offered the watch 
stating that he had "planted it" but this man also de>' 
plinod to take the present. David Dilleockhad an interview^ 
with Superintendent Green, at Howd«n, and that officer 
returned with him to Newland. They made a search i 
the hedge bottom of the lane along which Parker bad walked, 
and eventually they found the watch and chain wrapped 
up in some tow and straw, and this watch was identified 
as that which belonged to the deceased. Parker waa 
apprehended at the house of his uncle, at H era iugb rough, . 
by Mr. Gibson, Deputy Chief Constable of the East Riding, 
at an early hour in the momiug of the 5th instant, oj 
charge of being the murderer of tho deceased. 

Pai-li-er was ti-ied bclurc Mr. Justice Smitli, at York 



Castle, on Thursdar, the V2ih of JUarch, 1868, and the juiy 
foanil liin' guili^ of murder, die lcazn(^d Judge passing 
of death up<m him. 



The execution took place on the 4th of April following 
8S already stated. At half-past eleven o'clock Parker, after 
having falien npon his knees and prayed aloud, was removed 
from his quarters in the cotideDined cell to the puiioning 
Toom, having been prerionsly attired in his ovm dress. 
He walked firmly, and on his way cried repeatedly for 
ffesos to have mercy on his soul, and sayiui; in a few 
'■moments he should be with his Jesus, and how joj-ful aad 
happy a thing it was to be able to say lie should so soon, 
be with Him. When he got in the pinioning room he 
^ain commenced praj-ing earnestly, and constantly ejacu- 
lated such sentences as those given above. Just before the 
time for the execution he handed the Governor of theCastle 
B letter he had written, and which for the benefit of others 
he wished should be published. This was addressed to 
the band-master of the village of Hemingbrough, who was 
asked to read it to the rest of his friends. Someho mentioned 
individually, calling upon them to note and benefit by his 
fete, and in one instance h^ freely forgave one of them for 
Mme past injury he had done. He warned them against 
drink, which ha said had brought him to bis present position. 
I At its conclusion, he bade his friends good bye for ever, and 
after hoping they might meet in heaven, signed himself 
their " unfortunate friend, F. Parker." The whole document 
was written in the happiest spirit, and from its terras must 
be a source of satisfaction to those who have anxiouii;!/ 
tendered their christian ministrations to the culprit sinco 
his condemnation. At five minutes to 19 o'clock Mr. Gniv, 
the Under- Sheriff, entered the pintoning-room,and formally 
demanded the body of the culprit from the Governor, and 
then pinioning commenced. This occupied but a minute 
or two, after which the procession for the scaffold was formed. 
This consisted of four balbordmen, W, Gray, Esq., the 
Governor (W. F. Lowrie, Esq.), the Chaplain, (Rev. J, C. 
Thompson), the culprit, the Under Governor, (Mr, Webster), 
three warders, and several of the Slierilf 's attcuduuts. 



BKOOHD OF BXKOUnoHS IN YORK. 

A few moments after the Caatlo clock struck twelve 
procession appeared on the scaffold, when the murmu; 
the vast crowd immediatelj became hushed. The lirst 
of the culprit was to turn his back to the assemblage e 
shake hands with the governor, the under-govemor (Mrj 
Webster), and the head warders who had him in chargej 
wishing them "Good bye," and hoping they might meet' 
Heaven. Then he fell on his knees and responded to th( 
prayers of the chaplain, whom he in conclusion followe(' 
earnestly in the Lord's Prayer. Imraediately after, Askei 
came forward, and placing a white cap over his head, 
adjusted the noose of the dangling rope round his neck. 
Then tying his legs the culprit was ready for the last act 
of drawing the bolt. This was promptly done, and the 
body fell with a loud thud which could be heard in the 
crowd, and was lost to the sight of the spectators. A slight 
convulsive twitching was all that could be seen hy those 
on the scaffold, and the murderer was dead. During thfl 
whole of the process of pinioniug, Parker bad remained 
firm and thus maintained himself to the end, his laati 
words being "Lord Jesns receive my spirit." An hour 
afttr the execution, the body was cut down and buried 
Tvithin the precincts of the prison. 




INDEX. 



—Sir Kobort Aake, 3. 
Lord Hussej-, 3. 
William Wodo, 4. 
—Sir John Nevffi with Ten 

otheni, 4. 
—William OmWer, Thoa. DiUo, 

and John StephsusoD, i. 
—Simon Digby and others, 4. 
Thomas Wilson, atiai Moua- 
tain. 5. 
— Bamhard Siegfred, 6. 
—The Earl of Northumberland, (j. 
— GeorgB EuCby, Esq., and 



1676.— Edward da Satro and Sarah 

1B77.— Robert SobBVOral, John de 
TradesoaQt, and Henry 
QeorgB MaEBon, S. 

1B78.— William HoQTy de Boyle, 8. 

1679.- CharlBBdaPaacalandothera, 9. 



-Andrew TnrnBT, :i. 

Henry Ashe, 11. 
— OeorgB Wynoh and Pater da 

Ramus, 11, 
—Joseph de Hamal, Riohard de 

Baurboulom, and Anthony 

HodaoD, 11. 
— Kiohard Cniw, 12. 
-William du Allastry, Robert 

de Hammond, and Thoma* 

de AUii, 1± 
— Henry de Alms, 12. 
-John Thomas de Nelme, 13. 
—Thomas Henry de Alting and 

Rubert Thomas Swediar, 

13. 
-John Taylor, 13. 
John Milbum, 13. 



I, H. 

-William PBnalton, H. 
John de Viner and Harris 
RosBuberg, 15. 

— Bichard Collingworth, Elisa- 
beth Brad with, Haunah if ul. 
mer, and Jano Buckla, 15. 

—Elizabeth Cook, 15. 

— Stephen Dobson, Esq., 15. 

— Praderjek Wrightson, 10. 

— Robert Blaokley, 16. 

— Riehard Carson and Thomas 



'„16. 
ma, IB. 



^ 256 iSDBX. H 


^M 1614.— MKrk Bernard, Mar; Rabin- 


Cive, William Cropper, 


^r son, Thomae Barker, Philip 

^" Darling, Thomas Easing- 

wold, Roaa Datton, Emma 


James Dallin, John Dacby, 
James Eastwood, ZT; 


William Ellison, TbomW 


Fountain, and Msria Fuw- 


Eiley, George Prankish, 


ler, 17. 




I615.-Mark Tromble and Robert 




Martinson, 17. 


Jane Lickias. Hannah Majl- 
nell, Ellen Nicholson, 28; 


1GI6.— Thomas Pindbam, 17. 


Henrj Muaeiave and George 
Ridley, IS. 
1617.-Simoii Eoutladge, 18. 


Isabella Bllliogtos, 29. 
Colonel John Morrioo u4 
Comet Blnckbum, 29. 


I618.-Mark Addison, 18. 


1650-— Richard Thomas, Goorg* 


1620,— Robart Hall, 18. 


Harrison, and Maty Pop^ 


IS22.-aeorBa BbU, Eaq., 18. 
1623.- Ralph Baynard, Mark Dana, 


30. 


1652,— George Johnson, Luke Hin- 


and Mrs. Fletcher, lil. 


deraon, Elizabeth Anderson,; 




and Mary Ellison, 30. 


1624.— Richard Boll. 21. 


16,^4.-M«rmaduke Holmes, 31. 


■ iaa5.-Ricbord Ridley nnd Amos 
Armstrong, sl 


1656. -Jonathan Brammall, 31. 


I65B.-Charlea Spooner, 31. 
1660.-Michael Reynard, H. Lindop- 
0. Williams, and T. F 


1627.— William Cawan and William 


Hall, 21. 


1628.— Robert Storio, 21. 


Reynolds, 31. 


1630.— Charles KoohBsier, George 


ISei.-Pater Hall and E. Gardener, 


ton, andHenrranielt,22. 


31. 


Jeremiah Balderson and 


1632.-EobeM Nison and John New- 


Richard Souly, 32. 


ton, 22. 


1662.— Anthony Bsedam, 32. 


1634.-Thomaa Wardle, William 


1663-— Robert Arehbeli, WiUiain 


Homby.BoniamiiiHomBOr, 


Amber, Matthew Champ- 


Charles Hopkinson, Thomas 


ney, George Campion, 


Jefferson, Peter Kibble- 


Thomas Carbutt, Christtf- 


white, George Henrj- Kil- 


pher Simpson, GeorgBi 


vin^n, William Kitohing, 


Slater, Goorg;e MonnoBTi 


Thomas Lazenby, and 


Joseph Morley, Timollur'. 


Thomaa Langdaie, 22. 


Moaley, 32 ; John Hutohia- 


John Bartondalo, 33. 


son, David Jackson, Henry. 


1636.— Owen ThompsonandEliaabeth 


Richardson, ComeUlS 


Mary Harrison, 24. 


TbompsoD, Tbomas Foi, 


1638.— Henry ABke, 24. 


Benjamin Horuby, Franela • 


163B.-Robert Skelton, 24. 


Holmes, sen., and Willjam 


1641.^1 ohn Taylor, 24. 


Holmes, jun„ 33- 


1644. -Amoa Lawson, 25. 


1664.- Ruben Beverage, 33. 


161S.-Thomas Empson, John Do™, 


16(J5.-Gaoree Darnell and Eobort 


Joseph Duaniog, Thomas 




Robinson, and John Robin- 




son, 25. 


iamm Ambrose, 34. 
ie70.-Edward Roohffo, Peter B, 


I64r.-E]izabetb Drysdalo and Helen 


Dryadale. 25- 


Sharp, and Richard Wad- 


1648.— Eboneaer Moor, 26, 


kins, 31. 


16)9.— (Jeorae Frederick Merrinslon 

and Maria Merrington,2B. 

John Hollina, William Ask- 


William Vasey, 34, 


1672.-RobBrt Driffield and Mark 


Edmun.l, 37. 


with, JoBOph Bain bb, Thomas 
Barier, E.fword Calvert, 


1673.-Milea Beckett, Jane Thomp- ■ 


son, and Thomas Tbomlio-. 


Ifionias Darloy, Henry 




1 J 



INDEX. 257 


n 


]67*.-AmoB Cropper, 38. 


Archibald Kennedy, James 




16re.^L(«nard GaakiU and Petor 


Thompson, Michael Brady, 




Rook, 38. 






I87S.-Mftrk Dovenor, S3. 


1749. — Josiftb Feam, Thomas Brown, 




16S0.— Andrew Tuoker, 39. 


aliat Clark, alias Sandsraon, 




lesa— Eli HjdBfl, 39. 
168*.— ■William Navisou, 3B. 


Robert Pawthorp, B3. 




1750.— Joseph Oarbutt, Abraham 




Nftthuiiol Hoketc. 41. 


Scott, and John Tiplady, 




168B.-JohD Mortimer, 41. 


63. 




1686.— Mary Colnam, 41. 


1762.— Robert LoTeday and Benjamin 




1688.-Quinton Hurworth, WiUiam 


rarmen-, 63. 
1763.— Edward Wella and Boaaliel 




Pashlej, and Robert Myers, 




42, ' 


Snowies, 63. 




1690.— Henry Kilvington, 42. 


David Harkness, 64. 




William Berwick and Edward 


Tbotnoe Downing and John 
Wentworth, a/Toj Thomlin- 




Jfangan, 42. 
11)91. -Mart Grayaton ftod ThoniHs 




son, 64. 




Dambrougli, 43. 


William Smith, 64. 




laSi- Charlea Dimmey and Hannah 


1754.^oseph Riddell and Franoia 




Wilkinson, 43. 


Jefferson, 64. 




1694.— John CoUena, 44. 


17E6.-David E.ans, Richard Varley, 




1695.-Nolaoti Campion, 44. 


andJohnHoldsworth, 64. 




IflSB.- Arthur Mangey, 44. 


Elijah Oaka, 86. 




16B7.— Martin Borrall, 44. 


17fi7.-MaryEllah,65. 




ie98.^John Blaokbum, 44. 


George Trotter, 66. 




I699.-PBt«r Arnndel, 45. 


Thomas Cooper and Stenheo 




I700.-Tlieoldgallowa of St. Leonard, 


Tudear, 65. 


^f 


45. 


175a.-Matthew Bilton, William 


1728.— William Bryant and Robert 
Wheat, 45. 


Watson, Richard Ford, 


Robert Cok, and George 
Berry, m7^ ^ 




William Parkinson, 45. 






17S9.— Bsnjamm Windle and Henry 




Powell, 46. 


Nelson, 66. 




Jamea Lambert, 46. 


Benjamin Hoult, 66. 




Joseph ABk»ith,a;ia!Sherling, 


Eugene Aram, 67. 

William and John Cockbnru, 




Richard Freeman, and John 




Freeman, 46. 


SI. 




173I.-BeniaminArmitt, John Ward, 


1761.— Ann Richmond. 81. 
Robert King, 81. 




and James Wood, 46. 


1 


1739.- Richard Turpin, 47. 


1/62.— George Bargar, 82. 


1 


John Stead, 47. 


1763. -William BeU, 82. 


■ 


1740.— Willbm Spink, 59. 

1741.— George Benton, John Wright, 


John Hat], a/^ Bloom, 82. 


■ 


Abraham Clayton, 83. 


1 


Joseph Tyson, and John 


]764.-Charlea Singleton Dorrington, 




Barker, 60. 






174a.— George Hamilton, Edward 


1766.— Joseph Hairoe, S3. 




Clevoring, James Spark, 


17Q6.— Thomas Taylor, Abel Hobaon, 




William Barclay, Charles 
Gordon, Argus McDonald, 


and Isaac Tumor, 83. 




1767.— Matthew Young and Richard 




James Maine, WilUam 


Clark, 84. 




Dompaey, R. Conolly, Datid 
Row, William Hunter, John 


Ann Soworby, 84. 

Thomas and Richard Boys, 84. 






Endsworth. John M'Qean, 


Leonard Howson, S6. 




John McGreagor, Simon 


1708.— Joseph Hall and Thomas Los, 




McKensie, Alexander Par- 


86. 




ker, Thomas MoGennis, 61 : 


Joseph Stell, 86. 






■i 4 



1 


258 IWM3. 




1769.— ValBntdno Bsiley, Sa.' 


1787.-DaniBl Goldthorpe, William 




1770.-DaTid Hartley and James 


Bryan, Tbomaa West John 
Thompson, John Morritt, 




OMEald, S6. 


n 


Michael Navlor, SB. 


and Timothy O'Brien, 98. 


■ 


17n.-LiikB Atkiiisuu and John 


178S. -Elijah Fulleyn, Joaeph Pul- 




Wright. 88. 


leyn, Catharine Savage, 




1772.-Thomaa Uwrenoo and John 






Laienby, 87. 


Lon3, James Ashforth, 




1773.-Wmiain Fisher, John Early, 








King, 99. 




I774.-Georga Bait, 87. 


William Braithwaito, 99. 




Jobn Scott, 88. 


17S9.-Georg6 Loekey, 100. 




Robert Tbamaa, 88. 


Robert Wilkinaon, 102. 




1775.-Ca.pta4ii John Bolton, William 
Bean, John Vickere, and 


John Barker and Hannah 




Whiteloy, 162. 




Mfttthow NormingtoD, 83. 
Geoi^ Bulmer and John 


1790.^Iohn 8tovens,Thomaa Lastley 
George Moor, Edward 
Williams, John Gill, and 
James Hartley, 103. 
JohnBrigg, Robert Crammam, 
WiUiam Ho«aon, James 




WillianiEon, 89. 
John Smith, Joseph Riddle, 

and Franoio Jefferaon, 89. 
1776. -Eliza Bordiogton and TbomaB 

Akennan,90. 
1777.-JamBa Rioo, alias Michaol 




Ferguson, and Henry Ball, 
109. 




Rice, 99. 
1779.— Tbomaa Green, a liai England, 


I791.-Jame« Gould, 109. 

John Minitor, John Bennet, 




1781.— William Meyere, Ea.i., BO. 

Jeseiih Linwood, 91. 
1782.-Franoia Pearn. John Cookeroft, 
John Wood, and Thomas 


and Abraham Robertshaw, 
109. 
1792. -Elizabeth Elliot, 110. 

SpenoeBroughton, John Lncsaa, 
Thomas >K«arman, Thomas 




Greenwood, fll. 
1783.-ChnriBB Coldwoll, 94. 


Crawshaw, and Joseph 
Brierlj, 111. 




William Emmeraon, William 




Field, John Riley, Mark 
Tatlenatal!, and Thomaa 


]793.-Wiiliam Atkinson, Eichard 




Watson, and Thomaa Jewet, 




Speacer, 94. 
1784.— Lydift Dickinson, fl4, 

John SWwart and Benjamin 
Wood, 95 


128. 
Jobn Hoyland, 129. 
1794.-William WadiUngton, 129. 

Ann Scalbert and Thomas 




William Asquith, allai Spar- 
ling, and Tbomas Knapton, 

1785.-Jo5eph Clotigh and William 

Rohln CroBby, John Book, 
John Edmirda, Charloa 


Kirk, 130. 
1795.— Charles EUiott, 130. 

George Faweott, William Bril- 




William Jackson, and 




Thomaa Mann, 131. 

a(«M Freeman Sulcliffe, and 
Thomas Burch, 131. 




Bpencer, Robert Smithson, 
Matthew Maion, 96. 




178B— Robert Watson, jun., and 






Joseph Hartley, 96. 






Jamea Proolor, nliai William 


Robert Dyaon, 133. 




Smith, 06. 


17D8.-Pal«rBuok, Robert HolUng- 




William Nicholson, John 


worth, and Geoi^ Ledger, 




CharloBworth , James Braith- 


134, 




>^aits, William Sharp, and 
William Bamford, 87. 


William Larkin, 137. 


^ 


1799.— Riohard Clegg, 137. 


r 


1 



ISDEX. 259 


ISOO.-Mary Thorp and Michael 
SimpBOn, 137. 


John Benlor. Henry Sulcliffe, 


Robert Turner, and John 


John McWlUiama, Sarah 


James, 154. 


Bayley, and Waiiam Dai- 


3816,-Joaeph Blackburn, 1B5. 


ry mpio, 138. 


GooTFe Whito and Mark 


Eliinbetb JohasoD, 13S. 


Btamah, l.W. 


lS01,-.rume9 Doughty, Etcbar.I Hoi- 


laia— James Ord, 155. 


lido?, Edward TatWraall, 


18)7.-Michaol Pickles, 155. 


George Sedgwick, and 


Doctor Diering, 166. 


Thonns HodgBon, 138. 


Benjamin Mioklewaito nnd 


3amuel Lnady, 138. 


Benjamin Qartside, 156. 


Edward Hi4gh£«, 13f>. 


William King, 158, 




Isaac Bradshaw, 16B, 


Barker, and William Jack- 




son, 13a. 
1803. -JobnTerry and Joseph Heald, 


ISaO.^Josepb Clayton, Samuel King, 
and Samuel Bootb, 159. 


139. 
Robert Bur^BS, 140. 


Joseph Pickengill, Charles 
Puncheon, Willism Kettle. 


Martha Chapel, HO. 


well, Thomas Smith, 166. 


John Manailold, 140. 


IS2I,— William Thompson, 157. 


:SOi. -Joseph Waller, 142, 


Miobael Shaw, 157. 


Jonathan Ellis, 142. 


William Brown, aliat Morley 


1805.^ohn Wilkinsot. and Ann 


Hey»ood,]42. 


Ann^Bartier, 161, 


Benjamin Aldrovd. 142. 


(ieorge Smith, James Butter- 


18i)6.-GeorgBOnnond, 143. 


worth, Jamofl Bennett, 


Peter Atkinson, US. 


William Buck, and Jamoa 


Thomaa Riohardaon, 143. 


Law, 165. 


iSllL-Thomas Jowott, 1J3. 

Samuel Paramar and John 


1822.— James Moseley and William 
Roberts, IBS: 


Robinson, 144, 
1808,~Thonias Wilbe, William Bar- 
ber, James Winterbotbam, 
and Edwart Strahan, 144, 


1823, -William Johnson, 166. 

James Ramsden, 170. 1 
RobAtGill, 170, 


Thomas Allington. 144. 


lS24.-Morsire Camtield and Miehaet 


ISOP,— James Brown, 145. 


White,' 171. ' 


SIsry Bateman, 146, 






Isaac Charlesworth, 174. 


David Anderson, 149. 


18Se,-Peter Little and Joseph Lee, 


1 Sin. —Ed ward F rancis SpencP, Robert 
King.RobertvWiey.Robflrt 


a/M, Lees, 174, 


Leonard Wilkinson, 174. 


Burton, and Francis Thomp- 


1828.— William and John Dyon,]74, 


son, 150. 


John Morrot, Matthew Harri- 




son, and John Coates, aliai 


1SI2. -William Chaster, 160. 


Wilkinson, 179. 


1313. -George Mellor, Thomas Smith, 


18a9,-MartiQ Slack, 179. 


ond William Thorpe, 160. 


1830,-William Shaw, 183. 


.lob Hey, John Swallow. John 


John Slater, 18H. 


Ballev, Joseph ITisber, John 
HiU, WillUm Hartley, 


I831.-Charlea Turner and James 


Twibell, 186, 


James Hey, Joseph Crow- 
ther, Nathan Hoyle, James 


1832.— William Hodkin, 188. 


1833.-Mary Hunter, 188. 


Flaigh, Jonathan Dean, 




John Ogden, John Walker, 


Thomas Uw, IBO. 


Thomas Brook, and John 


1834.— Charles Cook, Thomas Rogers, 


Robinson, 151. 


and Thomas Morris, 191, 



260 



INDEX. 



1835. — Ursula Lofthouse^ Josepli 

Heeley. and WilUain Allot. 

192. 
1836.— Charles Batty, 197. 
1837.— Thomas WilUams, 197. 
1839.— Thomas Musgrave, 198. 
1840.-^ames Bradsley, 198. 
1841. — John BurlinSoD, Charles Gill, 

and Henry Nuttall, 198. 
1842. — Jonathan Taylor and Robert 

NaU, 202. 
1844. -Joseph Dobson, 202. 

WiUiam Kendrew, 202. 
1846.— John Rodda, 202. 



1848.— Patrick Reid, 206. 

Michael Stokes, 211. 
1849.— Thomas Malkin, 214. 

George Howe, 218. 
1850. — William Ross, alias Rousk,221. 
1853. — ^Alfred- Waddington and James 
Barber, 224. 

Henry Dobson, 228. 
1856.— William Dove, 232. 

John Hannah, 238. 
1858.— Joseph Shepherd, 240. 
1859.— John RUey, 243. 

Charles Normington, 246. 
1862.— James Waller, 250. 



THE END 



f/i^*--^^ 



^9 
3v 



5 



1 



HV96S0-Y8C8 C.1 

Crtmlnil chronology ol York ca 

Stwitord UnMntty UbrvtM _^ 




3 6105 039 606 640 lO 

XPJV n' ■■ 



DATE DUE 1 










UUC OL' 


IfiW! 


n 





















































































STANFORD UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES 
STANFORD, CALIFORNIA 94305